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Wednesday, May 28 2014
1 Kings 15: How Many Kings Reigned In The United Kingdom?
"Nevertheless for David's sake did the LORD his God give him a lamp in Jerusalem, to set up his son after him, and to establish Jerusalem"
The united kingdom of Israel was founded by King David of Judah after the civil war with Israel's first king, King Saul of Benjamin. Saul was the first king of the united kingdom of Israel (see King Saul of Israel). The kingdom became divided during Saul's disqualified reign (see Saul's Impeachment) by the start of the civil war (see The War Between The Houses of David and Saul). It was then reunited under victorious King David (see How Long Was Jerusalem The Capital Of Israel?).
Israel remained united only through the latter part of King David's reign, then through the entire reign of King Solomon. The LORD (Who was and is Jesus Christ - see Genesis 1: In The Beginning Was The Word and The Kingdom Of The LORD God) divided Israel into the independent countries of "Israel" and "Judah" as a punishment for King Solomon's idolatry (see What Caused Solomon's Idolatry? and When Will The United Kingdom Be Restored?). As declared by the LORD, the separation occurred at the beginning of the reign of King Rehoboam, the son and successor of Solomon. From that time on, Israel and Judah were very often at war, beginning with Rehoboam of Judah and Jeroboam of Israel ("there was war between Rehoboam and Jeroboam all the days"; see The First Kings Of Israel and Judah).
Rehoboam was succeeded by his son Abijam / Abijah (the name is rendered both ways, not only by different translations, but often in Kings and Chronicles in the same translation e.g in the King James Version; see Abijah Of Judah) as king of Judah. "And there was war between Abijam and Jeroboam." The kings of both Israel and Judah, with a few good exceptions, were corrupt - including Abijam / Abijah.
"15:1 Now in the eighteenth year of king Jeroboam the son of Nebat reigned Abijam over Judah. 15:2 Three years reigned he in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Maachah, the daughter of Abishalom.
Asa was the next king of Judah (see Asa Of Judah). He was much better than most ("he took away the sodomites out of the land, and removed all the idols that his fathers had made"), but the wars continued.
"15:9 And in the twentieth year of Jeroboam king of Israel reigned Asa over Judah. 15:10 And forty and one years reigned he in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Maachah, the daughter of Abishalom.
Jeroboam was succeeded by his son Nadab as king of Israel (see Nadab Of Israel). "And he did evil in the sight of the LORD, and walked in the way of his father, and in his sin wherewith he made Israel to sin."
"15:25 And Nadab the son of Jeroboam began to reign over Israel in the second year of Asa king of Judah, and reigned over Israel two years. 15:26 And he did evil in the sight of the LORD, and walked in the way of his father, and in his sin wherewith he made Israel to sin.
The original Holy Scriptures had no chapter divisions; they were added by European printers in the Middle Ages - not always with seeming logic. The account of Baasha (see Baasha Of Israel) begins in the last verses of "chapter" 15 but is completed in the first verses of "chapter" 16.
"15:33 In the third year of Asa king of Judah began Baasha the son of Ahijah to reign over all Israel in Tirzah, twenty and four years. 15:34 And he did evil in the sight of the LORD, and walked in the way of Jeroboam, and in his sin wherewith he made Israel to sin." (1 Kings 15:33-34 KJV)
Fact Finder: Although Israel and Judah both had numerous kings, what was the Messianic difference between the royal lines of Judah and Israel?
This Day In History, May 28
585 BC: The "Battle of the Eclipse" near Sardis in western Turkey (Sardis was the location of one of the seven church congregations to whom the Book of Revelation was written; see also Where Are The Seven Churches Of Revelation Today?). The sight of a solar eclipse, as predicted by the Greek scientist Thales, caused a truce to be called between Alyattes and Cyaxares (see also A History Of Jerusalem: Greeks, Ptolemies, Seleucids).
1156: William of Sicily put down a revolt against his rule, defeating the Byzantine fleet at Brindisi.
1503: James IV of Scotland married Margaret Tudor according to a Papal Bull ("bulletin") issued by Pope Alexander VI.
1533: Thomas Cranmer, the Archbishop of Canterbury (who had been appointed to the position after being the Boleyn family's pastor), declared the marriage of King Henry VIII to Anne Boleyn to be valid, contrary to the decree of Pope Clement VII.
1859: The bell known as "Big Ben" was transported on a carriage, pulled by 16 horses, from the Whitechapel Bell Foundry to Westminster.
1588: In an attempt to return England to Papal authority, the Spanish Armada, with 130 ships and 30,000 troops, left Lisbon (the Armada was destroyed at sea by the Royal Navy).
1754: During the Seven Years War between Britain and France (commonly known in North America as the "French and Indian War"), British forces under George Washington (then a loyal Lieutenant Colonel in the British Army) defeated a French force at the Battle of Jumonville Glen in Pennsylvania.
1898: In Italy, The Shroud of Turin was first photographed in Turin's Cathedral, where it had been housed for 320 years.
1934: The Dionne quintuplets (Cecile, Annette, Yvonne, Emilie, Marie) were born in Callender, Ontario. They became the first quintuplets to survive infancy.
1937: The Volkswagen (in German, Volkswagen means "people's car") automobile manufacturer was founded in Germany. Adolf Hitler ordered the mass production of a basic automobile for two adults and three children. The result was the Volkswagan Beetle.
1940: The evacuation of the Allied armies from Dunkirk began. By its completion on the night of June 2, a total of 224,585 British and 112,546 French and Belgian troops had been saved from death or capture. In a speech directed at Adolf Hitler, warning of the bloody mauling that a German invasion force would face if it crossed the Channel, Prime Minister Winston Churchill said in Parliament "we shall defend our island, whatever the cost may be, we shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills; we shall never surrender"
1948: During the Israel War of Independence, the Jews surrendered the "Old City" of Jerusalem to King Abdullah's Arab Legion (see A History Of Jerusalem: War And Peace).
1972: The Watergate burglary: White House "plumbers" (a team of political "operatives" established by Richard Nixon to stop information "leaks" from within his regime) broke into Democratic National Headquarters.
1972: The Duke of Windsor, who had abdicated the English throne to marry the divorced U.S. "socialite" Wallis Warfield Simpson, died in Paris.
1982: Pope John Paul II arrived in Britain on the first visit there by a Pope since 1531.
1995: A magnitude 7.6 earthquake struck the Russian town of Neftegorsk, killing 2,000 people.
1998: In response to nuclear weapons testing by India, Pakistan conducted a series of nuclear detonations of its own.
2004: Foreign occupation forces in Iraq "approved" the "democratic choice" of Ayad Allawi as Prime Minister of Iraq.