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Monday, April 14 2014
The Day That The Messiah Was Crucified
The Messiah's human lifetime spanned a little over thirty years. The last day of the physical life of the Lamb of God (see Israel In History and Prophecy: The Messiah, The Kingdom Of The LORD God and What Does Word of God Mean To You?) was Nisan 14 (see Why Did The Messiah Observe Passover On Nisan 14?; also The New Moon Calendar).
The day began (keeping in mind that Biblical days begin and end at sunset) with His observance of "the Last Supper," just after sunset, after which the Messiah and eleven of the twelve apostles (see also Mark: Was It John Mark?) crossed the Kidron Valley (see Crossing The Kidron) to the Mount of Olives (see Zechariah: He Shall Stand Upon The Mount Of Olives). There, the Messiah was seized by thugs, led by the traitor Judas, from the Sanhedrin (the religious council; see Why Did The Sadducees Fear The Messiah? and The Passed Over Pharisees) and returned to the city. His allowing Himself to be taken began the final stage, of that stage of His assigned task from the Father. It would continue through the entire night, until His death, about mid-afternoon (see The Two Sabbaths Of Passover Week and the Fact Finder question below to understand that the Messiah was not crucified on the sixth day of the week).
"26:57 And they that had laid hold on Jesus led him away to Caiaphas [see Annas And Caiaphas] the high priest, where the scribes and the elders were assembled.
In the early morning, after torturing Him through the night (like any typical pack of cowards, a gang of them beat and abused a bound prisoner i.e. "they spit in his face, and buffeted him; and others smote him with the palms of their hands"), they sent the Messiah to Pontius Pilate, their Roman political master. At that same time occurred the only justice of that day - the hanging of the traitor Judas (see Did Judas Iscariot Repent?).
"27:1 When the morning was come, all the chief priests and elders of the people took counsel against Jesus to put him to death:
The Romans then continued the torture - again, a bunch of cowardly reptiles (the Messiah called them "vipers" - snakes) abusing and beating a bound prisoner. In their mockery of the King, they inflicted the infamous "crown of thorns" upon Him (the Day is coming when they will all see Him again - wearing a very different Crown; see Legions Of Men And Angels).
"19:1 Then Pilate therefore took Jesus, and scourged him.
Pilate knew that Jesus of Nazareth was innocent (everyone did - see Innocent Blood) - and publicly declared Him so, as he paraded the Messiah before the mob.
"19:4 Pilate therefore went forth again, and saith unto them, Behold, I bring him forth to you, that ye may know that I find no fault in him.
After hearing "the Son of God," Pilate became "more afraid," particularly when the Messiah said to him, "Thou couldest have no power at all against me, except it were given thee from above: therefore he that delivered me unto thee hath the greater sin."
"19:8 When Pilate therefore heard that saying, he was the more afraid;
Pilate then frantically tried to get the mob's permission to release Jesus. Their reply however was as despicable as their actions: "We have no king but Caesar" (see also The Caesar Questions). Pilate then relented and ordered the Messiah crucified.
"19:12 And from thenceforth Pilate sought to release him: but the Jews cried out, saying, If thou let this man go, thou art not Caesar's friend: whosoever maketh himself a king speaketh against Caesar.
The Messiah was taken to a rock quarry just outside the city. A part of it was known as "the place of a skull" because a jagged rock wall had the appearance of a skull face. There, the Messiah was crucified.
"19:17 And he bearing his cross went forth into a place called the place of a skull, which is called in the Hebrew Golgotha: 19:18 Where they crucified him, and two others with him, on either side one, and Jesus in the midst.
While waiting for Him to die, the soldiers further mocked Him, and looted His clothing.
"19:23 Then the soldiers, when they had crucified Jesus, took his garments, and made four parts, to every soldier a part; and also his coat: now the coat was without seam, woven from the top throughout.
Nearly all of His disciples (which means student) and the apostles fled - except for the apostle John, John's mother, and John's mother's sister (i.e. John's aunt) - Mary, the mother of Jesus (both John the Baptist and the apostle John were cousins of Jesus - see Cousins John).
"19:25 Now there stood by the cross [see Crossing The T and the illustration below to understand what the Cross actually looked like] what of Jesus his mother, and his mother's sister, Mary the wife of Cleophas, and Mary Magdalene. 19:26 When Jesus therefore saw his mother, and the disciple standing by, whom he loved, he saith unto his mother, Woman, behold thy son! 19:27 Then saith he to the disciple, Behold thy mother! And from that hour that disciple took her unto his own home." (John 19:25-27 KJV)
The Messiah died in mid/late afternoon of Nisan 14 - when the Passover lambs were being slaughtered for the beginning of Passover.
"19:28 After this, Jesus knowing that all things were now accomplished, that the scripture might be fulfilled, saith, I thirst. 19:29 Now there was set a vessel full of vinegar: and they filled a sponge with vinegar, and put it upon hyssop, and put it to his mouth. 19:30 When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, he said, It is finished: and he bowed his head, and gave up the ghost [see Giving Up The Ghost]." (John 19:28-30 KJV)
Nisan 14 was (and is) the Preparation Day for the First Day of Passover (also known as the First Day of Unleavened Bread) - an annual Sabbath (see The Two Sabbaths Of Passover Week).
