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Tuesday, April 14 2015
Psalm 137: The Rivers Of Babylon Psalm
"By the rivers of Babylon, there we sat down, yea, we wept, when we remembered Zion. We hanged our harps upon the willows in the midst thereof"
The Kingdom of Judah (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Kingdom Of Judah) existed for about 347 years, from 933 BC - a total that included about 135 years after the Kingdom of Israel had ceased to exist (see Israel In History and Prophecy: The Lost Ten Tribes).
The LORD (see The Identity Of The LORD God) also had Judah conquered and taken away into exile because they became just as unfaithful as Israel and the united kingdom before them (see How Many Kings Reigned In The United Kingdom? and When Will The United Kingdom Be Restored?).
The difference between the fate of Israel and Judah is that by the time that Judah fell in 586 BC, the Assyrian Empire that had conquered Israel had itself fallen to the Babylonian Empire - so it was Babylon, not Assyria, that destroyed Judah.
The other major difference is that, for the sake of the coming Messiah, Judah's exile lasted only 70 years - long enough to wipe out the corrupt generations that caused the destruction of Judah with their foolish and heathen liberalism (see also Iniquity In History And Prophecy).
The LORD, through His prophets (see Israel In History and Prophecy: The Prophets and the Fact Finder question below), gave Judah every opportunity to be saved from their self-inflicted national tribulation. But they refused, so off to their destruction they went, until seventy years later, a Persian king (by then Babylon had fallen to Persia; see The Prophet Daniel: The Hand Writing On The Wall) had those people of Judah return home to a place that they had never been before.
"36:15 And the LORD God of their fathers sent to them by his messengers, rising up betimes, and sending; because he had compassion on his people, and on his dwelling place: 36:16 But they mocked the messengers of God, and despised his words, and misused his prophets, until the wrath of the LORD arose against his people, till there was no remedy. 36:17 Therefore he brought upon them the king of the Chaldees, who slew their young men with the sword in the house of their sanctuary, and had no compassion upon young man or maiden, old man, or him that stooped for age: he gave them all into his hand. 36:18 And all the vessels of the house of God, great and small, and the treasures of the house of the LORD, and the treasures of the king, and of his princes; all these he brought to Babylon. 36:19 And they burnt the house of God, and brake down the wall of Jerusalem, and burnt all the palaces thereof with fire, and destroyed all the goodly vessels thereof.
Most of the Psalms were written by King David (see David's Harp and David's Psalm For Solomon) or by others in the time of King David (see The Songs Of Asaph; also Asaph's Babylonian Prophecy). Psalm 137 is unique in that it was written later, after the fall of Judah to Babylon. Righteous King David never saw it - nor would he have ever let it happen.
" 137:1 By the rivers of Babylon, there we sat down, yea, we wept, when we remembered Zion. 137:2 We hanged our harps upon the willows in the midst thereof. 137:3 For there they that carried us away captive required of us a song; and they that wasted us required of us mirth, saying, Sing us one of the songs of Zion.
Fact Finder: When did the nation of Judah complete their prescribed 70 years exile in Babylon?
This Day In History, April 14
43 BC: The Battle of Forum Gallorum. Mark Antony (see also The Cleopatra Connection), while besieging one of Julius Caesar's assassins, Decimus Brutus, in Mutina (see The Politics Of Rome and A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars), defeated the forces of the consul Pansa, but was then defeated by the army of the other consul, Hirtius.
69: Vitellius, commander of the Roman armies of the Rhine, defeated Emperor Otho in the Battle of Bedriacum. Vitellius then seized the throne of Emperor.
70: The Siege of Jerusalem. Titus, son of emperor Vespasian, encircled the Jewish city with four Roman legions (see A History Of Jerusalem: Titus And The Zealots).
193: Septimius Severus was proclaimed Emperor of Rome by the imperial army in Illyricum (in the Balkans).
1028: Henry (Heinrich) III, a son of Conrad, was chosen king of the Germans.
1205: The Battle of Adrianople was fought between the Bulgarians and the "Crusaders" (see Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy).
1471: Battle of Barnet. In the English Wars of The Roses, a momentous victory for the Yorkist king Edward IV over his Lancastrian opponents under the Earl of Warwick, the adherents of Henry VI. Warwick was killed and Edward IV resumed the throne.
1611: First known use of the word "telescope."
1828: Noah Webster obtained a copyright for the first edition of his dictionary.
1849: Hungary declared itself independent of Austria with Louis Kossuth as its leader.
1865: Abraham Lincoln was shot by John Wilkes Booth at the Ford Theater in Washington. Lincoln died the next day and was succeeded by Andrew Johnson.
1871: Parliament passed a bill to create a uniform currency in Canada.
1894: The first public showing of Edison's kinetoscope (moving pictures).
1912: The Titanic collided with an iceberg in the North Atlantic off Newfoundland. The collision tore a 91 meter (300 foot) gash in the hull during the British ocean liner's maiden voyage, to New York City. It sank the next day.
1931: In Spain, under pressure by Republican forces for his abdication, King Alfonso XIII left the country while refusing to abdicate; he never returned. General Francisco Franco later reinstated him as a Spanish citizen and restored his confiscated property, but he eventually abdicated his rights to his third son, Don Juan.
1945: The Imperial Palace in Tokyo was damaged by B-29 bombers.
1948: A flash of light was observed in the crater Plato on the moon (likely a large meteorite striking the surface).
1981: Completion of the first space shuttle flight, the Columbia.
1986: In retaliation for the April 5 bombing in West Berlin that killed two U.S. military men, U.S. President Ronald Reagan ordered a bombing raid against Libya that killed 60 civilians.
1994: In one of numerous "friendly fire" incidents of the war, two U.S. warplanes shot down 2 U.S. Army helicopters, killing 26 servicemen.
2010: A magnitude 6.9 earthquake in Yushu, Qinghai, China killed 2,700 people.