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Saturday, July 19 2014

1 Chronicles 19: What Did Hanun Do To David's Ambassadors?

"David said, I will shew kindness unto Hanun the son of Nahash, because his father shewed kindness to me"

Amon and Moab were territories located east of the Jordan River (see the Fact Finder question below). They were named after two of Lot's sons (Genesis 19:30-38; see also Why Did Lot's Wife Look Back?). In the time of King David, "Nahash the king of the children of Ammon died, and his son reigned in his stead. And David said, I will shew kindness unto Hanun the son of Nahash, because his father shewed kindness to me." The ambassadors sent by David were a peaceful expression of genuine compassion and humility on the part of David.

The English word "arrogance" originated from a Latin word, arrogantia, which meant to desire, as in to behave or speak with exorbitant claims of superiority. The original word, as does the Hebrew word that it's used to translate, simply meant to covet what is not right. Unfortunately for themselves, the new king of Amon and his foolish advisors were arrogant. They "took David's servants, and shaved off the one half of their beards, and cut off their garments in the middle, even to their buttocks, and sent them away."

Men Of David

"19:1 Now it came to pass after this, that Nahash the king of the children of Ammon died, and his son reigned in his stead. 19:2 And David said, I will shew kindness unto Hanun the son of Nahash, because his father shewed kindness to me.

And David sent messengers to comfort him concerning his father.

So the servants of David came into the land of the children of Ammon to Hanun, to comfort him. 19:3 But the princes of the children of Ammon said to Hanun, Thinkest thou that David doth honour thy father, that he hath sent comforters unto thee? are not his servants come unto thee for to search, and to overthrow, and to spy out the land? 19:4 Wherefore Hanun took David's servants, and shaved them, and cut off their garments in the midst hard by their buttocks, and sent them away." (1 Chronicles 19:1-4 KJV)

David's first response was to care for his humiliated diplomats. David did not then immediately declare war on the Amonites. They did - by launching a massive invasion of Israel, including Syrian mercenaries.

"19:5 Then there went certain, and told David how the men were served. And he sent to meet them: for the men were greatly ashamed. And the king said, Tarry at Jericho until your beards be grown, and then return.

19:6 And when the children of Ammon saw that they had made themselves odious to David, Hanun and the children of Ammon sent a thousand talents of silver to hire them chariots and horsemen out of Mesopotamia, and out of Syriamaachah, and out of Zobah. 19:7 So they hired thirty and two thousand chariots, and the king of Maachah and his people; who came and pitched before Medeba. And the children of Ammon gathered themselves together from their cities, and came to battle." (1 Chronicles 19:5-7 KJV)

David's army commander, Joab, led the defense of Israel. Joab wasn't an arrogant fool either. He mustered the army with the proclamation "Be of good courage, and let us behave ourselves valiantly for our people, and for the cities of our God: and let the LORD do that which is good in his sight."

"19:8 And when David heard of it, he sent Joab, and all the host of the mighty men. 19:9 And the children of Ammon came out, and put the battle in array before the gate of the city: and the kings that were come were by themselves in the field.

19:10 Now when Joab saw that the battle was set against him before and behind, he chose out of all the choice of Israel, and put them in array against the Syrians. 19:11 And the rest of the people he delivered unto the hand of Abishai his brother, and they set themselves in array against the children of Ammon. 19:12 And he said, If the Syrians be too strong for me, then thou shalt help me: but if the children of Ammon be too strong for thee, then I will help thee. 19:13 Be of good courage, and let us behave ourselves valiantly for our people, and for the cities of our God: and let the LORD do that which is good in his sight.

19:14 So Joab and the people that were with him drew nigh before the Syrians unto the battle; and they fled before him. 19:15 And when the children of Ammon saw that the Syrians were fled, they likewise fled before Abishai his brother, and entered into the city. Then Joab came to Jerusalem." (1 Chronicles 19:8-15 KJV)

King David then led a second army group into battle in response to Amon's drawing the Syrians into the conflict. Both Amon and Syrian were then given a lesson about the bitter fruit of arrogance.

"19:16 And when the Syrians saw that they were put to the worse before Israel, they sent messengers, and drew forth the Syrians that were beyond the river: and Shophach the captain of the host of Hadarezer went before them.

