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Tuesday, February 25 2014

Judges 5: The Song of Deborah and Barak

"Then sang Deborah and Barak the son of Abinoam on that day, saying, Praise ye the LORD for the avenging of Israel"

The era of Israel's "Judges" was a two-century repetitive cycle of falling into idolatry, then defeat by the enemies who had corrupted them ("They chose new gods; then was war in the gates," verse 8, below), and then deliverance by leaders that the LORD (Who was and is Jesus Christ - see Genesis 1: In The Beginning Was The Word and The Kingdom Of The LORD God) provided to them - after they repented.

Deborah was one of the Judges ("they ceased in Israel, until that I Deborah arose, that I arose a mother in Israel"). After the victory that the Israelites achieved in her time (see Judges 4: Deborah), "the land had rest forty years."

Deborah

"5:1 Then sang Deborah and Barak the son of Abinoam on that day, saying,

5:2 Praise ye the LORD for the avenging of Israel, when the people willingly offered themselves. 5:3 Hear, O ye kings; give ear, O ye princes; I, even I, will sing unto the LORD; I will sing praise to the LORD God of Israel.

5:4 LORD, when thou wentest out of Seir, when thou marchedst out of the field of Edom, the earth trembled, and the heavens dropped, the clouds also dropped water. 5:5 The mountains melted from before the LORD, even that Sinai from before the LORD God of Israel [see also Israel In History and Prophecy: The Sinai Journey].

5:6 In the days of Shamgar the son of Anath, in the days of Jael, the highways were unoccupied, and the travellers walked through byways. 5:7 The inhabitants of the villages ceased, they ceased in Israel, until that I Deborah arose, that I arose a mother in Israel. 5:8 They chose new gods; then was war in the gates: was there a shield or spear seen among forty thousand in Israel? 5:9 My heart is toward the governors of Israel, that offered themselves willingly among the people. Bless ye the LORD.

5:10 Speak, ye that ride on white asses, ye that sit in judgment, and walk by the way. 5:11 They that are delivered from the noise of archers in the places of drawing water, there shall they rehearse the righteous acts of the LORD, even the righteous acts toward the inhabitants of his villages in Israel: then shall the people of the LORD go down to the gates.

5:12 Awake, awake, Deborah: awake, awake, utter a song: arise, Barak, and lead thy captivity captive, thou son of Abinoam. 5:13 Then he made him that remaineth have dominion over the nobles among the people: the LORD made me have dominion over the mighty. 5:14 Out of Ephraim was there a root of them against Amalek; after thee, Benjamin, among thy people; out of Machir came down governors, and out of Zebulun they that handle the pen of the writer. 5:15 And the princes of Issachar were with Deborah; even Issachar, and also Barak: he was sent on foot into the valley. For the divisions of Reuben there were great thoughts of heart. 5:16 Why abodest thou among the sheepfolds, to hear the bleatings of the flocks? For the divisions of Reuben there were great searchings of heart. 5:17 Gilead abode beyond Jordan: and why did Dan remain in ships? Asher continued on the sea shore, and abode in his breaches. 5:18 Zebulun and Naphtali were a people that jeoparded their lives unto the death in the high places of the field.

