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Saturday, September 20 2014
Nehemiah 7: Nehemiah's Census
"My God put into mine heart to gather together the nobles, and the rulers, and the people, that they might be reckoned by genealogy"
Nehemiah's restoration of the walls and gates of Jerusalem had been completed despite malicious opposition from troublemakers (see Bricks and Swords, The Carpetbaggers of Judah and The Fifty Two Days of The Wall).
"7:1 Now it came to pass, when the wall was built, and I had set up the doors, and the porters and the singers and the Levites were appointed, 7:2 That I gave my brother Hanani, and Hananiah the ruler of the palace, charge over Jerusalem: for he was a faithful man, and feared God above many. 7:3 And I said unto them, Let not the gates of Jerusalem be opened until the sun be hot; and while they stand by, let them shut the doors, and bar them: and appoint watches of the inhabitants of Jerusalem, every one in his watch, and every one to be over against his house." (Nehemiah 7:1-3 KJV)
The city was yet to be restored as a living capital however, for "the city was large and great: but the people were few therein, and the houses were not builded." Nehemiah then began an official census, based upon the family records that existed before the exile (see Why Was It Desolate For Seventy Years?), so that those who would inhabit the city were lawful heirs of the property within the restored city.
"7:4 Now the city was large and great: but the people were few therein, and the houses were not builded. 7:5 And my God put into mine heart to gather together the nobles, and the rulers, and the people, that they might be reckoned by genealogy. And I found a register of the genealogy of them which came up at the first, and found written therein,
The total of the census was about 50,000 people - the seed of the Jerusalem that would exist in the time of the coming of the Messiah (see the Fact Finder question below).
"7:66 The whole congregation together was forty and two thousand three hundred and threescore, 7:67 Beside their manservants and their maidservants, of whom there were seven thousand three hundred thirty and seven: and they had two hundred forty and five singing men and singing women. 7:68 Their horses, seven hundred thirty and six: their mules, two hundred forty and five: 7:69 Their camels, four hundred thirty and five: six thousand seven hundred and twenty asses.
Fact Finder: Where are Nehemiah and Ezra located in the history of Jerusalem?
This Day In History, September 20
480 BC: The Greek fleet under Thermistocles defeated Persian naval forces of Xerxes. The Persian empire and Xerxes are recorded the Bible's Book of Esther (see Esther: The Lots Of Purim, The Prophecies Of Cyrus of Persia and Israel In History and Prophecy: Babylon and Persia).
357 BC: Alexander the Great was born. The young Greek king conquered much of southern Europe, the Middle East and southern Asia before dying at age 34 (see A History Of Jerusalem: Greeks, Ptolemies, Seleucids and The Prophet Daniel: The Ram and The He Goat).
451: The Battle of Chalons in what is today France - regarded by some historians as the largest battle in the ancient world. Roman forces under Flavius Aetius defeated Attila the Hun (see Legions Of Men And Angels).
1187: Saladin began his Siege of Jerusalem (see Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy).
1260: The Prussian Uprising against the Teutonic Knights began.
1378: The Great Schism in the Roman Catholic Church began when Robert of Geneva (known by some as "the Butcher of Cesena") was elected as anti-pope Clement VII. The division went on for almost four decades, during which there were 2 and sometimes even 3 competing popes at one time (see The Struggle For The Papacy).
1519: Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan left Spain with 5 ships on the first-ever around the world voyage. Although Magellan himself was killed in the Philippines, and 4 of the ships were lost in the 3 year exploration, 1 ship did return home after successfully circling the earth. The voyage proved that the earth was indeed round (which believers in the Holy Bible already knew - see No 'Flat Earth' In The Bible) and that North America and Asia were separate continents.
1586: An Englishman, Anthony Babington, Roman Catholic priest John Ballard, and 5 others were executed for high treason. In an attempt to surrender England back to Roman Catholicism, they planned to assassinate Queen Elizabeth I (ruled 1558-1603) and install the Roman Catholic rival, Mary Stuart (Mary, Queen of Scots) on the English throne. Mary was also executed a few months later, on February 8 1587.
1633: Galileo Galilei was brought to trial before the Church of Rome's "Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith." Galileo was later released after he "repented" of his "heresy" - his correct teaching that the Earth orbits the Sun (see also Earth's Star).
1697: The Treaty of Rijswijk was signed by England, France, Spain, the Holy Roman Empire and the Dutch Republic. It ended the Nine Years' War (1688-97).
1854: The Battle of the Alma during the Crimean War. The victory by the British and the French left the Russian naval center of Sevastopol vulnerable and endangered the entire Russian position in the war.
1870: Italian troops under Victor Emmanuel II conquered Rome in the name of the Kingdom of Italy. The population of the city, the Romans, later voted to become part of the Italian Kingdom.
1909: The Parliament of the United Kingdom passed the South Africa Act 1909. It created the Union of South Africa from the British-established colonies of the Cape of Good Hope, Natal, Orange River Colony, and the Transvaal Colony.
1934: In New Jersey, Bruno Hauptmann was arrested for the kidnapping and murder of the infant son of U.S. aviator Charles Lindbergh. He was found guilty and executed by electrocution in 1936.
1952: Scientists confirmed that DNA holds hereditary data.
1967: The British liner Queen Elizabeth II was launched at Clydebank, Scotland.
1973: The Lesbian tennis player Billie Jean King, at age 29, defeated long-retired professional tennis player, Bobby Riggs, at age 55, in "The Battle of the Sexes" tennis match at the Houston Astrodome in Houston, Texas.
1977: Vietnam, as a single nation again, became a member of the United Nations. The Vietnam War, in which the U.S. involved itself, years after the war had already started (after another imperial power, France, had divided Vietnam into North and South), was actually a civil war between the Vietnamese people.
2005: Simon Wiesenthal died at age 96. The Jewish Holocaust survivor became famous as a relentless Nazi war criminal hunter.
2011: The U.S. military ended its "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" policy, thereby allowing sodomites (Official dictionary definition, from the Merriam-Webster Dictionary: "Sodomite: a person who has anal sex with another person; someone who practices sodomy") and lesbians (Official dictionary definition, from the Merriam-Webster Dictionary: "Lesbian: a woman who is sexually attracted to other women; a female homosexual") to serve openly for the first time.