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Monday, July 7 2014
1 Chronicles 7: The Northern Tribes
"Thy name shall be called no more Jacob, but Israel"
The seventh chapter of 1 Chronicles (keeping in mind that the books of the Holy Bible were originally written without chapters and verse numbers; see the Fact Finder question below) lists the genealogies of some of the northern tribes (i.e. north of Jerusalem) of the Israelites. Most of the tribes in this listing (except for Benjamin) later became the Kingdom of Israel, separate from the Kingdom of Judah (see The First Kings Of Israel and Judah and When Will The United Kingdom Be Restored?), after the united kingdom was divided by the LORD (Who was and is Jesus Christ - see Genesis 1: In The Beginning Was The Word and The Kingdom Of The LORD God).
"7:1 Now the sons of Issachar were, Tola, and Puah, Jashub, and Shimron, four. 7:2 And the sons of Tola; Uzzi, and Rephaiah, and Jeriel, and Jahmai, and Jibsam, and Shemuel, heads of their father's house, to wit, of Tola: they were valiant men of might in their generations; whose number was in the days of David two and twenty thousand and six hundred. 7:3 And the sons of Uzzi; Izrahiah: and the sons of Izrahiah; Michael, and Obadiah, and Joel, Ishiah, five: all of them chief men. 7:4 And with them, by their generations, after the house of their fathers, were bands of soldiers for war, six and thirty thousand men: for they had many wives and sons. 7:5 And their brethren among all the families of Issachar were valiant men of might, reckoned in all by their genealogies fourscore and seven thousand." (1 Chronicles 7:1-5 KJV)
Benjamin was a son of Jacob and Rachel. Although born of the same Iraqi-Syrian mothers (see A Biography Of Jacob: The Jacobites Of Syria), Benjamin was the only Israelite patriarch to be born in what later became the land of Israel (see The Rachel Prophecies); all of the others were born in Syria and Egypt.
"7:6 The sons of Benjamin; Bela, and Becher, and Jediael, three. 7:7 And the sons of Bela; Ezbon, and Uzzi, and Uzziel, and Jerimoth, and Iri, five; heads of the house of their fathers, mighty men of valour; and were reckoned by their genealogies twenty and two thousand and thirty and four. 7:8 And the sons of Becher; Zemira, and Joash, and Eliezer, and Elioenai, and Omri, and Jerimoth, and Abiah, and Anathoth, and Alameth. All these are the sons of Becher. 7:9 And the number of them, after their genealogy by their generations, heads of the house of their fathers, mighty men of valour, was twenty thousand and two hundred. 7:10 The sons also of Jediael; Bilhan: and the sons of Bilhan; Jeush, and Benjamin, and Ehud, and Chenaanah, and Zethan, and Tharshish, and Ahishahar. 7:11 All these the sons of Jediael, by the heads of their fathers, mighty men of valour, were seventeen thousand and two hundred soldiers, fit to go out for war and battle. 7:12 Shuppim also, and Huppim, the children of Ir, and Hushim, the sons of Aher." (1 Chronicles 7:6-12 KJV)
Naphtali was a son of Jacob and Bilhah (see Bilhah).
"7:13 The sons of Naphtali; Jahziel, and Guni, and Jezer, and Shallum, the sons of Bilhah." (1 Chronicles 7:13 KJV)
The Israelite patriarchs were born of five women - four Iraqi-Syrians in Syria (Leah, Rachel, Bilhah and Zilpah) and one Egyptian ("... Asenath the daughter of Potipherah priest of On"; Genesis 41:45 KJV).
Manasseh was an Egyptian-born son of Jacob's son Joseph and his Egyptian wife Asenath. Jacob later adopted his grandson Manasseh as a son, thereby making him a patriarch on the same level as his father and uncles (see The Adoption Of Ephraim and Manasseh).
"7:14 The sons of Manasseh; Ashriel, whom she bare: (but his concubine the Aramitess bare Machir the father of Gilead: 7:15 And Machir took to wife the sister of Huppim and Shuppim, whose sister's name was Maachah;) and the name of the second was Zelophehad: and Zelophehad had daughters. 7:16 And Maachah the wife of Machir bare a son, and she called his name Peresh; and the name of his brother was Sheresh; and his sons were Ulam and Rakem. 7:17 And the sons of Ulam; Bedan. These were the sons of Gilead, the son of Machir, the son of Manasseh. 7:18 And his sister Hammoleketh bare Ishod, and Abiezer, and Mahalah. 7:19 And the sons of Shemida were, Ahian, and Shechem, and Likhi, and Aniam." (1 Chronicles 7:14-19 KJV)
Ephraim was also an Egyptian-born son of Jacob's son Joseph and his Egyptian wife. Ephraim was adopted by his grandfather Jacob as a son, with his brother Manasseh, thereby also making him a patriarch on the same level as his father and uncles.
