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Thursday, July 10 2014

1 Chronicles 10: Saul's Last Battle

"The Philistines followed hard after Saul"

The death of King Saul in battle with the Philistines (see Where Is Palestine?) enabled David to begin fighting the civil war to win (see Why Didn't David Kill Saul? and The War Between The Houses of David and Saul.

Saul was separated from his troops after "the men of Israel fled from before the Philistines." Those few who remained with him, along with his sons, including Jonathan (see David and Jonathan and Jonathan's Sweet Victory), died with, and for, Saul.

The Death Of Saul

"10:1 Now the Philistines fought against Israel; and the men of Israel fled from before the Philistines, and fell down slain in mount Gilboa.

10:2 And the Philistines followed hard after Saul, and after his sons; and the Philistines slew Jonathan, and Abinadab, and Malchishua, the sons of Saul.

10:3 And the battle went sore against Saul, and the archers hit him, and he was wounded of the archers." (1 Chronicles 10:1-3 KJV)

As stated in the verse above, Saul was not killed outright, but "was wounded of the archers." Whether he would have died from the wound is debatable, but Saul took it upon himself to not be taken alive - whether for the time that it would have taken him to die from the wound, or for the time that he would have survived under Philistine torture and abuse.

"10:4 Then said Saul to his armourbearer, Draw thy sword, and thrust me through therewith; lest these uncircumcised come and abuse me.

But his armourbearer would not; for he was sore afraid. So Saul took a sword, and fell upon it. 10:5 And when his armourbearer saw that Saul was dead, he fell likewise on the sword, and died. 10:6 So Saul died, and his three sons, and all his house died together." (1 Chronicles 10:4-6 KJV)

The battle against Saul turned into a rout against Israel ("when all the men of Israel that were in the valley saw that they fled, and that Saul and his sons were dead, then they forsook their cities, and fled: and the Philistines came and dwelt in them") that would later be corrected by King David (see King David's Empire). Saul was apparently right about the abuses that the Philistines would have done to him if he were taken alive - they did it to him anyway, after he was dead.

"10:7 And when all the men of Israel that were in the valley saw that they fled, and that Saul and his sons were dead, then they forsook their cities, and fled: and the Philistines came and dwelt in them.

10:8 And it came to pass on the morrow, when the Philistines came to strip the slain, that they found Saul and his sons fallen in mount Gilboa. 10:9 And when they had stripped him, they took his head, and his armour, and sent into the land of the Philistines round about, to carry tidings unto their idols, and to the people. 10:10 And they put his armour in the house of their gods, and fastened his head in the temple of Dagon. 10:11 And when all Jabeshgilead heard all that the Philistines had done to Saul, 10:12 They arose, all the valiant men, and took away the body of Saul, and the bodies of his sons, and brought them to Jabesh, and buried their bones under the oak in Jabesh, and fasted seven days." (1 Chronicles 10:7-12 KJV)

Saul's death relieved the nation of a rejected leader (see Saul's Impeachment) and a civil war (see Israel In History and Prophecy: The Civil War).

"10:13 So Saul died for his transgression which he committed against the LORD, even against the word of the LORD, which he kept not, and also for asking counsel of one that had a familiar spirit, to enquire of it; 10:14 And enquired not of the LORD: therefore he slew him, and turned the kingdom unto David the son of Jesse." (1 Chronicles 10:13-14 KJV)

Fact Finder: Saul and David did not fight for Jerusalem during the Civil War. Why?
See How Long Was Jerusalem The Capital Of Israel?)


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This Day In History, July 10

48 BC: The Battle of Dyrrhachium in Macedonia. Julius Caesar barely escaped a catastrophic defeat to Pompey (see A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars).

Pompey 138: Roman Emperor Hadrian died (see A History Of Jerusalem: Hadrian and Simon bar Kokhba). He was succeeded by Antonius Pius.

988: Dublin, Ireland was founded.

1212: The most extensive of the early fires of London, England destroyed most of the city.

1460: During the Wars of the Roses, Richard of York defeated King Henry VI at the battle of Northampton.

1520: The Spanish explorer Hernan Cortes (also known as Hernando Cortez) was forced from Tenochtitlan, Mexico by Aztec leader Cuauhtemoc.

1553: Lady Jane Grey was proclaimed Queen of England. Her father-in-law, Lord Northumberland persuaded Edward VI to name Lady Jane as his successor. Her reign lasted only 9 days before Queen Mary, Edward's older sister, successfully claimed the throne. Lady Jane was imprisoned for treason and then beheaded in February 1554.

1584: William I of Orange was assassinated at his home in Delft, Holland.

1609: The Catholic states in Germany set up a league under the leadership of Maximillian of Bavaria.

1778: Louis XVI of France declared war on England. While France is mistakenly regarded by some to have supported the rebellion of the New England colonies, France tolerated no such independence movements in its own colonies in Louisiana; France sought only to weaken the military ties between England and New England in order to take the territories over for itself when the opportunity presented itself. Napoleon's disastrous wars in Europe (England was fighting Napoleon's French Empire in Europe at the same time that it was fighting in the U.S. in the War of 1812-14) however prevented the French military from invading the new-independent New England colonies.

1821: The U.S. took Florida from Spain.

1925: The famous "Scopes Monkey Trial" began in Dayton, Tennessee, after high school biology teacher John T. Scopes, 24, was charged with teaching evolution to his students. Clarence Darrow worked for the defense and William Jennings Bryan for the prosecution (listen to our Sermon Darwin's Theory of Evolution).

1940: During the Second World War, the "Battle of Britain" air war began when German bombers attacked the docks in south Wales (listen to our Sermon The European World Wars).

1943: U.S., British, and Canadian forces invaded Sicily in "Operation Husky."

1953: The Israeli freighter Haifa took aboard its first consignment of iron in Bremen. As part of the reparations agreed to be paid to Israel for Nazi war crimes, along with hard currency payments, shipments of goods would continue without interruption for 12 years.

1960: 7 year old Roger Woodward became the first human to fall accidentally over Niagara Falls and survive.

1962: Telstar, the first television telecommunications satellite, was launched. It made possible the first relaying of TV programs across the Atlantic Ocean.

1985: The Greenpeace ship Rainbow Warrior was sunk in the port at Auckland, New Zealand, by a bomb placed by French secret service agents; one crew member was killed.

1992: Manuel Noriega was sentenced to 40 years in prison by a Miami court for alleged drug dealing committed in Panama. According to international diplomatic and military law of sovereign nations, after he was captured and taken to Florida during the U.S. invasion of Panama, Noriega has claimed to be a prisoner of war (Noriega is a general in the Panama military), as well as being diplomatically immune from the civil laws of a foreign country.



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