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Thursday, February 20 2014
Joshua 24: The Covenant Of Shechem
"So Joshua made a covenant with the people that day, and set them a statute and an ordinance in Shechem"
Joshua had completed the task that the LORD (Who was and is Jesus Christ - see Genesis 1: In The Beginning Was The Word and The Kingdom Of The LORD God) had given to him (see Joshua 1: Joshua's Commission). With the Israelite national capital encampment (i.e. the Tabernacle) at Shechem (see the map below), Joshua, who was in effect the Prime Minister under the LORD, the King of the Kingdom of God., called an assembly of "the elders of Israel, and for their heads, and for their judges, and for their officers; and they presented themselves before God."
"24:1 And Joshua gathered all the tribes of Israel to Shechem, and called for the elders of Israel, and for their heads, and for their judges, and for their officers; and they presented themselves before God." (Joshua 24:1 KJV)
Joshua then gave them, first a history lesson (see the Fact Finder question below) for the why, and then a reiteration of the Covenant that the LORD made with those who broke it (see Deuteronomy 2: The Israelite Wanderland). Unlike the generation that failed itself, those in the time of Joshua declared that they would obey the LORD. It was a promise that they kept, in the time of Joshua.
"24:2 And Joshua said unto all the people, Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, Your fathers dwelt on the other side of the flood in old time, even Terah, the father of Abraham, and the father of Nachor: and they served other gods. 24:3 And I took your father Abraham from the other side of the flood [see The LORD's Seed Covenants With The Two Men Of Iraq and A Biography Of Abraham: The Genealogy Of AbraIsaac: Rising From The Ashes]. 24:4 And I gave unto Isaac Jacob and Esau [see Genesis 25: The Birth of Jacob and Esau]: and I gave unto Esau mount Seir, to possess it; but Jacob and his children went down into Egypt [see Genesis 46: The First Census Of Israel].
The bones of the patriarch Joseph had been carried out of Egypt at the time of the Exodus (see Joseph's Bones; also Bones In History and Prophecy) and were buried in the Promised Land. Joshua was a descendant of Joseph's son Ephraim (see Genesis 48: The Adoption Of Ephraim and Manasseh), so when Joshua died, he too was buried in "the inheritance of the children of Joseph" (see Joshua 16: Ephraim's Inheritance; see also Joshua 17: West Manasseh).
Aaron's son and successor Eleazar (see From Moses And Aaron To Joshua and Eleazar) also died in that time. The Levites were given a physical inheritance throughout the other tribes (see Joshua 21: Cities and Suburbs Of The Levite Clans and Numbers 18: The Inheritance Of The Levites), so, as it happened, Eleazar too was buried in the land of Ephraim.
"24:28 So Joshua let the people depart, every man unto his inheritance. 24:29 And it came to pass after these things, that Joshua the son of Nun, the servant of the LORD, died, being an hundred and ten years old. 24:30 And they buried him in the border of his inheritance in Timnathserah, which is in mount Ephraim, on the north side of the hill of Gaash.
Fact Finder: Why was it that Joshua, not Moses, led the Israelites across the Jordan River?
This Day In History, February 20
1339: The Battle of Parabiago between the Milanese army and the St. George's (San Giorgio) Mercenaries of Lodrisio Visconti.
1547: Edward VI was crowned King of England at Westminster Abbey.
1579: Sir Nicholas Bacon died at age 70. He was a high official in the government of Queen Elizabeth I (reigned 1558-1603) and the father of the philosopher Francis Bacon.
1685: Rene-Robert Cavelier established Fort St. Louis (St. Louis was named after French King Louis IX), thereby establishing the "New France" claim to Texas.
1653: During the first English-Dutch War, the Dutch fleet under Van Tromp fought the British at the Battle of Portland.
1707: Aurangzeb died at age 89. He was the last of the great Mughal emperors of India (1658-1707). Under him the Mughal empire reached its greatest extent, although his policies helped lead to its end.
1790: Holy Roman emperor Joseph II died at age 49 (see The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation).
1811: Austria declared itself bankrupt.
1831: Polish revolutionaries defeated the Russians at the Battle of Growchow.
1862: William Lincoln, age 11, son of President Abraham Lincoln, died at the White House.
