Tuesday, February 18 2014
Joshua 22: The Return Of The Eastern Tribes
"The children of Reuben and the children of Gad and the half tribe of Manasseh returned, and departed from the children of Israel ... to go unto the country of Gilead, to the land of their possession, whereof they were possessed, according to the word of the LORD by the hand of Moses
Although it was apparently not in the original plan (see Deuteronomy 1: Why A Book Of Deuteronomy In The Bible?), the Israelites also acquired national territory east of the Jordan River (see Numbers 32: The Israel Of East Jordan), before the Israelites crossed the Jordan into the land of Canaan. Warriors from those eastern tribes did however cross the Jordan to assist the western tribes to acquire their territory, just as the western tribes had already helped the eastern tribes. When the wars were over, the eastern tribes returned back across the Jordan River to their homelands.
"22:1 Then Joshua [see Joshua 1: Joshua's Commission] called the Reubenites, and the Gadites, and the half tribe of Manasseh,
22:2 And said unto them, Ye have kept all that Moses the servant of the LORD commanded you, and have obeyed my voice in all that I commanded you:
22:3 Ye have not left your brethren these many days unto this day, but have kept the charge of the commandment of the LORD your God.
22:4 And now the LORD your God hath given rest unto your brethren, as he promised them: therefore now return ye, and get you unto your tents, and unto the land of your possession, which Moses the servant of the LORD gave you on the other side Jordan.
22:5 But take diligent heed to do the commandment and the law, which Moses the servant of the LORD charged you, to love the LORD your God, and to walk in all his ways, and to keep his commandments, and to cleave unto him, and to serve him with all your heart and with all your soul.
22:6 So Joshua blessed them, and sent them away: and they went unto their tents.
22:7 Now to the one half of the tribe of Manasseh Moses had given possession in Bashan: but unto the other half thereof gave Joshua among their brethren on this side Jordan westward. And when Joshua sent them away also unto their tents, then he blessed them,
22:8 And he spake unto them, saying, Return with much riches unto your tents, and with very much cattle, with silver, and with gold, and with brass, and with iron, and with very much raiment: divide the spoil of your enemies with your brethren.
22:9 And the children of Reuben and the children of Gad and the half tribe of Manasseh returned, and departed from the children of Israel out of Shiloh, which is in the land of Canaan, to go unto the country of Gilead, to the land of their possession, whereof they were possessed, according to the word of the LORD [Who was and is Jesus Christ - see Genesis 1: In The Beginning Was The Word and The Kingdom Of The LORD God] by the hand of Moses." (Joshua 22;1-9 KJV)
Their parting almost came to tragedy. When the eastern tribes built a monument to Israelite national unity, the western tribes mistakenly believed that it was a border marker dividing them into two nations. Fortunately, explanations were made and accepted before it came to blood.
"22:10 And when they came unto the borders of Jordan, that are in the land of Canaan, the children of Reuben and the children of Gad and the half tribe of Manasseh built there an altar by Jordan, a great altar to see to.
22:11 And the children of Israel heard say, Behold, the children of Reuben and the children of Gad and the half tribe of Manasseh have built an altar over against the land of Canaan, in the borders of Jordan, at the passage of the children of Israel.
22:12 And when the children of Israel heard of it, the whole congregation of the children of Israel gathered themselves together at Shiloh, to go up to war against them.
22:13 And the children of Israel sent unto the children of Reuben, and to the children of Gad, and to the half tribe of Manasseh, into the land of Gilead, Phinehas the son of Eleazar the priest,
22:14 And with him ten princes, of each chief house a prince throughout all the tribes of Israel; and each one was an head of the house of their fathers among the thousands of Israel.
22:15 And they came unto the children of Reuben, and to the children of Gad, and to the half tribe of Manasseh, unto the land of Gilead, and they spake with them, saying,
22:16 Thus saith the whole congregation of the LORD, What trespass is this that ye have committed against the God of Israel, to turn away this day from following the LORD, in that ye have builded you an altar, that ye might rebel this day against the LORD?
22:17 Is the iniquity of Peor too little for us, from which we are not cleansed until this day, although there was a plague in the congregation of the LORD,
22:18 But that ye must turn away this day from following the LORD? and it will be, seeing ye rebel to day against the LORD, that to morrow he will be wroth with the whole congregation of Israel.
22:19 Notwithstanding, if the land of your possession be unclean, then pass ye over unto the land of the possession of the LORD, wherein the LORD'S tabernacle dwelleth, and take possession among us: but rebel not against the LORD, nor rebel against us, in building you an altar beside the altar of the LORD our God.
22:20 Did not Achan the son of Zerah commit a trespass in the accursed thing, and wrath fell on all the congregation of Israel? and that man perished not alone in his iniquity.
