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Saturday, August 23 2014
2 Chronicles 25: Amaziah's Lesson
"The LORD commanded, saying, The fathers shall not die for the children, neither shall the children die for the fathers, but every man shall die for his own sin"
Amaziah, from the Hebrew name pronounced awm-awtz-yaw, meaning strengthened by the LORD (the LORD was and is Jesus Christ - see Genesis 1: In The Beginning Was The Word and The Kingdom Of The LORD God), was the son and royal successor of Joash Of Judah (see What Did Jezebel's Daughter and Grandson Do?, The Fall Of The Evil Queen and The Rise and Fall of Joash).
"25:1 Amaziah was twenty and five years old when he began to reign, and he reigned twenty and nine years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Jehoaddan of Jerusalem. 25:2 And he did that which was right in the sight of the LORD, but not with a perfect heart. 25:3 Now it came to pass, when the kingdom was established to him, that he slew his servants that had killed the king his father. 25:4 But he slew not their children, but did as it is written in the law in the book of Moses, where the LORD commanded, saying, The fathers shall not die for the children, neither shall the children die for the fathers, but every man shall die for his own sin." (2 Chronicles 25:1-4 KJV)
Amaziah gathered "three hundred thousand choice men, able to go forth to war" against Edom from his own kingdom of Judah. He also, at first, employed 100,000 mercenaries from Israel - for which he was rebuked by a prophet of the LORD. Amaziah then dismissed the 100,000 from Israel, from which "their anger was greatly kindled against Judah, and they returned home in great anger."
"25:5 Moreover Amaziah gathered Judah together, and made them captains over thousands, and captains over hundreds, according to the houses of their fathers, throughout all Judah and Benjamin [see also Was Paul A Jew or a Benjamite?]: and he numbered them from twenty years old and above, and found them three hundred thousand choice men, able to go forth to war, that could handle spear and shield. 25:6 He hired also an hundred thousand mighty men of valour out of Israel for an hundred talents of silver.
Amaziah then began the battle against "the children of Seir" (i.e. the Edomites). It was a great victory for Judah, but while they were away, the 100,000 men of Israel that Amaziah dismissed ravaged Judah i.e. they "fell upon the cities of Judah, from Samaria even unto Bethhoron, and smote three thousand of them, and took much spoil."
"25:11 And Amaziah strengthened himself, and led forth his people, and went to the valley of salt, and smote of the children of Seir ten thousand. 25:12 And other ten thousand left alive did the children of Judah carry away captive, and brought them unto the top of the rock, and cast them down from the top of the rock, that they all were broken in pieces.
Amaziah then foolishly began to worship the captured idols from Edom. The LORD then sent the prophet to Amaziah to make clear that "God hath determined to destroy thee, because thou hast done this, and hast not hearkened unto my counsel."
"25:14 Now it came to pass, after that Amaziah was come from the slaughter of the Edomites, that he brought the gods of the children of Seir, and set them up to be his gods, and bowed down himself before them, and burned incense unto them. 25:15 Wherefore the anger of the LORD was kindled against Amaziah, and he sent unto him a prophet, which said unto him, Why hast thou sought after the gods of the people, which could not deliver their own people out of thine hand?
With his ego swelling from his victory over Edom, Amaziah of Judah then confronted Joash of Israel (see Kings of Israel and Judah). Joash warned Amaziah "thou hast smitten the Edomites; and thine heart lifteth thee up to boast: abide now at home; why shouldest thou meddle to thine hurt, that thou shouldest fall, even thou, and Judah with thee."
"25:17 Then Amaziah king of Judah took advice, and sent to Joash, the son of Jehoahaz, the son of Jehu, king of Israel, saying, Come, let us see one another in the face.
Amaziah refused to turn however, which resulted in a disastrous defeat of Judah by Israel.
"25:20 But Amaziah would not hear; for it came of God, that he might deliver them into the hand of their enemies, because they sought after the gods of Edom. 25:21 So Joash the king of Israel went up; and they saw one another in the face, both he and Amaziah king of Judah, at Bethshemesh, which belongeth to Judah. 25:22 And Judah was put to the worse before Israel, and they fled every man to his tent.
