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Wednesday, August 20 2014
2 Chronicles 22: What Did Jezebel's Daughter and Grandson Do?
"He walked in the way of the kings of Israel, as did the house of Ahab: for the daughter of Ahab was his wife: and he did evil in the sight of the LORD"
Jehoshaphat had been a righteous king of Judah (see Jehoshaphat's Castles, The Two Kinds Of Patriotism and Jehoshaphat's Judges). His son Jehoram was a degenerate liberal (see Why Did Elijah Write A Letter To Jehoram?) who sought to destroy the foundation upon which the people and the nation of Israel had been created by the LORD (Who was and is Jesus Christ - see Genesis 1: In The Beginning Was The Word and The Kingdom Of The LORD God).
The LORD destroyed Jehoram before Jehoram could destroy the kingdom of Judah. The wrath included the annihilation of almost all of Jehoram's corrupt family by "the band of men that came with the Arabians to the camp" (the LORD often delivered His wrath by means of allowing hostile people of a given time to attack; see Jordan's West Bank Invasion and the Fact Finder question below). There was only one survivor - the youngest son Ahaziah, who became king.
"22:1 And the inhabitants of Jerusalem made Ahaziah his youngest son king in his stead: for the band of men that came with the Arabians to the camp had slain all the eldest.
Righteous Jehoshaphat's wicked son Jehoram had married Athaliah, the daughter of Ahab and Jezebel. She is recorded in 2 Chronicles 22:2 below as "the daughter of Omri" according to the custom of sometimes referring to any descendants of someone as their son or daughter. Athaliah was the granddaughter of Omri, and the daughter of Ahab and Jezebel i.e. "for the daughter of Ahab was his wife."
"8:16 And in the fifth year of Joram the son of Ahab king of Israel, Jehoshaphat being then king of Judah, Jehoram the son of Jehoshaphat king of Judah began to reign. 8:17 Thirty and two years old was he when he began to reign; and he reigned eight years in Jerusalem. 8:18 And he walked in the way of the kings of Israel, as did the house of Ahab: for the daughter of Ahab was his wife: and he did evil in the sight of the LORD." (2 Kings 8:16-18 KJV)
So it was that Ahaziah's brief reign began.
"22:2 Forty and two years old was Ahaziah when he began to reign, and he reigned one year in Jerusalem. His mother's name also was Athaliah the daughter of Omri. 22:3 He also walked in the ways of the house of Ahab: for his mother was his counsellor to do wickedly." (2 Chronicles 22:2-3 KJV)
The kingdom of Israel had become corrupt almost from their start at the division of the united kingdom of Israel into "Israel" and "Judah" (see The First Kings Of Israel and Judah). That more-rapid "progressive" liberalization was the reason that Israel only lasted until 721 BC, while Judah lasted until 586 BC i.e. the kingdom of Judah existed for about 135 years after the kingdom of Israel ceased to exist and became the "lost ten tribes" (see Israel In History and Prophecy: The Lost Ten Tribes).
In the meantime, the kings of Judah often fell under the spell of the corrupt leaders of Israel - such as Ahab and Jezebel.
"22:4 Wherefore he did evil in the sight of the LORD like the house of Ahab: for they were his counsellors after the death of his father to his destruction. 22:5 He walked also after their counsel, and went with Jehoram the son of Ahab king of Israel to war against Hazael king of Syria at Ramothgilead: and the Syrians smote Joram. 22:6 And he returned to be healed in Jezreel because of the wounds which were given him at Ramah, when he fought with Hazael king of Syria.
Ahaziah, like everyone else, was nevertheless responsible for his own choice of behavior. His corruption was the reason for his destruction.
"22:7 And the destruction of Ahaziah was of God by coming to Joram: for when he was come, he went out with Jehoram against Jehu the son of Nimshi, whom the LORD had anointed to cut off the house of Ahab. 22:8 And it came to pass, that, when Jehu was executing judgment upon the house of Ahab, and found the princes of Judah, and the sons of the brethren of Ahaziah, that ministered to Ahaziah, he slew them. 22:9 And he sought Ahaziah: and they caught him, (for he was hid in Samaria,) and brought him to Jehu: and when they had slain him, they buried him: Because, said they, he is the son of Jehoshaphat, who sought the LORD with all his heart. So the house of Ahaziah had no power to keep still the kingdom." (2 Chronicles 22:7-9 KJV)
When Jezebel's daughter Athaliah saw that her son had been killed, she seized the throne of Judah for herself "and destroyed all the seed royal of the house of Judah" - the Messianic line of Jesus Christ - with a sole survivor, Joash. The royal slaughter would have been complete if not for the courageous action of the princess Jehosheba (also known as Jehoshabeath), the daughter of king Joram, who saved her infant nephew (i.e. "Jehosheba, the daughter of king Joram, sister of Ahaziah, took Joash the son of Ahaziah") and hid him in the Temple. Jehosheba was married to the high priest Jehoiada (i.e. 2 Chronicles 22:11) where the true royal heir had refuge for the six years of Athaliah's unlawful reign.
