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Tuesday, April 15 2014

The Passover High Day

"Because it was the preparation, that the bodies should not remain upon the cross on the Sabbath Day, for that Sabbath Say was an High Day"

Most Christian-professing people understand that the sixth day of the week (known as "Friday" on the Roman calendar; see also Sun Day, Moon Day, Tiw's Day) is the "preparation" day for the Sabbath (which was just as much Christian in ancient "Old Testament" times as it is today; see the Fact Finder question below). That was specifically stated at the time when the LORD (Who was and is Jesus Christ - see Genesis 1: In The Beginning Was The Word and The Kingdom Of The LORD God) began providing manna to the Israelites in the wilderness of Sinai. Notice also, here in Exodus 16, that the Sabbath was already commanded to be observed before they arrived at Mount Sinai, in Exodus 19 - another reason that the Commandment says "remember" the Sabbath Day, and that God's Eternal Law did not begin or end at Mount Sinai:

Sinai Shepherds

"16:22 And it came to pass, that on the sixth day they gathered twice as much bread [see Exodus 16: Manna and Quail], two omers for one man: and all the rulers of the congregation [see also What Did The Elders Of Israel Do?] came and told Moses. 16:23 And he said unto them, This is that which the LORD hath said, To morrow is the rest of the holy sabbath unto the LORD: bake that which ye will bake to day, and seethe that ye will seethe; and that which remaineth over lay up for you to be kept until the morning.

16:24 And they laid it up till the morning, as Moses bade [see Israel In History and Prophecy: Moses]: and it did not stink, neither was there any worm therein. 16:25 And Moses said, Eat that to day; for to day is a sabbath unto the LORD: to day ye shall not find it in the field. 16:26 Six days ye shall gather it; but on the seventh day, which is the sabbath, in it there shall be none.

16:27 And it came to pass, that there went out some of the people on the seventh day for to gather, and they found none. 16:28 And the LORD said unto Moses, How long refuse ye to keep my commandments and my laws? 16:29 See, for that the LORD hath given you the sabbath, therefore he giveth you on the sixth day the bread of two days; abide ye every man in his place, let no man go out of his place on the seventh day. 16:30 So the people rested on the seventh day." (Exodus 16:22-30 KJV)

It was from that Preparation for the weekly Sabbath that many people incorrectly assume that the Preparation Day for the Passover, as stated here in Mark ("the Preparation, that is, the day before the Sabbath"), was also a Friday, and that therefore the Messiah was Crucified on the sixth day of the week.

"15:37 And Jesus cried with a loud voice, and gave up the ghost [see Giving Up The Ghost and What Does The Bible Really Say About Your Soul?].

15:38 And the veil of the temple was rent in twain from the top to the bottom [see Why Was It Torn?]. 15:39 And when the centurion, which stood over against him, saw that he so cried out, and gave up the ghost, he said, Truly this man was the Son of God.

15:40 There were also women looking on afar off: among whom was Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James the less and of Joses, and Salome [see The Kinsfolk Of Jesus Of Nazareth]; 15:41 (Who also, when he was in Galilee, followed him, and ministered unto him;) and many other women which came up with him unto Jerusalem.

15:42 And now when the even was come, because it was the preparation, that is, the day before the sabbath, 15:43 Joseph of Arimathaea [see Joseph and Nicodemus: Making A Stand], an honourable counsellor, which also waited for the kingdom of God, came, and went in boldly unto Pilate, and craved the body of Jesus." (Mark 15:37-43 KJV)

So too in Luke, "that day was the preparation, and the sabbath drew on":

The Crucifixion

"23:44 And it was about the sixth hour, and there was a darkness over all the earth until the ninth hour [the sixth hour of daylight, which is about noon, while the ninth hour is about 3pm; see Hours Of The Day]. 23:45 And the sun was darkened, and the veil of the temple was rent in the midst. 23:46 And when Jesus had cried with a loud voice, he said, Father, into thy hands I commend my spirit: and having said thus, he gave up the ghost.

23:47 Now when the centurion saw what was done, he glorified God, saying, Certainly this was a righteous man.

23:48 And all the people that came together to that sight, beholding the things which were done, smote their breasts, and returned. 23:49 And all his acquaintance, and the women that followed him from Galilee, stood afar off, beholding these things.

23:50 And, behold, there was a man named Joseph, a counsellor; and he was a good man, and a just: 23:51 (The same had not consented to the counsel and deed of them;) he was of Arimathaea, a city of the Jews: who also himself waited for the kingdom of God. 23:52 This man went unto Pilate, and begged the body of Jesus. 23:53 And he took it down, and wrapped it in linen, and laid it in a sepulchre that was hewn in stone, wherein never man before was laid. 23:54 And that day was the preparation, and the sabbath drew on." (Luke 23:44-54 KJV)

But notice carefully that the Sabbath that was about to begin when Christ died was "an high day" - Passover, not the regular weekly Sabbath, as is incorrectly assumed by millions of people.

