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Saturday, July 4 2015

Isaiah 16: The Holy Tents of Moses And David

"Moses took the tabernacle, and pitched it without the camp, afar off from the camp, and called it the tabernacle of the congregation ... So they brought the Ark of God, and set it in the midst of the tent that David had pitched for it"

When Moses came down from Mount Sinai with the first writing of the Ten Commandments, he found the people running wild around a calf idol (see The Mount Sinai Riot). In great anger, Moses threw the tables of stone onto the ground and destroyed them .

"32:15 And Moses turned, and went down from the mount, and the two tables of the testimony were in his hand: the tables were written on both their sides; on the one side and on the other were they written. 32:16 And the tables were the work of God, and the writing was the writing of God, graven upon the tables." (Exodus 32:15-16 KJV)

"32:19 And it came to pass, as soon as he came nigh unto the camp, that he saw the calf, and the dancing: and Moses' anger waxed hot, and he cast the tables out of his hands, and brake them beneath the mount." (Exodus 32:19 KJV)

Moses then built a tabernacle, a tent, outside of the camp (see Why Did Moses Pitch A Tabernacle Outside The Camp?). There, the LORD (see The LORD God Our Saviour) appeared to Moses and spoke with him on a regular basis.

Sinai Shepherds

"33:7 And Moses took the tabernacle, and pitched it without the camp, afar off from the camp, and called it the Tabernacle of the congregation. And it came to pass, that every one which sought the LORD went out unto the tabernacle of the congregation, which was without the camp. 33:8 And it came to pass, when Moses went out unto the tabernacle, that all the people rose up, and stood every man at his tent door, and looked after Moses, until he was gone into the tabernacle. 33:9 And it came to pass, as Moses entered into the tabernacle, the cloudy pillar descended, and stood at the door of the tabernacle, and the LORD talked with Moses. 33:10 And all the people saw the cloudy pillar stand at the tabernacle door: and all the people rose up and worshipped, every man in his tent door. 33:11 And the LORD spake unto Moses face to face, as a man speaketh unto his friend. And he turned again into the camp: but his servant Joshua, the son of Nun, a young man, departed not out of the tabernacle." (Exodus 33:7-11 KJV)

The LORD then commanded Moses to return upon the mountain - where he would receive a new copy of the Ten Commandments (see The Second Tables Of Stone).

"34:1 And the LORD said unto Moses, Hew thee two tables of stone like unto the first: and I will write upon these tables the words that were in the first tables, which thou brakest. 34:2 And be ready in the morning, and come up in the morning unto mount Sinai, and present thyself there to me in the top of the mount. 34:3 And no man shall come up with thee, neither let any man be seen throughout all the mount; neither let the flocks nor herds feed before that mount.

34:4 And he hewed two tables of stone like unto the first; and Moses rose up early in the morning, and went up unto mount Sinai, as the LORD had commanded him, and took in his hand the two tables of stone." (Exodus 34:1-4 KJV)

Moses returned down from the mountain and took the second set of tables of stone to the Tabernacle that he had erected outside the camp. Keep in mind that the Tabernacle that Moses built outside of the camp was not the Tabernacle that was used to house the Ten Commandments after Aaron began the service of the Levite priesthood there - work to build it, and the Ark to contain the tables of stone, hadn't yet begun.

"34:29 And it came to pass, when Moses came down from mount Sinai with the two tables of testimony in Moses' hand, when he came down from the mount, that Moses wist not that the skin of his face shone while he talked with him. 34:30 And when Aaron and all the children of Israel saw Moses, behold, the skin of his face shone; and they were afraid to come nigh him. 34:31 And Moses called unto them; and Aaron and all the rulers of the congregation returned unto him: and Moses talked with them. 34:32 And afterward all the children of Israel came nigh: and he gave them in commandment all that the LORD had spoken with him in mount Sinai.

34:33 And till Moses had done speaking with them, he put a vail on his face. 34:34 But when Moses went in before the LORD to speak with him, he took the vail off, until he came out. And he came out, and spake unto the children of Israel that which he was commanded. 34:35 And the children of Israel saw the face of Moses, that the skin of Moses' face shone: and Moses put the vail upon his face again, until he went in to speak with him." (Exodus 34:29-35 KJV)

Later, after the formal Tabernacle was constructed (see The Building Of The Tabernacle and The Glory Of The LORD In His Tabernacle), the Ark of the Covenant and the Ten Commandments were placed there - where Aaron was given charge of the Ark (see also Why Did Jesus Christ Choose Aaron?).

