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Saturday, August 2 2014
2 Chronicles 4: The Vessels For The House Of God
"Solomon made all the vessels that were for the House of God"
A "vessel" may be defined as any object that is used as a container, or to hold something. The word "vessel" is most-often used to translate the Hebrew word, pronounced kel-ee, which had a variety of applied meanings, from implements (i.e. something used for a purpose, not necessarily just a container i.e. warships and cargo ships are both called "vessels" - but have very different purposes) to literal containers. So too, the Greek word, pronounced sky-oos, which also had a number of meanings, most of which were similar to that for the Hebrew word. In the Holy Bible, "vessel" has both physical and, moreover, prophetic spiritual applications.
The LORD (Who was and is Jesus Christ - see Genesis 1: In The Beginning Was The Word and The Kingdom Of The LORD God) established the services at the Tabernacle and the Temple for their Christian prophetic purposes for all people - not as a mere religion of any one people. The altar system was a place for sacrifice - for atonement (see Why Do Christians Observe The Messiah's Day Of Atonement?), and, separately, to ritually cleanse those making the atonement so that they were fit to do so (see The Blood Of Bulls And Goats). The Levitical washings were the origin of "Christian" baptism.
"4:1 Moreover he made an altar of brass, twenty cubits the length thereof, and twenty cubits the breadth thereof, and ten cubits the height thereof. 4:2 Also he made a molten sea of ten cubits from brim to brim, round in compass, and five cubits the height thereof; and a line of thirty cubits did compass it round about. 4:3 And under it was the similitude of oxen, which did compass it round about: ten in a cubit, compassing the sea round about. Two rows of oxen were cast, when it was cast.
The "candlesticks" (as the King James Version translates it) was the stand that held the oil lamps. Candles can have a very different historical and prophetic significance (see also What Does Wicked Mean?) than oil lamps (see The Seven Lamps Of The Lampstand).
"4:7 And he made ten candlesticks of gold according to their form, and set them in the temple, five on the right hand, and five on the left.
The courtyard (see The Courtyard Of The Tabernacle) was the place where what was being done could be witnessed by those who looked to the prophetic place (even though many of the Israelites later made it into a religion in itself - see Israel Never Knew Purim, Hanukkah Or Judaism). Everything had a Christian prophetic significance (see The Prophecy Of The Blood Upon The Anointed One and The Prophecies Of Christianity).
"4:9 Furthermore he made the court of the priests, and the great court, and doors for the court, and overlaid the doors of them with brass. 4:10 And he set the sea on the right side of the east end, over against the south.
This Day In History, August 2
338 BC: The Macedonian army under Philip II (the father of Alexander the Great; see A History Of Jerusalem: Greeks, Ptolemies, Seleucids and Alexander The Great In Prophecy) defeated forces of Athens and Thebes in the Battle of Chaeronea, thereby establishing Macedonian hegemony ("the political and military domination of one country over its allies" i.e. an emperor) in Greece and the Aegean.
216 BC: The Battle of Cannae during the Second Punic War; Carthaginian forces led by Hannibal defeated a numerically-superior Roman army under command of consuls Lucius Aemilius Paullus and Gaius Terentius Varro.
47 BC: Julius Caesar defeated Pharnaces at Zela in Syria and declared his famous "veni, vidi, vici" i.e. "I came, I saw, I conquered" (see The Politics Of Rome and A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars).
1100: King William II of England, son of William the Conqueror, was killed by an arrow while hunting in the New Forest.
1492: Jews were expelled from Spain by King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella (King Henry VIII of England became their son-in-law when he married their daughter, Catherine of Aragon; Henry's divorce from her triggered the split of England from the Church of Rome). Ironically, another Jew (through at least one of his parents) was just then making his first voyage of discovery to the New World, in the employ of that same king and queen. His name was Christopher Columbus.
1552: The Treaty of Passau revoked the Augsburg Interim of 1548 and gave religious freedom to Lutherans in Germany.
1589: During France's religious war, King Henry III of France was assassinated at St. Cloud by a monk who stabbed the king.
1610: While searching for a Northwest Passage, English explorer Henry Hudson sailed into the Canadian bay that is today named after him - Hudson Bay. Due to the vast size of the bay, Hudson at first thought that he had reached the Pacific Ocean.
1802: Napoleon was proclaimed "Consul for Life" by the French Senate after a plebiscite from the French people.
1832: Troops under General Henry Atkinson massacred Sauk Indian men, women and children who were followers of Black Hawk at the Bad Axe River in Wisconsin. To prevent further slaughter, Black Hawk himself surrendered 3 weeks later, bringing the Black Hawk War to an end.
1897: During the Anglo-Afghan wars (of that time), the Siege of Malakand ended when a relief column was able to reach the British garrison in the Malakand states, adjacent to India's North West Frontier Province.
1914: Germany invaded Luxembourg. German emperor Wilhelm II then delivered a 12-hour ultimatum to King Albert I of Belgium: German troops must be given free passage through Belgium on their way to invade France. King Albert refused, citing the 1839 Treaty of London where Britain, Austria, Prussia, France and Russia agreed that Belgium should form an independent and permanently neutral state. The next day, Germany declared war on France and invaded Belgium (listen to our Sermon The European World Wars).
1917: Royal Navy officer E.H. Dunning became the first pilot to land on the deck of a moving ship. He landed a Sopwith Pup on the HMS Furious.
1922: A typhoon struck Shantou, China; over 50,000 people were killed.
1932: The positron (an antiparticle of the electron) was discovered by Carl D. Anderson.
1934: Adolf Hitler declared himself Fuehrer ("Leader," according to the present world's idea of what "leading" means) of Germany upon the death of President Hindenberg (see Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion).
1939: Albert Einstein and Leo Szilard wrote a letter to U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt, urging him to begin development of atomic weapons before Germany (Nazi Germany was already doing research work).
1964: The Gulf of Tonkin incident. North Vietnamese gunboats allegedly fired on the U.S. destroyers Maddox and Turner Joy off the coast of Vietnam. Later eyewitness accounts claim that the incident never really happened, that the Vietnamese ships were merely in close proximity in Vietnamese territorial waters (which gave the Vietnamese ships every right to be there), but was either exaggerated or provoked by Lyndon Johnson as a pretext to escalate U.S. involvement in the Vietnam civil war (Vietnam had been divided into north and south by colonial France in the 1950s).
1958: King Hussein of Jordan dissolved the "Arab Union" between Jordan and Iraq which had been formed February 14 of that year.
1968: An earthquake struck Casiguran, Aurora, Philippines, killing more than 270 people.
1989: Trade restrictions between Britain and Argentina were lifted for the first time since the 1982 Falklands war.
1990: Iraq invaded Kuwait, leading to the "Gulf War" (not to be confused with the later invasion of Iraq by George W. Bush in his hunt for non-existent "weapons of mass destruction").