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Wednesday, October 8 2014
Esther 10: What Did Joseph, Daniel and Mordecai Do?
"Pharaoh said unto Joseph, See, I have set thee over all the land of Egypt ... only in the throne will I be greater than thou"
The Israelites have had a unique history. They were and are a "normal" nation of people, born of the nations all around them (see The Origin Of Israelites And Jews), but given a purpose, very-often despite themselves, to facilitate the coming of the Messiah of all people. For that reason, Israel (i.e. specifically, Judah; see Jews - Three Tribes and Three Meanings), as a nation, has survived events and circumstances that have consumed many other nations into oblivion.
The example of the rise of three Israelites who became the second in authority to a foreign (a word that means far reign i.e. a ruler from outside of one's own borders) king that ruled or conquered people of Israel is a testimony that the purpose of the LORD (Who was and is Jesus Christ - see Genesis 1: In The Beginning Was The Word and The Kingdom Of The LORD God) cannot be overcome by anyone.
The Israelite patriarch Joseph rose from a dungeon prisoner in Egypt to the Prime Minister of Egypt, second only to the Pharaoh (see Joseph's Coat Of Many Colours, The Pharaoh's Dreams and Joseph's Revelation).
"37:23 And it came to pass, when Joseph was come unto his brethren, that they stript Joseph out of his coat, his coat of many colours that was on him; 37:24 And they took him, and cast him into a pit: and the pit was empty, there was no water in it.
The Pharaoh of that time (see How Long Were They Slaves?) recognized that "Forasmuch as God hath shewed thee all this, there is none so discreet and wise as thou art."
"41:39 And Pharaoh said unto Joseph, Forasmuch as God hath shewed thee all this, there is none so discreet and wise as thou art: 41:40 Thou shalt be over my house, and according unto thy word shall all my people be ruled: only in the throne will I be greater than thou.
"Then the king made Daniel a great man, and gave him many great gifts, and made him ruler over the whole province of Babylon"
The prophet Daniel was one of the people of Judah who were taken into exile by the Babylonians (see The Prophet Daniel: A Child Of The Exile). Nevertheless, as happened with Joseph and the Pharaoh of Egypt, King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon recognized (see The Prophet Daniel: Nebuchadnezzar's Image) that "Of a truth it is, that your God is a God of gods, and a Lord of kings." So it was that he made Daniel the Prime Minister of Babylon - second only to Nebuchadnezzar himself.
"2:31 Thou, O king, sawest, and behold a great image. This great image, whose brightness was excellent, stood before thee; and the form thereof was terrible. 2:32 This image's head was of fine gold, his breast and his arms of silver, his belly and his thighs of brass, 2:33 His legs of iron, his feet part of iron and part of clay. 2:34 Thou sawest till that a stone was cut out without hands, which smote the image upon his feet that were of iron and clay, and brake them to pieces. 2:35 Then was the iron, the clay, the brass, the silver, and the gold, broken to pieces together, and became like the chaff of the summer threshingfloors; and the wind carried them away, that no place was found for them: and the stone that smote the image became a great mountain, and filled the whole earth.
Daniel lived to see the first part of the prophecy that made him the Prime Minister of Babylon - the fall of Babylon to Persia. Although Persian kings (Persia has been known as Iran since the 1920s; Daniel's tomb in Iran is shown in the photograph) then became Daniel's rulers, they too soon recognized that "the God of Daniel: for he is the living God, and stedfast for ever, and his kingdom that which shall not be destroyed, and his dominion shall be even unto the end" (see also The Prophecies Of Cyrus of Persia and The Prophet Daniel: The Den Of Lions).
"6:25 Then king Darius wrote unto all people, nations, and languages, that dwell in all the earth;
"Mordecai the Jew was next unto king Ahasuerus"
So too, in the time of Esther (who also became second to the king - see the Fact Finder question below), Mordecai "the Jew was next unto king Ahasuerus."
"10:1 And the king Ahasuerus laid a tribute upon the land, and upon the isles of the sea. 10:2 And all the acts of his power and of his might, and the declaration of the greatness of Mordecai, whereunto the king advanced him, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Media and Persia? 10:3 For Mordecai the Jew was next unto king Ahasuerus, and great among the Jews, and accepted of the multitude of his brethren, seeking the wealth of his people, and speaking peace to all his seed." (Esther 10:1-3 KJV)
Fact Finder: How did Esther become queen of Persia? How did Mordecai become the Prime Minister of Persia?
This Day In History, October 8
314: Roman Emperor Licinius was defeated by Constantine I at the Battle of Cibalae. Constantine went on to create the Church of Rome and many of its anti-Biblical doctrines, including "Sunday" worship from his idol Sol Invictus - "the invincible sun" (see Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy and Why Observe The True Sabbath?).