"7:20 And the sons of Ephraim; Shuthelah, and Bered his son, and Tahath his son, and Eladah his son, and Tahath his son, 7:21 And Zabad his son, and Shuthelah his son, and Ezer, and Elead, whom the men of Gath that were born in that land slew, because they came down to take away their cattle. 7:22 And Ephraim their father mourned many days, and his brethren came to comfort him. 7:23 And when he went in to his wife, she conceived, and bare a son, and he called his name Beriah, because it went evil with his house. 7:24 (And his daughter was Sherah, who built Bethhoron the nether, and the upper, and Uzzensherah.) 7:25 And Rephah was his son, also Resheph, and Telah his son, and Tahan his son, 7:26 Laadan his son, Ammihud his son, Elishama his son, 7:27 Non his son, Jehoshua his son. 7:28 And their possessions and habitations were, Bethel and the towns thereof, and eastward Naaran, and westward Gezer, with the towns thereof; Shechem also and the towns thereof, unto Gaza and the towns thereof: 7:29 And by the borders of the children of Manasseh, Bethshean and her towns, Taanach and her towns, Megiddo and her towns, Dor and her towns. In these dwelt the children of Joseph the son of Israel." (1 Chronicles 7:20-29 KJV)
Asher was a son of Jacob and Zilpah (see Zilpah).
"7:30 The sons of Asher; Imnah, and Isuah, and Ishuai, and Beriah, and Serah their sister. 7:31 And the sons of Beriah; Heber, and Malchiel, who is the father of Birzavith. 7:32 And Heber begat Japhlet, and Shomer, and Hotham, and Shua their sister. 7:33 And the sons of Japhlet; Pasach, and Bimhal, and Ashvath. These are the children of Japhlet. 7:34 And the sons of Shamer; Ahi, and Rohgah, Jehubbah, and Aram. 7:35 And the sons of his brother Helem; Zophah, and Imna, and Shelesh, and Amal. 7:36 The sons of Zophah; Suah, and Harnepher, and Shual, and Beri, and Imrah, 7:37 Bezer, and Hod, and Shamma, and Shilshah, and Ithran, and Beera. 7:38 And the sons of Jether; Jephunneh, and Pispah, and Ara. 7:39 And the sons of Ulla; Arah, and Haniel, and Rezia. 7:40 All these were the children of Asher, heads of their father's house, choice and mighty men of valour, chief of the princes. And the number throughout the genealogy of them that were apt to the war and to battle was twenty and six thousand men." (1 Chronicles 7:30-40 KJV)
Fact Finder: What should be kept in mind about chapters and verses in the Holy Bible?
This Day In History, July 7
1307: King Edward I of England died on his way north to subdue a rebellion in Scotland; he was succeeded by Edward II.
1534: The first recorded encounter of Europeans and native people of the Gulf of St. Lawrence area occurred, in what is today the Canadian Province of New Brunswick.
1543: France invaded Luxembourg.
1575: The Raid of the Redeswire; the last major battle between England and Scotland.
1668: Isaac Newton received his MA from Trinity College, Cambridge.
1798: Napoleon Bonaparte's army began its march towards Cairo, Egypt, from Alexandria.
1807: The first of the Treaties of Tilsit was signed, during which France, under Napoleon Bonaparte, and Russia, under Czar Alexander, became allies and divided Europe between them.
1846: During the Mexican-American war (a geographically-inaccurate term, since all people of the continents of North America and South America, from the northern tip of Canada to the southern tip of Argentina, are "Americans"; imagine if, for example, the people of Germany claimed to be the Europeans), the U.S. annexed California from Mexico. By the end of the war in 1848, Mexico lost the territories of what is today California, Nevada, Utah, Arizona, plus parts of Colorado and New Mexico. As well, Texas broke away from Mexico and later joined the U.S.
1865: Lewis Paine, David Herold, George Atzerodt and Mary Surratt were executed by public hanging in Washington's Old Penitentiary. They had been convicted of "treasonable conspiracy" in the assassination of Abraham Lincoln.
1898: U.S. President William McKinley declared the Newlands Resolution to annex Hawaii as a territory of the U.S.
1928: The Chillicothe Baking Company of Chillicothe, Missouri introduced a new product to the market - pre-sliced bread.
1930: Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, English author and creator of "Sherlock Holmes," died.
1937: Following the establishment of a commission to investigate the mandate in Palestine, the Peel Report was published in Britain (listen to our Sermons The Balfour Declaration and The Ottoman Empire).
1937: Japan invaded China.
1959: The planet Venus (the pagan name that scientists have given to the planet) occulted (blocked from view) the star Regulus. The event is used to calculate the diameter of Venus.
1967: Civil war began in Biafra.
1978: The Solomon Islands were granted independence from Britain.
1980: Sharia was instituted in Iran.
2005: Terrorist explosions in London's transport system killed 56 people (including the four suicide bombers) and injured over 700.