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Thursday, May 15 2014
1 Kings 2: Solomon's House Cleaning
"Now the days of David drew nigh that he should die; and he charged Solomon his son, saying I go the way of all the earth: be thou strong therefore, and shew thyself a man; And keep the charge of the LORD thy God"
When King David became physically incapacitated by advanced age, he effectively abdicated to secure the throne of Israel for Solomon (see 1 Kings 1: The Day Of Three Kings), according to the will of the LORD (Who was and is Jesus Christ - see Genesis 1: In The Beginning Was The Word and The Kingdom Of The LORD God).
Later, when David foresaw that his physical life was nearing an end, David called Solomon to deliver to him his last will and testament. The crown, the palace and David's property were already in the hands of Solomon, but there remained other matters regarding those who had threatened the throne of Israel - a matter of more importance that either David or Solomon personally. David bided his time for them, for the sake of the re-unification of the Israelite tribes after the civil war (see 1 Samuel 15: Saul's Impeachment, 1 Samuel 16: The Anointing Of David and 2 Samuel 3: The War Between The Houses of David and Saul) and then the divisive rebellions that happened afterward (see 2 Samuel 15: The Treason Of Absalom, 2 Samuel 18: The Fall Of The Rebel Prince, 2 Samuel 19: King David's Return To Jerusalem, 2 Samuel 20: Sheba, A Man Of Belial and 2 Samuel 21: What Did Rizpah Do?), but Solomon was then free to do what he needed to do, not merely to avenge his father, but to secure his own peace.
"2:1 Now the days of David drew nigh that he should die; and he charged Solomon his son, saying,
David then died and was "buried in the city of David" (see A History Of Jerusalem: The City Of David). Although Solomon had already been proclaimed as the reigning king, by David himself, it was only after his father's death that Solomon sat "upon the throne of David his father."
"2:10 So David slept with his fathers, and was buried in the city of David.
Adonijah had already tried to usurp the throne for himself while David reigned (see 1 Kings 1: The Day Of Three Kings). Solomon generously (and perhaps very naively) allowed Adonijah to remain alive and within the royal capital (something that Adonijah would not have done for Solomon, as stated in the Scriptures - see the study link above). After David died, Adonijah used Solomon's mother Bathsheba to request the marriage of Abishag, the young woman who had attended King David. Solomon's refusal was both political ("why dost thou ask Abishag the Shunammite for Adonijah? ask for him the kingdom also; for he is mine elder brother") and, perhaps, personal (see Song Of Solomon: The King's Favorite).
"2:13 And Adonijah the son of Haggith came to Bathsheba the mother of Solomon. And she said, Comest thou peaceably?
Solomon then embarked on a major political house cleaning. The removal of "Abiathar from being priest unto the LORD" was to fulfill a prophecy ("that he might fulfill the word of the LORD, which he spake concerning the house of Eli in Shiloh") made by the LORD Himself (see 1 Samuel 2: The Prophecy Of The House Of Eli and The Lines Of Eleazar and Ithamar).
"2:26 And unto Abiathar the priest said the king, Get thee to Anathoth, unto thine own fields; for thou art worthy of death: but I will not at this time put thee to death, because thou barest the ark of the Lord GOD before David my father, and because thou hast been afflicted in all wherein my father was afflicted. 2:27 So Solomon thrust out Abiathar from being priest unto the LORD; that he might fulfil the word of the LORD, which he spake concerning the house of Eli in Shiloh." (1 Kings 2:26-27 KJV)
Joab and Solomon were first cousins (Joab was the son of David's sister Zeruiah). Joab had been a loyal army commander for King David through the civil war, but he took the side of Adonijah when he attempted to usurp the throne from David and Solomon. That part was directly Solomon's business. But, as stated by David (above), "Moreover thou knowest also what Joab the son of Zeruiah did to me, and what he did to the two captains of the hosts of Israel, unto Abner the son of Ner, and unto Amasa the son of Jether, whom he slew, and shed the blood of war in peace, and put the blood of war upon his girdle that was about his loins, and in his shoes that were on his feet. Do therefore according to thy wisdom, and let not his hoar head go down to the grave in peace."
"2:28 Then tidings came to Joab: for Joab had turned after Adonijah, though he turned not after Absalom. And Joab fled unto the tabernacle of the LORD, and caught hold on the horns of the altar. 2:29 And it was told king Solomon that Joab was fled unto the tabernacle of the LORD; and, behold, he is by the altar. Then Solomon sent Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, saying, Go, fall upon him.
