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Wednesday, July 2 2014

1 Chronicles 2: The Origin Of Israelites And Jews

All Jews Are Israelites; Not All Israelites Are Jews

Jacob was the son of Isaac (see The Marriage of Isaac and Rebekah; also Isaac's Burnt Offering) and the grandson of Abraham (see A Biography Of Abraham: The Genealogy Of Abram and The LORD's Seed Covenants With The Two Men Of Iraq). After the LORD (Who was and is Jesus Christ - see Genesis 1: In The Beginning Was The Word and The Kingdom Of The LORD God) changed Jacob's name to Israel (see A Biography Of Jacob: When Jacob Became Israel), the children of Jacob (twelve sons and one daughter; see A Biography Of Jacob: The Jacobites Of Syria) became known as the "Israelites."

"2:1 These are the sons of Israel; Reuben, Simeon, Levi, and Judah, Issachar, and Zebulun, 2:2 Dan, Joseph, and Benjamin, Naphtali, Gad, and Asher." (1 Chronicles 2:1-2 KJV)

"Jew" (and Jude) is merely an abbreviation of the name Judah i.e. Jews are the descendants of Judah. When the time came for Judah to marry, there were no female Jews in existence. There was even only one female Israelite - Judah's sister Dinah (see Genesis 34: Dinah). So Judah married a Canaanite woman who became the first mother of Jews ("Er, and Onan, and Shelah: which three were born unto him of the daughter of Shua the Canaanitess"; see The First Jews). Judah also had children with his widowed daughter-in-law, also a Canaanite, who also became a mother of the Jews ("Tamar his daughter in law bare him Pharez and Zerah"; Jesus Christ is descended from Judah through Pharez i.e. Matthew 1:3).

Family

"2:3 The sons of Judah; Er, and Onan, and Shelah: which three were born unto him of the daughter of Shua the Canaanitess. And Er, the firstborn of Judah, was evil in the sight of the LORD; and he slew him. 2:4 And Tamar his daughter in law bare him Pharez and Zerah. All the sons of Judah were five." (1 Chronicles 2:3-4 KJV)

The Messianic line through Judah is then documented, through the key figure of King David (see King David Of Judah and Israel In History and Prophecy: King David). It again includes the parallel lines from which marriages took place - and from which marriages from other nations happened e.g. Ruth from Moab (see Ruth: Building The House Of Israel).

"2:5 The sons of Pharez; Hezron, and Hamul. 2:6 And the sons of Zerah; Zimri, and Ethan, and Heman, and Calcol, and Dara: five of them in all. 2:7 And the sons of Carmi; Achar, the troubler of Israel, who transgressed in the thing accursed. 2:8 And the sons of Ethan; Azariah. 2:9 The sons also of Hezron, that were born unto him; Jerahmeel, and Ram, and Chelubai.

2:10 And Ram begat Amminadab; and Amminadab begat Nahshon, prince of the children of Judah; 2:11 And Nahshon begat Salma, and Salma begat Boaz, 2:12 And Boaz begat Obed, and Obed begat Jesse, 2:13 And Jesse begat his firstborn Eliab, and Abinadab the second, and Shimma the third, 2:14 Nethaneel the fourth, Raddai the fifth, 2:15 Ozem the sixth, David the seventh: 2:16 Whose sisters were Zeruiah, and Abigail. And the sons of Zeruiah; Abishai, and Joab, and Asahel, three. 2:17 And Abigail bare Amasa: and the father of Amasa was Jether the Ishmeelite.

2:18 And Caleb the son of Hezron begat children of Azubah his wife, and of Jerioth: her sons are these; Jesher, and Shobab, and Ardon. 2:19 And when Azubah was dead, Caleb took unto him Ephrath, which bare him Hur. 2:20 And Hur begat Uri, and Uri begat Bezaleel. 2:21 And afterward Hezron went in to the daughter of Machir the father of Gilead, whom he married when he was threescore years old; and she bare him Segub. 2:22 And Segub begat Jair, who had three and twenty cities in the land of Gilead. 2:23 And he took Geshur, and Aram, with the towns of Jair, from them, with Kenath, and the towns thereof, even threescore cities. All these belonged to the sons of Machir the father of Gilead. 2:24 And after that Hezron was dead in Calebephratah, then Abiah Hezron's wife bare him Ashur the father of Tekoa.

2:25 And the sons of Jerahmeel the firstborn of Hezron were, Ram the firstborn, and Bunah, and Oren, and Ozem, and Ahijah. 2:26 Jerahmeel had also another wife, whose name was Atarah; she was the mother of Onam. 2:27 And the sons of Ram the firstborn of Jerahmeel were, Maaz, and Jamin, and Eker. 2:28 And the sons of Onam were, Shammai, and Jada. And the sons of Shammai; Nadab, and Abishur. 2:29 And the name of the wife of Abishur was Abihail, and she bare him Ahban, and Molid. 2:30 And the sons of Nadab; Seled, and Appaim: but Seled died without children. 2:31 And the sons of Appaim; Ishi. And the sons of Ishi; Sheshan. And the children of Sheshan; Ahlai. 2:32 And the sons of Jada the brother of Shammai; Jether, and Jonathan: and Jether died without children. 2:33 And the sons of Jonathan; Peleth, and Zaza. These were the sons of Jerahmeel. 2:34 Now Sheshan had no sons, but daughters. And Sheshan had a servant, an Egyptian, whose name was Jarha. 2:35 And Sheshan gave his daughter to Jarha his servant to wife; and she bare him Attai. 2:36 And Attai begat Nathan, and Nathan begat Zabad, 2:37 And Zabad begat Ephlal, and Ephlal begat Obed, 2:38 And Obed begat Jehu, and Jehu begat Azariah, 2:39 And Azariah begat Helez, and Helez begat Eleasah, 2:40 And Eleasah begat Sisamai, and Sisamai begat Shallum, 2:41 And Shallum begat Jekamiah, and Jekamiah begat Elishama.

