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Thursday, May 15 2014

1 Kings 2: Solomon's House Cleaning

"Now the days of David drew nigh that he should die; and he charged Solomon his son, saying I go the way of all the earth: be thou strong therefore, and shew thyself a man; And keep the charge of the LORD thy God"

When King David became physically incapacitated by advanced age, he effectively abdicated to secure the throne of Israel for Solomon (see 1 Kings 1: The Day Of Three Kings), according to the will of the LORD (Who was and is Jesus Christ - see Genesis 1: In The Beginning Was The Word and The Kingdom Of The LORD God).

Later, when David foresaw that his physical life was nearing an end, David called Solomon to deliver to him his last will and testament. The crown, the palace and David's property were already in the hands of Solomon, but there remained other matters regarding those who had threatened the throne of Israel - a matter of more importance that either David or Solomon personally. David bided his time for them, for the sake of the re-unification of the Israelite tribes after the civil war (see 1 Samuel 15: Saul's Impeachment, 1 Samuel 16: The Anointing Of David and 2 Samuel 3: The War Between The Houses of David and Saul) and then the divisive rebellions that happened afterward (see 2 Samuel 15: The Treason Of Absalom, 2 Samuel 18: The Fall Of The Rebel Prince, 2 Samuel 19: King David's Return To Jerusalem, 2 Samuel 20: Sheba, A Man Of Belial and 2 Samuel 21: What Did Rizpah Do?), but Solomon was then free to do what he needed to do, not merely to avenge his father, but to secure his own peace.

Ancient Jerusalem

"2:1 Now the days of David drew nigh that he should die; and he charged Solomon his son, saying,

2:2 I go the way of all the earth: be thou strong therefore, and shew thyself a man; 2:3 And keep the charge of the LORD thy God, to walk in his ways, to keep his statutes, and his commandments, and his judgments, and his testimonies, as it is written in the law of Moses, that thou mayest prosper in all that thou doest, and whithersoever thou turnest thyself: 2:4 That the LORD may continue his word which he spake concerning me, saying, If thy children take heed to their way, to walk before me in truth with all their heart and with all their soul, there shall not fail thee (said he) a man on the throne of Israel.

2:5 Moreover thou knowest also what Joab the son of Zeruiah did to me, and what he did to the two captains of the hosts of Israel, unto Abner the son of Ner, and unto Amasa the son of Jether, whom he slew, and shed the blood of war in peace, and put the blood of war upon his girdle that was about his loins, and in his shoes that were on his feet. 2:6 Do therefore according to thy wisdom, and let not his hoar head go down to the grave in peace.

2:7 But shew kindness unto the sons of Barzillai the Gileadite, and let them be of those that eat at thy table: for so they came to me when I fled because of Absalom thy brother.

2:8 And, behold, thou hast with thee Shimei the son of Gera, a Benjamite of Bahurim, which cursed me with a grievous curse in the day when I went to Mahanaim: but he came down to meet me at Jordan, and I sware to him by the LORD, saying, I will not put thee to death with the sword. 2:9 Now therefore hold him not guiltless: for thou art a wise man, and knowest what thou oughtest to do unto him; but his hoar head bring thou down to the grave with blood." (1 Kings 2:1-9 KJV)

David then died and was "buried in the city of David" (see A History Of Jerusalem: The City Of David). Although Solomon had already been proclaimed as the reigning king, by David himself, it was only after his father's death that Solomon sat "upon the throne of David his father."

"2:10 So David slept with his fathers, and was buried in the city of David.