So too Shimei, the man who pelted David with dirt and stones as David fled Jerusalem at the start of Absalom's rebellion (see 2 Samuel 16: Sticks and Stones). David had instructed Solomon: "behold, thou hast with thee Shimei the son of Gera, a Benjamite of Bahurim, which cursed me with a grievous curse in the day when I went to Mahanaim: but he came down to meet me at Jordan, and I sware to him by the LORD, saying, I will not put thee to death with the sword. Now therefore hold him not guiltless: for thou art a wise man, and knowest what thou oughtest to do unto him; but his hoar head bring thou down to the grave with blood." It wasn't simply about a man who threw dirt and stones; it was about a Benjamite rebel who sooner or later would have caused another rebellion that would have cost more lives.
"2:36 And the king sent and called for Shimei, and said unto him, Build thee an house in Jerusalem, and dwell there, and go not forth thence any whither. 2:37 For it shall be, that on the day thou goest out, and passest over the brook Kidron, thou shalt know for certain that thou shalt surely die: thy blood shall be upon thine own head.
Fact Finder: Did King David "go to heaven" when he died? Or is he dead - awaiting his resurrection on the day of the Messiah's return?
This Day In History, May 15
495 BC: A temple for the Roman god "Mercury" was dedicated in Rome's Circus Maximus. Many of Rome's pagan religious customs, including sun worship, were carried over into their antichrist version of Christianity (see Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy).
392: Roman Emperor Valentinian II was assassinated while advancing into Gaul against the Frankish usurper Arbogast.
589: King Authari married Theodelinda, a daughter of the Bavarian duke Garibald I. A follower of Constantine's Church of Rome (see Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy), she has great influence among the Lombard nobility.
1004: Henry II, the last Saxon ruler of Germany, was crowned king of Lombardy after the defeat of Arduin of Ivrea.
1213: King John submitted to the Pope, offering to make England and Ireland papal fiefs. Pope Innocent III then lifted the interdict (curse upon an entire country) of 1208.
1252: Pope Innocent IV issued the papal bull (a Latin abbreviation for "bulletin") ad extirpanda, which authorized the torture of "heretics" in the Medieval Inquisition. A number of the same "inquisition" torture methods, such as "waterboarding," have been used by various governments right into the modern era, ranging from Adolf Hitler's Gestapo in the 1940s, to the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency in the present day under the term "enhanced interrogation techniques."
1455: A crusade against the Turks and for the capture of Constantinople was proclaimed by Pope Calixtus III (see Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy).
1525: Insurgents led by Anabaptist pastor Thomas Muentzer were defeated at the Battle of Frankenhausen, thereby ending the German Peasants' War in the Holy Roman Empire.
1536: Anne Boleyn, the second wife of Henry VIII of England, stood trial in London on charges of treason, adultery and incest. She was found guilty and condemned to death.
1602: English explorer Bartholomew Gosnold discovered Cape Cod.
1701: The War of the Spanish Succession began.
1718: James Puckle, a London lawyer, patented the world's first "machine gun."
1755: Laredo, Texas was established by Spanish colonists.
1768: With the Treaty of Versailles, France purchased Corsica from Genoa.
1836: British astronomer Francis Baily detected the phenomenon called "Baily's beads" during an annular eclipse of the sun. Just before the moon's disk completely covers the sun, the narrow crescent of sunlight may be broken in several places by irregularity (mountains and valleys) on the edge of the moon's disk; the resulting appearance roughly compares to a string of beads.
1860: Giuseppe Garibaldi, with 1,000 volunteers, defeated the larger Neapolitan army at the Battle of Calatafimi.
1948: In response to Israel's proclamation of the State of Israel the day before, Arab armies of Egypt, Transjordan, Iraq, Syria and Lebanon invaded. The first major Israel-Arab War (see Israel's Wars In The Twentieth Century and A History Of Jerusalem: War And Peace).
1955: The Vienna Treaty, signed by Britain, France, the U.S.A. and the U.S.S.R, restored Austria's independence after the Second World War. Adolf Hitler was born in Austria; when Hitler came to power, he silenced his critics, that said he was foreign born, by making Austria part of Germany (see Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion; listen also to our Sermon The European World Wars).
1958: The Soviet Union launched Sputnik 3.
1960: The Soviet Union launched Sputnik 4.
1967: Egyptian leader Nasser remilitarized Sinai, moving in 100,000 men and armour, and ordering out the UN force which complied. The lead-up to the Six Day War.
1972: U.S. Democratic presidential candidate George Wallace was shot and left paralyzed while campaigning at a Maryland shopping center.
1988: The Soviet Union began its withdrawal from Afghanistan, eight years after their invasion. Their involvement in Afghanistan was one of the final "superpower" acts of the U.S.S.R. before it went bankrupt.
2008: California became the second U.S. State (Massachusetts was the first) to legalize (in man's eyes, not God's) "same sex marriage."