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Thursday, June 19 2014

2 Kings 14: Judah's Wars With Israel

"Jehoash king of Israel went up; and he and Amaziah king of Judah looked one another in the face at Bethshemesh"

The people of Israel (see The First Census Of Israel and Israel's Jordan Census) became divided into two separate kingdoms after the time of King Solomon (see The First Kings Of Israel and Judah). They thereafter each developed their own politics (see The Politics Of The Two Kingdoms), and from that, their own religions. Both deserted what the LORD (Who was and is Jesus Christ - see Genesis 1: In The Beginning Was The Word and The Kingdom Of The LORD God) originally gave to them when He created them as a nation (see I Will There Make Of Thee A Great Nation). Their independence from each other also became an independence from the LORD (see Solomon's Regime) - although both continued to use the Name of the LORD for their self-worship and state-worship (i.e. their lands were filled with idols of themselves) dead-end religions (see Why Call Me, Lord, Lord, and Do Not The Things Which I Say?).

Israel and Judah not only became two separate countries. At times, along with attacking and being attacked by former subjects of the Israelite empire (see King David's Empire) they were actually formally at war with each other. An example is recorded here when "Judah was put to the worse before Israel" and "Jehoash king of Israel took Amaziah king of Judah, the son of Jehoash the son of Ahaziah, at Bethshemesh, and came to Jerusalem, and brake down the wall of Jerusalem."

Israel and Judah

"14:1 In the second year of Joash son of Jehoahaz king of Israel reigned Amaziah the son of Joash king of Judah. 14:2 He was twenty and five years old when he began to reign, and reigned twenty and nine years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Jehoaddan of Jerusalem. 14:3 And he did that which was right in the sight of the LORD, yet not like David his father: he did according to all things as Joash his father did. 14:4 Howbeit the high places were not taken away: as yet the people did sacrifice and burnt incense on the high places.

14:5 And it came to pass, as soon as the kingdom was confirmed in his hand, that he slew his servants which had slain the king his father. 14:6 But the children of the murderers he slew not: according unto that which is written in the book of the law of Moses, wherein the LORD commanded, saying, The fathers shall not be put to death for the children, nor the children be put to death for the fathers; but every man shall be put to death for his own sin.

14:7 He slew of Edom in the valley of salt ten thousand, and took Selah by war, and called the name of it Joktheel unto this day.

14:8 Then Amaziah sent messengers to Jehoash, the son of Jehoahaz son of Jehu, king of Israel, saying, Come, let us look one another in the face.

14:9 And Jehoash the king of Israel sent to Amaziah king of Judah, saying, The thistle that was in Lebanon sent to the cedar that was in Lebanon, saying, Give thy daughter to my son to wife: and there passed by a wild beast that was in Lebanon, and trode down the thistle. 14:10 Thou hast indeed smitten Edom, and thine heart hath lifted thee up: glory of this, and tarry at home: for why shouldest thou meddle to thy hurt, that thou shouldest fall, even thou, and Judah with thee?

14:11 But Amaziah would not hear. Therefore Jehoash king of Israel went up; and he and Amaziah king of Judah looked one another in the face at Bethshemesh, which belongeth to Judah. 14:12 And Judah was put to the worse before Israel; and they fled every man to their tents. 14:13 And Jehoash king of Israel took Amaziah king of Judah, the son of Jehoash the son of Ahaziah, at Bethshemesh, and came to Jerusalem, and brake down the wall of Jerusalem from the gate of Ephraim unto the corner gate, four hundred cubits. 14:14 And he took all the gold and silver, and all the vessels that were found in the house of the LORD, and in the treasures of the king's house, and hostages, and returned to Samaria.ich was sixteen years old, and made him king instead of his father Amaziah." (2 Kings 14:1-14 KJV)

Another major difference between Israel and Judah was that Judah's royal cemetery was in Jerusalem (after Jerusalem itself became an Israelite city; see A History Of Jerusalem: Jebus Of Canaan and A History Of Jerusalem: The City Of David), while the kings of Israel were buried in Samaria (see also The Eighth Day: Empty Cemeteries).

"14:15 Now the rest of the acts of Jehoash which he did, and his might, and how he fought with Amaziah king of Judah, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel? 14:16 And Jehoash slept with his fathers, and was buried in Samaria with the kings of Israel; and Jeroboam his son reigned in his stead.

14:17 And Amaziah the son of Joash king of Judah lived after the death of Jehoash son of Jehoahaz king of Israel fifteen years. 14:18 And the rest of the acts of Amaziah, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah?

14:19 Now they made a conspiracy against him in Jerusalem: and he fled to Lachish; but they sent after him to Lachish, and slew him there. 14:20 And they brought him on horses: and he was buried at Jerusalem with his fathers in the city of David.

