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Monday, September 29 2014

Esther 2: How Hadassah Of Benjamin Became The Queen Of Persia

"Hadassah, that is, Esther"

When King Ahasuerus of Persia (see also The Prophet Daniel: The Hand Writing On The Wall) divorced his wife Vashti (see How Did Vashti's Refusal Change Bible History?), he immediately began a search for a new Queen:


"2:1 After these things, when the wrath of king Ahasuerus was appeased, he remembered Vashti, and what she had done, and what was decreed against her. 2:2 Then said the king's servants that ministered unto him, Let there be fair young virgins sought for the king: 2:3 And let the king appoint officers in all the provinces of his kingdom, that they may gather together all the fair young virgins unto Shushan the palace, to the house of the women, unto the custody of Hege the king's chamberlain, keeper of the women; and let their things for purification be given them: 2:4 And let the maiden which pleaseth the king be queen instead of Vashti. And the thing pleased the king; and he did so." (Esther 2:1-4 KJV)

Hadassah, in Hebrew meaning myrtle (an evergreen shrub used for its violet flowers and for making perfume), was a Benjamite who was among the Jews (see Jews - Three Tribes and Three Meanings) of the Babylonian exile. Hadassah was also known by a Persian name, rendered into English as Esther, which is based on the Persian word satarah, which means a star.

Esther, like a number of other Israelites who rose to very high positions in foreign kingdoms (i.e. the Israelite patriarch Joseph became the Prime Minister of Egypt, Moses was raised as a Prince in the Pharaoh's palace, the prophet Daniel became the Prime Minister of Babylon; see Joseph's Revelation, The Israelites Of The Pharaoh's Palace and The Prophet Daniel: Nebuchadnezzar's Image) was to become the new Queen of Persia.

"2:5 Now in Shushan the palace there was a certain Jew, whose name was Mordecai, the son of Jair, the son of Shimei, the son of Kish, a Benjamite; 2:6 Who had been carried away from Jerusalem with the captivity which had been carried away with Jeconiah king of Judah, whom Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon had carried away. 2:7 And he brought up Hadassah, that is, Esther, his uncle's daughter: for she had neither father nor mother, and the maid was fair and beautiful; whom Mordecai, when her father and mother were dead, took for his own daughter.

2:8 So it came to pass, when the king's commandment and his decree was heard, and when many maidens were gathered together unto Shushan the palace, to the custody of Hegai, that Esther was brought also unto the king's house, to the custody of Hegai, keeper of the women. 2:9 And the maiden pleased him, and she obtained kindness of him; and he speedily gave her her things for purification, with such things as belonged to her, and seven maidens, which were meet to be given her, out of the king's house: and he preferred her and her maids unto the best place of the house of the women.

2:10 Esther had not shewed her people nor her kindred: for Mordecai had charged her that she should not shew it. 2:11 And Mordecai walked every day before the court of the women's house, to know how Esther did, and what should become of her.

2:12 Now when every maid's turn was come to go in to king Ahasuerus, after that she had been twelve months, according to the manner of the women, (for so were the days of their purifications accomplished, to wit, six months with oil of myrrh, and six months with sweet odours, and with other things for the purifying of the women;) 2:13 Then thus came every maiden unto the king; whatsoever she desired was given her to go with her out of the house of the women unto the king's house. 2:14 In the evening she went, and on the morrow she returned into the second house of the women, to the custody of Shaashgaz, the king's chamberlain, which kept the concubines: she came in unto the king no more, except the king delighted in her, and that she were called by name.

2:15 Now when the turn of Esther, the daughter of Abihail the uncle of Mordecai, who had taken her for his daughter, was come to go in unto the king, she required nothing but what Hegai the king's chamberlain, the keeper of the women, appointed. And Esther obtained favour in the sight of all them that looked upon her. 2:16 So Esther was taken unto king Ahasuerus into his house royal in the tenth month, which is the month Tebeth, in the seventh year of his reign.

2:17 And the king loved Esther above all the women, and she obtained grace and favour in his sight more than all the virgins; so that he set the royal crown upon her head, and made her queen instead of Vashti. 2:18 Then the king made a great feast unto all his princes and his servants, even Esther's feast; and he made a release to the provinces, and gave gifts, according to the state of the king." (Esther 2:5-18 KJV)

The empires of Assyria, Babylon and Persia were successive; the territory that composed their empires was nearly the same. The exiles of Judah lived in Babylon and Persia for at least seventy years (many never were a part of the return) - most were born in Babylon and Persia. They naturally became patriotic to their new country, as the LORD (Who was and is Jesus Christ - see Genesis 1: In The Beginning Was The Word and The Kingdom Of The LORD God) had instructed them (see the Fact Finder question below).

