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Monday, March 10 2014

Judges 18: Northern and Southern Dan

"In those days the tribe of the Danites sought them an inheritance to dwell in; for unto that day all their inheritance had not fallen unto them among the tribes of Israel"

The tribe of Dan was relatively unique in that their homeland was in two geographically-divided areas (the only other tribe like that was Manasseh; see the Fact Finder question below). Manasseh's geographic (not political) division happened in the time of Moses (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Moses) and Joshua (again, see the Fact Finder question below), while the geographic (not political) division of Dan began in the time of Joshua (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Joshua) and was completed in the time of the Judges (see Israel In History and Prophecy: The Judges).

In the time of Joshua:

"19:40 And the seventh lot [see Joshua 19: The Israel Lottery] came out for the tribe of the children of Dan according to their families. 19:41 And the coast of their inheritance was Zorah, and Eshtaol, and Irshemesh, 19:42 And Shaalabbin, and Ajalon, and Jethlah, 19:43 And Elon, and Thimnathah, and Ekron, 19:44 And Eltekeh, and Gibbethon, and Baalath, 19:45 And Jehud, and Beneberak, and Gathrimmon, 19:46 And Mejarkon, and Rakkon, with the border before Japho. 19:47 And the coast of the children of Dan went out too little for them: therefore the children of Dan went up to fight against Leshem, and took it, and smote it with the edge of the sword, and possessed it, and dwelt therein, and called Leshem, Dan, after the name of Dan their father. 19:48 This is the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Dan according to their families, these cities with their villages." (Joshua 19:40-48 KJV)

Tribal Map
The geographic division of Dan was completed during the era of the Judges. From that time on, as shown on the map above, southern Dan, in Judea, was adjacent to the tribe of Judah to their south (see Joshua 15: Judah's Homeland), Benjamin to the east (see Joshua 18: The Land Of Benjamin) and Ephraim to the north (see Joshua 16: Ephraim's Inheritance).

Northern Dan, in northern Galilee (see also The Cities Of Lake Galilee), reached to Mount Hermon (see also The Moses And Elijah Vision). Northern Dan provided for the famous Israelite north to south boundary saying "from Dan to Beersheba."

"18:1 In those days there was no king in Israel: and in those days the tribe of the Danites sought them an inheritance to dwell in; for unto that day all their inheritance had not fallen unto them among the tribes of Israel. 18:2 And the children of Dan sent of their family five men from their coasts, men of valour, from Zorah, and from Eshtaol, to spy out the land, and to search it; and they said unto them, Go, search the land: who when they came to mount Ephraim, to the house of Micah, they lodged there.

18:3 When they were by the house of Micah, they knew the voice of the young man the Levite: and they turned in thither, and said unto him, Who brought thee hither? and what makest thou in this place? and what hast thou here?

18:4 And he said unto them, Thus and thus dealeth Micah with me, and hath hired me, and I am his priest [see Judges 17: Micah's Levite].

18:5 And they said unto him, Ask counsel, we pray thee, of God, that we may know whether our way which we go shall be prosperous.

18:6 And the priest said unto them, Go in peace: before the LORD is your way wherein ye go.

18:7 Then the five men departed, and came to Laish, and saw the people that were therein, how they dwelt careless, after the manner of the Zidonians, quiet and secure; and there was no magistrate in the land, that might put them to shame in any thing; and they were far from the Zidonians, and had no business with any man.

18:8 And they came unto their brethren to Zorah and Eshtaol: and their brethren said unto them, What say ye?

Mount Hermon as seen from Mt. Bental 18:9 And they said, Arise, that we may go up against them: for we have seen the land, and, behold, it is very good: and are ye still? be not slothful to go, and to enter to possess the land. 18:10 When ye go, ye shall come unto a people secure, and to a large land: for God hath given it into your hands; a place where there is no want of any thing that is in the earth.

18:11 And there went from thence of the family of the Danites, out of Zorah and out of Eshtaol, six hundred men appointed with weapons of war. 18:12 And they went up, and pitched in Kirjathjearim, in Judah: wherefore they called that place Mahanehdan unto this day: behold, it is behind Kirjathjearim. 18:13 And they passed thence unto mount Ephraim, and came unto the house of Micah.

18:14 Then answered the five men that went to spy out the country of Laish, and said unto their brethren, Do ye know that there is in these houses an ephod, and teraphim, and a graven image, and a molten image? now therefore consider what ye have to do. 18:15 And they turned thitherward, and came to the house of the young man the Levite, even unto the house of Micah, and saluted him. 18:16 And the six hundred men appointed with their weapons of war, which were of the children of Dan, stood by the entering of the gate. 18:17 And the five men that went to spy out the land went up, and came in thither, and took the graven image, and the ephod, and the teraphim, and the molten image: and the priest stood in the entering of the gate with the six hundred men that were appointed with weapons of war.

18:18 And these went into Micah's house, and fetched the carved image, the ephod, and the teraphim, and the molten image. Then said the priest unto them, What do ye?

18:19 And they said unto him, Hold thy peace, lay thine hand upon thy mouth, and go with us, and be to us a father and a priest: is it better for thee to be a priest unto the house of one man, or that thou be a priest unto a tribe and a family in Israel? 18:20 And the priest's heart was glad, and he took the ephod, and the teraphim, and the graven image, and went in the midst of the people. 18:21 So they turned and departed, and put the little ones and the cattle and the carriage before them.