14:21 And all the people of Judah took Azariah, which was sixteen years old, and made him king instead of his father Amaziah. 14:22 He built Elath, and restored it to Judah, after that the king slept with his fathers." (2 Kings 14:15-22 KJV)

Jeroboam was the first king of the divided Kingdom of Israel (see The First Kings Of Israel and Judah). Jeroboam II, "the son of Joash king of Israel," was also a namesake in corruption because "he departed not from all the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who made Israel to sin." For the purpose of the coming Messiah, the LORD enabled the kingdoms to survive (i.e. both royal lines that will be united after the Messiah's return; see the Fact Finder question below), but the kingdoms of Israel were generally no different than the nations around them - from which the Israelites themselves had originated anyway (see The LORD's Seed Covenants With The Two Men Of Iraq, A Biography Of Jacob: The Jacobites Of Syria, The Origin Of Israel and The First Jews).

"14:23 In the fifteenth year of Amaziah the son of Joash king of Judah Jeroboam the son of Joash king of Israel began to reign in Samaria, and reigned forty and one years. 14:24 And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD: he departed not from all the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who made Israel to sin. 14:25 He restored the coast of Israel from the entering of Hamath unto the sea of the plain, according to the word of the LORD God of Israel, which he spake by the hand of his servant Jonah, the son of Amittai, the prophet, which was of Gathhepher.

14:26 For the LORD saw the affliction of Israel, that it was very bitter: for there was not any shut up, nor any left, nor any helper for Israel. 14:27 And the LORD said not that he would blot out the name of Israel from under heaven: but he saved them by the hand of Jeroboam the son of Joash.

14:28 Now the rest of the acts of Jeroboam, and all that he did, and his might, how he warred, and how he recovered Damascus, and Hamath, which belonged to Judah, for Israel, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel? 14:29 And Jeroboam slept with his fathers, even with the kings of Israel; and Zachariah his son reigned in his stead." (2 Kings 14:23-29 KJV)

Fact Finder: When will Israel and Judah be reunited in peace?
See When Will The United Kingdom Be Restored?


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This Day In History, June 19

325: The month-long Council of Nicea closed. Known as the first ecumenical council in the history of Emperor Constantine's Church of Rome (see Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy and A History Of Jerusalem: Constantine and Muhammad), it formulated the Nicene Creed and established the method for calculating their "Easter."

Constantine with Sol Invictus 1179: The Battle of Kalvskinnet, at Nidaros, Norway. Earl Erling Skakke (the father of Magnus V, who reigned as King of Norway from 1161 to 1184) was killed.

1269: King Louis IX of France ordered all Jews to wear a yellow badge in public (centuries later, the Nazis under Adolf Hitler issued the same order; see also Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion).

1306: The forces of the Earl of Pembroke defeated the Scottish army of Robert the Bruce at the Battle of Methven.

1536: Anne Boleyn, Henry VIII's second wife, was beheaded.

1566: James VI of Scotland was born. Upon the death of Elizabeth I in 1603, he ascended the English throne as James I. He is best remembered for authorizing the publication known today as the King James Version (KJV) of the Holy Bible (see also The Election Of Kings).

1610: French forces under Samuel de Champlain battled the Iroquois near the mouth of the Richelieu River in Quebec.

1793: The Upper Canada legislature passed an act prohibiting the importation of slaves into the colony, the first such law in the British Empire.

1816: The Battle of Seven Oaks was fought by the North West Company and Hudson's Bay Company, near Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.

1821: The Battle of Dragasani between the Ottomans and the Greeks (listen to our Sermon The Ottoman Empire; see also A History Of Jerusalem: The British Mandate).

1850: Princess Louise of the Netherlands married Crown Prince Karl of Sweden-Norway.

1867: Archduke Ferdinand Maximilian, emperor of Mexico, was executed by firing squad.

1875: The Herzegovinian rebellion against the Ottoman Empire began.

1917: During the First World War, King George V ordered members of British royal family to dispense with German titles and surnames, and to assume the name Windsor (listen also to our Sermons The European World Wars and The Balfour Declaration).

1953: Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were executed in the electric chair at the "Sing Sing" Prison in New York after being convicted of transmitting atomic bomb secrets to Russia. Their execution had been originally scheduled for 11:00 pm on a Friday, however after an appeal by their lawyers saying that an execution during the Sabbath would offend their Jewish heritage, the Federal Government changed the execution time to 8:00 pm, about an hour before the Sabbath was to begin. According to official witnesses, while Julius Rosenberg died as expected, it was discovered that Ethel Rosenberg was still alive, so the unconscious woman was strapped back into the chair and electrocuted further until smoke from her head filled the execution chamber.

1961: Kuwait was granted independence from the United Kingdom.

1976: The Viking 1 space probe entered Martian orbit after a 10-month flight from Earth.

1991: The Soviet occupation of Hungary ended.


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