22:21 Then the children of Reuben and the children of Gad and the half tribe of Manasseh answered, and said unto the heads of the thousands of Israel,
22:22 The LORD God of gods, the LORD God of gods, he knoweth, and Israel he shall know; if it be in rebellion, or if in transgression against the LORD, (save us not this day,)
22:23 That we have built us an altar to turn from following the LORD, or if to offer thereon burnt offering or meat offering, or if to offer peace offerings thereon, let the LORD himself require it;
22:24 And if we have not rather done it for fear of this thing, saying, In time to come your children might speak unto our children, saying, What have ye to do with the LORD God of Israel?
22:25 For the LORD hath made Jordan a border between us and you, ye children of Reuben and children of Gad; ye have no part in the LORD: so shall your children make our children cease from fearing the LORD.
22:26 Therefore we said, Let us now prepare to build us an altar, not for burnt offering, nor for sacrifice:
22:27 But that it may be a witness between us, and you, and our generations after us, that we might do the service of the LORD before him with our burnt offerings, and with our sacrifices, and with our peace offerings; that your children may not say to our children in time to come, Ye have no part in the LORD.
22:28 Therefore said we, that it shall be, when they should so say to us or to our generations in time to come, that we may say again, Behold the pattern of the altar of the LORD, which our fathers made, not for burnt offerings, nor for sacrifices; but it is a witness between us and you.
22:29 God forbid that we should rebel against the LORD, and turn this day from following the LORD, to build an altar for burnt offerings, for meat offerings, or for sacrifices, beside the altar of the LORD our God that is before his tabernacle.
22:30 And when Phinehas the priest, and the princes of the congregation and heads of the thousands of Israel which were with him, heard the words that the children of Reuben and the children of Gad and the children of Manasseh spake, it pleased them.
22:31 And Phinehas the son of Eleazar the priest said unto the children of Reuben, and to the children of Gad, and to the children of Manasseh, This day we perceive that the LORD is among us, because ye have not committed this trespass against the LORD: now ye have delivered the children of Israel out of the hand of the LORD.
22:32 And Phinehas the son of Eleazar the priest, and the princes, returned from the children of Reuben, and from the children of Gad, out of the land of Gilead, unto the land of Canaan, to the children of Israel, and brought them word again.
22:33 And the thing pleased the children of Israel; and the children of Israel blessed God, and did not intend to go up against them in battle, to destroy the land wherein the children of Reuben and Gad dwelt.
22:34 And the children of Reuben and the children of Gad called the altar Ed: for it shall be a witness between us that the LORD is God." (Joshua 22:10-34 KJV)
Fact Finder: How was the former Israelite territory east of the Jordan River involved in what became the present day state of "Israel"?
See A History Of Jerusalem: The British Mandate and Israel In History and Prophecy: Israel Of Judah
This Day In History, February 18
1229: During the Sixth Crusade (see Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy and A History Of Jerusalem: Constantine and Muhammad), "Holy Roman Emperor" (see The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation) Frederick II signed a truce with al-Kamil, thereby regaining Jerusalem.
1248: Imperial forces under Frederick II were defeated at Parma in Italy.
1478: George, the Duke of Clarence, was convicted of treason against his brother Edward IV, and then killed in the Tower of London by being drowned in a wine barrel.
1503: Henry Tudor (later Henry VIII) was made Prince of Wales.
1516: Mary I, Queen of England, was born. The daughter of Henry VIII and his first wife Catherine of Aragon, she became known as "Bloody Mary" after her campaign against Protestants in England.
1546: Martin Luther, a monk who became a leader of the Protestant reformation, died at age 62. Despite their "protest," the Protestant churches maintain most of Rome's anti-Biblical doctrines (see Why Call Me, Lord, Lord, and Do Not The Things Which I Say?).
1564: Michelangelo Buonarotti (popularly known simply as "Michelangelo"), Italian painter, sculptor and architect, died. He is most known for his work on the Vatican's Sistine Chapel.
1574: Zeeland fell to Dutch rebels.
1678: John Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress was first published, in Britain (see also The Pilgrims).
1688: Quakers in Germantown, Pennsylvania, adopted the first formal antislavery resolution in North America.
1861: In Italy, the first parliament met and proclaimed Victor Emmanuel as the first king of Italy.
1900: The Battle of Paardeberg began in the second Boer War. The Boers under Piet Cronje eventually surrendered on February 27 under British artillery.
1915: During the First Word War (1914-1918), Germany began a submarine blockade of England.
1930: Clyde Tombaugh, working with photographic plates at the Lowell Observatory in Flagstaff, Arizona, discovered "Pluto," the 9th and smallest planet in the solar system.
1967: Robert Oppenheimer died. He was a prominent member of the team of physicists that produced the U.S. atomic bombs that incinerated the civilian population of the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945.
1979: Snow fell in the Sahara Desert in southern Algeria, the only time in recorded history.
1994: Representatives from 135 countries announced at a United Nations environmental conference that greenhouse gas emissions must be reduced to stop "global warming."