18:22 And when they were a good way from the house of Micah, the men that were in the houses near to Micah's house were gathered together, and overtook the children of Dan. 18:23 And they cried unto the children of Dan. And they turned their faces, and said unto Micah, What aileth thee, that thou comest with such a company?

18:24 And he said, Ye have taken away my gods which I made, and the priest, and ye are gone away: and what have I more? and what is this that ye say unto me, What aileth thee?

18:25 And the children of Dan said unto him, Let not thy voice be heard among us, lest angry fellows run upon thee, and thou lose thy life, with the lives of thy household. 18:26 And the children of Dan went their way: and when Micah saw that they were too strong for him, he turned and went back unto his house.

18:27 And they took the things which Micah had made, and the priest which he had, and came unto Laish, unto a people that were at quiet and secure: and they smote them with the edge of the sword, and burnt the city with fire. 18:28 And there was no deliverer, because it was far from Zidon, and they had no business with any man; and it was in the valley that lieth by Bethrehob.

And they built a city, and dwelt therein. 18:29 And they called the name of the city Dan, after the name of Dan their father, who was born unto Israel: howbeit the name of the city was Laish at the first. 18:30 And the children of Dan set up the graven image: and Jonathan, the son of Gershom, the son of Manasseh, he and his sons were priests to the tribe of Dan until the day of the captivity of the land. 18:31 And they set them up Micah's graven image, which he made, all the time that the house of God was in Shiloh." (Judges 18:1-31 KJV)

Fact Finder: How and when did the tribe of Manasseh become divided into east and west?
See Numbers 32: The Israel Of East Jordan and Joshua 17: West Manasseh


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This Day In History, March 10

241 BC: The Roman fleet sank 50 Carthaginian ships during the Battle of Aegusa, bringing the First Punic War to an end (see also The Cleopatra Connection).

Julius Caesar 49 B.C. Julius Caesar "crossed the Rubicon," a small river that separated Cisalpine Gaul from Italy. Caesar's crossing violated a law of the Roman Senate (the Lex Cornelia Majestatis) that stated that a general was not permitted to lead a military force out of the province in which it has been assigned. The action triggered a 3-year civil war that ended with Julius Caesar becoming the ruler of the Roman Republic as it was metastasizing into the Roman empire (see The Politics Of Rome and A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars).

298: Roman Emperor Maximian concluded his campaign in North Africa against the Berbers and made a triumphal entry into Carthage.

418: Jews were banned from holding public office in the Roman Empire.

1528: Balthasar Hubmaier, a prominent Austrian Anabaptist (see Anabaptists), was burned at the stake as a heretic in Vienna.

1629: King Charles I of England dissolved Parliament, thereby beginning the eleven-year period known as the Personal Rule.

1656: The Virginia Colony extended voting rights to all free (i.e. white) men regardless of their religion.

1831: The French Foreign Legion was established by King Louis-Philippe to support his war in Algeria.

1848: The Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo ended the U.S. war with Mexico.

1922: Mahatma Gandhi was arrested by the British governors of India; he was justifiably convicted of sedition ("an illegal action inciting resistance to lawful authority and tending to cause the disruption or overthrow of the government") and sentenced to 6 years in prison.

1927: Prussia (an area of Germany, not to be confused with Russia) lifted its Nazi ban; Adolf Hitler was then allowed to speak in public (see Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion).

1945: During the Second World War, 300 U.S. B-29 bombers (with conventional bombs; the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki came a few months later, on August 6 and August 9) bombed Japan's capital in what became known in the U.S. as "the Great Tokyo Air Raid." The resulting firestorm killed 100,000 civilians (the atomic bombings of the other two civilian targets killed or horribly burned another 250,000 men, women and children).

1952: The government of Cuba was overthrown by Fulgencio Batista, who ruled as a Mafia and CIA-backed puppet dictator until 1959 when he was overthrown by the communists led by Fidel Castro. The people of Cuba traded one dictator (one controlled by the western "democratic" nations) for another (one sponsored by the eastern communist nations).

1969: James Earl Ray pleaded guilty to the murder of U.S. civil rights activist Martin Luther King and was sentenced to 99 years in prison.

1973: The governor of Bermuda, Sir Richard Sharples, was assassinated on the grounds of Government House.

1985: Soviet leader Konstantin Chernenko died after only 13 months in office.

1995: The European Union responded belligerently to Canada's seizure of the Spanish fishing ship Estai and its crew in international waters the day before, demanding its release and calling for economic and military retaliatory measures. Prior to its arrest, the Spanish ship was observed violating Canadian law within Canadian waters. Also, a Canadian Navy submarine later recovered the net that the Spanish ship cut while being pursued and found it to have an illegal small-mesh liner that was "vacuuming the ocean" of fish of all sizes, thereby exterminating future fish stocks. The seizure of the Spanish ship and its crew led to weeks of political tension and an escalating high-seas warship standoff between Canada and the rising-superpower European Union (which forced Britain to chose between its European Union membership and "the Canadians that have always been there for us during two world wars" - to which the British government chose Canada; as well, during the crisis hundreds of British fishing boats flew Canadian flags while working off the coast of Europe).


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