1895: Frederick Douglas, escaped slave and U.S. antislavery leader, died at age 78.
1920: At the end of the First World War (listen to our Sermon The European World Wars), when Britain inherited the Middle East nations that had been under the Ottoman Empire for centuries (see A History Of Jerusalem: The British Mandate and listen to our Sermon The Ottoman Empire), Britain recognized the government of Trans-Jordan (listen to our Sermon The Balfour Declaration).
1938: British Foreign Minister Anthony Eden resigned in protest because of Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain's appeasement of Adolf Hitler (see Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion).
1943: During the Second World War, U.S. movie studio executives agreed to allow the Office of War Information to censor movies and integrate nationalistic and political propaganda in "entertainment" films (a practice that has never stopped).
1947: Louis Mountbatten was appointed the last British Viceroy of India.
1959: "Black Friday" for the Canadian aviation industry of the 1950s.
Prime Minister John Diefenbaker ended the CF-105 Arrow project - one of the fastest, most advanced fighters in human history (fighter aircraft designed and built over 40 years later are still inferior to the Arrow in some performance characteristics). With a top speed of over 1,500 miles per hour and a service ceiling of 58,500 feet (the modern-day U.S. McDonnell Douglas F-18 Hornet, that Canada uses today, has a top speed of only 1,300 mph and service ceiling of 50,000 feet - an Arrow could literally fly circles around a full-throttle present-day F-18), the Arrow was designed for the Royal Canadian Air Force to intercept and destroy Soviet nuclear bombers, and their fighter escorts, on route to targets in Canada and the United States, as they were entering the vast Canadian air space over the remote Arctic (Canada spent the "Cold War" years "sandwiched" between the 2 superpowers, with the U.S. on its southern border and the U.S.S.R. on its northern border).
Five Arrows were flying (two and a half times the speed of sound in the 1950s), five more were near completion, and another twenty six were on order when Diefenbaker cancelled the project. The stated reasons: high cost per aircraft (which would have been greatly reduced in full production) and a decision to use a proposed by U.S. President Eisenhower missile-based defense (which was never delivered, or even produced - in 2012, over 40 years later, the U.S. is still trying to create an effective "missile defense shield").
Diefenbaker also ordered (for which many Canadians to this day are still struggling to forgive him, even though Diefenbaker died in 1979) every completed and in-production Arrow cut into pieces and scrapped - despite a persistent, but fanciful, legend that a defiant Canadian air force Arrow pilot rescued one, just hours before it was scheduled to be cut up, by flying it out of the base in Toronto, without authorization, in the middle of the night, to a private air field somewhere in Canada (at low altitude so that it could not be tracked on radar, and no other aircraft in existence could catch it) where it remains today, after a supersonic low-level "buzzing" of Canada's capital city, Ottawa, including the Prime Minister's residence in which Diefenbaker was reportedly awakened by the thundering, plaster-cracking sonic booms of the legendary "Arrow that got away."
All prototypes and blueprints were also deliberately destroyed. 15,000 production jobs were lost, plus another 35,000 jobs in spinoff industries. Many of the Canadian Arrow engineers left Canada, never to return. They found work all over the world, with several going to NASA where some elements of Arrow technology were successfully used in the Apollo moon landings and various other projects of the US space program including the Space Shuttle.
1962: John Glenn became the second U.S. astronaut in space (after Alan Shepherd in May 1961) and the first U.S. astronaut to orbit the earth. Although almost totally ignored and unreported by the U.S. news media (leaving many of the U.S. population with a very limited and distorted view of history and present-day reality), Russian cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin was actually the first man in space, in April 1961.
1965: Charles Woolley died at age 80. The British archaeologist spent over 40 years in the field; he excavated Ur of the Chaldees (birthplace of Abraham; see The Journey From Ur Of The Chaldees) and discovered the ancient Sumerian civilization.
1984: Harris Shoerats, the oldest man in Britain, died at age 111.
1986: The Soviet space station Mir was launched into Earth orbit.
1990: Soviet Parliamentary leaders proposed a draft law which would allow the republics the right to break away from the Soviet Union.
2005: Spain became the first European nation to hold a referendum on ratification of the Constitution of the European Union.