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Friday, June 13 2014

2 Kings 8: The Politics Of The Two Kingdoms

"And in the fifth year of Joram the son of Ahab king of Israel, Jehoshaphat being then king of Judah, Jehoram the son of Jehoshaphat king of Judah began to reign"

The English word "politics" originated from a Latin word, politia, which itself originated from a Greek word, pronounced politeia, which meant a city - from the root word polis (as also evident in the English word metropolis). From that word for politics came the word policy - and then the word for those who enforce the policy of a city - the police.

Elijah and Elisha were primarily prophets to the northern Kingdom of Israel after the LORD (Who was and is Jesus Christ - see Genesis 1: In The Beginning Was The Word and The Kingdom Of The LORD God) divided the united kingdom of Israel into "Israel" and "Judah" (see also When Will The United Kingdom Be Restored?).

The two kingdoms developed their own religions, primarily based on their politics i.e. Jeroboam, the first king of the breakaway kingdom of Israel, didn't want his people to look to Jerusalem, where the Temple of the LORD was built (see Israel In History and Prophecy: The Temple), because it was then the capital of the foreign Kingdom of Judah, so he created a new state religion. The Kingdom of Judah also later created their own state religion that has today become known as "Judaism" (see Israel Never Knew Purim, Hanukkah Or Judaism and Israel In History and Prophecy: Judaism).

It was within, and in response to, the politics of Israel (the northern kingdom) that Elijah (see Elijah's Defeat Of The Prophets Of Baal), and then Elisha (see Did Elisha Have Chariots of Fire Too?), were sent by the LORD to rebuke the officially-heathen (from its self-made religion) kingdom of Israel. At that point in time, their message would have been different if they had been sent to Judah (although much the same later on i.e. the Kingdom of Judah lasted about 130 years longer than the Kingdom of Israel - Israel fell to Assyria by 721 BC while Judah fell to Babylon by 586 BC).

Israel and Judah

"8:1 Then spake Elisha unto the woman, whose son he had restored to life, saying, Arise, and go thou and thine household, and sojourn wheresoever thou canst sojourn: for the LORD hath called for a famine; and it shall also come upon the land seven years. 8:2 And the woman arose, and did after the saying of the man of God: and she went with her household, and sojourned in the land of the Philistines seven years.

8:3 And it came to pass at the seven years' end, that the woman returned out of the land of the Philistines: and she went forth to cry unto the king for her house and for her land. 8:4 And the king talked with Gehazi the servant of the man of God, saying, Tell me, I pray thee, all the great things that Elisha hath done. 8:5 And it came to pass, as he was telling the king how he had restored a dead body to life, that, behold, the woman, whose son he had restored to life, cried to the king for her house and for her land.

And Gehazi said, My lord, O king, this is the woman, and this is her son, whom Elisha restored to life. 8:6 And when the king asked the woman, she told him.

So the king appointed unto her a certain officer, saying, Restore all that was hers, and all the fruits of the field since the day that she left the land, even until now." (2 Kings 8:1-6 KJV)

Syria was adjacent to the Kingdom of Israel, whereas the Kingdom of Judah was farther south. For the most part, Syria was a constant problem for Israel, not for Judah.

"8:7 And Elisha came to Damascus; and Benhadad the king of Syria was sick; and it was told him, saying, The man of God is come hither. 8:8 And the king said unto Hazael, Take a present in thine hand, and go, meet the man of God, and enquire of the LORD by him, saying, Shall I recover of this disease?

8:9 So Hazael went to meet him, and took a present with him, even of every good thing of Damascus, forty camels' burden, and came and stood before him, and said, Thy son Benhadad king of Syria hath sent me to thee, saying, Shall I recover of this disease?

8:10 And Elisha said unto him, Go, say unto him, Thou mayest certainly recover: howbeit the LORD hath shewed me that he shall surely die. 8:11 And he settled his countenance stedfastly, until he was ashamed: and the man of God wept.

8:12 And Hazael said, Why weepeth my lord?

