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Friday, April 18 2014
1 Samuel 30: David's Return To Judah
"David came to Ziklag, he sent of the spoil unto the elders of Judah, even to his friends, saying, Behold a present for you of the spoil of the enemies of the LORD"
The first Israelite civil war (see Israel In History and Prophecy: The Civil War) began with David avoiding Saul - in order to keep from harming Saul (see 1 Samuel 21: Why Didn't David Kill Saul?). For that reason, David spent over a year in Philistine just-over-the-border territory, outside of the boundaries of the land of Israel (see 1 Samuel 27: David The Philistine Warrior and 1 Samuel 29: Where Is Palestine?).
Although David didn't know it, Saul was about to make his final blunder (see 1 Samuel 15: Saul's Impeachment) that would get him killed in battle against the Philistines - not against David. It seems more than just a mere coincidence that Achish, the Philistine ruler of Gath (who couldn't have known that they were about to kill Saul either) didn't allow David to accompany them on the incursion in which Saul was killed.
"29:6 Then Achish called David, and said unto him, Surely, as the LORD liveth, thou hast been upright, and thy going out and thy coming in with me in the host is good in my sight: for I have not found evil in thee since the day of thy coming unto me unto this day: nevertheless the lords favour thee not. 29:7 Wherefore now return, and go in peace, that thou displease not the lords of the Philistines. 29:8 And David said unto Achish, But what have I done? and what hast thou found in thy servant so long as I have been with thee unto this day, that I may not go fight against the enemies of my lord the king?
With Saul being removed, apart from any involvement by David, David's return to Israel was brought about by another "coincidence" at the very same time, immediately after the Philistines had gone ahead into the north - an Amelekite raiding force had captured David's wives from their camp at Ziklag, a frontier town in the south, in Judea, then held by the Philistines.
"30:1 And it came to pass, when David and his men were come to Ziklag on the third day, that the Amalekites had invaded the south, and Ziklag, and smitten Ziklag, and burned it with fire; 30:2 And had taken the women captives, that were therein: they slew not any, either great or small, but carried them away, and went on their way.
The rescue put David back into the favor of the people of Judah. David was a smart and fierce warrior; he was also a very good politician: "When David came to Ziklag, he sent of the spoil unto the elders of Judah, even to his friends, saying, Behold a present for you of the spoil of the enemies of the LORD." With the death of Saul, the timing was perfect.
"30:16 And when he had brought him down, behold, they were spread abroad upon all the earth, eating and drinking, and dancing, because of all the great spoil that they had taken out of the land of the Philistines, and out of the land of Judah. 30:17 And David smote them from the twilight even unto the evening of the next day: and there escaped not a man of them, save four hundred young men, which rode upon camels, and fled. 30:18 And David recovered all that the Amalekites had carried away: and David rescued his two wives. 30:19 And there was nothing lacking to them, neither small nor great, neither sons nor daughters, neither spoil, nor any thing that they had taken to them: David recovered all. 30:20 And David took all the flocks and the herds, which they drave before those other cattle, and said, This is David's spoil.
Fact Finder: Where was the territorial homeland of the tribe of Judah?
This Day In History, April 18
1025: Boleslaw Chrobry (known as Boleslaw I the Valiant) became the first King of Poland (in nearly all languages, the word "king" means father of a kin; the original true meaning of "patriotism" means faithful to the father).
1328: Holy Roman Emperor Louis IV ("Louis the Bavarian"; see The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation) deposed Pope John XXII in Rome in a quarrel over who had superior authority (see Emperors and Popes). Peter of Corbara was appointed anti-pope as Nicholas V (see Antipopes).
1521: The trial of Martin Luther began its second day during the assembly of the Diet of Worms ("diet" is from the Latin word for day, used to refer to a daily assembly, while "Worms" is the English rendering of Vorms, a city in Germany). Luther refused to recant his anti-pope teachings, while keeping, as the "Protestant" world has done ever since, nearly all of the Church of Rome's anti-Christ doctrines (see Antichristians).
1689: British Chief Justice Judge George Jeffreys died in the Tower of London. He presided over the "Bloody Assizes" following the Monmouth Rebellion of 1685.
1834: William Lamb became Prime Minister of England.
1847: U.S. forces under General Winfield Scott attacked Mexican forces under General Santa Anna at the battle of Cerro-Gordo.
1897: The Greco-Turkish War was declared between the Ottoman Empire and Greece.
1906: A powerful earthquake struck San Francisco (then a relatively small town). It killed more than 1,000 people and left over 200,000 people homeless.
1912: The British liner RMS Carpathia arrived at New York with 705 survivors of the RMS Titanic.
1943: While traveling in a bomber, Japanese Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto, the planner of the attack on Pearl Harbor, was killed after the plane was shot down by U.S. P-38 fighters.
1946: The League of Nations was dissolved. It was replaced by the United Nations.
1949: The passing of the Republic of Ireland Act.
1950: The first transatlantic jet flight, a BOAC (British Overseas Airways Corporation, today British Airways) Comet airliner from London to New York.
1951: France, West Germany, Italy, Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg signed a treaty to establish the European Coal and Steel Community.
1954: Colonel Gamal Abdel Nasser became the leader of Egypt.
1955: Albert Einstein, German-born scientist, died at age 76. He formulated the Theory of Relativity and won the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1921.
1974: A Washington court issued a subpoena on U.S. President Richard Nixon to produce tape recordings and other "cover-up" evidence demanded by prosecutors for their investigation of the Watergate crimes.
1996: Over 100 civilian refugees were killed by Israeli artillery that bombarded a UN compound in Qana, Lebanon.