2:42 Now the sons of Caleb the brother of Jerahmeel were, Mesha his firstborn, which was the father of Ziph; and the sons of Mareshah the father of Hebron. 2:43 And the sons of Hebron; Korah, and Tappuah, and Rekem, and Shema. 2:44 And Shema begat Raham, the father of Jorkoam: and Rekem begat Shammai. 2:45 And the son of Shammai was Maon: and Maon was the father of Bethzur. 2:46 And Ephah, Caleb's concubine, bare Haran, and Moza, and Gazez: and Haran begat Gazez. 2:47 And the sons of Jahdai; Regem, and Jotham, and Geshan, and Pelet, and Ephah, and Shaaph. 2:48 Maachah, Caleb's concubine, bare Sheber, and Tirhanah. 2:49 She bare also Shaaph the father of Madmannah, Sheva the father of Machbenah, and the father of Gibea: and the daughter of Caleb was Achsah. 2:50 These were the sons of Caleb the son of Hur, the firstborn of Ephratah; Shobal the father of Kirjathjearim, 2:51 Salma the father of Bethlehem, Hareph the father of Bethgader. 2:52 And Shobal the father of Kirjathjearim had sons; Haroeh, and half of the Manahethites. 2:53 And the families of Kirjathjearim; the Ithrites, and the Puhites, and the Shumathites, and the Mishraites; of them came the Zareathites, and the Eshtaulites. 2:54 The sons of Salma; Bethlehem, and the Netophathites, Ataroth, the house of Joab, and half of the Manahethites, the Zorites. 2:55 And the families of the scribes which dwelt at Jabez; the Tirathites, the Shimeathites, and Suchathites. These are the Kenites that came of Hemath, the father of the house of Rechab." (2 Chronicles 2:5-55 KJV)

Fact Finder: (a) How many Israelites entered Egypt? (b) How many Israelites left Egypt 400 years later?
(a) See The First Census Of Israel and I Will There Make Of Thee A Great Nation
(b) See The First Sinai Census and How Long Were They Slaves?


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This Day In History, July 2

437: Emperor Valentinian III, began his reign over the Western Roman Empire.

626: Li Shimin, the succeeding Emperor Taizong of Tang, Emperor of China, killed his rival brothers in an ambush at the Xuanwu Gate.

1298: An army under Albert of Austria defeated and killed Adolf of Nassua near Vorms (often rendered in English as "Worms"), Germany (see also The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation).

1494: The Treaty of Tordesillas was ratified by Spain. It divided the "New World" outside of Europe between Portugal and Spain.

The New World

1555: The Ottoman Admiral Turgut Reis sacked Paola, Italy (listen to our Sermon The Ottoman Empire).

1625: The Spanish army took Breda, Spain, after nearly a year of siege.

1644: The Battle of Marston Moor near York brought the first major Royalist defeat in the English Civil War.

1747: Marshall Saxe led French forces to victory over an Anglo-Dutch force under the Duke of Cumberland at the Battle of Lauffeld.

1777: Vermont becomes the first U.S. territory to abolish slavery.

1853: The Russian army crossed the Pruth River, invading Turkey and beginning the Crimean War.

1871: Rome officially became capital of a united Italy; after 1,500 years, Rome again the capital of Italy.

1881: U.S. President James Garfield, who was sworn-in only 3 months earlier, was shot by Charles Guiteau. He died from the injury on September 19.

1897: Guglielmo Marconi, a scientist from Italy, obtained a patent for his "radio" in London.

1900: Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin flew his first airship, over Lake Constance near Friedrichshafen, Germany.

1937: Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan disappeared over the Pacific Ocean while trying to fly around the world.

1940: The liner Arandora Star was torpedoed by a German submarine while transporting German and Italian prisoners to Canada; over 750 prisoners and crew died.

1962: The first Wal-Mart store opened, in Rogers, Arkansas.

1964: U.S. President Lyndon Johnson signed the Civil Rights Act and the Public Accommodations Bill that guaranteed equality to blacks. Despite the new laws, a month later 3 civil rights workers were found murdered in Mississippi; police were implicated.

1966: France detonated a nuclear bomb at a test site in the Pacific.

1976: Following Vietnam War (which was actually a civil war between the Vietnamese people whose nation had been divided into two by western imperial powers in 1954), North and South Vietnam were reunited as one country with Hanoi as the capital.

2000: Vicente Fox Quesada was elected President of Mexico, the first from an opposition party, after over 70 years of the Partido Revolucionario Institucional.



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