. Make a Donation

Index Page
Contact
About The Author
Sermons
Bible Quiz
Holy Day Calendar
Free Online Bibles
Bible Reading Plan

Question?
Quick Search the thousands of Bible studies on this website.
Just type in topic word(s) or a question.
Get Daily Bible Study on Facebook
Get Daily Bible Study on Twitter
Thursday, May 8 2014

2 Samuel 19: King David's Return To Jerusalem

"And all the people came before the king"

David's victory over his treasonous son's rebellion (see 2 Samuel 17: The Spirit Of Traitors) was bittersweet. David had been expecting the traitor, who would have killed David if he could, to be taken alive and treated gently ("18:5 And the king commanded Joab and Abishai and Ittai, saying, Deal gently for my sake with the young man, even with Absalom." 2 Samuel 18:5 KJV). When it didn't happen (see 2 Samuel 18: The Fall Of The Rebel Prince), David's response almost cost him the throne all on his own. Once again, Joab, a nephew of King David (a son of David's sister Zeruiah) was a key figure in David's victory.

King David

"19:1 And it was told Joab, Behold, the king weepeth and mourneth for Absalom. 19:2 And the victory that day was turned into mourning unto all the people: for the people heard say that day how the king was grieved for his son. 19:3 And the people gat them by stealth that day into the city, as people being ashamed steal away when they flee in battle. 19:4 But the king covered his face, and the king cried with a loud voice, O my son Absalom, O Absalom, my son, my son!

19:5 And Joab came into the house to the king, and said, Thou hast shamed this day the faces of all thy servants, which this day have saved thy life, and the lives of thy sons and of thy daughters, and the lives of thy wives, and the lives of thy concubines; 19:6 In that thou lovest thine enemies, and hatest thy friends. For thou hast declared this day, that thou regardest neither princes nor servants: for this day I perceive, that if Absalom had lived, and all we had died this day, then it had pleased thee well. 19:7 Now therefore arise, go forth, and speak comfortably unto thy servants: for I swear by the LORD, if thou go not forth, there will not tarry one with thee this night: and that will be worse unto thee than all the evil that befell thee from thy youth until now.

19:8 Then the king arose, and sat in the gate. And they told unto all the people, saying, Behold, the king doth sit in the gate. And all the people came before the king: for Israel had fled every man to his tent." (2 Samuel 19:1-8 KJV)

With David's sensibility returned, he was faced with the task of re-uniting the kingdom after the liberal-led rebellion because "all the people were at strife throughout all the tribes of Israel."

"19:9 And all the people were at strife throughout all the tribes of Israel, saying, The king saved us out of the hand of our enemies, and he delivered us out of the hand of the Philistines; and now he is fled out of the land for Absalom. 19:10 And Absalom, whom we anointed over us, is dead in battle. Now therefore why speak ye not a word of bringing the king back?

19:11 And king David sent to Zadok and to Abiathar the priests, saying, Speak unto the elders of Judah, saying, Why are ye the last to bring the king back to his house? seeing the speech of all Israel is come to the king, even to his house. 19:12 Ye are my brethren, ye are my bones and my flesh: wherefore then are ye the last to bring back the king? 19:13 And say ye to Amasa, Art thou not of my bone, and of my flesh? God do so to me, and more also, if thou be not captain of the host before me continually in the room of Joab.

19:14 And he bowed the heart of all the men of Judah, even as the heart of one man; so that they sent this word unto the king, Return thou, and all thy servants. 19:15 So the king returned, and came to Jordan. And Judah came to Gilgal, to go to meet the king, to conduct the king over Jordan." (2 Samuel 19:9-15 KJV)

David's victory and return occurred much to the chagrin of those who had celebrated when the coup against David appeared successful. Among them was Shimei who had cursed David and pelted him with dirt and stones as he was leaving Jerusalem (see 2 Samuel 16: Sticks and Stones). For the sake of national unity in the peace at hand, David did not immediately do to Shimei what Shimei had wanted to do to David (David had Solomon attend to Shimei later: "2:8 And, behold, thou hast with thee Shimei the son of Gera, a Benjamite of Bahurim, which cursed me with a grievous curse in the day when I went to Mahanaim: but he came down to meet me at Jordan, and I sware to him by the LORD, saying, I will not put thee to death with the sword. 2:9 Now therefore hold him not guiltless: for thou art a wise man, and knowest what thou oughtest to do unto him; but his hoar head bring thou down to the grave with blood." 1 Kings 2:8-9 KJV).

