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Thursday, April 24 2014

2 Samuel 5: How Long Was Jerusalem The Capital Of Israel?

"David and all Israel went to Jerusalem, which is Jebus; where the Jebusites were, the inhabitants of the land"

Jerusalem is today popularly-regarded as the "eternal" capital of Israel - which it will be, when all has been fulfilled (see the complete Jerusalem study series in the Fact Finder question below).

Throughout history however, the city of Jerusalem served as the capital of the united Kingdom of Israel for only a few decades - during the latter part of the reign of King David (who captured "the Jebusite city" from the Jebusites), through the entire reign of King Solomon (the son of King David; see Israel In History and Prophecy: Solomon) and briefly at the beginning of the reign of King Rehoboam (the son of King Solomon; see Rehoboam's Answer).

"The king and his men went to Jerusalem unto the Jebusites, the inhabitants of the land ... David took the strong hold of Zion: the same is the city of David"

The end of the civil war saw a reunification of all of the tribes of Israel under King David. David's capital at that time was Hebron, a city south of Jerusalem in the tribal territory of Judah (see Joshua 15: Judah's Homeland).

Ancient Jerusalem

"5:1 Then came all the tribes of Israel to David unto Hebron, and spake, saying, Behold, we are thy bone and thy flesh. 5:2 Also in time past, when Saul was king over us, thou wast he that leddest out and broughtest in Israel: and the LORD said to thee, Thou shalt feed my people Israel, and thou shalt be a captain over Israel.

5:3 So all the elders of Israel came to the king to Hebron; and king David made a league with them in Hebron before the LORD: and they anointed David king over Israel.

5:4 David was thirty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned forty years. 5:5 In Hebron he reigned over Judah seven years and six months: and in Jerusalem he reigned thirty and three years over all Israel and Judah." (2 Samuel 5:1-5 KJV)

As detailed above, Jerusalem up to that time was a foreign city to the Israelites. At the end of the civil war however, according to the Will of the LORD (Who was and is Jesus Christ - see Genesis 1: In The Beginning Was The Word and The Kingdom Of The LORD God), David took possession of the city with the sure knowledge that "the LORD had established him king over Israel, and that he had exalted his kingdom for his people Israel's sake."

"5:6 And the king and his men went to Jerusalem unto the Jebusites, the inhabitants of the land: which spake unto David, saying, Except thou take away the blind and the lame, thou shalt not come in hither: thinking, David cannot come in hither. 5:7 Nevertheless David took the strong hold of Zion: the same is the city of David.

5:8 And David said on that day, Whosoever getteth up to the gutter, and smiteth the Jebusites, and the lame and the blind, that are hated of David's soul, he shall be chief and captain. Wherefore they said, The blind and the lame shall not come into the house.

5:9 So David dwelt in the fort, and called it the city of David. And David built round about from Millo and inward. 5:10 And David went on, and grew great, and the LORD God of hosts was with him.

5:11 And Hiram king of Tyre sent messengers to David, and cedar trees, and carpenters, and masons: and they built David an house. 5:12 And David perceived that the LORD had established him king over Israel, and that he had exalted his kingdom for his people Israel's sake.

5:13 And David took him more concubines and wives out of Jerusalem, after he was come from Hebron: and there were yet sons and daughters born to David. 5:14 And these be the names of those that were born unto him in Jerusalem; Shammua, and Shobab, and Nathan, and Solomon, 5:15 Ibhar also, and Elishua, and Nepheg, and Japhia, 5:16 And Elishama, and Eliada, and Eliphalet." (2 Samuel 5:6-16 KJV)

The Philistines (the actual "Palestinians") remained an enemy of Israel, but not because of Jerusalem. The "Palestinians" never regarded Jerusalem as their city (see 1 Samuel 29: Where Is Palestine?).

"5:17 But when the Philistines heard that they had anointed David king over Israel, all the Philistines came up to seek David; and David heard of it, and went down to the hold. 5:18 The Philistines also came and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim. 5:19 And David enquired of the LORD, saying, Shall I go up to the Philistines? wilt thou deliver them into mine hand?

And the LORD said unto David, Go up: for I will doubtless deliver the Philistines into thine hand.

5:20 And David came to Baalperazim, and David smote them there, and said, The LORD hath broken forth upon mine enemies before me, as the breach of waters. Therefore he called the name of that place Baalperazim. 5:21 And there they left their images, and David and his men burned them.

