Friday, January 23 2015
Psalm 63: In The Wilderness Of Judah
"A Psalm of David, when he was in the wilderness of Judah"
The people of Judah ("Jew" is an abbreviation of Judah in the same way that "Joe" is an abbreviation of Joseph) originated from Jacob/Israel's son Judah and two Canaanite women (see The First Jews). The descendants of Judah then increased from a man's family into a multitude, just as all of the other tribes did, during the four hundred years that they lived in Egypt (see The First Census Of Israel, I Will There Make Of Thee A Great Nation and The First Sinai Census).
When the Israelites arrived in the Promised Land in the time of Joshua (see Joshua's Commission), each tribe was given a homeland of its own. The LORD (Who was and is Jesus Christ - see In The Beginning Was The Word and The Kingdom Of The LORD God) was their King, Joshua was the Prime Minister of the King and each of the tribal areas were provinces of the LORD's Kingdom of Israel.
Judah's tribal territory was south of the Jebusite city of Jerusalem (see A History Of Jerusalem: Jebus Of Canaan), between Gaza (see Where Is Palestine? and Gaza In History And Prophecy) and the Dead Sea (see The Salt Sea In History And Prophecy).
"15:1 This then was the lot of the tribe of the children of Judah by their families; even to the border of Edom the wilderness of Zin southward was the uttermost part of the south coast.
15:2 And their south border was from the shore of the salt sea, from the bay that looketh southward:
15:3 And it went out to the south side to Maalehacrabbim, and passed along to Zin, and ascended up on the south side unto Kadeshbarnea, and passed along to Hezron, and went up to Adar, and fetched a compass to Karkaa:
15:4 From thence it passed toward Azmon, and went out unto the river of Egypt [see also Abraham's Seed: From The Nile To The Euphrates]; and the goings out of that coast were at the sea: this shall be your south coast.
15:5 And the east border was the salt sea, even unto the end of Jordan. And their border in the north quarter was from the bay of the sea at the uttermost part of Jordan:
15:6 And the border went up to Bethhogla, and passed along by the north of Betharabah; and the border went up to the stone of Bohan the son of Reuben:
15:7 And the border went up toward Debir from the valley of Achor, and so northward, looking toward Gilgal, that is before the going up to Adummim, which is on the south side of the river: and the border passed toward the waters of Enshemesh, and the goings out thereof were at Enrogel:
15:8 And the border went up by the valley of the son of Hinnom unto the south side of the Jebusite; the same is Jerusalem: and the border went up to the top of the mountain that lieth before the valley of Hinnom westward, which is at the end of the valley of the giants northward:
15:9 And the border was drawn from the top of the hill unto the fountain of the water of Nephtoah, and went out to the cities of mount Ephron; and the border was drawn to Baalah, which is Kirjathjearim:
15:10 And the border compassed from Baalah westward unto mount Seir, and passed along unto the side of mount Jearim, which is Chesalon, on the north side, and went down to Bethshemesh, and passed on to Timnah:
15:11 And the border went out unto the side of Ekron northward: and the border was drawn to Shicron, and passed along to mount Baalah, and went out unto Jabneel; and the goings out of the border were at the sea.
15:12 And the west border was to the great sea, and the coast thereof. This is the coast of the children of Judah round about according to their families.
15:13 And unto Caleb the son of Jephunneh he gave a part among the children of Judah, according to the commandment of the LORD to Joshua, even the city of Arba the father of Anak, which city is Hebron. [see Joshua 14: Caleb's Hebron]
15:14 And Caleb drove thence the three sons of Anak, Sheshai, and Ahiman, and Talmai, the children of Anak.
15:15 And he went up thence to the inhabitants of Debir: and the name of Debir before was Kirjathsepher.
15:16 And Caleb said, He that smiteth Kirjathsepher, and taketh it, to him will I give Achsah my daughter to wife.
15:17 And Othniel the son of Kenaz, the brother of Caleb, took it: and he gave him Achsah his daughter to wife.
15:18 And it came to pass, as she came unto him, that she moved him to ask of her father a field: and she lighted off her ass; and Caleb said unto her, What wouldest thou?
15:19 Who answered, Give me a blessing; for thou hast given me a south land; give me also springs of water. And he gave her the upper springs, and the nether springs.
15:20 This is the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Judah according to their families.
