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Tuesday, September 23 2014
Nehemiah 10: The Signers Of The Declaration
"We make a sure covenant, and write it; and our princes, Levites, and priests, seal unto it"
The people of the Kingdom of Judah (the tribes of Judah, Benjamin and Levi; see Israel In History and Prophecy: Kingdom Of Judah) who came from Babylon in the time of Nehemiah to restore Jerusalem were not the people who were sent into exile seventy years before (see Israel's Journeys Along The Fertile Crescent). Their national, not personal, return was a fulfillment of the prophecy (see What Did Jeremiah's Letter To Babylon Say?) by the LORD (Who was and is Jesus Christ - see Genesis 1: In The Beginning Was The Word and The Kingdom Of The LORD God) of a return for the sake of the coming of the Messiah of all people in His due time.
The people of Judah, Benjamin and Levi were well-aware of why their ancestors were sent away (see Why Did Judah Fall To Babylon?) and why the city of Jerusalem had been left in ruins for seventy years (see Why Was It Desolate For Seventy Years?). When their restoration work was completed (see The Fifty Two Days of The Wall), they formally declared that they would not repeat the loser behavior of their liberal ancestors who had delivered the nation to its ruin with their "progressive" (i.e. a "progressive" rejection and abandonment of what had once made their nation great when they didn't follow the way of fools) perversions and atrocities.
"9:38 And because of all this we make a sure covenant, and write it; and our princes, Levites, and priests, seal unto it." (Nehemiah 9:38 KJV)
The declaration was signed and sealed by representatives all of the people.
"10:1 Now those that sealed were, Nehemiah, the Tirshatha, the son of Hachaliah, and Zidkijah, 10:2 Seraiah, Azariah, Jeremiah, 10:3 Pashur, Amariah, Malchijah, 10:4 Hattush, Shebaniah, Malluch, 10:5 Harim, Meremoth, Obadiah, 10:6 Daniel, Ginnethon, Baruch, 10:7 Meshullam, Abijah, Mijamin, 10:8 Maaziah, Bilgai, Shemaiah: these were the priests.
The general population also declared their obedience to the LORD "as it is written in the law." The Law was the actual, original Law that was given to humanity by the LORD; it was not what became "Judaism" in the centuries between the return of those people to Jerusalem and the coming of the Messiah (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Judaism and A History Of Jerusalem: The Hasmonean Kingdom).
"10:28 And the rest of the people, the priests, the Levites, the porters, the singers, the Nethinims, and all they that had separated themselves from the people of the lands unto the law of God, their wives, their sons, and their daughters, every one having knowledge, and having understanding; 10:29 They clave to their brethren, their nobles, and entered into a curse, and into an oath, to walk in God's law, which was given by Moses the servant of God, and to observe and do all the commandments of the LORD our Lord, and his judgments and his statutes;
Fact Finder: (a) The people of the Kingdom of Judah returned to Jerusalem during the Persian Empire. What empire ruled the land of Israel after the Persian Empire? (b) What empire followed the Greek Empire and ruled the land of Israel at the time of the Messiah's coming?
This Day In History, September 23
63 BC: Gaius Octavius, commonly known today as Octavian, was born. A grand-nephew of Julius Caesar, Octavian, with the official name Caesar Augustus, was the first emperor of the Roman empire (see A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars). He reigned from 31 B.C. to 14 A.D., which covered the birth and early life of Jesus Christ. Augustus is mentioned in the Bible (see Does Rome Have Christ's Birth Certificate?).
1122: The Concordat of Worms ("Worms" is the English rendering of the name of the German city Vorms) was signed between Roman Catholic Pope Callistus II and Holy Roman Emperor Henry V (a German king). The agreement ended the Investiture Controversy - a centuries-long (and not-yet-done) power struggle between the German emperor and Catholic pope (see The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation and Emperors and Popes).
1338: The Battle of Arnemuiden became the first naval battle of the Hundred Years' War and the first naval battle using artillery. The English ship Christofer was armed with three cannons.
1459: The Battle of Blore Heath, the first major battle of the English Wars of the Roses.
1553: The Sadians became the rulers of Morocco in opposition to the Ottomans (listen to our Sermon The Ottoman Empire).
1578: English explorer Sir Humphrey Gilbert sailed from Plymouth, England, in search of the Northwest Passage. The passage was not actually found until 3 centuries later.
1723: The site of present-day Toronto was purchased from the Mississauga Indians.
1817: Britain and Spain signed a treaty to end the slave trade.
1846: The 8th planet from the sun was discovered by astronomers at Berlin University. A British astronomer had earlier calculated the presence of the planet, but it was not searched for at Cambridge until after the German discovery. We know the planet today by the pagan name Neptune.
1905: Norway and Sweden signed the Karlstad treaty, thereby ending their national political union.
1913: Roland Garros of France became the first to fly in an airplane across the Mediterranean Sea.
1939: The famous Austrian psychiatrist Sigmund Freud died at age 83.
1941: During the Second World War, the first Nazi gas chamber experiments were conducted at the Auschwitz concentration camp (the gas chamber was not a Nazi invention; the U.S. began using it as a means of execution in 1924).
1972: Martial law was declared in the Philippines by Ferdinand Marcos.
1973: Juan Peron was re-elected as President of Argentina (he was overthrown in 1955). His wife, Evita, became the Vice President.
2004: Hurricane Jeanne killed over 1,000 people in Haiti.