2:11 And the days that David reigned over Israel were forty years: seven years reigned he in Hebron, and thirty and three years reigned he in Jerusalem. 2:12 Then sat Solomon upon the throne of David his father; and his kingdom was established greatly." (1 Kings 2:10-12 KJV)

Adonijah had already tried to usurp the throne for himself while David reigned (see 1 Kings 1: The Day Of Three Kings). Solomon generously (and perhaps very naively) allowed Adonijah to remain alive and within the royal capital (something that Adonijah would not have done for Solomon, as stated in the Scriptures - see the study link above). After David died, Adonijah used Solomon's mother Bathsheba to request the marriage of Abishag, the young woman who had attended King David. Solomon's refusal was both political ("why dost thou ask Abishag the Shunammite for Adonijah? ask for him the kingdom also; for he is mine elder brother") and, perhaps, personal (see Song Of Solomon: The King's Favorite).

"2:13 And Adonijah the son of Haggith came to Bathsheba the mother of Solomon. And she said, Comest thou peaceably?

And he said, Peaceably.

2:14 He said moreover, I have somewhat to say unto thee.

And she said, Say on.

2:15 And he said, Thou knowest that the kingdom was mine, and that all Israel set their faces on me, that I should reign: howbeit the kingdom is turned about, and is become my brother's: for it was his from the LORD. 2:16 And now I ask one petition of thee, deny me not. And she said unto him, Say on. 2:17 And he said, Speak, I pray thee, unto Solomon the king, (for he will not say thee nay,) that he give me Abishag the Shunammite to wife.

2:18 And Bathsheba said, Well; I will speak for thee unto the king.

2:19 Bathsheba therefore went unto king Solomon, to speak unto him for Adonijah. And the king rose up to meet her, and bowed himself unto her, and sat down on his throne, and caused a seat to be set for the king's mother; and she sat on his right hand.

2:20 Then she said, I desire one small petition of thee; I pray thee, say me not nay.

And the king said unto her, Ask on, my mother: for I will not say thee nay.

2:21 And she said, Let Abishag the Shunammite be given to Adonijah thy brother to wife.

2:22 And king Solomon answered and said unto his mother, And why dost thou ask Abishag the Shunammite for Adonijah? ask for him the kingdom also; for he is mine elder brother; even for him, and for Abiathar the priest, and for Joab the son of Zeruiah.

2:23 Then king Solomon sware by the LORD, saying, God do so to me, and more also, if Adonijah have not spoken this word against his own life. 2:24 Now therefore, as the LORD liveth, which hath established me, and set me on the throne of David my father, and who hath made me an house, as he promised, Adonijah shall be put to death this day. 2:25 And king Solomon sent by the hand of Benaiah the son of Jehoiada; and he fell upon him that he died." (1 Kings 2:13-25 KJV)

Solomon then embarked on a major political house cleaning. The removal of "Abiathar from being priest unto the LORD" was to fulfill a prophecy ("that he might fulfill the word of the LORD, which he spake concerning the house of Eli in Shiloh") made by the LORD Himself (see 1 Samuel 2: The Prophecy Of The House Of Eli and The Lines Of Eleazar and Ithamar).

King Solomon

"2:26 And unto Abiathar the priest said the king, Get thee to Anathoth, unto thine own fields; for thou art worthy of death: but I will not at this time put thee to death, because thou barest the ark of the Lord GOD before David my father, and because thou hast been afflicted in all wherein my father was afflicted. 2:27 So Solomon thrust out Abiathar from being priest unto the LORD; that he might fulfil the word of the LORD, which he spake concerning the house of Eli in Shiloh." (1 Kings 2:26-27 KJV)

Joab and Solomon were first cousins (Joab was the son of David's sister Zeruiah). Joab had been a loyal army commander for King David through the civil war, but he took the side of Adonijah when he attempted to usurp the throne from David and Solomon. That part was directly Solomon's business. But, as stated by David (above), "Moreover thou knowest also what Joab the son of Zeruiah did to me, and what he did to the two captains of the hosts of Israel, unto Abner the son of Ner, and unto Amasa the son of Jether, whom he slew, and shed the blood of war in peace, and put the blood of war upon his girdle that was about his loins, and in his shoes that were on his feet. Do therefore according to thy wisdom, and let not his hoar head go down to the grave in peace."

