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Monday, April 21 2014
2 Samuel 2: King David Of Judah
"The men of Judah came, and there they anointed David king over the house of Judah"
The first phase of the Israelite civil war (see Israel In History and Prophecy: The Civil War) saw David taking refuge in Philistine territory (see 1 Samuel 27: David The Philistine Warrior and 1 Samuel 29: Where Is Palestine?), not out of David's fear of Saul, but of David's fear of harming Saul (see 1 Samuel 21: Why Didn't David Kill Saul?).
With the death of Saul, at the hand of the Philistines (see 1 Samuel 31: Saul's Last Stand and 2 Samuel 1: How The Mighty Have Fallen), David was free to fight to the victory that the LORD (Who was and is Jesus Christ - see Genesis 1: In The Beginning Was The Word and The Kingdom Of The LORD God) commanded him to achieve in due time. After the death of Saul, the LORD commanded David to return to the land of Israel - specifically, his own tribal homeland of Judah (see Joshua 15: Judah's Homeland). King David's first royal capital was to be Hebron - the city where Abraham, Isaac and Jacob are entombed.
"2:1 And it came to pass after this, that David enquired of the LORD, saying, Shall I go up into any of the cities of Judah?
The house of Saul survived the deaths of Saul and Jonathan, primarily through the military leadership whose positions depended on the continuance of Saul's regime. So, Abner, the commander of Saul's army, appointed a surviving son of Saul as the dubious king of Israel. Saul had been appointed king of Israel by the LORD. David had been appointed king of Israel by the LORD. But Ishbosheth was appointed king of Israel by a man. "But the house of Judah followed David" - who had been appointed king of Israel by the LORD.
"2:8 But Abner the son of Ner, captain of Saul's host, took Ishbosheth the son of Saul, and brought him over to Mahanaim; 2:9 And made him king over Gilead, and over the Ashurites, and over Jezreel, and over Ephraim, and over Benjamin, and over all Israel.
The first actual battle saw Abner, the commander of the army of the house of Saul, face Joab, a commander of David's legitimate royal army. The result? "And there was a very sore battle that day; and Abner was beaten, and the men of Israel, before the servants of David." Losses for Israel were very heavy ("the servants of David had smitten of Benjamin, and of Abner's men, so that three hundred and threescore men died") while David's by-then battle hardened forces (from their experience in Philistine territory) lost only a few ("there lacked of David's servants nineteen men and Asahel").
"2:12 And Abner the son of Ner, and the servants of Ishbosheth the son of Saul, went out from Mahanaim to Gibeon. 2:13 And Joab the son of Zeruiah, and the servants of David, went out, and met together by the pool of Gibeon: and they sat down, the one on the one side of the pool, and the other on the other side of the pool.
Fact Finder: The Israelite civil war was fought between the forces of King Saul, who was of the tribe of Benjamin (see 1 Samuel 9: Saul Of Benjamin and Samuel The Seer) and King David, who was of the tribe of Judah (see 1 Samuel 16: The Anointing Of David). The tribal territories of Benjamin (see Joshua 18: The Land Of Benjamin) and Judah (see Joshua 15: Judah's Homeland) shared the city of Jerusalem on their tribal borders - Benjamin to the north and Judah to the south of the city. Why then didn't either Saul or David have Jerusalem as their capital during the civil war?
This Day In History, April 21
753 BC: According to the historian Varro, Romulus and Remus founded the city of Rome on this date.
43 BC: Marcus Antonius was defeated by Octavian (see A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars) near Modena, Italy.
1075: Alexander II, (Anselm of Lucca), pope 1061-1073, died. Although elected pope, the German court (see The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation) nominated another man and Alexander was not recognized by the empire until 1064 (see Emperors and Popes).
1509: King Henry VII of England died. His accession to the throne in 1485 ended the Wars of the Roses between the houses of Lancaster and York.
1526: Mongol Emperor Babur annihilated the Indian army of Ibrahim Lodi.
1689: William III and Mary II were crowned joint king and queen of England, Scotland and Ireland.
1782: The city of Rattanakosin, now known as Bangkok, was founded on the east bank of the Chao Phraya River by King Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke.
1809: Napoleon's army fought the Austrians at the Battle of Landshut in Germany.
1828: Noah Webster published the first U.S. dictionary. Popular myth and propaganda notwithstanding, the actual first English-language dictionary was published in England around 1600, over 200 years before Webster.
1836: Rebel forces under Sam Houston defeated the Mexican army under Santa Anna at the Battle of San Jacinto, which led to the Texas secession from Mexico.
1898: Two months after the sinking of the battleship Maine, the U.S. began a naval blockade of Cuba. It almost immediately captured a Spanish merchant vessel, the Buenaventura. The beginning of the Spanish-US War.
1914: The Ypiranga incident. A German arms shipment to Mexico was intercepted by the U.S. Navy near Veracruz.
1918: Manfred von Richthofen, Germany's top fighter ace in the First World War, was killed in action at age 26. Known as the "Red Baron," he shot down 80 (79 British, 1 Belgian) enemy aircraft. The Red Baron was shot down by a Canadian fighter pilot, Captain Roy Brown, over northern France.
1926: Queen Elizabeth II was born in London.
1934: The so-called "Surgeon's Photograph," one of the most famous supposed photographs of the Loch Ness Monster, was published in the Daily Mail. In 1999, the picture was revealed to be a hoax - a toy submarine outfitted with a sea-serpent head.
1965: Sir Edward Appleton died at age 73. The British physicist was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1947 for his discovery of the Appleton Layer (which the scientific community named after him) of the ionosphere, which is a dependable reflector of radio waves.
1989: Tens of thousands of students and workers poured into Peking's Tiananmen Square in defiance of official warnings against anti-government protests.
1992: The first discoveries of extrasolar planets were announced by astronomers Alexander Wolszczan and Dale Frail.
1997: The cremated ashes of LSD user-loser Timothy Leary (who, hypocritically, was a psychologist who witnessed the horrendous damage that LSD did to people's minds; see also Seed-Bearing Plants: For Food Or For Folly?) and Star Trek creator Gene Roddenberry were launched into space in the world's first "space funeral."