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Thursday, June 26 2014
2 Kings 21: The Seven Kings Of Judah On The Samaritan Frontier
"The king of Assyria brought men from Babylon, and from Cuthah, and from Ava, and from Hamath, and from Sepharvaim, and placed them in the cities of Samaria instead of the children of Israel: and they possessed Samaria, and dwelt in the cities thereof"
The people of Israel had the LORD (Who was and is Jesus Christ - see Genesis 1: In The Beginning Was The Word and The Kingdom Of The LORD God) as their King right from His creation of Israel as a nation (see I Will There Make Of Thee A Great Nation), through the time of Moses (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Moses), Joshua (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Joshua), the Judges (see Israel In History and Prophecy: The Judges) and Samuel (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Samuel).
The people of Israel then demanded a king from among themselves (see Our King May Judge Us). The English word "king" means the head of a kin i.e. the leader of a family - hence the true meaning of the word "patriotism," which means father-ism; the Hebrew word of the Scriptures means the same. Saul was elected the first human king of Israel (see King Saul of Israel and The Election Of Kings).
The united kingdom of Israel had only four kings: Saul (before the civil war; see Saul's Impeachment and The War Between The Houses of David and Saul), then David (see King David's Empire), Solomon (see Solomon's Gift Of Wisdom and Solomon's Regime) and Rehoboam (see Rehoboam's Answer). As a judgment upon King Solomon's idolatry (see What Caused Solomon's Idolatry?), the LORD divided the united kingdom of Israel into two thereafter-separate kingdoms - "Israel" and "Judah" (see The First Kings Of Israel and Judah). As listed below (with a detailed study for each king), Israel and Judah each had their own sovereign kings.
Israel had nineteen kings by the time that the LORD had their kingdom destroyed in 721 BC (see Israel In History and Prophecy: The Lost Ten Tribes). Hezekiah was the king of Judah when Israel was taken away into exile - he was the last king of Judah to know a reigning king of Israel (see also Old Boys Versus Greenhorns).
King Manasseh of Judah (not to be confused with the Israelite patriarch Manasseh who lived centuries earlier; the tribe of Manasseh was one of the "lost ten tribes"; see Why East And West Manasseh?), the successor of King Hezekiah, was the first of seven kings of Judah to reign after the Kingdom of Israel ceased to exist. Thereafter, rather than Israel on their northern border, those kings of Judah had a Samaritan frontier that was controlled by Assyrian forces and re-settled by people from Babylon (see The Origin Of The Samaritans).
The degenerate ("unrestrained by convention or morality" i.e. liberal) reign of King Manasseh of Judah was that of a typical self-destructive liberal fool who will quickly commit a great amount of irreparable damage to a once-great nation (see Forward, Not Froward). Although Judah would also yet know a few righteous kings (e.g. Josiah), Manasseh's perverted behavior was the reason that the Kingdom of Judah itself would eventually be taken into exile by Babylon (Israel was gone by 721 BC, while Judah lasted until 586 BC).
"21:1 Manasseh was twelve years old when he began to reign, and reigned fifty and five years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Hephzibah. 21:2 And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD, after the abominations of the heathen, whom the LORD cast out before the children of Israel. 21:3 For he built up again the high places which Hezekiah his father had destroyed; and he reared up altars for Baal, and made a grove, as did Ahab king of Israel; and worshipped all the host of heaven, and served them. 21:4 And he built altars in the house of the LORD, of which the LORD said, In Jerusalem will I put my name. 21:5 And he built altars for all the host of heaven in the two courts of the house of the LORD. 21:6 And he made his son pass through the fire, and observed times, and used enchantments, and dealt with familiar spirits and wizards: he wrought much wickedness in the sight of the LORD, to provoke him to anger.
Manasseh was succeeded by Amon who "did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD, as his father Manasseh did." When the people of Judah could tolerate Amon's "progressive" mis-leadership no more, "the people of the land made Josiah his son king in his stead."
"21:19 Amon was twenty and two years old when he began to reign, and he reigned two years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Meshullemeth, the daughter of Haruz of Jotbah. 21:20 And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD, as his father Manasseh did. 21:21 And he walked in all the way that his father walked in, and served the idols that his father served, and worshipped them: 21:22 And he forsook the LORD God of his fathers, and walked not in the way of the LORD.
Fact Finder: Why didn't "the lost ten tribes" people of the Kingdom of Israel ever know Judaism?
This Day In History, June 26
221: Roman Emperor Elagabalus adopted his cousin Alexander Severus, thereby making him the heir to the title of Caesar (a title that originated from the family name of Julius Caesar (see A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars).
363: The Roman Emperor Julian was killed by an arrow during a clash with Persian cavalry (Persia is known today as Iran; see also Ancient Empires - Persia). Jovian, a Roman general, was proclaimed Emperor by the battlefield troops (see also Whatever Happened To Those Romans?).
1097: The armies of the First Crusade (1096-1099) occupied the ancient Byzantine city of Nicea (see Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy).
1243: The Seljuk Turkish army in Asia Minor was decimated by the Mongols.
1409: The Church of Rome entered a "double schism" when Petros Philargos was made Pope Alexander V - along with Pope Gregory XII in Rome and Pope Benedict XII in Avignon, France (see The Struggle For The Papacy; listen also to our Sermon Constantine's Papacy).
1483: Richard III of England began his rule, after deposing his nephew Edward V. Edward and his brother Richard were later murdered.
1541: Francisco Pizarro, Spanish conqueror of Peru, was assassinated in his palace.
1794: The Austrians were defeated by the French at Fleurus, halting their conquest of Belgium.
1843: Hong Kong was proclaimed a British crown colony.
1870: "Christmas" was declared a Federal holiday in the U.S.A. (see Could Santa Claus Have Become The Pope?).
1917: The first U.S. troops entered battle during the First World War, which began over 2 years earlier, in 1914 (the U.S. entered the Second World, in December of 1941, also over 2 years after it began, in September 1939; listen also to our Sermon The European World Wars).
1936: The first flight of the German Focke-Wulf Fw 61, the first functional helicopter.
1945: The United Nations Charter was signed by 50 nations in San Francisco, succeeding the League of Nations.
1959: The St. Lawrence Seaway, connecting Canadian and U.S. ports on the Great Lakes with the Atlantic Ocean, was opened by Queen Elizabeth II and U.S. President Eisenhower.
1974: The Universal Product Code, for automatically price-scanning goods, went into commercial service.
1976: The CN Tower in Toronto, the world's tallest free-standing structure, opened.
1995: Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak survived an assassination attempt unharmed when gunmen sprayed bullets at his armored limousine in the Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa.
2003: The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the sodomy laws (as found in the Holy Bible) are unconstitutional in the U.S.A. (see also Fire And Brimstone Upon Sodom And Gomorrah).