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Thursday, June 25 2015
Isaiah 7: Why Did Isaiah Say The Messiah's Name Is Immanuel?
"Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel"
The Hebrew word, pronounced im, is found 26 times in the Holy Scriptures. The King James Version translates it variously as with, in, against, unto, toward, as long as, beside, before and in spite of. Examples:
"24:12 And he said, O LORD God [see The LORD God Our Saviour] of my master Abraham, I pray thee, send me good speed this day, and show kindness unto [i.e. im] my master Abraham." (Genesis 24:12 KJV)
The Hebrew word pronounced ale (written in English as El when used in compound form) is found about 245 times in the Holy Scriptures. When used singularly, the King James Version usually translates it as "God." Examples:
"14:18 And Melchizedek king of Salem [see A History Of Jerusalem: Melchizedek's Salem] brought forth bread and wine: and he was the priest of the most high God [i.e. El]. 14:19 And he blessed him, and said, Blessed be Abram of the most high God [i.e. El], possessor of heaven and earth" (Genesis 14:18-19 KJV)
El is moreover used in compound forms for God, such as El-ohim, which is the plural form of a singular entity (El-ohim is the "Us" in "1:26 And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness" Genesis 1:26 KJV); El-elohe-Israel which means mighty one, the God of Israel ("33:20 And he erected there an altar, and called it Elelohe-Israel" Genesis 33:20 KJV); El-Shaddai which means The Almighty God ("17:1 And when Abram was ninety years old and nine, the LORD appeared to Abram, and said unto him, I am the Almighty God; walk before me, and be thou perfect" Genesis 17:1 KJV).
El was also used as a synchronic (i.e. descriptive) prefix or suffix in the names of some of God's people e.g. Daniel, Elijah, Elisha, Elizabeth, Samuel and Eleazar, among numerous others - including Israel (which in Hebrew is pronounced yiss-raw-ale; see also A Biography Of Jacob: When Jacob Became Israel).
The "im" and "El" words are also used for the Messiah. As explained above for the individual words, "Immanuel," in Hebrew pronounced im-maw-noo-ale, means God with us. The maw-noo that connects "im" and "El" isn't merely a conjunction, but a specific pronoun-suffix for El in the word.
Immanuel is found only twice in the Hebrew Scriptures - both by Isaiah. The most well-known is "Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel" (see section farther below), while the other describes a time of world conquest in which even all of the "far countries" will become "the breadth of thy land, O Immanuel."
"8:5 The LORD spake also unto me again, saying, 8:6 Forasmuch as this people refuseth the waters of Shiloah that go softly, and rejoice in Rezin and Remaliah's son; 8:7 Now therefore, behold, the Lord bringeth up upon them the waters of the river, strong and many, even the king of Assyria, and all his glory: and he shall come up over all his channels, and go over all his banks: 8:8 And he shall pass through Judah; he shall overflow and go over, he shall reach even to the neck; and the stretching out of his wings shall fill the breadth of thy land, O Immanuel. 8:9 Associate yourselves, O ye people, and ye shall be broken in pieces; and give ear, all ye of far countries: gird yourselves, and ye shall be broken in pieces; gird yourselves, and ye shall be broken in pieces. 8:10 Take counsel together, and it shall come to nought; speak the word, and it shall not stand: for God is with us." (Isaiah 8:5-10 KJV)
Isaiah had great knowledge of the Messiah's first coming, including about John the Baptist - as well as His return (see Isaiah: Visions Of The Messiah for both).
"7:1 And it came to pass in the days of Ahaz the son of Jotham, the son of Uzziah, king of Judah, that Rezin the king of Syria, and Pekah the son of Remaliah, king of Israel, went up toward Jerusalem to war against it, but could not prevail against it.
Fact Finder: What does the Holy Bible actually say about the virgin who was chosen to be the mother of "Immanuel"?
This Day In History, June 25
253: Pope Cornelius was beheaded at Centumcellae (the Church of Rome was actually created by the Roman Emperor Constantine; see Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy).
524: The Franks defeated the Burgundians at the Battle of Vezeronce.
841: Forces under the command of Charles the Bald and Louis the German defeated the armies of Lothair I of Italy and Pepin II of Aquitaine at the Battle of Fontenay-en-Puisaye (see The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation).
1080: A council of bishops at Brixen declared Pope Gregory to be deposed and Archbishop Guibert as antipope Clement III (see Antipopes).
1530: The Augsburg Confession, the official Lutheran statement of faith, written by Melanchthon and endorsed by Luther, was presented.
1580: The Book of Concord, a collection of doctrinal standards of the Lutheran Church, was first published.
1741: Maria Theresa of Austria was crowned Queen of Hungary.
1870: Queen Isabella of Spain abdicated in favor of Alfonso XII.
1876: The Battle of the Little Big Horn (known to the Sioux as the Battle of the Greasy Grass) near the Little Bighorn River in eastern Montana Territory. Sioux warriors led by Crazy Horse (contrary to legend, Sitting Bull was not present at the battle, but was in the area) annihilated the U.S. 7th Cavalry led by Lt. Colonel George Custer. Custer died along with his company of 264 men in what was known as "Custer's Last Stand."
1945: The Charter of the United Nations was unanimously adopted.
1948: After Soviet forces in East Germany cut off overland access to West Berlin, U.S. and British planes began the "Berlin Airlift" which lasted until September 30 1949.
1950: North Korea invaded South Korea, beginning the Korean War.
1975: Mozambique became independent after 477 years of Portuguese rule.
1991: Croatia and Slovenia declared their independence from Yugoslavia.
1993: Kim Campbell was chosen as leader of the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada and became the first female Prime Minister of Canada. She lost the Federal Election a few months later, so Canada is yet to have its first elected female Prime Minister.
1997: An unmanned cargo ship crashed into the Russian space station Mir, causing extensive damage to the station but causing no injury to the 2 Russian cosmonauts and 1 U.S. astronaut aboard.
1997: Jacques-Yves Cousteau died at age 87. The French oceanographer was the co-inventor of SCUBA (an acronym for Self Contained Underwater Breathing Apparatus) diving tanks and the producer of many popular books and television productions.