Mordecai was loyal to the Persian king. When Mordecai became aware of a rebel plot to assassinate the king, he "told it unto Esther the queen." Mordecai saved the king's life - an act of loyalty that would later save the lives of all of the Jews in Persia.

"2:19 And when the virgins were gathered together the second time, then Mordecai sat in the king's gate. 2:20 Esther had not yet shewed her kindred nor her people; as Mordecai had charged her: for Esther did the commandment of Mordecai, like as when she was brought up with him.

2:21 In those days, while Mordecai sat in the king's gate, two of the king's chamberlains, Bigthan and Teresh, of those which kept the door, were wroth, and sought to lay hand on the king Ahasuerus. 2:22 And the thing was known to Mordecai, who told it unto Esther the queen; and Esther certified the king thereof in Mordecai's name. 2:23 And when inquisition was made of the matter, it was found out; therefore they were both hanged on a tree: and it was written in the book of the chronicles before the king." (Esther 2:19-23 KJV)

Fact Finder: Did the LORD command the exiles of Judah to be loyal citizens in the places where they were taken?
See What Did Jeremiah's Letter To Babylon Say?


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This Day In History

This Day In History, September 29

522 BC: Darius I of Persia (see Ezra 6: The Decree Of Darius) killed the Magi known as Gaumata, thereby establishing his hold as king of the Persian Empire. Ancient Persia, known today as Iran, was well-familiar with Jesus Christ (see The Prophecies Of Cyrus of Persia and Why Did The Magi Come?).

480 BC: The Battle of Salamis was fought between the Greek fleet under Themistocles (see also A History Of Jerusalem: Greeks, Ptolemies, Seleucids) and the Persian fleet under Xerxes I (see also The Prophet Daniel: The Hand Writing On The Wall and Israel In History and Prophecy: Babylon and Persia).

61 BC: Pompey the Great declared victory at the end of the Mithridatic Wars (see A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars).

Horatio Nelson 1197: German Emperor Heinrich (in English, Henry) VI of the "Holy Roman Empire" died (see The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation).

1227: Pope Gregory IX excommunicated Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II for his refusal to participate in Rome's "Crusades" (see Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy).

1364: At the end of the Breton War of Succession, English forces defeated the French in Brittany at the Battle of Auray.

1399: Richard II of England abdicated. He is the subject of William Shakespeare's play, Richard II.

1493: Christopher Columbus left Cadiz, Spain, on his second voyage to the "new world." All four voyages of Columbus were actually to the islands of the Caribbean (see the map at Thanksgiving In History and Prophecy).

1513: Spanish explorer Vasco Nunez de Balboa "discovered" the Pacific Ocean.

1758: Horatio Nelson was born. After a long and gallant career (during which he lost an arm due to a battle wound), the English naval hero was killed in battle (shot by a French sniper) at age 47 off Cape Trafalgar, Spain. where he defeated the combined French and Spanish fleets, capturing 20 enemy ships without a single loss of his own.

1829: London's Metropolitan Police, the "Bobbies," went into service. Their first headquarters was Scotland Yard, which later became the force's official name.

1859: A spectacular auroral display ("northern lights") was seen over a vast area in the northern hemisphere.

1875: The people of Cuba staged a rebellion against the imperialistic forces of Spain and the U.S. that were struggling to decide which of them would control Cuba.

1923: The British mandate in "Palestine" began (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Balfour Declaration).

1939: Germany and the Soviet Union reached an agreement on the division of Poland.

1943: Adolf Hitler's Mein Kampf (German My Struggle) was published in the U.S. Written while Hitler was in prison in 1924, the book gave early warning of what the demonic madman would do if he ever came to power (see also Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion).

1954: CERN (the European Organization for Nuclear Research) was established.

1962: Alouette 1, the first Canadian satellite, was launched.

1979: Pope John Paul II addressed a crowd of more than 1 million in Dublin, Ireland.

1988: United Nations peacekeeping forces won the Nobel Peace Prize.

1993: A series of earthquakes struck southwest India. 10,000 bodies were recovered, but an estimated 22,000 people were killed.

2004: The asteroid 4179 Toutatis passed within four lunar distances of Earth.




Copyright © Wayne Blank