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Monday, May 12 2014

2 Samuel 23: David's Mighty Men

"These be the names of the mighty men whom David had"

King David was a man of God because he accepted the coming of the Holy Spirit in him (in contrast to those who commit the unpardonable sin by rejecting it; see Blaspheming The Name Of God and Did Judas Iscariot Repent?). The Word of God (see What Does Word of God Mean To You?) was the means by which "the Spirit of the LORD spake by me, and his word was in my tongue" (see also The Prophets: David).

"23:1 Now these be the last words of David.

David the son of Jesse said, and the man who was raised up on high, the anointed of the God of Jacob, and the sweet psalmist of Israel, said, 23:2 The Spirit of the LORD spake by me, and his word was in my tongue. 23:3 The God of Israel said, the Rock of Israel spake to me, He that ruleth over men must be just, ruling in the fear of God. 23:4 And he shall be as the light of the morning, when the sun riseth, even a morning without clouds; as the tender grass springing out of the earth by clear shining after rain.

23:5 Although my house be not so with God; yet he hath made with me an everlasting covenant, ordered in all things, and sure: for this is all my salvation, and all my desire, although he make it not to grow. 23:6 But the sons of Belial shall be all of them as thorns thrust away, because they cannot be taken with hands: 23:7 But the man that shall touch them must be fenced with iron and the staff of a spear; and they shall be utterly burned with fire in the same place." (2 Samuel 23:1-7 KJV)

Most of David's troubles came from military conflict (see 2 Samuel 22: David's Song Of Deliverance). Those same troubles were also ended by military conflict - when the LORD delivered the genuine peace that only victory can provide. Those triumphs were made possible, through the LORD, by the work of David's "mighty men."

David's Mighty Men

"23:8 These be the names of the mighty men whom David had:

The Tachmonite that sat in the seat, chief among the captains; the same was Adino the Eznite: he lift up his spear against eight hundred, whom he slew at one time.

23:9 And after him was Eleazar the son of Dodo the Ahohite, one of the three mighty men with David, when they defied the Philistines that were there gathered together to battle, and the men of Israel were gone away: 23:10 He arose, and smote the Philistines until his hand was weary, and his hand clave unto the sword: and the LORD wrought a great victory that day; and the people returned after him only to spoil.

23:11 And after him was Shammah the son of Agee the Hararite. And the Philistines were gathered together into a troop, where was a piece of ground full of lentiles: and the people fled from the Philistines. 23:12 But he stood in the midst of the ground, and defended it, and slew the Philistines: and the LORD wrought a great victory." (2 Samuel 23:8-12 KJV)

Even within the mighty men were elite teams of three.

"23:13 And three of the thirty chief went down, and came to David in the harvest time unto the cave of Adullam: and the troop of the Philistines pitched in the valley of Rephaim.

23:14 And David was then in an hold, and the garrison of the Philistines was then in Bethlehem. 23:15 And David longed, and said, Oh that one would give me drink of the water of the well of Bethlehem, which is by the gate!

23:16 And the three mighty men brake through the host of the Philistines, and drew water out of the well of Bethlehem, that was by the gate, and took it, and brought it to David: nevertheless he would not drink thereof, but poured it out unto the LORD.

23:17 And he said, Be it far from me, O LORD, that I should do this: is not this the blood of the men that went in jeopardy of their lives? therefore he would not drink it.

These things did these three mighty men." (2 Samuel 23:13-17 KJV)

David's nephews Abishai and Joab, sons of David's sister Zeruiah, were part of another elite three ("therefore he was their captain: howbeit he attained not unto the first three").

Men Of David

"23:18 And Abishai, the brother of Joab, the son of Zeruiah, was chief among three.

And he lifted up his spear against three hundred, and slew them, and had the name among three. 23:19 Was he not most honourable of three? therefore he was their captain: howbeit he attained not unto the first three." (2 Samuel 23:18-19 KJV)

Benaiah was a son of the Levite priest Jehoiada (see also Numbers 4: The Levite Clans). He was one of David's mighty men who later served David's son and successor King Solomon (see also Israel In History and Prophecy: Solomon and 2 Samuel 8: King David's Empire).

"23:20 And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, the son of a valiant man, of Kabzeel, who had done many acts, he slew two lionlike men of Moab: he went down also and slew a lion in the midst of a pit in time of snow: 23:21 And he slew an Egyptian, a goodly man: and the Egyptian had a spear in his hand; but he went down to him with a staff, and plucked the spear out of the Egyptian's hand, and slew him with his own spear.

23:22 These things did Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and had the name among three mighty men. 23:23 He was more honourable than the thirty, but he attained not to the first three.

And David set him over his guard." (2 Samuel 23:20-23 KJV)

The mighty men were from throughout the land of Israel, Israelite and mercenary, from both sides of the Jordan River, not just Judah (see Numbers 32: The Israel Of East Jordan). Among them was Uriah the Hittite (see the Fact Finder question below).