"19:30 When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, he said, It is finished: and he bowed his head, and gave up the ghost.

19:31 The Jews therefore, because it was the preparation, that the bodies should not remain upon the cross [see also The Cross Of Christ, Or The Cross Of Men?] on the sabbath day, for that sabbath day was an high day, besought Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away." (John 19:30-31 KJV)

Further to that stated above, and even more plainly - the "high" Sabbath that was to begin at the end of the day when the Messiah was killed was the annual Holy Day/Sabbath of Passover, not the weekly Sabbath:

"18:28 Then led they Jesus from Caiaphas [see Annas And Caiaphas] unto the hall of judgment: and it was early; and they themselves went not into the judgment hall, lest they should be defiled; but that they might eat the passover." (John 18:28 KJV)

The Messiah (see also A History Of Jerusalem: The Coming Of The Messiah) was sacrificed at the same time that the Passover lambs were sacrificed - on the Preparation day of the "high day" Sabbath - an annual Sabbath, or Holy Day, known as the first Day of Passover, or First Day of Unleavened Bread. There were two Preparation days that week, for the two Sabbaths - the annual Sabbath on Nisan 15, and the regular weekly seventh-day Sabbath.

The actual series of events, as stated in the Holy Bible, for the two preparation days for the two Sabbaths that particular Passover week (the names of Roman calendar days are also included to assist in understanding, keeping in mind that Biblical calendar days begin and end at sunset):

Tombs In The Rock Sunset Monday to sunset Tuesday (Nisan 13)

Sunset Tuesday to sunset Wednesday (Nisan 14)

  • The Messiah observed His Passover preparation (also known as "The Last Supper") with the apostles, Tuesday evening just after sunset (see Why Did The Messiah Observe Passover On Nisan 14?).
    Matthew 26:20-29, Mark 14:17-25, Luke 22:14-38, John chapters 13-17

  • At about 10 p.m. Tuesday evening, they went out and entered the Garden of Gethsemane where the Messiah prayed and was then arrested by the mob, led by the traitor Judas Iscariot (see The Traitor In History And Prophecy).
    Matthew 26:36-56, Mark 14:32-52, Luke 22:39-53, John 18:1-11

  • The Messiah was taken to the house of the Caiaphas, the high priest, and was held there from about 11 p.m. Tuesday to dawn Wednesday. Throughout the night, Jesus was brutalized and mocked by the religious council and their thugs (see Who Was Their Messiah?).
    Matthew 26:57-75, Mark 14:53-72, Luke 22:54-65, John 18:12-27

  • At daybreak Wednesday, Jesus was taken to Pontius Pilate who declared Him innocent of any wrongdoing. Pilate then sent Jesus to Herod Antipas, who happened to be in Jerusalem at the time (see A History Of Jerusalem: The Herodian Dynasty). During that same time, Judas tried to return his thirty silver coins to the Sanhedrin and then hung himself.
    Luke 22:66-71, Luke 23:1-7, Matthew 27:1-10

  • Herod Antipas, after listening to the accusations, also declared Jesus an innocent man, having done nothing deserving death. He then sent Him back to Pilate.
    Luke 23:6-15

  • Pilate again tried to have Jesus released, but eventually gave in to the frenzied mob. He released the murderer Barabbas, and handed Jesus over to be crucified, knowing full well that Jesus of Nazareth was an innocent man, just as they all knew that He was innocent (see Innocent Blood).
    Luke 23:13-25

  • The Roman military (see Legions Of Men And Angels) then took charge of Jesus; they sadistically tortured and beat Him nearly to death through the morning on Wednesday and then took Him out of the city for the Crucifixion (see Crossing The T).
    Matthew 27:27-56, Mark 15:16-41, Luke 23:26-43, John 19:16-27

  • The death of the Lamb of God, about 3 p.m. Wednesday. His burial in the tomb was just before sunset on Wednesday afternoon (see The Jonah Prophecies).
    Matthew 27:45-61, Mark 15:33-47, Luke 23:44-56, John 19:28-42

Sunset Wednesday to sunset Thursday (Nisan 15, First Day Of Unleavened Bread)

  • Christ in the tomb night and day 1 (see The Unleavened Days Of Passover)

  • On the First Day of Passover/Unleavened Bread, the annual Sabbath that many mistakenly believe refers to the weekly Sabbath because it is also a "day after Preparation Day," Pilate had guards posted at the tomb (see The Tomb Watchers).
    Matthew 27:62-66

Sunset Thursday to sunset Friday (Nisan 16, Second Day of Unleavened Bread)

  • Christ in the tomb night and day 2 (see God Alone).
    Matthew 12:40

Sunset Friday to sunset Saturday (Nisan 17, Third Day of Unleavened Bread)

