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Monday, February 17 2014
Joshua 21: Cities and Suburbs Of The Levite Clans
"The children of Israel gave unto the Levites out of their inheritance, at the Commandment of the LORD, these cities and their suburbs"
The LORD (Who was and is Jesus Christ - see Genesis 1: In The Beginning Was The Word and The Kingdom Of The LORD God) deliberately caused the Levites to be the last of the tribes of Israel to receive their homelands - cities and supporting pasturelands ("suburbs"). Why? The Levites, as the LORD's priesthood were to live and serve throughout the land of Israel. As such, the Levites could not be assigned their lands, within the lands of the other tribes, until after the other tribes had received their lands. It was only then possible that "the children of Israel gave unto the Levites out of their inheritance, at the commandment of the LORD, these cities and their suburbs." The command was given to Moses, but was fulfilled by Joshua.
"21:1 Then came near the heads of the fathers of the Levites unto Eleazar the priest [see From Moses And Aaron To Joshua and Eleazar], and unto Joshua the son of Nun, and unto the heads of the fathers of the tribes of the children of Israel; 21:2 And they spake unto them at Shiloh in the land of Canaan, saying, The LORD commanded by the hand of Moses to give us cities to dwell in, with the suburbs thereof for our cattle [see Numbers 18: The Inheritance Of The Levites]. 21:3 And the children of Israel gave unto the Levites out of their inheritance, at the commandment of the LORD, these cities and their suburbs." (Joshua 21:1-3 KJV)
Although the Levites were distributed throughout the other tribes, the Levite clans of Gershon, Kohath and Merari (see Numbers 4: The Levite Clans) remained, for most part, geographically together. They received their allotments by lot, as the other tribes had done (see Joshua 19: The Israel Lottery), but their lots were by clans, not the tribe as a whole as had been done with all of the other tribes. Note carefully where each of the Levite clans of Gershon, Kohath and Merari were given to inhabit - then keep that in mind when you read the Fact Finder question below.
"21:4 And the lot came out for the families of the Kohathites: and the children of Aaron the priest, which were of the Levites, had by lot out of the tribe of Judah, and out of the tribe of Simeon, and out of the tribe of Benjamin, thirteen cities. 21:5 And the rest of the children of Kohath had by lot out of the families of the tribe of Ephraim, and out of the tribe of Dan, and out of the half tribe of Manasseh, ten cities.
So it was then that all of the tribes of Israel were home - for as long as they remained faithful and obedient to the LORD.
"21:43 And the LORD gave unto Israel all the land which he sware to give unto their fathers; and they possessed it, and dwelt therein. 21:44 And the LORD gave them rest round about, according to all that he sware unto their fathers: and there stood not a man of all their enemies before them; the LORD delivered all their enemies into their hand. 21:45 There failed not ought of any good thing which the LORD had spoken unto the house of Israel; all came to pass." (Joshua 21:43-45 KJV)
Fact Finder: Why were there no obedient to the LORD Levites in the "lost ten tribes" of Israel?
This Day In History, February 17
364: Roman Emperor Jovian died. He reigned only eight months (see also A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars).
1370: The Battle of Rudau during the "Crusades" (see A History Of Jerusalem: Constantine and Muhammad).
1461: During the Wars of the Roses, the Yorkists were defeated by the Lancastrians at the Battle of St. Albans.
1600: Giordano Bruno, scientist and mathematician whose theories were ahead of his time, was burned as a "heretic" in Rome during the Inquisition.
1759: General Wolfe sailed from Britain to capture Quebec.
1772: The first partition of Poland, by Russia and Prussia (Prussia is in Germany), also later by Austria.
1776: The first volume of Edward Gibbon's The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire (now commonly shortened to The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire) was published.
1863: A group of people in Geneva, Switzerland established the International Committee for Relief to the Wounded. It later became known as the International Committee of the Red Cross, commonly known today simply as the Red Cross.
1864: A Confederate hand-propelled submarine, armed with a ram torpedo, sunk a Union ship off the coast of Charleston, South Carolina. It is considered the first successful attack by a submarine.
1875: Friedrich Argelander died at age 76. The Prussian (Prussia is in Germany) astronomer established the study of variable stars as an independent branch of astronomy. He is renowned for his catalog which lists the positions and magnitudes of 324,188 stars - the Bonner Durchmusterung was the result of 25 years of observational work.
1909: Apache chief Geronimo died at age 80.
1919: Sir Wilfred Laurier died. He was the first French-Canadian to become Prime Minister of Canada (1896-1911).
1934: Albert I died at age 59. As Belgian king from 1909 to 1934, he commanded Belgian army during the First World War. He refused the German ultimatum of August 2 1914, demanding free passage of German troops across Belgium; the German invasion followed 2 days later. Albert was the son of Philip count of Flanders and Princess Marie of Hohenzollern. He married Elisabeth, the daughter of the duke of Bavaria.
1955: Britain announced that it had hydrogen bombs.
1957: The Suez Canal reopened.
1969: Russian-born, U.S.-raised, Golda Meir was sworn in as Israel's first female Prime Minister.
1972: The British House of Commons voted to join the European Community.
1996: World champion Garry Kasparov beat the "Deep Blue" supercomputer in a chess match.
1998: Voyager 1 became the most distant human-made object in space as it passed the distance set by the previous record holder Pioneer 10. On that day it was 6.5 billion miles from earth, traveling at 39,000 mph. It had been launched just over 20 years previous, on September 5 1977.
1998: Ernst Juenger died at age 102. The German writer was involved in the July 20 1944 plot to kill Adolf Hitler (see Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion).