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Monday, June 16 2014
2 Kings 11: What Did Jezebel's Daughter Do?
"Athaliah did reign over the land"
Athaliah was the granddaughter of King Omri of the northern Kingdom of Israel (see Omri Of Israel and The First Kings Of Israel and Judah). She was also known as "the daughter of Omri" according to the frequent Biblical custom, for both males and females, in which grandchildren and later descendants were sometimes called sons or daughters of a distant ancestor. Athaliah was actually the daughter of Ahab and Jezebel, of the northern Kingdom of Israel, whose royal line was removed by the LORD (see The End Of The Line For Ahab And Jezebel).
Athaliah's connection to the southern Kingdom of Judah happened when she became the wife of Jehoram, king of Judah (see Jehoram Of Judah), from which she became the mother of Ahaziah, king of Judah (see Ahaziah Of Judah).
"21:5 Jehoram was thirty and two years old when he began to reign, and he reigned eight years in Jerusalem. 21:6 And he walked in the way of the kings of Israel, like as did the house of Ahab: for he had the daughter of Ahab to wife: and he wrought that which was evil in the eyes of the LORD." (2 Chronicles 21:5-6 KJV)
Athaliah carried on the evil behavior of her notoriously-wicked parents Ahab and Jezebel. When her husband and son, both of whom had been reigning kings, were killed in separate incidents, Athaliah of Israel seized the throne of Judah for herself by putting to death all of the legitimate Messianic heirs to the throne (see the Fact Finder question below). The royal slaughter would have been complete if not for the courageous action of the princess Jehosheba (also known as Jehoshabeath), the daughter of king Joram, who saved her infant nephew (i.e. "Jehosheba, the daughter of king Joram, sister of Ahaziah, took Joash the son of Ahaziah") and hid him in the Temple. Jehosheba was married to the high priest Jehoiada (i.e. 2 Chronicles 22:11) where the true royal heir had refuge for the six years of Athaliah's unlawful reign. In doing so, she preserved the unbroken royal line that extended from King David to Jesus Christ (see the Fact Finder question below).
"11:1 And when Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, she arose and destroyed all the seed royal.
Athaliah held the throne of Judah for six years until Jehoiada the high priest declared it was time to restore the monarchy to the rightful heir. Athaliah falsely and hypocritically accused the army and the priesthood of treason - of which she alone was guilty.
"11:4 And the seventh year Jehoiada sent and fetched the rulers over hundreds, with the captains and the guard, and brought them to him into the house of the LORD, and made a covenant with them, and took an oath of them in the house of the LORD, and showed them the king's son. 11:5 And he commanded them, saying, This is the thing that ye shall do; A third part of you that enter in on the sabbath shall even be keepers of the watch of the king's house; 11:6 And a third part shall be at the gate of Sur; and a third part at the gate behind the guard: so shall ye keep the watch of the house, that it be not broken down. 11:7 And two parts of all you that go forth on the sabbath, even they shall keep the watch of the house of the LORD about the king. 11:8 And ye shall compass the king round about, every man with his weapons in his hand: and he that cometh within the ranges, let him be slain: and be ye with the king as he goeth out and as he cometh in.
The murderous Athaliah's own demise was then inevitable, as was that of all of Athaliah's "priests of Baal" - just as they had served her mother Jezebel (see Elijah's Defeat Of The Prophets Of Baal).
"11:15 But Jehoiada the priest commanded the captains of the hundreds, the officers of the host, and said unto them, Have her forth without the ranges: and him that followeth her kill with the sword. For the priest had said, Let her not be slain in the house of the LORD. 11:16 And they laid hands on her; and she went by the way by the which the horses came into the king's house: and there was she slain.
Fact Finder: Why was it necessary for Judah to have only one legitimate royal line?
This Day In History, June 16
363: While under attacks from the Persians (see also The Decrees Of The Persian Kings), Roman Emperor Julian (see also A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars) retreated up the Tigris River in Iraq while burning his supply ships.
455: Rome was sacked by the Vandals, a Germanic tribe - hence the term "vandalism" (see also The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation).
1487: The Battle of Stoke, the last great battle fought on English soil, brought an end to the War of the Roses between the Houses of York and Lancaster.
1654: Queen Christina abdicated the Swedish throne after converting to Roman Catholicism.
1567: Mary Queen of Scots was locked up in Lochleven Castle prison.
1671: Cossack rebel leader Stenka Razin was executed in Moscow.
1745: British troops took Cape Breton Island, which is now part of Nova Scotia, Canada.
1746: The Battle of Piacenza during War of Austrian Succession; Austria and Sardinia defeated a Franco-Spanish army.
1779: Spain declared war on Britain; the Great Siege of Gibraltar began.
1815: After marching into Belgium earlier in the month, Napoleon found himself confronted by 2 allied armies, which he tried to split. On this day, a French attack at the crossroads called Quatre Bras on the British army failed to rout it or take the crossroads. The Prussian army also retired intact. Both armies faced Napoleon 2 days later at Waterloo.
1891: John Abbott became Canada's third Prime Minister since the present-day nation was founded in 1867 (July 1 is Canada Day, the national holiday).
1897: The Republic of Hawaii was annexed to the U.S.
1903: The Ford Motor Company was incorporated.
1932: The ban on Nazi storm troopers is lifted by the von Papen government in Germany.
1933: Chaim Arlosoroff, a prominent Jewish Zionist (see Anti-Zion Is Anti-Christ) organization leader, was murdered at Tel Aviv.
1952: A Swedish rescue plane searching for a lost aircraft was shot down by Soviet fighters over Swedish territorial waters.
1955: At the Vatican, Pope Pius XII excommunicated Argentine President Juan Peron.
1963: Russian cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova became the first woman in space, aboard the Vostok 6 (Sally Ride became the first U.S. female astronaut in space 20 years later, in 1983).
1969: British Field Marshal Harold Alexander died at age 78. During the Second World War, he commanded the evacuation of 300,000 troops at Dunkirk (where he was the last man to leave the beaches), directed the allied ground offensive that resulted in the surrender of German forces at Tunis in May 1943, appointed commander of all allied forces in Italy in 1944, Governor-General of Canada 1946-1952, served as minister of defense 1952-1954 in Winston Churchill's government.
1993: Canada's peacekeeping mission to Cyprus ended after 29 years. The troops transferred their sector to British and Australian troops the previous day.
2012: China launched Shenzhou 9; the spacecraft carried three astronauts, including the first female Chinese astronaut, Liu Yang.