"19:31 The Jews therefore, because it was the preparation, that the bodies should not remain upon the cross on the sabbath day, (for that sabbath day was an high day,) besought Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away. 19:32 Then came the soldiers, and brake the legs of the first, and of the other which was crucified with him. 19:33 But when they came to Jesus, and saw that he was dead already, they brake not his legs: 19:34 But one of the soldiers with a spear pierced his side, and forthwith came there out blood and water. 19:35 And he that saw it bare record, and his record is true: and he knoweth that he saith true, that ye might believe. 19:36 For these things were done, that the scripture should be fulfilled, A bone of him shall not be broken. 19:37 And again another scripture saith, They shall look on him whom they pierced." (John 19:31-37 KJV)
Joseph of Arimathaea and a Pharisee, Nicodemus (to whom was given the famous "born again" and "John 3:16" teachings; see What Was The Lesson Of John 3:16? and Joseph and Nicodemus: Making A Stand) hurriedly prepared the Body for burial and got it into the Tomb just before sunset - where He would remain for three days and three nights.
"19:38 And after this Joseph of Arimathaea, being a disciple of Jesus, but secretly for fear of the Jews, besought Pilate that he might take away the body of Jesus: and Pilate gave him leave. He came therefore, and took the body of Jesus. 19:39 And there came also Nicodemus, which at the first came to Jesus by night, and brought a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about an hundred pound weight. 19:40 Then took they the body of Jesus, and wound it in linen clothes [see also The Linen Of The Saints] with the spices, as the manner of the Jews is to bury. 19:41 Now in the place where he was crucified there was a garden; and in the garden a new sepulchre, wherein was never man yet laid. 19:42 There laid they Jesus therefore because of the Jews' preparation day; for the sepulchre was nigh at hand." (John 19:38-42 KJV)
Fact Finder: When were the "three days and three nights" of the Messiah in the Tomb? According to the Holy Bible, was it actually just before sunset on a Wednesday to just before sunset on the weekly Sabbath?
This Day In History, April 14
43 BC: The Battle of Forum Gallorum. Mark Antony (see also The Cleopatra Connection), while besieging one of Julius Caesar's assassins, Decimus Brutus, in Mutina (see The Politics Of Rome and A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars), defeated the forces of the consul Pansa, but was then defeated by the army of the other consul, Hirtius.
69: Vitellius, commander of the Roman armies of the Rhine, defeated Emperor Otho in the Battle of Bedriacum. Vitellius then seized the throne of Emperor.
70: The Siege of Jerusalem. Titus, son of emperor Vespasian, encircled the Jewish city with four Roman legions (see A History Of Jerusalem: Titus And The Zealots).
193: Septimius Severus was proclaimed Emperor of Rome by the imperial army in Illyricum (in the Balkans).
1028: Henry (Heinrich) III, a son of Conrad, was chosen king of the Germans.
1205: The Battle of Adrianople was fought between the Bulgarians and the "Crusaders" (see Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy).
1471: Battle of Barnet. In the English Wars of The Roses, a momentous victory for the Yorkist king Edward IV over his Lancastrian opponents under the Earl of Warwick, the adherents of Henry VI. Warwick was killed and Edward IV resumed the throne.
1611: First known use of the word "telescope."
1828: Noah Webster obtained a copyright for the first edition of his dictionary
1849: Hungary declared itself independent of Austria with Louis Kossuth as its leader.
1865: Abraham Lincoln was shot by John Wilkes Booth at the Ford Theater in Washington. Lincoln died the next day and was succeeded by Andrew Johnson.
1871: Parliament passed a bill to create a uniform currency in Canada.
1894: The first public showing of Edison's kinetoscope (moving pictures).
1912: The Titanic collided with an iceberg in the North Atlantic off Newfoundland. The collision tore a 91 meter (300 foot) gash in the hull during the British ocean liner's maiden voyage, to New York City. It sank the next day.
1931: In Spain, under pressure by Republican forces for his abdication, King Alfonso XIII left the country while refusing to abdicate; he never returned. General Francisco Franco later reinstated him as a Spanish citizen and restored his confiscated property, but he eventually abdicated his rights to his third son, Don Juan.
1945: The Imperial Palace in Tokyo was damaged by B-29 bombers.
1948: A flash of light was observed in the crater Plato on the moon (likely a large meteorite striking the surface).
1981: Completion of the first space shuttle flight, the Columbia.
1986: In retaliation for the April 5 bombing in West Berlin that killed two U.S. military men, U.S. President Ronald Reagan ordered a bombing raid against Libya that killed 60 civilians.
1994: In one of numerous "friendly fire" incidents of the war, two U.S. warplanes shot down 2 U.S. Army helicopters, killing 26 servicemen.
2010: A magnitude 6.9 earthquake in Yushu, Qinghai, China killed 2,700 people.