451: The Council of Chalcedon opened.
1604: The supernova called "Kepler's nova" was first sighted.
1690: Belgrade was retaken by the Turks (i.e. the Ottoman Empire; listen to our Sermon The Ottoman Empire).
1738: Turkey (i.e. the Ottoman Empire) declared war on Russia to support Poland's resistance movement against Russian occupation.
1755: The French people known as Acadians were expelled from Nova Scotia by British forces who (correctly) believed that most would fight for France if war broke out between "New France" and "New England." Many of the Acadian people later returned, while many others moved to, or remained in, the French colonies in Louisiana (which was named after a French king named Louis) where "Acadian" became pronounced as "Cajun."
1806: British forces who were laying siege to the French port of Boulogne used Congreve Rockets, invented by Sir William Congreve. The first British use of rocket-propelled missiles ("the rocket's red glare").
1840: King William I of Holland abdicated.
1856: Chinese police boarded the British vessel Arrow, arrested 12 Chinese crewmen on charges of piracy, and lowered the British flag. The incident led to the Second Anglo-Chinese War.
1871: The Great Fire of Chicago broke out. According to a popular legend, it was started when Mrs. O'Leary's cow kicked over a lantern in a straw-filled barn. Over 300 people were killed, 90,000 were made homeless. Damage was estimated at $200 million.
1881: A typhoon and tidal wave killed 300,000 people in China and Indo-China.
1912: Montenegro's declaration of war against the Turks (i.e. the Ottoman Empire) began the first Balkan War between members of the Balkan League (Serbia, Bulgaria, Greece and Montenegro) and the Ottoman Empire. It was one of two short conflicts in the Balkans just before the First World War. The Balkan states were victorious, and the Ottoman empire lost almost all of its European territory (to understand the connection of the Ottoman Empire to First and Second World Wars, listen to our Sermon The European World Wars).
1915: During the First World War, the Battle of Loos ended. Despite the loss of almost 430,000 British, French and German troops, neither side gained territory from the battle.
1939: Germany annexed western Poland after its invasion.
1942: The first west to east crossing of the Northwest Passage was completed with the arrival of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP, the "Mounties") schooner St. Roch in Halifax.
1945: President Harry Truman (it was Truman that ordered the atomic bombing of the civilian targets of Hiroshima and Nagasaki that killed over 250,000 men, women and children of those two cities) announced that U.S. atomic bomb secrets were being shared with Britain and Canada. Britain went on to develop its own nuclear arsenal soon afterward, while Canada chose (as it has to the present day) not to arm itself with nuclear weapons despite having abundant natural materials (Canadian uranium is the source for most of the U.S. and British "weapons of mass destruction" and sophisticated technology readily available that would enable their rapid production).
1967: Clement Attlee died at age 84. He was the British Labor Party leader, serving as Prime Minister 1945-1951. Attlee defeated Winston Churchill at the end of the Second World War and presided over the establishment of the welfare state in Britain (nationalizing major British industries and the Bank of England). Internationally, Attlee oversaw the granting of independence to India (that also established the separate nation of Pakistan with a division of India), Burma, Ceylon, and relinquished control of Egypt and "Palestine" where Israel would be founded thanks to the British defeat of the Ottoman Empire that had controlled the land of Israel (and most of the Middle East; listen to our Sermon The Ottoman Empire) for centuries (see A History Of Jerusalem: The British Mandate).
1990: Israeli forces put down an Arab riot in Jerusalem. About 3,000 Arabs hurled stones from the Temple Mount onto thousands of Jews who were praying below at the Western Wall. The Arabs began the riot after hearing rumors that Jewish extremists were planning to march up onto the Temple Mount and lay a cornerstone for the Third Temple. The "Temple Mount Faithful" organization now gather each year during the Festival of Succoth (Tabernacles) appealing for a massive Jewish pilgrimage to reclaim control of the Temple Mount. Some call for the outright destruction of the al-Aqsa Mosque and the Dome of the Rock to clear the way for the next Temple (while a "Holy Place" must be built for the prophesied "abomination of desolation to happen, when the Ark of the Covenant is found, there will be no time to build a "Temple" - it will most likely be housed in a tent, a Tabernacle, as it was during the 40 years in the Sinai; to understand these things, see our studies The Holy Place In History And Prophecy and A History Of Jerusalem: Abomination Of Desolation).
1998: The U.S. House of Representatives voted to begin an impeachment inquiry of President Bill Clinton's activities regarding Monica Lewinsky and numerous other matters.
2005: Thousands of people in India, Pakistan and Afghanistan were killed by a magnitude 7.6 earthquake that struck the region.