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Sunday, May 18 2014

1 Kings 5: King Hiram of Tyre

"So Hiram gave Solomon cedar trees and fir trees according to all his desire"

Hiram (rendered into English also as "Huram" and "Horam) was the king of Tyre during the time of King David (see Israel In History and Prophecy: King David) and King Solomon (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Solomon). Hiram's craftsmen helped those of David to build David's palace in Jerusalem (see also A History Of Jerusalem: The City Of David). When Solomon succeeded his father David as King of Israel, Hiram's workers also participated in the building of the first Temple. Much of the fine cedar and pine for both the palace and Temple came from Tyre.

Cedar of Lebanon

"5:1 And Hiram king of Tyre sent his servants unto Solomon; for he had heard that they had anointed him king in the room of his father: for Hiram was ever a lover of David.

5:2 And Solomon sent to Hiram, saying,

5:3 Thou knowest how that David my father could not build an house unto the name of the LORD his God for the wars which were about him on every side, until the LORD put them under the soles of his feet. 5:4 But now the LORD my God hath given me rest on every side, so that there is neither adversary nor evil occurrent. 5:5 And, behold, I purpose to build an house unto the name of the LORD my God, as the LORD spake unto David my father, saying, Thy son, whom I will set upon thy throne in thy room, he shall build an house unto my name.

5:6 Now therefore command thou that they hew me cedar trees out of Lebanon; and my servants shall be with thy servants: and unto thee will I give hire for thy servants according to all that thou shalt appoint: for thou knowest that there is not among us any that can skill to hew timber like unto the Sidonians." (1 Kings 5:1-6 KJV)

Tyre was a seacoast city (see the Fact Finder question below). The timber from Lebanon was "shipped" by sea.

"5:7 And it came to pass, when Hiram heard the words of Solomon, that he rejoiced greatly, and said, Blessed be the LORD this day, which hath given unto David a wise son over this great people.

5:8 And Hiram sent to Solomon, saying,

I have considered the things which thou sentest to me for: and I will do all thy desire concerning timber of cedar, and concerning timber of fir. 5:9 My servants shall bring them down from Lebanon unto the sea: and I will convey them by sea in floats unto the place that thou shalt appoint me, and will cause them to be discharged there, and thou shalt receive them: and thou shalt accomplish my desire, in giving food for my household." (1 Kings 5:7-9 KJV)

Beginning with the cedar from Lebanon, the trade relationship between Solomon and Hiram grew great. "And there was peace between Hiram and Solomon; and they two made a league together."

"5:10 So Hiram gave Solomon cedar trees and fir trees according to all his desire. 5:11 And Solomon gave Hiram twenty thousand measures of wheat for food to his household, and twenty measures of pure oil: thus gave Solomon to Hiram year by year. 5:12 And the LORD gave Solomon wisdom, as he promised him: and there was peace between Hiram and Solomon; and they two made a league together." (1 Kings 5:10-12 KJV)

Solomon was a man of peace - mainly because David had defeated all of Israel's enemies. Solomon nevertheless had a draft in which men worked for Solomon's regime (see 1 Kings 4: Solomon's Regime).

"5:13 And king Solomon raised a levy out of all Israel; and the levy was thirty thousand men. 5:14 And he sent them to Lebanon, ten thousand a month by courses: a month they were in Lebanon, and two months at home: and Adoniram was over the levy. 5:15 And Solomon had threescore and ten thousand that bare burdens, and fourscore thousand hewers in the mountains; 5:16 Beside the chief of Solomon's officers which were over the work, three thousand and three hundred, which ruled over the people that wrought in the work. 5:17 And the king commanded, and they brought great stones, costly stones, and hewed stones, to lay the foundation of the house. 5:18 And Solomon's builders and Hiram's builders did hew them, and the stonesquarers: so they prepared timber and stones to build the house." (1 Kings 5:13-18 KJV)

Fact Finder: When did Jesus Christ visit Tyre and Sidon?
See Into The Coasts Of Tyre And Sidon


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This Day In History, May 18

332: Roman Emperor Constantine proclaimed free distribution of food to the people of the city that would be named after him, Constantinople (see also Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy).

1152: Eleanor, duchess of Aquitaine and recently divorced from King Louis VII of France, married Henry Plantagenet (later Henry II of England) at Poitiers.

1291: The Sultan of Egypt and his son Ashraf took Acre, the last "Christian" stronghold in the "Holy Land" (see A History Of Jerusalem: Constantine and Muhammad).

Napoleon 1565: The Ottoman Siege of Malta began.

1592: The Tanaka Memorial, Hideyoshi's plan for Japanese world domination was published. It was revived 349 years later prior to the December 1941 attacks on British, Australian and U.S. bases and possessions all across the Pacific and southeast Asia.

1642: Montreal, Quebec was founded. Today, Montreal is the second-largest city in Canada, and the second-largest French-speaking city in the world (second only in population to Paris, France, although Montreal is larger in area).

1756: England declared war on France, thereby beginning the Seven Years' War.

1792: Russia invaded Poland.

1803: Britain declared war on France after Napoleon Bonaparte continued his interference in Italy and Switzerland.

1804: Napoleon Bonaparte was proclaimed Emperor of France.

1830: Edwin Budding of England signed an agreement for manufacture of his invention - the lawn mower.

1845: Arctic explorer Sir John Franklin set out from England to map the Northwest Passage through the Arctic. He and his men of the "Franklin Expedition" never returned.

1966: An attempted assassin was killed in an explosion in a third floor washroom of the Canadian House of Commons in Ottawa, only steps away from the public viewing gallery. He had apparently planned to throw the bomb into the Government assembly, thereby killing the Prime Minister and many other members of Parliament, but it detonated prematurely.

1974: India became the sixth nation with nuclear weapons when its first bomb was successfully exploded in the Rajasthan Desert.

1980: 60 people were killed from eruption of Mount St. Helens in a remote area of Washington State. Scientists estimated the force of the eruption to be 2,500 times more powerful than the U.S. atomic bomb that was used to incinerate Hiroshima, Japan in 1945.

1982: A jury in New York City convicted Sun Myung Moon, founder and leader of the Unification Church (the "Moonies") of tax evasion. He served 13 months in prison.

1990: A modified French TVG train set a new world rail speed record at 515 kilometers per hour (320 miles per hour).

2009: The Sri Lankan Civil War ended after nearly 26 years of conflict.



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