"23:24 Asahel the brother of Joab was one of the thirty; Elhanan the son of Dodo of Bethlehem,
23:25 Shammah the Harodite, Elika the Harodite,
23:26 Helez the Paltite, Ira the son of Ikkesh the Tekoite,
23:27 Abiezer the Anethothite, Mebunnai the Hushathite,
23:28 Zalmon the Ahohite, Maharai the Netophathite,
23:29 Heleb the son of Baanah, a Netophathite, Ittai the son of Ribai out of Gibeah of the children of Benjamin,
23:30 Benaiah the Pirathonite, Hiddai of the brooks of Gaash,
23:31 Abialbon the Arbathite, Azmaveth the Barhumite,
23:32 Eliahba the Shaalbonite, of the sons of Jashen, Jonathan,
23:33 Shammah the Hararite, Ahiam the son of Sharar the Hararite,
23:34 Eliphelet the son of Ahasbai, the son of the Maachathite, Eliam the son of Ahithophel the Gilonite,
23:35 Hezrai the Carmelite, Paarai the Arbite,
23:36 Igal the son of Nathan of Zobah, Bani the Gadite,
23:37 Zelek the Ammonite, Naharai the Beerothite, armourbearer to Joab the son of Zeruiah,
23:38 Ira an Ithrite, Gareb an Ithrite,
23:39 Uriah the Hittite: thirty and seven in all." (2 Samuel 23:24-39 KJV)

Fact Finder: Tragically, Uriah the Hittite was one of David's loyal "mighty men" who was betrayed by the king. What happened?
See 2 Samuel 11: Bathsheba, The Wife Of Uriah and 2 Samuel 12: The Parable Of The Stolen Little Ewe Lamb


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This Day In History

This Day In History, May 12

922: Abbasid envoy and historian Ahmad ibn Fadlan arrived in the lands of Volga Bulgars.

1096: Before leaving on the First Crusade (the "Crusades" were wars by Roman Catholics against Muslims for control of "the Holy Land" - see Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy and A History Of Jerusalem: Constantine and Muhammad), Count Emich von Leiningen and his army swept through their own German homeland, murdering thousands of Jews, whom they declared "murderers of Christ" (see Hate Jews? and 'His Blood Be On Us And Our Children'). When Emich arrived in the town of Worms (the English rendering of the German Vorms), the town's Roman Catholic bishop tried to protect the Jewish population, but the Crusaders overran his palace and slaughtered about 500 people who had taken shelter there. Another 300 were killed over the next 2 days. The graves of the massacre victims can still be seen at the Jewish Cemetery at Worms.

The Muslim World

1191: King Richard I of England married Berengaria of Navarre, the daughter of King Sancho VI of Navarre and Sancha of Castile.

1264: The Battle of Lewes between King Henry III of England and the rebel Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester, began.

1310: 54 Knights Templars were burned at the stake as heretics in France. Established during the Crusades to protect pilgrims traveling to the Holy Land, this military order came into increasing conflict with Rome until Clement V officially dissolved it in 1312 at the Council of Vienna.

1364: Jagiellonian University, the oldest university in Poland, was founded in Krakow.

1551: The National University of San Marcos, the oldest university in America, was founded in Lima, Peru.

1689: King William's War: William III of England joined the League of Augsburg in a war with France.

1743: Maria Theresa of Austria was crowned Queen of Bohemia after defeating her rival, Charles VII, Holy Roman Emperor.

1797: French Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte conquered Venice.

1820: Florence Nightingale, the founder of modern nursing, was born in England.

1870: Canada bought Manitoba from the Hudson's Bay Company and made it a Canadian province.

1885: During the North-West Rebellion, the four-day Battle of Batoche was fought between the Canadian government and rebel Metis. It ended with a decisive rebel defeat.

1926: Norwegian Roald Amundsen, Italian Umberto Nobile and Lincoln Ellsworth of the U.S. crossed the North Pole in the Italian-built airship Norge.

1932: The body of the kidnapped son of Charles and Anne Lindberg was found in a wooded area of Hopewell, New Jersey.

1937: King George VI of Britain was crowned at Westminster Abbey in London. Princess Elizabeth, today Queen Elizabeth II, became heir to the throne.

1949: The Berlin Airlift ended when the Soviet blockade was lifted. The airlift began on June 26 1948.

1955: Austria regained its independence as the Allied occupation following the Second World War ended (Adolf Hitler was born in Austria; he later moved to Germany and became a German citizen).

1958: The North American Aerospace Defense Command agreement was signed between the U.S. and Canada.

1965: West Germany and Israel exchanged letters establishing diplomatic relations.

1965: The unmanned Soviet spacecraft Luna 5 landed on the Moon.

1975: As U.S. military involvement in Vietnam came to an end, Cambodia seized the U.S. merchant ship Mayaguez.

1982: An "ultraconservative" Spanish priest with a bayonet attempted to assassinate Pope John Paul II during a procession in Fatima, Portugal. The priest claimed that the Pope was an "agent of Russia" who was destroying the Church of Rome with liberal reforms.

2002: Former U.S. President Jimmy Carter arrived in Cuba for talks with Fidel Castro, thereby becoming the first President of the U.S., in or out of office, to visit the island since Castro's 1959 revolution that overthrew the CIA and Mafia controlled regime of Fulgencio Batista.

2008: An earthquake measuring magnitude 8.0 occurred in Sichuan, China, killing over 69,000 people.




Copyright © Wayne Blank