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Sunday, March 2 2014

Judges 10: Tola, Jair and Jephthah

"There arose to defend Israel"

There were numerous Judges recorded in Bible history (see Israel In History and Prophecy: The Judges). Some are still well-known today, such as Deborah (see Judges 4: Deborah and Judges 5: The Song of Deborah and Barak) and Gideon (see Judges 6: Gideon Of Manasseh, Judges 7: Gideon's Trumpets and Judges 8: Gideon's Victory). Others are not as much remembered today, except by those who read the Word of God.

The Holy Scriptures Perhaps the primary reason that some of the Judges had relatively little recorded about them is because there was no purpose to do so. None of the Judges were appointed by the LORD (Who was and is Jesus Christ - see Genesis 1: In The Beginning Was The Word and The Kingdom Of The LORD God) for their own glory or fame, but some may also have had nothing negative about their service to record as a lesson and warning to others. Tola, after he was given "to defend Israel" and then "judged Israel twenty and three years," may have been in that category.

"10:1 And after Abimelech there arose to defend Israel Tola the son of Puah, the son of Dodo, a man of Issachar; and he dwelt in Shamir in mount Ephraim. 10:2 And he judged Israel twenty and three years, and died, and was buried in Shamir." (Judges 10:1-2 KJV)

Jair too, who "judged Israel twenty and two years."

"10:3 And after him arose Jair, a Gileadite, and judged Israel twenty and two years. 10:4 And he had thirty sons that rode on thirty ass colts, and they had thirty cities, which are called Havothjair unto this day, which are in the land of Gilead.

10:5 And Jair died, and was buried in Camon." (Judges 10:3-5 KJV)

Jephthah is not popularly known either, but more is recorded about him, as we will read and explain the next two chapters. His account begins when the people of Israel had once again descended into gross idolatry. They "did evil again in the sight of the LORD, and served Baalim, and Ashtaroth, and the gods of Syria, and the gods of Zidon, and the gods of Moab, and the gods of the children of Ammon, and the gods of the Philistines, and forsook the LORD, and served not him."

"10:6 And the children of Israel did evil again in the sight of the LORD, and served Baalim, and Ashtaroth, and the gods of Syria, and the gods of Zidon [see also Into The Coasts Of Tyre And Sidon], and the gods of Moab, and the gods of the children of Ammon, and the gods of the Philistines [see also Delilah: Why The Fatal Attraction?], and forsook the LORD, and served not him.

10:7 And the anger of the LORD was hot against Israel, and he sold them into the hands of the Philistines, and into the hands of the children of Ammon. 10:8 And that year they vexed and oppressed the children of Israel: eighteen years, all the children of Israel that were on the other side Jordan in the land of the Amorites, which is in Gilead [see Numbers 32: The Israel Of East Jordan]. 10:9 Moreover the children of Ammon passed over Jordan to fight also against Judah [see Joshua 15: Judah's Homeland], and against Benjamin [see Joshua 18: The Land Of Benjamin], and against the house of Ephraim [see Joshua 16: Ephraim's Inheritance]; so that Israel was sore distressed. 10:10 And the children of Israel cried unto the LORD, saying, We have sinned against thee, both because we have forsaken our God, and also served Baalim.

10:11 And the LORD said unto the children of Israel, Did not I deliver you from the Egyptians, and from the Amorites, from the children of Ammon, and from the Philistines? 10:12 The Zidonians also, and the Amalekites, and the Maonites, did oppress you; and ye cried to me, and I delivered you out of their hand. 10:13 Yet ye have forsaken me, and served other gods: wherefore I will deliver you no more. 10:14 Go and cry unto the gods which ye have chosen; let them deliver you in the time of your tribulation.

10:15 And the children of Israel said unto the LORD, We have sinned: do thou unto us whatsoever seemeth good unto thee; deliver us only, we pray thee, this day. 10:16 And they put away the strange gods from among them, and served the LORD: and his soul was grieved for the misery of Israel.

10:17 Then the children of Ammon were gathered together, and encamped in Gilead. And the children of Israel assembled themselves together, and encamped in Mizpeh. 10:18 And the people and princes of Gilead said one to another, What man is he that will begin to fight against the children of Ammon? he shall be head over all the inhabitants of Gilead." (Judges 10:6-18 KJV)

Fact Finder: Are some of the Judges mentioned in Hebrews chapter 11, the so-called "faith chapter"? Why?
Hebrews 11:32-34 and see Lessons Of Perseverance And Faith


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This Day In History, March 2

537: The Ostrogoth army (the Ostrogoths were a Germanic tribe) under King Vitiges began the Siege of Rome. Germany later became the Roman Empire (see The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation).

German
986: Louis V became King of the Franks.

1127: Charles (known as "Charles the Good"), Count of Flanders, was assassinated.

1461: The Lancastrians defeated the Yorkists at the second Battle of St. Albans'.

1509: The Portuguese, led by Francisco de Almeida, destroyed the Muslim fleet in the Battle of Diu, establishing Portuguese control of Indian waters.

1536: Spanish explorer Pedro de Mendoza founded Buenos Aires.

1556: The world's worst earthquake, in China's Shaanxi, Shansi and Henan provinces, killed an estimated 830,000 people.

1619: Queen Anne of Denmark, wife of King James I of England (after whom the King James Version of the Bible is named) died at age 45.

1626: Charles I was crowned king of England.

1653: New Amsterdam became a city (it is known today as New York).

1709: British sailor Alexander Selkirk was rescued after being marooned on a desert island for 5 years. His story was the inspiration of Daniel Defoe's "Robinson Crusoe."

1797: The Bank of England issued the first one and two Pound banknotes.

1801: The War of The Oranges between Spain and Portugal began. French troops fought alongside the Spanish after Portugal refused Napoleon's demand to cede much of the country to him.

1807: The U.S. Congress passed the Act Prohibiting Importation of Slaves, disallowing the importation of new slaves into the country (the Act did little to decrease slavery because there was already sufficient "breeding stock" in the U.S. to supply slave holders).

1808: French forces under Napoleon occupied Rome. Pope Pius VII was arrested and detained.

Napoleon
1836: Texas declared independence from Mexico.

1848: The war between the U.S. and Mexico ended after the signing of the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo.

1882: Queen Victoria narrowly escaped an assassination attempt by Roderick McLean in Windsor.

1943: The Battle of the Bismark Sea began. 12 Japanese ships carrying reinforcements to New Guinea were sunk by Allied airplanes, killing nearly 4,000 troops and sailors.

1945: During the Second World War, 1,200 British Royal Air Force planes bombed Wiesbaden and Karlsruhe in Germany.

1965: During the Vietnam Civil War (of which first France, and then the U.S. became involved), the U.S. began "Operation Rolling Thunder," a sustained heavy bombing campaign of North Vietnam.

1969: In Toulouse, France, the first test flight of the Anglo-French Concorde is completed.

1974: A grand jury in Washington concluded that President Richard Nixon was criminally involved in the Watergate cover-up.

1983: The Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT) resumed in Geneva.

1998: Scientific data from the Galileo spacecraft indicated that Jupiter's moon Europa has a liquid ocean under a thick crust of ice.

2002: The U.S.A. invaded Afghanistan under the pretext of a response to the 9-11 terrorist attacks. All of the 9-11 terrorists were actually from Saudi Arabia (as was Osama bin Laden himself) and Pakistan; they were all legally allowed into the U.S., directly on flights from the Middle East (none of the terrorists entered through Canada, despite a persistent anti-Canada propaganda myth that they did), with official U.S. tourist or student visas (they learned to fly at U.S. flight schools).





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