"2:28 Then tidings came to Joab: for Joab had turned after Adonijah, though he turned not after Absalom. And Joab fled unto the tabernacle of the LORD, and caught hold on the horns of the altar. 2:29 And it was told king Solomon that Joab was fled unto the tabernacle of the LORD; and, behold, he is by the altar. Then Solomon sent Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, saying, Go, fall upon him.

2:30 And Benaiah came to the tabernacle of the LORD, and said unto him, Thus saith the king, Come forth.

And he said, Nay; but I will die here.

And Benaiah brought the king word again, saying, Thus said Joab, and thus he answered me.

2:31 And the king said unto him, Do as he hath said, and fall upon him, and bury him; that thou mayest take away the innocent blood, which Joab shed, from me, and from the house of my father. 2:32 And the LORD shall return his blood upon his own head, who fell upon two men more righteous and better than he, and slew them with the sword, my father David not knowing thereof, to wit, Abner the son of Ner, captain of the host of Israel, and Amasa the son of Jether, captain of the host of Judah. 2:33 Their blood shall therefore return upon the head of Joab, and upon the head of his seed for ever: but upon David, and upon his seed, and upon his house, and upon his throne, shall there be peace for ever from the LORD.

2:34 So Benaiah the son of Jehoiada went up, and fell upon him, and slew him: and he was buried in his own house in the wilderness. 2:35 And the king put Benaiah the son of Jehoiada in his room over the host: and Zadok the priest did the king put in the room of Abiathar." (1 Kings 2:28-35 KJV)

So too Shimei, the man who pelted David with dirt and stones as David fled Jerusalem at the start of Absalom's rebellion (see 2 Samuel 16: Sticks and Stones). David had instructed Solomon: "behold, thou hast with thee Shimei the son of Gera, a Benjamite of Bahurim, which cursed me with a grievous curse in the day when I went to Mahanaim: but he came down to meet me at Jordan, and I sware to him by the LORD, saying, I will not put thee to death with the sword. Now therefore hold him not guiltless: for thou art a wise man, and knowest what thou oughtest to do unto him; but his hoar head bring thou down to the grave with blood." It wasn't simply about a man who threw dirt and stones; it was about a Benjamite rebel who sooner or later would have caused another rebellion that would have cost more lives.

"2:36 And the king sent and called for Shimei, and said unto him, Build thee an house in Jerusalem, and dwell there, and go not forth thence any whither. 2:37 For it shall be, that on the day thou goest out, and passest over the brook Kidron, thou shalt know for certain that thou shalt surely die: thy blood shall be upon thine own head.

2:38 And Shimei said unto the king, The saying is good: as my lord the king hath said, so will thy servant do. And Shimei dwelt in Jerusalem many days.

2:39 And it came to pass at the end of three years, that two of the servants of Shimei ran away unto Achish son of Maachah king of Gath. And they told Shimei, saying, Behold, thy servants be in Gath. 2:40 And Shimei arose, and saddled his ass, and went to Gath to Achish to seek his servants: and Shimei went, and brought his servants from Gath.

2:41 And it was told Solomon that Shimei had gone from Jerusalem to Gath, and was come again. 2:42 And the king sent and called for Shimei, and said unto him, Did I not make thee to swear by the LORD, and protested unto thee, saying, Know for a certain, on the day thou goest out, and walkest abroad any whither, that thou shalt surely die? and thou saidst unto me, The word that I have heard is good. 2:43 Why then hast thou not kept the oath of the LORD, and the commandment that I have charged thee with?

2:44 The king said moreover to Shimei, Thou knowest all the wickedness which thine heart is privy to, that thou didst to David my father: therefore the LORD shall return thy wickedness upon thine own head; 2:45 And king Solomon shall be blessed, and the throne of David shall be established before the LORD for ever.

2:46 So the king commanded Benaiah the son of Jehoiada; which went out, and fell upon him, that he died.

