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Monday, May 19 2014

1 Kings 6: The Temple That Solomon Built

"The House which King Solomon built for the LORD"

The thought of building a Temple in Jerusalem (see Israel In History and Prophecy: The Temple), rather than a Tabernacle (see Israel In History and Prophecy: The Tabernacle), originated with King David after he captured Jerusalem (see 2 Samuel 5: How Long Was Jerusalem The Capital Of Israel? and 2 Samuel 6: The Ark Of The LORD In The City Of David). While the LORD (Who was and is Jesus Christ - see Genesis 1: In The Beginning Was The Word and The Kingdom Of The LORD God) agreed to David's request to build a Temple, the task was assigned to David's son and royal successor, King Solomon.

"17:1 Now it came to pass, as David sat in his house, that David said to Nathan the prophet [see The Prophets: Nathan], Lo, I dwell in an house of cedars, but the ark of the covenant of the LORD remaineth under curtains.

17:2 Then Nathan said unto David, Do all that is in thine heart; for God is with thee.

17:3 And it came to pass the same night, that the word of God came to Nathan, saying, 17:4 Go and tell David my servant, Thus saith the LORD, Thou shalt not build me an house to dwell in: 17:5 For I have not dwelt in an house since the day that I brought up Israel unto this day; but have gone from tent to tent, and from one tabernacle to another. 17:6 Wheresoever I have walked with all Israel, spake I a word to any of the judges of Israel, whom I commanded to feed my people, saying, Why have ye not built me an house of cedars?

17:7 Now therefore thus shalt thou say unto my servant David, Thus saith the LORD of hosts, I took thee from the sheepcote, even from following the sheep, that thou shouldest be ruler over my people Israel: 17:8 And I have been with thee whithersoever thou hast walked, and have cut off all thine enemies from before thee, and have made thee a name like the name of the great men that are in the earth. 17:9 Also I will ordain a place for my people Israel, and will plant them, and they shall dwell in their place, and shall be moved no more; neither shall the children of wickedness waste them any more, as at the beginning, 17:10 And since the time that I commanded judges to be over my people Israel. Moreover I will subdue all thine enemies. Furthermore I tell thee that the LORD will build thee an house. 17:11 And it shall come to pass, when thy days be expired that thou must go to be with thy fathers, that I will raise up thy seed after thee, which shall be of thy sons; and I will establish his kingdom. 17:12 He shall build me an house, and I will stablish his throne for ever." (1 Chronicles 17:1-12 KJV)

So it was then, in due time, that Solomon "began to build the house of the LORD."

"6:1 And it came to pass in the four hundred and eightieth year after the children of Israel were come out of the land of Egypt, in the fourth year of Solomon's reign over Israel, in the month Zif, which is the second month, that he began to build the house of the LORD." (1 Kings 6:1 KJV)

Jerusalem
Although far greater in size, the functional purpose of the Temple was based upon the exact-same design that the LORD commanded to Moses (see Exodus 26: The First Christian Tabernacle, Exodus 25: The Ark, The Table and The Lampstand, Exodus 36: The Building Of The Tabernacle, Exodus 37: The Tabernacle Furnishings, Exodus 38: The Courtyard Of The Tabernacle).

"6:2 And the house which king Solomon built for the LORD, the length thereof was threescore cubits, and the breadth thereof twenty cubits, and the height thereof thirty cubits. 6:3 And the porch before the temple of the house, twenty cubits was the length thereof, according to the breadth of the house; and ten cubits was the breadth thereof before the house. 6:4 And for the house he made windows of narrow lights. 6:5 And against the wall of the house he built chambers round about, against the walls of the house round about, both of the temple and of the oracle: and he made chambers round about: 6:6 The nethermost chamber was five cubits broad, and the middle was six cubits broad, and the third was seven cubits broad: for without in the wall of the house he made narrowed rests round about, that the beams should not be fastened in the walls of the house.

6:7 And the house, when it was in building, was built of stone made ready before it was brought thither: so that there was neither hammer nor axe nor any tool of iron heard in the house, while it was in building.

6:8 The door for the middle chamber was in the right side of the house: and they went up with winding stairs into the middle chamber, and out of the middle into the third. 6:9 So he built the house, and finished it; and covered the house with beams and boards of cedar. 6:10 And then he built chambers against all the house, five cubits high: and they rested on the house with timber of cedar." (1 Kings 6:2-10 KJV)

King Solomon was great in natural and spiritual wisdom (see 1 Kings 3: Solomon's Gift Of Wisdom). The LORD promised to remain faithful to Solomon as long as Solomon remained faithful to Him. The activities at the Temple, just as they had been done at the Tabernacle, were prophetic observances of Christian salvation for those who remain obedient to the LORD (see Leviticus: The Prophecies Of Christianity and Christ Died For Repentant Sinners).

The Temple

"6:11 And the word of the LORD came to Solomon, saying, 6:12 Concerning this house which thou art in building, if thou wilt walk in my statutes, and execute my judgments, and keep all my commandments to walk in them; then will I perform my word with thee, which I spake unto David thy father: 6:13 And I will dwell among the children of Israel, and will not forsake my people Israel.

6:14 So Solomon built the house, and finished it. 6:15 And he built the walls of the house within with boards of cedar, both the floor of the house, and the walls of the cieling: and he covered them on the inside with wood, and covered the floor of the house with planks of fir. 6:16 And he built twenty cubits on the sides of the house, both the floor and the walls with boards of cedar: he even built them for it within, even for the oracle, even for the most holy place. 6:17 And the house, that is, the temple before it, was forty cubits long. 6:18 And the cedar of the house within was carved with knops and open flowers: all was cedar; there was no stone seen.