"22:10 But when Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, she arose and destroyed all the seed royal of the house of Judah. 22:11 But Jehoshabeath, the daughter of the king, took Joash the son of Ahaziah, and stole him from among the king's sons that were slain, and put him and his nurse in a bedchamber. So Jehoshabeath, the daughter of king Jehoram, the wife of Jehoiada the priest, (for she was the sister of Ahaziah,) hid him from Athaliah, so that she slew him not. 22:12 And he was with them hid in the house of God six years: and Athaliah reigned over the land." (2 Chronicles 22:10-12 KJV)
Fact Finder: (a) Why did the apostle Paul say that Mount Sinai is in Arabia? Where is "Arabia"? (b) What does the Bible say about Arabs?
This Day In History, August 20
14: Agrippa Postumus, the grandson of Caesar Augustus (see Luke 2:1 and A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars) was executed by his guards. Caesar Augustus had adopted his grandson as a son, thereby making Agrippa Postumus a presumptive heir as Emperor.
636: The Battle of Yarmouk. Arab forces under the command of Khalid ibn al-Walid took Syria and "Palestine" (an English rendering of the Biblical word for "Philistine"; see Where Is Palestine? and Jordan's West Bank Invasion) from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the first series of Muslim conquests outside of "Arabia" (to understand the Biblical and historical meaning of Arabia, see Paul's Geography Lesson). It also marked the beginning of the struggles of the King of the North (the Church of Rome's Europe) and the King of the South (Muslim Arabia). See The Prophet Daniel: Kings Of The North and South.
1391: Konrad von Wallenrode became the 24th Hochmeister of the Teutonic Order (see also The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation).
1467: The Second Battle of Olmedo between Henry IV of Castile and his half-brother Alfonso, Prince of Asturias.
1667: John Milton published Paradise Lost, an epic poem about the fall of Adam and Eve.
1707: The first Siege of Pensacola, Florida ended with Spanish forces holding off the English.
1741: Alaska was "discovered" (native people were already there) by Danish explorer Vitus Bering.
1775: The Spanish established the Presidio San Augustin del Tucson. It is known today as Tucson, Arizona.
1794: General "Mad Anthony" Wayne slaughtered the last of the Ohio Indians at the Battle of Fallen Timbers; the genocide effectively ended (native) American resistance in the region.
1858: Charles Darwin first published his theory of evolution through natural selection in The Journal of the Proceedings of the Linnean Society of London.
1914: German troops entered Brussels, the first European capital to be occupied by an invading army since the fall of Paris in 1870. Brussels itself had not been occupied since the time of Napoleon.
1929: The first airship flight around the Earth flying eastward was completed.
1940: As the months-long Battle of Britain air war raged overhead, Prime Minister Winston Churchill, in referring to the heavily outnumbered Royal Air Force fighter pilots (2,200 Nazi fighters and bombers to 700 UK Hurricanes and Spitfires) who were giving the attacking Nazi air force the mauling that caused Hitler to cancel his planned land invasion of Britain, told Parliament: "Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few."
1940: Leon Trotsky, Russian revolutionary, was fatally wounded by a Spanish communist with an ax in Mexico City. He died the next day. The Soviet government denied responsibility.
1941: When his air force failed to defeat the Royal Air Force over Britain, Adolf Hitler (see also Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion) authorized the development of the V-2 missile that could bomb Britain while the "pilots" remained safely in Germany - beginning the modern age of "kill from the comfort of your desk" warfare.
1944: U.S., British and Canadian forces destroyed the German Seventh Army at the Falaise-Argentan Gap, west of Paris.
1950: During the Korean War, United Nations forces stopped an offensive by North Korean divisions attempting to cross the Naktong River to the city of Taegu.
1960: 2 dogs and 6 mice became the first earthlings in space, aboard the Russian Sputnik V.
1968: Elements of the Warsaw-Pact armies of Bulgaria, Hungary, East Germany, Poland and the Soviet Union invaded Czechoslovakia to crush Alexander Dubcek's reformist government, ending the "Prague Spring"; Soviet communist leader Leonid Brezhnev warned that USSR could intervene in any communist country whose policies deviated from its standards.
1975: NASA launched Viking 1 to Mars.
1977: NASA launched Voyager 2.
1986: A mail carrier in Oklahoma shot 14 fellow postal workers dead. It was one of the first of such mass killings in the U.S. that came to be called "going postal."
1988: Eight British Army troops were killed and 28 wounded when their bus was hit by a terrorist "Provisional Irish Republican Army" roadside bomb in Northern Ireland, United Kingdom.
1998: The Supreme Court of Canada ruled that Quebec cannot legally secede from Canada without the approval of the Federal Government.
2001: Fred Hoyle died at age 86. The British astronomer invented the term "big bang" - but never accepted the theory as the origin of the universe.