15:21 And the uttermost cities of the tribe of the children of Judah toward the coast of Edom southward were Kabzeel, and Eder, and Jagur,
15:22 And Kinah, and Dimonah, and Adadah,
15:23 And Kedesh, and Hazor, and Ithnan,
15:24 Ziph, and Telem, and Bealoth,
15:25 And Hazor, Hadattah, and Kerioth, and Hezron, which is Hazor,
15:26 Amam, and Shema, and Moladah,
15:27 And Hazargaddah, and Heshmon, and Bethpalet,
15:28 And Hazarshual, and Beersheba, and Bizjothjah,
15:29 Baalah, and Iim, and Azem,
15:30 And Eltolad, and Chesil, and Hormah,
15:31 And Ziklag, and Madmannah, and Sansannah,
15:32 And Lebaoth, and Shilhim, and Ain, and Rimmon: all the cities are twenty and nine, with their villages:
15:33 And in the valley, Eshtaol, and Zoreah, and Ashnah,
15:34 And Zanoah, and Engannim, Tappuah, and Enam,
15:35 Jarmuth, and Adullam, Socoh, and Azekah,
15:36 And Sharaim, and Adithaim, and Gederah, and Gederothaim; fourteen cities with their villages:
15:37 Zenan, and Hadashah, and Migdalgad,
15:38 And Dilean, and Mizpeh, and Joktheel,
15:39 Lachish, and Bozkath, and Eglon,
15:40 And Cabbon, and Lahmam, and Kithlish,
15:41 And Gederoth, Bethdagon, and Naamah, and Makkedah; sixteen cities with their villages:
15:42 Libnah, and Ether, and Ashan,
15:43 And Jiphtah, and Ashnah, and Nezib,
15:44 And Keilah, and Achzib, and Mareshah; nine cities with their villages:
15:45 Ekron, with her towns and her villages:
15:46 From Ekron even unto the sea, all that lay near Ashdod, with their villages:
15:47 Ashdod with her towns and her villages, Gaza with her towns and her villages, unto the river of Egypt, and the great sea, and the border thereof:
15:48 And in the mountains, Shamir, and Jattir, and Socoh,
15:49 And Dannah, and Kirjathsannah, which is Debir,
15:50 And Anab, and Eshtemoh, and Anim,
15:51 And Goshen, and Holon, and Giloh; eleven cities with their villages:
15:52 Arab, and Dumah, and Eshean,
15:53 And Janum, and Bethtappuah, and Aphekah,
15:54 And Humtah, and Kirjatharba, which is Hebron, and Zior; nine cities with their villages:
15:55 Maon, Carmel, and Ziph, and Juttah,
15:56 And Jezreel, and Jokdeam, and Zanoah,
15:57 Cain, Gibeah, and Timnah; ten cities with their villages:
15:58 Halhul, Bethzur, and Gedor,
15:59 And Maarath, and Bethanoth, and Eltekon; six cities with their villages:
15:60 Kirjathbaal, which is Kirjathjearim, and Rabbah; two cities with their villages:
15:61 In the wilderness, Betharabah, Middin, and Secacah,
15:62 And Nibshan, and the city of Salt, and Engedi; six cities with their villages.
15:63 As for the Jebusites the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the children of Judah could not drive them out: but the Jebusites dwell with the children of Judah at Jerusalem unto this day." (Joshua 15:1-63 KJV)
As shown in the detailed list above, the homeland of Judah included some of the largest cities as well as remote areas of wilderness. David was a native of Judah who resorted to the wilderness areas of Judah during his difficult times of civil war and coups (i.e. see Why Didn't David Kill Saul? and The Treason Of Absalom).
"63:1 A Psalm of David, when he was in the wilderness of Judah.
O God, thou art my God; early will I seek thee: my soul thirsteth for thee, my flesh longeth for thee in a dry and thirsty land, where no water is;
63:2 To see thy power and thy glory, so as I have seen thee in the sanctuary.
63:3 Because thy lovingkindness is better than life, my lips shall praise thee.
63:4 Thus will I bless thee while I live: I will lift up my hands in thy name.
63:5 My soul shall be satisfied as with marrow and fatness; and my mouth shall praise thee with joyful lips:
63:6 When I remember thee upon my bed, and meditate on thee in the night watches.
63:7 Because thou hast been my help, therefore in the shadow of thy wings will I rejoice.
63:8 My soul followeth hard after thee: thy right hand upholdeth me.
63:9 But those that seek my soul, to destroy it, shall go into the lower parts of the earth.
63:10 They shall fall by the sword: they shall be a portion for foxes.
63:11 But the king shall rejoice in God; every one that sweareth by him shall glory: but the mouth of them that speak lies shall be stopped." (Psalm 63:1-11 KJV)
Fact Finder: How did the identity of "Jew" develop into three separate meanings - family, national and religious?
