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Friday, September 5 2014
Ezra 2: The Census Of The Return To Jerusalem
"These are the children of the province that went up out of the captivity, of those which had been carried away, whom Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon had carried away unto Babylon, and came again unto Jerusalem and Judah, every one unto his city"
The LORD (Who was and is Jesus Christ - see Genesis 1: In The Beginning Was The Word and The Kingdom Of The LORD God) decreed the fall of the Kingdom of Judah for the purpose of purging the kingdom of the corrupt generations that had caused the nation to fail (see Why Did Judah Fall To Babylon?). Seventy years later, exactly as prophesied (see The Prophecies Of Cyrus of Persia and What Did Jeremiah's Letter To Babylon Say?), it was their children and grandchildren who returned to restore the Messianic nation (ironically, the same principle had been applied to the Exodus from Egypt generation - see Why A Book Of Deuteronomy In The Bible?).
"2:1 Now these are the children of the province that went up out of the captivity, of those which had been carried away, whom Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon had carried away unto Babylon, and came again unto Jerusalem and Judah, every one unto his city; 2:2 Which came with Zerubbabel: Jeshua, Nehemiah, Seraiah, Reelaiah, Mordecai, Bilshan, Mispar, Bigvai, Rehum, Baanah.
The arrival of the people of Judah, to a homeland that they had never been to before, marked the beginning of the rebuidling of the ruins that their parents and grandparents had left behind seven decades ago.
"2:68 And some of the chief of the fathers, when they came to the house of the LORD which is at Jerusalem, offered freely for the house of God to set it up in his place: 2:69 They gave after their ability unto the treasure of the work threescore and one thousand drams of gold, and five thousand pound of silver, and one hundred priests' garments. 2:70 So the priests, and the Levites, and some of the people, and the singers, and the porters, and the Nethinims, dwelt in their cities, and all Israel in their cities." (Ezra 2:68-70 KJV)
Fact Finder: "The number of the men of the people of Israel" (verse 2, above) is used to described the people of Judah who returned "unto Jerusalem and Judah, every one unto his city." Why was the restoration of the Kingdom of Judah then referred to by "people of Israel"? Why is the nation of Judah today also called Israel?
This Day In History, September 5
394: The 2-day battle at the Frigidus River in northwest Italy ended in victory for Theodosius; Eugenius was beheaded, Arbogast committed suicide.
917: Liu Yan declared himself Emperor of China (see also Gog and Magog).
1590: Alexander Farnese's army forced Henry IV of France to lift the siege of Paris.
1664: The Dutch settlement of New Amsterdam was taken by the British who later renamed it New York.
1666: The Great Fire of London was extinguished after two days. Over 10,000 building were destroyed.
1697: During the War of the Grand Alliance, naval forces of England and France fought the Battle of Hudson's Bay.
1800: Napoleon surrendered Malta to Britain.
1836: Sam Houston was elected as the first President of the Republic of Texas (unlike the New England colonies, Texas rebelled against, and declared independence from, Mexico).
1877: The native American warrior Crazy Horse (who led the Sioux at the Battle of the Little Bighorn) was fatally bayoneted by U.S. troops "while trying to escape" (while in chains). Crazy Horse, who surrendered to stop the genocidal slaughter of entire villages of his people, was diplomatically guaranteed that he would be allowed to live free on a reservation - but was instead transported to a prison of common white criminals where he would have spent the remainder of his life in a tiny concrete and steel cage.
1905: The Peace of Portsmouth ended the Russo-Japanese War.
1910: Marie Curie demonstrated the transformation of radium ore to metal at the Academy of Sciences in France.
1914: At the start of the First World War (1914-1918), the Treaty of London formally linked the British Empire, France and Russia as allies.
1945: Igor Gouzenko, a cipher clerk in the Soviet embassy in Ottawa, Canada defected with documents that revealed an active Soviet espionage system in the West. His defection resulted in 20 espionage trials and 9 convictions. Gouzenko lived in Canada under an assumed name until his death in 1982.
1969: During the Vietnam War, U.S. Army Lt. William Calley was charged with premeditated murder for the massacre of hundreds of unarmed Vietnamese civilians (old men, women and children, including infants in their mother's arms), in the My Lai Massacre. Although later convicted of the heinous war crime, the mass murderer was released by President Nixon (a man who later resigned from office to escape criminal prosecution for crimes that he committed) to serve comfortable house arrest, where he remained for a little over three years before going free (about 2 days for each cold-blooded murder). God's True Judgment yet awaits Calley, and all other war criminals through the ages.
1972: At the Olympic Games in Munich, 11 Israeli athletes were murdered by Palestinian "Black September" terrorists.
1977: The Voyager 1 unmanned spacecraft was launched. Just over 20 years later, in 1998, it became the most distant human-made object from earth at 6,500,000,000 (6.5 billion) miles away, while continuing to travel at 39,000 miles per hour. Unless it hits something (unlikely in the great void of space), its journey will never end.
1978: The Camp David peace conference began between Israel's Menechem Begin and Egypt's Anwar Sadat, with U.S. President Jimmy Carter presiding.
1980: Switzerland's St. Gotthard Tunnel opened. At 16.2 kilometers / 10.1 miles, it is the longest highway tunnel in the world.
1984: Western Australia abolished capital punishment, the last Australian state to do so.
1997: Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu ("Mother Teresa") died at age 87. The Albanian-born Roman Catholic nun was known for her work with the "poorest of the poor" in India. She was awarded the 1979 Nobel Peace Prize.