And he answered, Because I know the evil that thou wilt do unto the children of Israel: their strong holds wilt thou set on fire, and their young men wilt thou slay with the sword, and wilt dash their children, and rip up their women with child.

8:13 And Hazael said, But what, is thy servant a dog, that he should do this great thing?

And Elisha answered, The LORD hath shewed me that thou shalt be king over Syria. 8:14 So he departed from Elisha, and came to his master; who said to him, What said Elisha to thee? And he answered, He told me that thou shouldest surely recover. 8:15 And it came to pass on the morrow, that he took a thick cloth, and dipped it in water, and spread it on his face, so that he died: and Hazael reigned in his stead." (2 Kings 8:7-15 KJV)

The "politics" of Israel and Judah (i.e. see The Capitals Of Israel) developed separately after the division of the united kingdom e.g. "in the fifth year of Joram the son of Ahab king of Israel, Jehoshaphat being then king of Judah, Jehoram the son of Jehoshaphat king of Judah began to reign."

"8:16 And in the fifth year of Joram the son of Ahab king of Israel, Jehoshaphat being then king of Judah, Jehoram the son of Jehoshaphat king of Judah began to reign. 8:17 Thirty and two years old was he when he began to reign; and he reigned eight years in Jerusalem. 8:18 And he walked in the way of the kings of Israel, as did the house of Ahab: for the daughter of Ahab was his wife: and he did evil in the sight of the LORD. 8:19 Yet the LORD would not destroy Judah for David his servant's sake, as he promised him to give him alway a light, and to his children.

8:20 In his days Edom revolted from under the hand of Judah, and made a king over themselves. 8:21 So Joram went over to Zair, and all the chariots with him: and he rose by night, and smote the Edomites which compassed him about, and the captains of the chariots: and the people fled into their tents. 8:22 Yet Edom revolted from under the hand of Judah unto this day. Then Libnah revolted at the same time.

8:23 And the rest of the acts of Joram, and all that he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah? 8:24 And Joram slept with his fathers, and was buried with his fathers in the city of David: and Ahaziah his son reigned in his stead." (2 Kings 8:16-24 KJV)

So it continued with "In the twelfth year of Joram the son of Ahab king of Israel did Ahaziah the son of Jehoram king of Judah begin to reign."

"8:25 In the twelfth year of Joram the son of Ahab king of Israel did Ahaziah the son of Jehoram king of Judah begin to reign. 8:26 Two and twenty years old was Ahaziah when he began to reign; and he reigned one year in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Athaliah, the daughter of Omri king of Israel. 8:27 And he walked in the way of the house of Ahab, and did evil in the sight of the LORD, as did the house of Ahab: for he was the son in law of the house of Ahab.

8:28 And he went with Joram the son of Ahab to the war against Hazael king of Syria in Ramothgilead; and the Syrians wounded Joram. 8:29 And king Joram went back to be healed in Jezreel of the wounds which the Syrians had given him at Ramah, when he fought against Hazael king of Syria.

And Ahaziah the son of Jehoram king of Judah went down to see Joram the son of Ahab in Jezreel, because he was sick." (2 Kings 8:25-29 KJV)

Fact Finder: (a) How many kings ("the head of a kin") did Israel and Judah have? (b) How many dynasties (i.e. royal lines) did Israel and Judah have? Why did Judah have only one royal dynasty?
(a) See Kings of Israel and Judah
(b) See Israelite Dynasties


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This Day In History, June 13

81: The Roman Emperor Titus (reigned 79-81) died at age 42. As a military commander before succeeding his father Vespasian, it was Titus who inflicted the prophesied destruction of Jerusalem and the Temple in 70 AD (see A History Of Jerusalem: Titus And The Zealots and What Did Jesus Christ Say About Those Stones?).

122: Construction began of Hadrian's Wall in Britain during the time the island was under Roman occupation (see A History Of Jerusalem: Hadrian and Simon bar Kokhba). Named after the emperor Hadrian (reigned 117-138), parts of the 120 kilometer (75 mile) wall remain visible today.