See Jews - Three Tribes and Three Meanings
This Day In History, January 23
393: Roman Emperor Theodosius I proclaimed his eight year old son Honorius as co-emperor (see also A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars).
971: In China, the military elephant corps of the Southern Han were defeated at Shao by long-range crossbow fire from Song Dynasty troops.
1002: Otto III, German emperor, died at age 22 (see The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation and Emperors and Popes; also Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy).
1264: The Mise of Amiens, an agreement arranged by Louis IX of France between Henry III of England and his barons. It invalidated the Provisions of Oxford.
1265: The first Parliament of England convened.
1492: The Pentateuch (i.e. the first five books of the Bible: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy) was first printed.
1516: Spanish King Ferdinand II died. While he and his wife Queen Isabella are most famous for employing the Italian explorer Christopher Columbus (who "discovered" the Caribbean islands; see a map of all of the voyages of Columbus at Thanksgiving In History and Prophecy), Ferdinand, also known as "Ferdinand the Catholic," was the perpetrator of the infamous Spanish Inquisition in which tens of thousands of non-Catholic people were tortured and executed. Thousands were burned alive at the stake, while others were tortured with "waterboarding" in an attempt to brutalize them, by near-drowning, into forsaking the genuine method of baptism, by immersion (the exact same torture used by the CIA around the world today, despite, at the end of the Second World War, the U.S. having executed Japanese military officers for the "war crime" of torturing prisoners by the very same waterboarding).
1556: Over 800,000 people died in an earthquake in China. It remains the most deadly earthquake on record.
1570: James Stewart, the Earl of Moray, who was appointed Regent of Scotland on the abdication of Mary Queen of Scots, was assassinated.
1579: The Dutch Republic was formed with the signing of the Union of Utrecht.
1622: William Baffin died at age 38. The British explorer's calculation of longitude at sea by using observations of the moon's position was the first documented. Canada's Baffin Island is named after him.
1631: The Treaty of Barwalde between France and Sweden in which Louis XIII consented to pay Gustavus II Aldolphus a million livres per year to continue to fight the Habsburgs in the Thirty Years War.
1668: The military Alliance of The Hague, also known as the Triple Alliance, was signed by Britain, Sweden and Holland.
1719: The Principality of Liechtenstein was formed within The Holy Roman Empire by the amalgamation of Vaduz and Schellenberg.
1793: Prussia (a German kingdom in northern Europe located in what is today northern Germany and northern Poland) and Russia declared the second partition of Poland.
1806: William Pitt, the Younger, died at age 47. As Prime Minister, he led Britain during the Napoleonic Wars against France. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania was named after his father, William Pitt, the Elder (neither father nor son were revolutionaries in the New England colonies that were built by English pioneers in the wilderness).
1812: The great New Madrid earthquake struck in Missouri. It registered 7.8 on the Richter Scale.
1831: The Lower Canada Assembly ("Upper" and "Lower" Canada were terms based simply on the flow of the Saint Lawrence River toward the Atlantic Ocean; "Upper Canada" was present-day southern Ontario, "Lower Canada" was southern Quebec) voted to extend legal rights to Jews.
1870: In Montana, U.S. cavalrymen murdered 173 Native Americans, mostly unarmed women and children, in what became known as the Marias Massacre.
1900: In the second Boer War, the British attempted to break through the Boer lines to relieve Ladysmith but were thwarted at the Battle of Spion Kop.
1920: The Dutch refused to extradite German Kaiser Wilhelm II after he went into exile after the First World War (listen to our Sermon The European World Wars).
1943: During the Second World War, Tripoli, Libya was captured by British and Canadian forces under Field Marshal Montgomery.
1950: George Orwell (actual name Eric Blair) died at age 46. The British novelist was the author of Animal Farm (that dealt with the hypocrisy of revolutionaries who end up becoming the very same sort of people that they rebelled against) and Nineteen Eighty Four (a futuristic warning about "Big Brother" government).
1950: Jerusalem was declared the official capital of the modern state of Israel (see A History Of Jerusalem: The Capital Of Judah and Israel In History and Prophecy: Israel Of Judah).
1968: North Korea captured the U.S. Navy ship Pueblo. The crew was released later that year, but the ship remains in North Korea to this day.
1973: Richard Nixon announced that an accord had been reached to end the U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War (which was actually a civil war between the Vietnamese people whose single country had been partitioned in 1954, by the French at the end of the First Indochina War, into North and South Vietnam).
2006: Stephen Harper was elected Prime Minister of Canada.