5:22 And the Philistines came up yet again, and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim. 5:23 And when David enquired of the LORD, he said, Thou shalt not go up; but fetch a compass behind them, and come upon them over against the mulberry trees. 5:24 And let it be, when thou hearest the sound of a going in the tops of the mulberry trees, that then thou shalt bestir thyself: for then shall the LORD go out before thee, to smite the host of the Philistines. 5:25 And David did so, as the LORD had commanded him; and smote the Philistines from Geba until thou come to Gazer." (2 Samuel 5:17-25 KJV)

Fact Finder: How was Jesus Christ involved in the history and prophecy of Jerusalem - from the most ancient times to the yet-future?

The complete series of studies for A History Of Jerusalem:
1. In The Beginning
5. The Glory Of Solomon
9. Greeks, Ptolemies, Seleucids
13. The Herodian Dynasty
17. Constantine and Muhammad
2. Melchizedek's Salem
6. The Temple Of The LORD
10. Abomination Of Desolation
14. The Coming Of The Messiah
18. The British Mandate
3. Jebus Of Canaan
7. The Capital Of Judah
11. The Hasmonean Kingdom
15. Titus And The Zealots
19. Zionism
4. The City Of David
8. Ezra And Nehemiah
12. Pompey And The Caesars
16. Hadrian and Simon bar Kokhba
20. War And Peace


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Thousands of Studies!

Jesus Christ
Bible History
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Christian Living
Encouragement
Eternal Life
By The Book
Bible Places
Curiosities
The Spirit World


This Day In History, April 24

1479 BC: Thutmose III ascended to the throne of Egypt.

1184 BC: The traditional date of the fall of Troy.

1533: William the Silent, prince of Orange, was born. He led the revolution against Spanish rule and helped create an independent Netherlands.

1547: Holy Roman Emperor Charles V defeated the Protestants at Muehlberg, near Leipzig, Germany (see The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation).

Hubble Space Telescope 1558: Mary Queen of Scots, at age 16, married the dauphin of France, the future Francois II.

1877: Russia declared war on the Ottoman Empire. The Ottoman Empire of Turkey occupied and controlled much of the Middle East, including the land of Israel for centuries - until British forces liberated the region at the end of the First World War (see A History Of Jerusalem: The British Mandate).

1884: Otto von Bismarck cabled Capetown to inform them that South Africa was then a German colony.

1898: Spain declared war on the United States after receiving a U.S. ultimatum to withdraw from Cuba.

1906: William Joyce, U.S.-born British Nazi collaborator during the Second World War, was born. He broadcast German propaganda to Britain, where he earned the nickname "Lord Haw-Haw." He was later hanged for treason.

1916: Ernest Shackleton, along with five men of the Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition, began a rescue, from uninhabited Elephant Island in the Southern Ocean, of the ice-trapped ship Endurance.

1916: The Easter Rising in Dublin, an insurrection aimed at setting up an Irish Republic, began.

1918: During the First World War, the first tank-to-tank combat, at Villers-Bretonneux, France; British Mark IVs versus German A7Vs.

1921: The Tyrol region of central Europe voted for union with Germany.

1932: Nazis made German election gains in Prussia, Bavaria, Wurttemberg and Hamburg (see Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion).

1945: Allied troops liberated the Dachau concentration camp.

1950: The Kingdom of Jordan was formed by the union of Jordanian-occupied Palestine and the Kingdom of Transjordan ("Transjordan" means across the Jordan; see Israel In History and Prophecy: Balfour Declaration).

1953: Winston Churchill was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II.

1957: The Suez Canal was reopened after UNEF peacekeepers entered the region.

1967: Soviet cosmonaut Vladimir Komarov was killed when his spacecraft crashed in Russia after 17 orbits of the earth.

1980: Eight U.S. servicemen died in Operation Eagle Claw, an attempt by President Jimmy Carter to rescue the Iran hostages.

1981: The "IBM Personal Computer" was introduced.

1986: The Duchess of Windsor, born in the U.S. as Wallis Warfield, died at age 89. Her marriage, as a divorced woman, to King Edward VIII led to his abdication in 1936.

1990: The Hubble Space Telescope was launched into earth orbit.

1990: West and East Germany agreed to merge their currency and economies on the next July 1.

1992: Scientists working with the COBE satellite announced that their data showed hot and cold "ripples" in space which indicated proof of the "big bang". Stephen Hawking called it "the discovery of the century, if not all time." Project leader George Smoot said, "If you are religious, it's like looking at God."

1996: Russian President Boris Yeltsin met Chinese President Jiang Zemin at the start of a visit to Beijing hailed by both sides as signaling a new relationship between them.

2005: Joseph Ratzinger became the Pope of the Roman Catholic Church, taking the name Pope Benedict XVI.


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