6:19 And the oracle he prepared in the house within, to set there the ark of the covenant of the LORD. 6:20 And the oracle in the forepart was twenty cubits in length, and twenty cubits in breadth, and twenty cubits in the height thereof: and he overlaid it with pure gold; and so covered the altar which was of cedar. 6:21 So Solomon overlaid the house within with pure gold: and he made a partition by the chains of gold before the oracle; and he overlaid it with gold. 6:22 And the whole house he overlaid with gold, until he had finished all the house: also the whole altar that was by the oracle he overlaid with gold.

6:23 And within the oracle he made two cherubims of olive tree, each ten cubits high. 6:24 And five cubits was the one wing of the cherub, and five cubits the other wing of the cherub: from the uttermost part of the one wing unto the uttermost part of the other were ten cubits. 6:25 And the other cherub was ten cubits: both the cherubims were of one measure and one size. 6:26 The height of the one cherub was ten cubits, and so was it of the other cherub. 6:27 And he set the cherubims within the inner house: and they stretched forth the wings of the cherubims, so that the wing of the one touched the one wall, and the wing of the other cherub touched the other wall; and their wings touched one another in the midst of the house. 6:28 And he overlaid the cherubims with gold.

6:29 And he carved all the walls of the house round about with carved figures of cherubims and palm trees and open flowers, within and without. 6:30 And the floor of the house he overlaid with gold, within and without.

6:31 And for the entering of the oracle he made doors of olive tree: the lintel and side posts were a fifth part of the wall. 6:32 The two doors also were of olive tree; and he carved upon them carvings of cherubims and palm trees and open flowers, and overlaid them with gold, and spread gold upon the cherubims, and upon the palm trees. 6:33 So also made he for the door of the temple posts of olive tree, a fourth part of the wall. 6:34 And the two doors were of fir tree: the two leaves of the one door were folding, and the two leaves of the other door were folding. 6:35 And he carved thereon cherubims and palm trees and open flowers: and covered them with gold fitted upon the carved work.

6:36 And he built the inner court with three rows of hewed stone, and a row of cedar beams." (1 Kings 6:11-36 KJV)

The construction of the Temple was completed in seven years, from the fourth to the eleventh years of Solomon's reign.

"6:37 In the fourth year was the foundation of the house of the LORD laid, in the month Zif: 6:38 And in the eleventh year, in the month Bul, which is the eighth month, was the house finished throughout all the parts thereof, and according to all the fashion of it. So was he seven years in building it." (1 Kings 6:37-38 KJV)

Fact Finder: What caused King David to purchase the land in Jerusalem upon which the Temple was later built in the time of King Solomon?
See 2 Samuel 24: Why Did King David Purchase The Temple Mount?; see also 2 Samuel 7: David's Temple Prophecy


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This Day In History, May 19

241 BC: Agis IV, king of Sparta (the major city of the Peloponnesus in Greece), died.

1445: John I of Castile defeated the Infantes of Aragon at the First Battle of Olmedo.

1499: Catherine of Aragon was married by proxy to Arthur Tudor, the Prince of Wales. Catherine was 13, Arthur was 12.

1535: Jacques Cartier left on his second voyage to Canada with 3 ships. They arrived at the Gulf of St. Lawrence after a 50-day crossing.

Cartier 1536: Anne Boleyn, second wife of King Henry VIII, mother of Queen Elizabeth I, was beheaded at age 29 on charges of adultery. Henry married Jane Seymour the next day.

1568: After being defeated by the Protestants, Mary, Queen of Scots, fled to England where she was imprisoned, and later beheaded, by Queen Elizabeth I.

1588: King Philip II's "Spanish Armada" left Lisbon on its ill-fated attempt to conquer England and restore Roman Catholicism there.

1608: The Protestant states formed the Evangelical Union of Lutherans and Calvinists under the direction of the elector of Brandenburg.

1635: During the Thirty Years War, French Cardinal Richelieu declared that France was at war with the Hapsburgs in Spain.

1662: King Charles II approved a bill requiring all ministers to assent publicly to the Anglican "Book of Common Prayer."

1749: King George II granted the English pioneers of the Ohio Company a charter of land around the forks of the Ohio River.

1780: At 2:00 p.m. near-total darkness covered much of New England and eastern Canada. The cause remained unknown until 2007 when forestry scientists discovered conclusive evidence of a massive forest fire that occurred in eastern Ontario at the time of the "Dark Day of 1780."

1845: Captain John Franklin set sail from Greenhithe, England on his ill-fated Arctic expedition.

1897: The writer and poet Oscar Wilde was released from Reading Gaol Prison after serving a two year sentence for sodomy.

1911: Parks Canada, the first national park service in the world, was established as the Dominion Parks Branch under the Department of the Interior.

1935: Colonel T.E. Lawrence (popularly-known as "Lawrence of Arabia") died from a motorcycle accident in England. Lawrence assisted the Arabian nations to become independent from centuries of rule by the Ottoman Empire (listen to our Sermon The Ottoman Empire).

1958: The USA and Canada formally established the North American Air Defense Command.

1961: The Russian Venera 1 became the first spacecraft to complete a fly-by of another planet i.e. Venus.

1971: The Russian Mars 2 was launched. It became the first man-made object to land on the surface of Mars.

1991: The people of Croatia voted to become independent of Yugoslavia.





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