5:19 The kings came and fought, then fought the kings of Canaan in Taanach by the waters of Megiddo; they took no gain of money. 5:20 They fought from heaven; the stars in their courses fought against Sisera. 5:21 The river of Kishon swept them away, that ancient river, the river Kishon. O my soul, thou hast trodden down strength. 5:22 Then were the horsehoofs broken by the means of the pransings, the pransings of their mighty ones. 5:23 Curse ye Meroz, said the angel of the LORD, curse ye bitterly the inhabitants thereof; because they came not to the help of the LORD, to the help of the LORD against the mighty. 5:24 Blessed above women shall Jael the wife of Heber the Kenite be, blessed shall she be above women in the tent. 5:25 He asked water, and she gave him milk; she brought forth butter in a lordly dish. 5:26 She put her hand to the nail, and her right hand to the workmen's hammer; and with the hammer she smote Sisera, she smote off his head, when she had pierced and stricken through his temples. 5:27 At her feet he bowed, he fell, he lay down: at her feet he bowed, he fell: where he bowed, there he fell down dead. 5:28 The mother of Sisera looked out at a window, and cried through the lattice, Why is his chariot so long in coming? why tarry the wheels of his chariots? 5:29 Her wise ladies answered her, yea, she returned answer to herself, 5:30 Have they not sped? have they not divided the prey; to every man a damsel or two; to Sisera a prey of divers colours, a prey of divers colours of needlework, of divers colours of needlework on both sides, meet for the necks of them that take the spoil? 5:31 So let all thine enemies perish, O LORD: but let them that love him be as the sun when he goeth forth in his might.

And the land had rest forty years." (Judges 5:1-31 KJV)

Fact Finder: Did the Israelites also sing of victory at the time of the Exodus?
See Exodus 15: The Song Of The LORD's Victory


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This Day In History, February 25

138: Roman Emperor Hadrian adopted Antoninus Pius, providing the way to make Antoninus Pius the next emperor (see also A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars; also A History Of Jerusalem: Titus And The Zealots and A History Of Jerusalem: Hadrian and Simon bar Kokhba).

Queen Elizabeth 493: Odoacer surrendered Ravenna after a 3-year siege.

628: Persian Kiung Khosrau II was overthrown by his son Kavadh II.

1308: Edward II was became king of England.

1336: 4,000 defenders of Pilenai (a fortress in Lithuania) committed a mass suicide rather than be captured by the Teutonic Knights.

1525: French king Francis I was defeated and captured by Imperial forces at Pavia.

1570: In the last such decree made (to date) against a reigning British monarch by any pope, Pope Pius V excommunicated Queen Elizabeth I (daughter of Henry VIII who broke away from the Church of Rome and created the Church of England). Pius (his real name was Antonio Ghislieri, born in Bosco, Italy) also absolved her subjects from allegiance to her (the pope in effect gave his "blessing" to anyone in England who would assassinate Queen Elizabeth), an of murder and treason that the majority of them refused to attempt.

1723: Christopher Wren died. The English architect became a prolific designer of buildings after the Great Fire of London in 1666, notably the new St. Paul's Cathedral.

1815: Napoleon left his exile on Elba, intending to return to France.

1831: The Battle of Olszynka Grochowska during the Polish November Uprising against the Russian Empire.

1856: The Paris Peace Conference opened after the Crimean War.

1899: Paul Julius Reuter, German founder of the Reuter's news agency that bears his name, died. It began in 1850 when he set up a European pigeon post service from Aachen to Brussels.

1916: During the First World War (1914-1918), German forces captured Fort Douaumont during the Battle of Verdun.

1932: Austrian-born Adolf Hitler obtained German citizenship, thereby allowing him to run for President (see also Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion).

1945: Turkey declared war on Germany near the end of the Second World War (1939-1945).

1954: Gamal Abdul Nasser, a man dedicated to the destruction of Israel, became leader of Egypt.

1971: The Pickering (a city near Toronto) Nuclear Generating Station, the first commercial nuclear power station in Canada, became operational.

1986: After the assassination of his major political opponent Benigno Aquino, and the uprising that followed, Philippines dictator Ferdinand Marcos fled into exile in the U.S. (adding to the U.S. collection of ousted dictators during that time, which earlier included the Shah of Iran).

1991: Members of "Warsaw Pact" signed an agreement to dismantle the once powerful communist military alliance.

1994: Baruch Goldstein, a Jewish settler, shot 43 Muslim worshipers at a mosque in Hebron before he was overcome and beaten to death (see also A Biography Of Abraham: Mamre in Hebron and Joshua 14: Caleb's Hebron.



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