19:17 And it was told David; and he gathered all Israel, and passed over Jordan, and came upon them, and set the battle in array against them. So when David had put the battle in array against the Syrians, they fought with him. 19:18 But the Syrians fled before Israel; and David slew of the Syrians seven thousand men which fought in chariots, and forty thousand footmen, and killed Shophach the captain of the host.

19:19 And when the servants of Hadarezer saw that they were put to the worse before Israel, they made peace with David, and became his servants: neither would the Syrians help the children of Ammon any more." (1 Chronicles 19:16-19 KJV)

Fact Finder: (a) Amon and Moab were located east of the Jordan River. Did the LORD change Jacob's name to Israel as he was about to cross the Jordan from there? (b) Did much of Amon and Moab become Israelite territory in the time of Moses? (c) Is Moses buried somewhere in Amon and Moab?
(a) See Where Jacob Became Israel
(b) See The Israel Of East Jordan
(c) See The Passage Of Moses


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This Day In History, July 19

484: Leontius, a usurper, was crowned Eastern Roman emperor at Tarsus (today in Turkey; Tarsus is known in the Bible as the birthplace of the apostle Paul). Leontius was recognized in Antioch and made it his capital (see A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars; also Whatever Happened To Those Romans?).

711: The Battle of Guadalete during the Umayyad conquest of Hispania. Umayyad forces under Tariq ibn Ziyad defeated the Visigoths led by King Roderic.

Voyages of Christopher Columbus 1333: During the Wars of Scottish Independence, the English won a decisive victory over the Scots at the Battle of Halidon Hill.

1525: The Catholic princes of Germany formed the Dessau League to fight against the Reformation (see also The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation).

1533: The first reported autopsy in the New World was performed in Santo Domingo on the island of Hispaniola. Its purpose was religious - to determine whether a set of Siamese twins had one "soul" or two, so that the priest would know how many postmortem baptisms to perform. Two "souls" were found, and two baptisms were performed (see What Does The Bible Really Say About Your Soul? and Why Isn't Infant Baptism Valid?).

1544: The first Siege of Boulogne began during the Italian War of 1542.

1545: The Tudor warship Mary Rose sank off Portsmouth, England. In 1982 the wreck was salvaged by archaeologists.

1553: Lady Jane Grey was deposed after only nine days; Mary Tudor was proclaimed Queen of England.

1588: The Spanish Armada was first sighted, off Cornwall. In Spanish "Armada Invencible," it had been sent by Philip II of Spain to assist in an invasion of Britain by Spanish army troops from the Netherlands to force the British back under Roman Catholic rule. The Spanish fleet consisted of 130 ships with about 8,000 sailors and 19,000 infantry and marines. The English navy, with battle commanders such as Francis Drake, John Hawkins and Martin Frobisher, obliterated it.

1692: 5 Massachusetts women were hanged for witchcraft. 15 young girls in Salem accused 150 citizens in the area with witchcraft during that year (see also What Is Sorcery?).

1701: Representatives of the Iroquois Confederacy signed the Nanfan Treaty; it ceded a large territory north of the Ohio River to England.

1799: The Rosetta Stone, a tablet with hieroglyphic translations into Greek, was found in Egypt (see also The Word Of God In The Tongues Of Man).

1870: France declared war on Prussia, beginning the Franco-Prussian war.

1877: The first Wimbledon tennis final was played.

1941: Winston Churchill introduced his "V for Victory" campaign which rapidly spread through Europe. The BBC took the first four notes of Beethoven's Fifth Symphony, which matched the dot-dot-dot-dash Morse code for the letter V, and played it before news bulletins (see also A History Of Jerusalem: The British Mandate, A History Of Jerusalem: Zionism and A History Of Jerusalem: War And Peace).

1942: During the Second World War, German U-boats ("underwater boats" i.e. attack submarines) were withdrawn from positions off the eastern coast of North America due to highly effective U.S. and Canadian anti-submarine countermeasures.

1979: Sandinista rebels overthrew the U.S.-sponsored dictator regime of the Somoza family in Nicaragua.

1980: The 22nd Olympics opened in Moscow with more than 45 nations boycotting the games in protest against the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan.

1985: Christa McAuliffe was chosen as the first schoolteacher to fly in the space shuttle. She was later killed along with the other astronauts in a failed launch of the Challenger.

1997 During "The Troubles," the Provisional Irish Republican Army terrorist organization resumed a ceasefire to end their 25-year campaign of bombings, shootings and assassinations against the democratically elected British government in Northern Ireland.



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