Amaziah survived the battle, but was later assassinated.
"14:17 And Amaziah the son of Joash king of Judah lived after the death of Jehoash son of Jehoahaz king of Israel fifteen years. 14:18 And the rest of the acts of Amaziah, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah?
Fact Finder: Is righteousness something that can be lost? When are people truly "saved"?
This Day In History, August 23
79: Mount Vesuvius, a volcano located in southwestern Italy near the coast of the Tyrrhenian Sea, renewed activity. The following eruption destroyed the nearby cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum.
476: Odoacer, a Germanic tribal chieftain, was proclaimed Rex Italiae ("King of Italy") by his army (see also The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation).
1244: Ottoman / Turkish forces in Jerusalem (see A History Of Jerusalem: The British Mandate) expelled the Church of Rome "crusaders" under Frederick II (see Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy).
1305: William Wallace, a Scottish patriot, was hung, drawn and quartered for treason by King Edward I.
1367: Gil Alvarez Carrillo de Albornoz died at age 57. A Spanish soldier and cardinal, he paved the way for the return of the papacy to Italy from Avignon, France, where the popes lived from 1309 to 1377 (see The Struggle For The Papacy; listen also to our Sermon Constantine's Papacy).
1541: French explorer Jacques Cartier landed near Quebec on his third voyage to North America (see also Thanksgiving In History and Prophecy).
1572: In France, Catholics massacred thousands of Huguenots (French Protestants), under orders of Catherine de Medici, advisor to her son, Charles IX, King of France.
1711: A British attempt to invade French-held "New France" (as what is today eastern Canada was then known) by sea was repelled.
1775: King George III declared the New England colonies in open rebellion.
1784: The people of an area of western North Carolina (now in eastern Tennessee) declared themselves to be an independent state, under the name of the State of Franklin. It lasted only 4 years after it wasn't accepted into the Union.
1821: Mexico was declared independent of Spain by the Treaty of Aquala.
1833: Britain abolished slavery in its colonies, freeing 700,000 slaves. Slavery continued in the former colonies that by that time had become the independent United States.
1866: The Treaty of Prague was signed, formally ending the Seven Weeks' War between Austria and Prussian-led German states.
1914: At the start of the First World War, Japan declared war on Germany (30 years later, Japan and Germany were allies in the Second World War; listen also to our Sermon The European World Wars).
1914: In the town of Dinant, Belgium, during the First World War, German soldiers murdered 612 civilian men, women and children, the youngest a 3 week old baby held in its mother's arms. The Germans gave as their reason that Belgian civilians had fired on them while they were repairing a bridge.
1917: During the First World War, the Ontario cabinet passed an order-in-council that provided for the city of Berlin, Ontario to change its name to Kitchener, effective September 1.
1921: Feisal I was installed as King of Iraq.
1926: U.S. film "idol" Rudolph Valentino died, causing world-wide hysteria and a number of suicides.
1931: Adolf Hitler (see Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion) of Germany and Joseph Stalin of Russia signed a non-aggression pact (that Hitler violated with his invasion of Russia a few years later), leaving the way open for Germany to attack Poland.
1942: The Battle of Stalingrad began. Although the city was reduced to rubble by the Germans, the Russians fought on, and after 6 months the Germans surrendered.
1952: Frederick George Kenyon died at age 89. The British archaeologist and language scholar devoted his life to discovering Biblical parallels in ancient Greek papyri, convincing critics that science does not disprove the Bible.
1980: The Polish communist government agreed to negotiate directly with striking Gdansk shipworkers.
1990: East and West Germany announced that they would unite on October 3, ending four decades of post-World War II division.
1991: Radical Moscow city leaders took control of the Soviet Communist Party's headquarters, seizing documents and sealing offices, as anti-communism swept the nation in the wake of a failed hardline coup.
2011: Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi was overthrown during the 2011 Libyan civil war. Gaddafi was later captured, beaten and summarily shot by rebels in the street.