Hadrian's Wall 313: The Edict of Milan, signed by Constantine the Great and co-emperor Valerius Licinius granted "religious freedom" throughout the Roman Empire i.e. the "freedom" to submit to Constantine's perverted version of Christianity, including worship on the Roman/Babylonian "Sun Day" (see Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy and Why Observe The True Sabbath?; see also A History Of Jerusalem: Constantine and Muhammad).

1249: Alexander III was crowned as King of the Scots.

1321: Italian playwright Dante Alighieri died. His farce Divine Comedy was the inspiration for much of the Vatican's development of the doctrine of an ever-burning hell fire and the non-existent Purgatory.

1515: King Francis of France battled the Swiss army under Cardinal Matthias Schiner at Marignano in northern Italy.

1525: The monk Martin Luther married the nun Katharina von Bora, thereby violating the Church of Rome's celibacy rule. Luther became known as a protestant reformer, although he maintained most of the antichrist doctrines of Rome (e.g. Sunday; see Antichristians, Friends Of Jesus and Why Observe The True Sabbath?), as do most of the "Protestant" churches to this day.

1549: Pope Paul III ended the first session of the Council of Bologna.

1609: Henry Hudson entered what would later be named New York harbor and claimed the area for Holland.

1611: Fabricius discovered sunspots.

1625: King Charles I of England married Henrietta Maria, Princess of France.

1740: During the Siege of St. Augustine, Georgia (named after King George II) provincial governor James Oglethorpe began an attempt to take Spanish Florida for England.

1833: Robert Lyon, a law student, became the last (known) person to be killed in a duel in Ontario. He was killed by former friend (obviously) and fellow law student, John Wilson, who was acquitted of murder and later went on to become a Member of Parliament and a judge.

1871: A hurricane killed 300 people in Labrador.

1886: A fire devastated most of Vancouver, British Columbia.

1893: U.S. President Grover Cleveland underwent surgery to remove a large, cancerous portion of his jaw. The operation was not reported to the public until 1917, nine years after his death.

1898: The Yukon Territory of Canada was established, 2 years after the Klondike gold discovery. Dawson City was named the capital. During the goldrush, Dawson City was the largest city north of Seattle and west of Winnipeg.

1922: The highest recorded shade temperature, 58 degrees Celsius / 136 degrees Fahrenheit, was recorded at Al Aziziyah, Libya.

1934: Adolf Hitler (see Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion) and Italian dictator Benito Mussolini met in Venice, Italy. Mussolini later described Hitler as "a silly little monkey."

1942: During the Second World War, the German army began its all-out attack on Stalingrad against stiff Soviet resistance.

1944: During the Second World War, Germany launched its V-1 jet-powered bombing campaign on Britain that would kill 5,479 people and injure almost 16,000.

1971: The New York Times began publishing "The Pentagon Papers," a stolen collection of secret Vietnam War documents (a "Wikileaks" of that day). It was from that publication of embarrassing information that President Richard Nixon created the "plumbers," a group of White House operatives whose assigned task was to prevent further "leaks" - something that they disastrously failed to do when they committed the Watergate break-in that resulted in the fall of the Nixon presidency.

1978: Israeli forces withdrew from Lebanon (see also A History Of Jerusalem: War And Peace and Israel's Wars In The Twentieth Century).

1983: Pioneer 10 became the first man-made object to leave the Solar System when it passes beyond the orbit of Neptune (the pagan-god name that scientists gave to the planet).

1997: A jury sentenced U.S. terrorist Timothy McVeigh to death for his part in the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing.

2000: At the insistence of Pope John Paul II, the President of Italy pardoned Mehmet Ali Agca, 43, 19 years after shooting the pope in 1981. Agca was then returned to Turkey to complete a 10 year sentence for murder, of which he had served only 158 days before escaping.

2002: The U.S. withdrew from the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty in order to "legally" increase and further develop its arsenal of weapons of mass destruction - while demanding that others reduce their weapons of mass destruction inventory.

2007: The Al Askari Mosque in Iraq was bombed, as it was the previous year.

2010: A capsule of the Japanese spacecraft Hayabusa, containing particles of the asteroid 25143 Itokawa, returned to Earth.



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