"19:16 And Shimei the son of Gera, a Benjamite, which was of Bahurim, hasted and came down with the men of Judah to meet king David. 19:17 And there were a thousand men of Benjamin with him, and Ziba the servant of the house of Saul, and his fifteen sons and his twenty servants with him; and they went over Jordan before the king. 19:18 And there went over a ferry boat to carry over the king's household, and to do what he thought good.

And Shimei the son of Gera fell down before the king, as he was come over Jordan; 19:19 And said unto the king, Let not my lord impute iniquity unto me, neither do thou remember that which thy servant did perversely the day that my lord the king went out of Jerusalem, that the king should take it to his heart. 19:20 For thy servant doth know that I have sinned: therefore, behold, I am come the first this day of all the house of Joseph to go down to meet my lord the king.

19:21 But Abishai the son of Zeruiah answered and said, Shall not Shimei be put to death for this, because he cursed the LORD'S anointed? 19:22 And David said, What have I to do with you, ye sons of Zeruiah, that ye should this day be adversaries unto me? shall there any man be put to death this day in Israel? for do not I know that I am this day king over Israel? 19:23 Therefore the king said unto Shimei, Thou shalt not die. And the king sware unto him." (2 Samuel 19:16-23 KJV)

Mephibosheth also greeted the king with the explanation that Ziba had given David a false report about his loyalty to David (see 2 Samuel 16: Sticks and Stones). The Scriptures do not state which of them, Mephibosheth or Ziba, was the liar. David apparently didn't know - so he divided Mephibosheth's property, that had been given to Ziba, equally between them. Their due would also come in the time of Solomon.

King David

"19:24 And Mephibosheth the son of Saul came down to meet the king, and had neither dressed his feet, nor trimmed his beard, nor washed his clothes, from the day the king departed until the day he came again in peace. 19:25 And it came to pass, when he was come to Jerusalem to meet the king, that the king said unto him, Wherefore wentest not thou with me, Mephibosheth?

19:26 And he answered, My lord, O king, my servant deceived me: for thy servant said, I will saddle me an ass, that I may ride thereon, and go to the king; because thy servant is lame. 19:27 And he hath slandered thy servant unto my lord the king; but my lord the king is as an angel of God: do therefore what is good in thine eyes. 19:28 For all of my father's house were but dead men before my lord the king: yet didst thou set thy servant among them that did eat at thine own table. What right therefore have I yet to cry any more unto the king?

19:29 And the king said unto him, Why speakest thou any more of thy matters? I have said, Thou and Ziba divide the land.

19:30 And Mephibosheth said unto the king, Yea, let him take all, forasmuch as my lord the king is come again in peace unto his own house." (2 Samuel 19:24-30 KJV)

Barzillai, from the Hebrew meaning made of iron, was a wealthy man of Gilead who made himself a loyal ally of King David during Absalom's rebellion. David never forgot who his enemies were; he also never forgot who his true friends were (see Barzillai).

"19:31 And Barzillai the Gileadite came down from Rogelim, and went over Jordan with the king, to conduct him over Jordan. 19:32 Now Barzillai was a very aged man, even fourscore years old: and he had provided the king of sustenance while he lay at Mahanaim; for he was a very great man. 19:33 And the king said unto Barzillai, Come thou over with me, and I will feed thee with me in Jerusalem.

19:34 And Barzillai said unto the king, How long have I to live, that I should go up with the king unto Jerusalem? 19:35 I am this day fourscore years old: and can I discern between good and evil? can thy servant taste what I eat or what I drink? can I hear any more the voice of singing men and singing women? wherefore then should thy servant be yet a burden unto my lord the king? 19:36 Thy servant will go a little way over Jordan with the king: and why should the king recompense it me with such a reward? 19:37 Let thy servant, I pray thee, turn back again, that I may die in mine own city, and be buried by the grave of my father and of my mother. But behold thy servant Chimham; let him go over with my lord the king; and do to him what shall seem good unto thee.

19:38 And the king answered, Chimham shall go over with me, and I will do to him that which shall seem good unto thee: and whatsoever thou shalt require of me, that will I do for thee." (2 Samuel 19:31-38 KJV

When David crossed the Jordan on the way to Jerusalem, he immediately encountered the national "crease" that would appear again and again through Israel's history (see The Crease Of Israel). Although they were again united, the tension between Judah and the rest of the tribes of Israel became a permanent source of stress (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Israel and Judah).

"19:39 And all the people went over Jordan. And when the king was come over, the king kissed Barzillai, and blessed him; and he returned unto his own place.

19:40 Then the king went on to Gilgal, and Chimham went on with him: and all the people of Judah conducted the king, and also half the people of Israel.

19:41 And, behold, all the men of Israel came to the king, and said unto the king, Why have our brethren the men of Judah stolen thee away, and have brought the king, and his household, and all David's men with him, over Jordan?

