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Wednesday, June 17 2015
Song Of Solomon 7: The Lady In Sandals
"How graceful are your feet in sandals, O queenly maiden!"
The English-language word "shoe" originated from an Anglo-Saxon word, sceoh, that meant to cover i.e. the feet. Generally, shoes provided an enclosed covering for the feet.
The English-language word "sandal" originated from a French word, sandale, that originated from a Latin word, sandalium, that further originated from a Greek word, pronounced sandalion, that was used to describe a piece of leather (or composite wood and leather) that was fastened to the foot by means of straps that were crossed over the foot and ankle and/or wrapped around the ankle and lower leg (i.e. the lower leg was "laced" in the way that shoes are laced now; see the example in the illustration). Generally, sandals provided an open covering for the soles of the feet.
The King James Version most-often uses "shoe" or "shoes" to translate the Hebrew word, pronounced nawl-awl-aw, and the Greek word, pronounced hoop-od-aw-mah, both of which actually meant sandals. The King James Version translators were nevertheless thinking of sandals when they used "shoes" (a term for all footwear in their time) as made obvious in these rare (only two) uses of "sandals" in the KJV - the actual original word of which they translated as "shoes" everywhere else.
"6:8 And commanded them that they should take nothing for their journey, save a staff only; no scrip, no bread, no money in their purse: 6:9 But be shod with sandals; and not put on two coats." (Mark 6:8-9 KJV)
The famous statement by John the Baptist (see The Ministries Of The Two Greatest Prophets) about the Messiah was obviously about sandals - as rendered by most other translations.
"3:16 John answered, saying unto them all, I indeed baptize you with water; but one mightier than I cometh, the latchet of whose shoes I am not worthy to unloose: he shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost and with fire" (Luke 3:16 KJV)
Sandals were the footwear that were known to the ancient people of the LORD (see The LORD God Our Saviour). Moses was commanded to take off his sandals in the presence of the LORD at the "burning bush" event (see The Sign Of The Flaming Bush), while the LORD told the Israelites to keep their sandals on (the practical hygiene custom then, as now, was to remove outdoors footwear when entering the home) during the Passover because of their imminent departure in the Exodus (see The First Passover).
"3:4 And when the LORD saw that he turned aside to see, God called unto him out of the midst of the bush, and said, Moses, Moses. And he said, Here am I. 3:5 And he said, Draw not nigh hither: put off thy shoes from off thy feet, for the place whereon thou standest is holy ground." (Exodus 3:4-5 KJV)
Sandals were the customary footwear in the time of King Solomon. Again, notice the difference between "How beautiful are thy feet with shoes" in the King James version with a more specific (keeping in mind that the King James translators knew that they were sandals and were thinking of sandals when they used the term "shoes" for them) "How graceful are your feet in sandals" in the RSV.
"7:1 How beautiful are thy feet with shoes, O prince's daughter! the joints of thy thighs are like jewels, the work of the hands of a cunning workman. 7:2 Thy navel is like a round goblet, which wanteth not liquor: thy belly is like an heap of wheat set about with lilies. 7:3 Thy two breasts are like two young roes that are twins. 7:4 Thy neck is as a tower of ivory; thine eyes like the fishpools in Heshbon, by the gate of Bathrabbim: thy nose is as the tower of Lebanon which looketh toward Damascus. 7:5 Thine head upon thee is like Carmel, and the hair of thine head like purple; the king is held in the galleries. 7:6 How fair and how pleasant art thou, O love, for delights! 7:7 This thy stature is like to a palm tree, and thy breasts to clusters of grapes. 7:8 I said, I will go up to the palm tree, I will take hold of the boughs thereof: now also thy breasts shall be as clusters of the vine, and the smell of thy nose like apples; 7:9 And the roof of thy mouth like the best wine for my beloved, that goeth down sweetly, causing the lips of those that are asleep to speak.
This Day In History, June 17
1462: Vlad III the Impaler attempted to assassinate Mehmed II, forcing him to retreat from Wallachia.
1579: Sir Francis Drake claimed San Francisco Bay for England. He called it Nova Albion. Albion, meaning "the white" ("albino" originated from the same root word) was an ancient name for the island of Britain, from the White Cliffs of Dover). The Spanish however were later to take possession of it and most of what is today the southwestern states of the U.S.
1631: Mumtaz Mahal died during childbirth. Her husband, Mughal emperor Shah Jahan I, spent the next 20 years building her mausoleum - the now world-famous Taj Mahal.
1673: French explorers Jacques Marquette and Louis Jolliet reached the Mississippi River.
1799: Napoleon Bonaparte incorporated Italy into the French empire.
1867: Joseph Lister performed the first surgical operation under antiseptic conditions on his sister Isabella, at Glasgow's Royal Infirmary in Scotland.
1876 1,500 Sioux and Cheyenne led by Crazy Horse (the leader of the Sioux at the battle of the Little Bighorn a few days later, in which Custer and his 7th cavalry were wiped out) repelled General George Crook's attack at Rosebud Creek in Montana.
1885: The Statue of Liberty arrived in New York City from Europe. While most are aware that it was a gift from the Roman-Catholic people and government of France, very few are realize that the Statue of Liberty was a deliberate, as stated by its builders, reproduction of the ancient Roman goddess Libertas, idol-worshipping Rome's "goddess of freedom." A 2,000 year-old Roman coin from 42 BC, from the era of the birth of the Roman Empire, as shown in the photograph, shows Libertas (including the idol's name, the Latin Libertas, in English meaning "Lady Liberty" right on the coin); the face and the crown are identical to the Statue of Liberty.
1924: The Fascist militia marched into Rome.
1925: 29 countries signed the Geneva Protocol which prohibited the use of poison gas in war.
1939: The last public guillotining in France: Eugen Weidmann, a convicted murderer, was beheaded in Versailles at the Saint-Pierre prison.
1967: China detonated its first hydrogen bomb.
1972: Five White House operatives were arrested at the Democratic Party Headquarters in the Watergate complex in Washington. The break-in eventually led to the resignation of President Richard Nixon in 1974.
1974: An Irish republican guerrilla bomb exploded at Westminster Hall, in the British Houses of Parliament injuring 11.
1994: After the "L.A. Freeway Bronco Chase," O.J. Simpson was arrested for the knife murders of his former wife Nicole Simpson and her friend Ronald Goldman. Simpson was later acquitted of the murders by a jury of his "peers."
1997: During the Amsterdam conference of European Union members, a French diplomat replied in response to the slow progress of negotiations, "Rome wasn't built in a day" (see What Is The Mark Of The Beast? and What And Where Is Babylon Today?).