And the kingdom was established in the hand of Solomon." (1 Kings 2:36-46 KJV)

Fact Finder: Did King David "go to heaven" when he died? Or is he dead - awaiting his resurrection on the day of the Messiah's return?
Acts 2:29, 2:34, 13:36 and The Harvests Of Salvation


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This Day In History, May 15

495 BC: A temple for the Roman god "Mercury" was dedicated in Rome's Circus Maximus. Many of Rome's pagan religious customs, including sun worship, were carried over into their antichrist version of Christianity (see Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy).

392: Roman Emperor Valentinian II was assassinated while advancing into Gaul against the Frankish usurper Arbogast.

589: King Authari married Theodelinda, a daughter of the Bavarian duke Garibald I. A follower of Constantine's Church of Rome (see Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy), she has great influence among the Lombard nobility.

1004: Henry II, the last Saxon ruler of Germany, was crowned king of Lombardy after the defeat of Arduin of Ivrea.

1213: King John submitted to the Pope, offering to make England and Ireland papal fiefs. Pope Innocent III then lifted the interdict (curse upon an entire country) of 1208.

Israeli Troops In 1948 1252: Pope Innocent IV issued the papal bull (a Latin abbreviation for "bulletin") ad extirpanda, which authorized the torture of "heretics" in the Medieval Inquisition. A number of the same "inquisition" torture methods, such as "waterboarding," have been used by various governments right into the modern era, ranging from Adolf Hitler's Gestapo in the 1940s, to the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency in the present day under the term "enhanced interrogation techniques."

1455: A crusade against the Turks and for the capture of Constantinople was proclaimed by Pope Calixtus III (see Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy).

1525: Insurgents led by Anabaptist pastor Thomas Muentzer were defeated at the Battle of Frankenhausen, thereby ending the German Peasants' War in the Holy Roman Empire.

1536: Anne Boleyn, the second wife of Henry VIII of England, stood trial in London on charges of treason, adultery and incest. She was found guilty and condemned to death.

1602: English explorer Bartholomew Gosnold discovered Cape Cod.

1701: The War of the Spanish Succession began.

1718: James Puckle, a London lawyer, patented the world's first "machine gun."

1755: Laredo, Texas was established by Spanish colonists.

1768: With the Treaty of Versailles, France purchased Corsica from Genoa.

1836: British astronomer Francis Baily detected the phenomenon called "Baily's beads" during an annular eclipse of the sun. Just before the moon's disk completely covers the sun, the narrow crescent of sunlight may be broken in several places by irregularity (mountains and valleys) on the edge of the moon's disk; the resulting appearance roughly compares to a string of beads.

1860: Giuseppe Garibaldi, with 1,000 volunteers, defeated the larger Neapolitan army at the Battle of Calatafimi.

1948: In response to Israel's proclamation of the State of Israel the day before, Arab armies of Egypt, Transjordan, Iraq, Syria and Lebanon invaded. The first major Israel-Arab War (see Israel's Wars In The Twentieth Century and A History Of Jerusalem: War And Peace).

1955: The Vienna Treaty, signed by Britain, France, the U.S.A. and the U.S.S.R, restored Austria's independence after the Second World War. Adolf Hitler was born in Austria; when Hitler came to power, he silenced his critics, that said he was foreign born, by making Austria part of Germany (see Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion; listen also to our Sermon The European World Wars).

1958: The Soviet Union launched Sputnik 3.

1960: The Soviet Union launched Sputnik 4.

1967: Egyptian leader Nasser remilitarized Sinai, moving in 100,000 men and armour, and ordering out the UN force which complied. The lead-up to the Six Day War.

1972: U.S. Democratic presidential candidate George Wallace was shot and left paralyzed while campaigning at a Maryland shopping center.

1988: The Soviet Union began its withdrawal from Afghanistan, eight years after their invasion. Their involvement in Afghanistan was one of the final "superpower" acts of the U.S.S.R. before it went bankrupt.

2008: California became the second U.S. State (Massachusetts was the first) to legalize (in man's eyes, not God's) "same sex marriage."





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