19:42 And all the men of Judah answered the men of Israel, Because the king is near of kin to us: wherefore then be ye angry for this matter? have we eaten at all of the king's cost? or hath he given us any gift?

19:43 And the men of Israel answered the men of Judah, and said, We have ten parts in the king, and we have also more right in David than ye: why then did ye despise us, that our advice should not be first had in bringing back our king?

And the words of the men of Judah were fiercer than the words of the men of Israel." (2 Samuel 19:39-43 KJV)

Fact Finder: When did King David first make Jerusalem the capital city of the united kingdom of Israel?
See 2 Samuel 5: How Long Was Jerusalem The Capital Of Israel?


Bible Quiz Daily Bible Study Library
Thousands of Studies!

Jesus Christ
Bible History
Prophecy
Christian Living
Encouragement
Eternal Life
By The Book
Bible Places
Curiosities
The Spirit World

This Day In History, May 8

413: Amidst the political and military crumbling of the Roman Empire, Emperor Honorius signed an edict for tax relief for the Italian provinces of Tuscia, Campania, Picenum, Samnium, Apulia, Lucania and Calabria, who were then being plundered by the Visigoths because Rome could no longer defend its own internal borders (see also Israel In History and Prophecy: Roman Judea and Israel In History and Prophecy: Aelia Capitolina). The original Roman Empire was superseded by Germany (see The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation).

589: Reccared I, the Visigothic King of Hispania (the ancient Roman name for Spain), Septimania (an area that is today part of southern France) and Galicia (an area that is today a part of northern Portugal and Spain), summoned the Third Council of Toledo.

1429: The siege of Orleans ended when French troops stormed the English forts in the Hundred Years War.

VE Day 1541: Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto discovered (it wasn't a discovery for the tribes of native people who lived there) the Mississippi River. He called it Rio de Espiritu Santo ("the Holy Spirit River").

1559: The Act of Supremacy was passed by which the new Queen Elizabeth I became "Supreme Governor" of the Church of England; the Act of Uniformity was passed and a Common Prayer book was introduced.

1792: British captain George Vancouver sighted and named Mount Rainier on the west coast of the continent of North America.

1794: Antoine Laurent Lavoisier, "the father of modern chemistry" (he identified the element oxygen) was guillotined in Paris by the Revolutionary Convention.

1811: The British under the Duke of Wellington defeated the French in Portugal.

1821: During the Greek War of Independence, the Greeks defeated the Turks at the Battle of Gravia Inn.

1852: The Treaty of London was signed by Britain, France, Russia, Prussia, Austria and Sweden, guaranteeing the integrity of Denmark.

1882: The vast Northwest Territories of Canada were divided into 4 districts: Alberta, Saskatchewan, Assiniboia and Athabaska.

1886: Atlanta pharmacist John Styth Pemberton invented Coca Cola as a pain killer and stimulant patent medicine. As its name indicates, the original formula for "coke" contained coca, from which cocaine is produced. The present-day version replaced coca with high amounts of caffeine and sugar.

1895: China ceded Taiwan to Japan under the Treaty of Shimonoseki.

1902: The eruption of Mt. Pelee, near St. Pierre, Martinique, destroyed the town within minutes, killing all but 2 of the town's 30,000 inhabitants.

1921: Capital punishment was abolished in Sweden.

1943: Mordecai Anielewicz, 24, the leader of the Jewish "Warsaw Uprising" against the Nazi Waffen-SS, was killed in battle.

1945: Near the end of the Second World War (1939-1945), "V-E Day" (Victory in Europe Day). Nazi German military forces agreed to an unconditional surrender.

1949: The Basic Law, the constitution of the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany), was adopted by the Parliamentary Council at Bonn.

1972: Four "Black September" terrorists hijacked Sabena (the Belgian national airline) Flight 571. Israeli special forces freed the airliner the following day.

1973: A 71-day standoff between the U.S. Government and the "American Indian Movement" members who were occupying the Pine Ridge Reservation at Wounded Knee, South Dakota ended with the surrender of the militants.

1977: David Berkowitz pleaded guilty to the "Son of Sam" (also known as the "44 Caliber Killer") shootings that terrorized New York City. He was sentenced to 365 years in prison.

1980: The eradication of smallpox was proclaimed by the World Health Organization.

1987: Canada officially minted the first $1.00 coins. Made of a nickel with a gold-colored aureate coating, the "loonie" (a nickname from the picture of the aquatic bird, known in North America as the loon, on one side of the coin) is estimated to have a lifespan of 20 years, as compared to 9 months for the traditional $1.00 bill that it replaced.



editionDBSx201702et

Copyright © Wayne Blank