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Wednesday, June 18 2014
2 Kings 13: The History Of The Coincidental Kingdoms
"In the thirty and seventh year of Joash king of Judah began Jehoash the son of Jehoahaz to reign over Israel in Samaria"
When the people of Israel demanded a human king for themselves (see Our King May Judge Us), rather than the LORD (Who was and is Jesus Christ - see Genesis 1: In The Beginning Was The Word and The Kingdom Of The LORD God) Who was already their King, the political United Kingdom of Israel (i.e. all of the tribes of Israel together) existed for two relatively-brief eras. The first was during the reign of Israel's first human king - Saul of the tribe of Benjamin (see King Saul of Israel).
"10:20 And when Samuel had caused all the tribes of Israel to come near, the tribe of Benjamin was taken. 10:21 When he had caused the tribe of Benjamin to come near by their families, the family of Matri was taken, and Saul the son of Kish was taken: and when they sought him, he could not be found. 10:22 Therefore they enquired of the LORD further, if the man should yet come thither.
Saul was physically strong alone i.e. Saul's "leadership" was based on little more than "might makes right" (see also What Do Leaders Do?). Saul soon revealed himself to be a shallow brute with poor judgment whose great power was much more damaging to himself than to those that he claimed to "lead" (see Saul's Burnt Offering and Jonathan's Sweet Victory). Saul was then declared unfit (see Saul's Impeachment) and replaced by David of the tribe of Judah. The succession was settled by means of the civil war (see The War Between The Houses of David and Saul), after which Israel was then fully-united under King David. Jerusalem only became an Israelite city in the time of King David (see Why Didn't David And Saul Fight For Jerusalem? and How Long Was Jerusalem The Capital Of Israel?).
King David's son and successor, King Solomon, had great wisdom as a youth - to which the LORD added much more by means of the Holy Spirit (see Solomon's Gift Of Wisdom). Solomon however foolishly squandered his great wisdom in his later years (see What Caused Solomon's Idolatry?). He became a lecherous and corrupt old fool - to which the LORD declared the end of the short-lived United Kingdom of Israel.
The kingdom (the empire actually - the reason that Israel constantly faced "the empire strikes back" problems from Syria and Moab; see King David's Empire) was then divided into two politically-separate kingdoms, known as "Israel" (the northern and east of the Jordan River ten tribes) and "Judah" (the tribes of Judah and Benjamin, and eventually all of Levi). From that time on, Israel and Judah were coincidental kingdoms ("coincidental" literally means occurring or operating at the same time) with their own politics and religion (see The Politics Of The Two Kingdoms and Israel Never Knew Purim, Hanukkah Or Judaism). Israel had a number of capital cities in Samaria (see The Capitals Of Israel), while Judah made Jerusalem their capital (Judah's capital was Hebron during the civil war; see (see King David Of Judah)).
The Books of Kings are a history of those two kingdoms - Israel and Judah. The reigns of their kings were typically recorded in relation to the time of the reign of the king in the other kingdom e.g. "In the three and twentieth year of Joash the son of Ahaziah king of Judah Jehoahaz the son of Jehu began to reign over Israel in Samaria, and reigned seventeen years."
"13:1 In the three and twentieth year of Joash the son of Ahaziah king of Judah Jehoahaz the son of Jehu began to reign over Israel in Samaria, and reigned seventeen years. 13:2 And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD, and followed the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, which made Israel to sin; he departed not therefrom. 13:3 And the anger of the LORD was kindled against Israel, and he delivered them into the hand of Hazael king of Syria, and into the hand of Benhadad the son of Hazael, all their days.
Israel and Judah had their own prophets (see The Prophets: North and South). Elijah and Elisha were primarily to the kings of the northern Kingdom of Israel (see Elijah's Defeat Of The Prophets Of Baal and Did Elisha Have Chariots of Fire Too?).
"13:10 In the thirty and seventh year of Joash king of Judah began Jehoash the son of Jehoahaz to reign over Israel in Samaria, and reigned sixteen years. 13:11 And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD; he departed not from all the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who made Israel sin: but he walked therein.
Elijah was taken away to retirement (see Where Did That Chariot Of Fire Take Elijah?), whereas Elisha died at home. Elisha's miracles (i.e. the power of the Holy Spirit that was given to Elisha for his service to the LORD) provided a further miracle even after he died: "As they were burying a man, that, behold, they spied a band of men; and they cast the man into the sepulchre of Elisha: and when the man was let down, and touched the bones of Elisha, he revived, and stood up on his feet" (see also How Did Elijah Raise The Dead?).
"13:20 And Elisha died, and they buried him.
Fact Finder: When will Israel and Judah be re-united? Who will be their King at that future time?
This Day In History, June 18
618: Li Yuan was proclaimed Emperor Gaozu of Tang, beginning three centuries of the Tang Dynasty in China (see also Gog and Magog).
1053: The Battle of Civitate. 3,000 cavalry of Norman Count Humphrey routed the forces of Pope Leo IX.
1155: Frederick I Barbarossa (known as "Red Beard"), a Hohenstaufen, was crowned "Holy Roman Emperor" (see The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation) by Pope Adrian IV.
1178: Five Canterbury monks reported seeing an explosion on the moon, the only such observation known. It is believed to have been the result of a collision with a piece of space rock that formed another of the moon's many impact craters (see also The Blood Moon Prophecy).
1264: The Parliament of Ireland met at Castledermot in County Kildare, the first known session of the Irish legislature.
1633: Charles I was crowned King of Scots at St Giles Cathedral, Edinburgh (see also 1 Kings 16: The Election Of Kings).
1667: The Dutch fleet sailed up the Thames and threatened London.
1757: During the Seven Years' War, the Battle of Kolín was fought between Prussian forces under Frederick the Great and an Austrian army under Field Marshal Count Leopold Joseph von Daun.
1767: Samuel Wallis, an English explorer who sailed around the world, sighted Tahiti. He and his crew are considered to be the first Europeans to encounter the island.
1784: King George III authorized the division of Nova Scotia (which means New Scotland), establishing the new section as New Brunswick.
1812: U.S. President James Madison signed a declaration of war that began the War of 1812 (1812-1814) against Britain, with the primary publicly-stated objective of annexing Canada and subjecting its people to U.S. military occupation and rule, with the proclamation "surrender or be annihilated" (as an independent nation, the U.S. very quickly became what it claims to have been founded against). At the end of the war, Canada was still Canada, and the borders remained unmoved. It was the last invasion of Canada by any nation.
1815: Napoleon Bonaparte's attempt to regain control of France ended when he was defeated at The Battle of Waterloo in Belgium by British and Prussian forces. After escaping from exile in Elba, Napoleon marched north through France for 100 days, gathering men and arms. The Duke of Wellington met him with a mixed allied army in a day-long battle. Napoleon's army suffered massive casualties, losing 40,000 of its 72,000 men.
1953: Egypt was proclaimed a republic.
1975: Prince Faisal Ibn Musaed was publicly beheaded for the murder of his uncle, King Faisal of Saudi Arabia.
1981: A disease that was later to be known as AIDS, was identified by researchers in San Francisco, California.
1983: Sally Ride became the first U.S. woman in space - 20 years after the first woman in space, Russian cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova.