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Tuesday, December 30 2014

Psalm 39: Jeduthun's Music

"To the chief Musician, even to Jeduthun, A Psalm of David ... Jeduthun, who prophesied with a harp, to give thanks and to praise the LORD"

Jeduthun was a Levite of the line of Merari (see the Fact Finder question below) who was prominent in music in Jerusalem during the united kingdom era of King David (see How Many Kings Reigned In The United Kingdom? and When Will The United Kingdom Be Restored?).

David's establishment of the choirs and musicians in the latter era of the Tabernacle (see Israel In History and Prophecy: The Tabernacle and David's House Of Cedars and The LORD's Tabernacle) became the basis of the music service in the Temple (see Israel In History and Prophecy: The Temple) after it was constructed in the time of David's son and successor King Solomon (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Solomon).


"16:39 And Zadok the priest, and his brethren the priests, before the tabernacle of the LORD in the high place that was at Gibeon, 16:40 To offer burnt offerings unto the LORD upon the altar of the burnt offering continually morning and evening, and to do according to all that is written in the law of the LORD, which he commanded Israel; 16:41 And with them Heman and Jeduthun, and the rest that were chosen, who were expressed by name, to give thanks to the LORD, because his mercy endureth for ever; 16:42 And with them Heman and Jeduthun with trumpets and cymbals for those that should make a sound, and with musical instruments of God. And the sons of Jeduthun were porters." (1 Chronicles 16:39-42 KJV)

The musical Levites were organized into three groups. The clan of Jeduthun was one them.

"25:1 Moreover David and the captains of the host separated to the service of the sons of Asaph, and of Heman, and of Jeduthun, who should prophesy with harps, with psalteries, and with cymbals: and the number of the workmen according to their service was:

25:2 Of the sons of Asaph; Zaccur, and Joseph, and Nethaniah, and Asarelah, the sons of Asaph under the hands of Asaph, which prophesied according to the order of the king.

25:3 Of Jeduthun: the sons of Jeduthun; Gedaliah, and Zeri, and Jeshaiah, Hashabiah, and Mattithiah, six, under the hands of their father Jeduthun, who prophesied with a harp, to give thanks and to praise the LORD.

25:4 Of Heman: the sons of Heman; Bukkiah, Mattaniah, Uzziel, Shebuel, and Jerimoth, Hananiah, Hanani, Eliathah, Giddalti, and Romamtiezer, Joshbekashah, Mallothi, Hothir, and Mahazioth: 25:5 All these were the sons of Heman the king's seer in the words of God, to lift up the horn. And God gave to Heman fourteen sons and three daughters.

25:6 All these were under the hands of their father for song in the house of the LORD, with cymbals, psalteries, and harps, for the service of the house of God, according to the king's order to Asaph, Jeduthun, and Heman. 25:7 So the number of them, with their brethren that were instructed in the songs of the LORD, even all that were cunning, was two hundred fourscore and eight. 25:8 And they cast lots, ward against ward, as well the small as the great, the teacher as the scholar." (1 Chronicles 25:1-8 KJV)

Jeduthun as addressed in three of the Psalms - the 39th, the 62nd and 77th Psalms.

"39:1 To the chief Musician, even to Jeduthun, A Psalm of David.

I said, I will take heed to my ways, that I sin not with my tongue: I will keep my mouth with a bridle, while the wicked is before me. 39:2 I was dumb with silence, I held my peace, even from good; and my sorrow was stirred. 39:3 My heart was hot within me, while I was musing the fire burned: then spake I with my tongue,

39:4 LORD, make me to know mine end, and the measure of my days, what it is; that I may know how frail I am. 39:5 Behold, thou hast made my days as an handbreadth; and mine age is as nothing before thee: verily every man at his best state is altogether vanity. Selah.

39:6 Surely every man walketh in a vain shew: surely they are disquieted in vain: he heapeth up riches, and knoweth not who shall gather them.

39:7 And now, Lord, what wait I for? my hope is in thee. 39:8 Deliver me from all my transgressions: make me not the reproach of the foolish. 39:9 I was dumb, I opened not my mouth; because thou didst it. 39:10 Remove thy stroke away from me: I am consumed by the blow of thine hand. 39:11 When thou with rebukes dost correct man for iniquity, thou makest his beauty to consume away like a moth: surely every man is vanity. Selah.

39:12 Hear my prayer, O LORD, and give ear unto my cry; hold not thy peace at my tears: for I am a stranger with thee, and a sojourner, as all my fathers were. 39:13 O spare me, that I may recover strength, before I go hence, and be no more." (Psalm 39:1-13 KJV)

Fact Finder: (a) When was the Levite priesthood established? (b) How were the Levites organized? (c) What property did the Levites inherit in the land of Israel? (d) What was the Christian purpose of the Levite priesthood?
(a) See When Were The Levites Set Apart? and The Meeting Of Moses And Aaron
(b) See The Levite Clans
(c) See The Inheritance Of The Levites
(d) See The Prophecy Of The Blood Upon The Anointed One and The Levites Of Christ

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This Day In History, December 30

39: Titus Flavius Caesar Vespasianus Augustus was born. Titus was the Roman military commander who besieged and captured Jerusalem in 70 AD (see A History Of Jerusalem: Titus And The Zealots). Titus later was the Emperor of Rome from 79 to 81 (see also A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars).

Fallen Stones 1066: The Granada massacre. A Muslim mob stormed the royal palace in Granada, Spain. They crucified the Jewish vizier, Joseph ibn Naghrela, and massacred most of the Jewish population of the city.

1460: During the Wars of The Roses, Richard of York with 5,000 men was defeated by Queen Margaret and the Lancastrians at the Battle of Wakefield. Nearly 3,000 Yorkists were killed, including the Duke himself.

1803: The U.S. took formal possession of Louisiana (named after King Louis XIV who reigned 1643 to 1715), after purchasing the territory from France.

1880: The Transvaal, under Paul Kruger, declared itself a republic.

1896: Filipino reform advocate Jose Rizal was executed by a Spanish firing squad in Manila.

1903: A fire in the Iroquois Theater in Chicago killed 588 people; public outrage led to new theater safety codes across the U.S.

1911: Sun Yat-sen was elected the first President of the Republic of China after the fall of the Chinese dynasties.

1915: During the First World War (listen to our Sermon The European World Wars), a German submarine torpedoed the British liner Persia off Crete. At least 330 of the 501 passengers and crew were killed.

1916: Gregory Rasputin (the "mad monk"), Siberian peasant, mystic, and favorite of Czar Nicholas II and Czarina Alexandra was shot, poisoned and eventually drowned at the house of Prince Feliks Yusupov.

1922: The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics was established through the confederation of Russia, Byelorussia, Ukraine and the Transcaucasian Federation. It lasted 70 years.

1936: The United Auto Workers Union began its first strike.

1944: King George II of Greece renounced the monarchy.

1947: King Michael of Romania was forced to abdicate by Soviet-backed Communists.

1965: Ferdinand Marcos was sworn in as the President of the Philippines.

1972: After 2 weeks of heavy bombing raids on North Vietnam, U.S. President Richard Nixon halted the air offensive and agreed to resume peace negotiations with Hanoi.

1993: Israel and the Vatican signed an agreement on mutual recognition (see Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy, Israel In History and Prophecy: Israel Of Judah, A History Of Jerusalem: Constantine and Muhammad and A Biography Of Abraham: Abrahamic Religions).

1996: Budget cuts by Benjamin Netanyahu resulted in protests from 250,000 workers across Israel.

2006: Saddam Hussein, the conquered President of Iraq, was executed by hanging for the war crimes that he committed.


Copyright © Wayne Blank