  • Christ in the tomb night and day 3; The Resurrection was just before sunset on Saturday afternoon, exactly three days and three nights after He died (see the Fact Finder question below).
    Matthew 12:40

Sunset Saturday to sunset Sunday (Nisan 18, Fourth Day of Unleavened Bread)

  • The empty (for nearly twelve hours, since just before sunset on Saturday) tomb was discovered by the women and the apostles long before sunrise on "Sunday" morning; the risen Christ spoke to Mary of Magdala (again, see the Fact Finder question below).
    Matthew 28:1-10, Mark 16:1-8, Luke 24:1-12, John 20:1-18

Fact Finder: How did the idol-worship Roman "Sun Day" come to be the counterfeit day of worship for millions of Roman Catholics and "Protestants"? What Roman Emperor declared that the Roman "Sun Day" was to be the official day of worship in his Kingdom?
See Why Observe The True Sabbath? and Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy; also The Cross Of Christ, Or The Cross Of Men?


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This Day In History, April 15

769: The Church of Rome's Lateran Council (named after the Basilica in which it was held) condemned the Council of Hieria and anathematized its iconoclastic (opposing religious idols and images) rulings.

1071: Bari, the last Byzantine-held territory in southern Italy, was surrendered to Robert Guiscard.

1450: French forces under Comte de Clermont attacked 4,000 English troops under Sir Thomas Kyriel at the Battle of Formigny during the last stage of The Hundred Years War.

1632: George Calvert, 1st Baron Baltimore, died at age 52. The English statesman was directly involved in the founding of the North American province of "Mary Land" (named after the Roman Catholic idea of Mary), which later became the state of Maryland. A former member of the English House of Commons, Calvert gave up his seat in 1625 after he declared himself a Roman Catholic.

Titanic Sinking 1715: The Pocotaligo Massacre set off the Yamasee War in colonial South Carolina.

1800: James Ross discovered the North Magnetic pole.

1859: The first steamboat began operating on the Red River, carrying freight and passengers between Fort Garry, now Winnipeg, Manitoba, and St. Paul, Minnesota.

1861: U.S. President Abraham Lincoln called for 75,000 volunteers to put down the insurrection that later became the U.S. Civil War.

1865: U.S. President Abraham Lincoln died after being shot at Ford's Theater in Washington the previous night.

Ronald Reagan broke the so-called "year zero curse" in 1989 when he became the first U.S. President since 1840, who won a Presidential election in a year ending in a zero, to leave office alive (although not without incident - Reagan was also seriously wounded in an assassination attempt in March of 1981):

1980: Ronald Reagan
1960: John F. Kennedy, assassinated
1940: Franklin D. Roosevelt, natural causes
1920: Warren Harding, natural causes
1900: William McKinley, assassinated
1880: James Garfield, assassinated
1860: Abraham Lincoln, assassinated
1840: William Harrison, natural causes

1880: William Gladstone became the Prime Minister of Britain.

1912: The British ocean liner Titanic sank on its first voyage after colliding with an iceberg. 1,523 of the 2,200 passengers and crew were lost.

1917: During the First World War (listen to our Sermon The European World Wars), the British defeated the Germans at the Battle of Arras.

1923: Insulin became generally available for people suffering with diabetes.

1927: The Great Mississippi Flood of 1927 began. It was the most destructive river flood in U.S. history.

1938: Francisco Franco's forces captured Vinaroz in the Spanish Civil War.

1941: During the Second World War, the Belfast Blitz. Over 200 bombers of the German Luftwaffe bombed Belfast, Northern Ireland, killing 1,000 people.

1942: During the Second World War, the George Cross, Britain's highest accolade for civilian gallantry, was conferred on Malta by King George VI for bravery in withstanding Italian and German attacks.

1945: Near the end of the Second World War, the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp was liberated by British forces.

1949: Pope Pius XII issued his second encyclical on "Palestine," Redemptoris Nostri, urging Roman Catholics to exert every effort on behalf of a plan to make Jerusalem a corpus separatum - an "international city" (see A History Of Jerusalem: Constantine and Muhammad).

1952: The first flight of the Boeing B-52 bomber. Named after the year that it began flying (i.e. B-52 is from 1952), the B-52 is still in war service today (the crews are often just half of the age of the airplane).

1969: 30 military and CIA crew members were killed when North Korea shot down a U.S. electronic surveillance plane in the Sea of Japan. The Nixon administration chose not to retaliate against North Korea.

1997: Over 300 Islamic worshipers were killed and over 1,200 injured at a tent city on the plain outside Mecca. Most of the dead were Indians, Pakistanis and Bangladeshis. The fire destroyed an estimated 70,000 tents which they use for shelter in the final days of their Hajj.

1998: Cambodian "Khmer Rouge" leader Pol Pot died at age 73. He is reported to have been responsible for the deaths of up to 2 million people in the "killing fields."

2010: Volcanic ash from a volcano in Iceland caused airspace over Britain and much of Europe to be closed.





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