The Tabernacle

"40:1 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,

40:2 On the first day of the first month shalt thou set up the tabernacle of the tent of the congregation. 40:3 And thou shalt put therein the ark of the testimony, and cover the ark with the vail.

40:4 And thou shalt bring in the table, and set in order the things that are to be set in order upon it; and thou shalt bring in the candlestick, and light the lamps thereof. 40:5 And thou shalt set the altar of gold for the incense before the ark of the testimony, and put the hanging of the door to the tabernacle.

40:6 And thou shalt set the altar of the burnt offering before the door of the tabernacle of the tent of the congregation. 40:7 And thou shalt set the laver between the tent of the congregation and the altar, and shalt put water therein. 40:8 And thou shalt set up the court round about, and hang up the hanging at the court gate.

40:9 And thou shalt take the anointing oil, and anoint the tabernacle, and all that is therein, and shalt hallow it, and all the vessels thereof: and it shall be holy. 40:10 And thou shalt anoint the altar of the burnt offering, and all his vessels, and sanctify the altar: and it shall be an altar most holy. 40:11 And thou shalt anoint the laver and his foot, and sanctify it.

40:12 And thou shalt bring Aaron and his sons unto the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, and wash them with water. 40:13 And thou shalt put upon Aaron the holy garments, and anoint him, and sanctify him; that he may minister unto me in the priest's office." (Exodus 40:1-13 KJV)

The Tabernacle remained in service for many years - the duration of the forty years in the Sinai, then the entire time of Joshua, and through the era of the Judges where the Tabernacle was located in Shiloh in the time of Eli and Samuel (see The Prophecy Of The House Of Eli and The Calling Of Samuel). The Ark and the Tabernacle were permanently parted at that time due to the corruption of the sons of Eli (see The Capture Of The Ark). After the Ark was recovered from the Philistines (see Why Did The Philistines Want To Return The Ark? and The Return Of The Ark), it was kept in a righteous man's house until King David had it brought to Jerusalem. The Temple in Jerusalem was not yet built, so David, like Moses, pitched a Tabernacle, a tent, for the Ark of the Covenant (see The Ark Of The LORD In The City Of David).

"15:1 And David made him houses in the city of David, and prepared a place for the ark of God, and pitched for it a tent. 15:2 Then David said, None ought to carry the ark of God but the Levites: for them hath the LORD chosen to carry the ark of God, and to minister unto him for ever.

15:3 And David gathered all Israel together to Jerusalem, to bring up the ark of the LORD unto his place, which he had prepared for it." (1 Chronicles 15:1-3 KJV)

"15:14 So the priests and the Levites sanctified themselves to bring up the ark of the LORD God of Israel. 15:15 And the children of the Levites bare the ark of God upon their shoulders with the staves thereon, as Moses commanded according to the word of the LORD." (1 Chronicles 15:14-15 KJV)

"16:1 So they brought the ark of God, and set it in the midst of the tent that David had pitched for it: and they offered burnt sacrifices and peace offerings before God." (1 Chronicles 16:1 KJV)

The Ark remained in the Tabernacle that David made for it until Solomon completed the construction of the Temple years later (see The Arrival Of The Ark In The Temple).

Ancient Jerusalem

"5:2 Then Solomon assembled the elders of Israel, and all the heads of the tribes, the chief of the fathers of the children of Israel, unto Jerusalem, to bring up the ark of the covenant of the LORD out of the city of David, which is Zion. 5:3 Wherefore all the men of Israel assembled themselves unto the king in the feast which was in the seventh month.

5:4 And all the elders of Israel came; and the Levites took up the ark. 5:5 And they brought up the ark, and the tabernacle of the congregation, and all the holy vessels that were in the tabernacle, these did the priests and the Levites bring up. 5:6 Also king Solomon, and all the congregation of Israel that were assembled unto him before the ark, sacrificed sheep and oxen, which could not be told nor numbered for multitude.

5:7 And the priests brought in the ark of the covenant of the LORD unto his place, to the oracle of the house, into the most holy place, even under the wings of the cherubims: 5:8 For the cherubims spread forth their wings over the place of the ark, and the cherubims covered the ark and the staves thereof above. 5:9 And they drew out the staves of the ark, that the ends of the staves were seen from the ark before the oracle; but they were not seen without. And there it is unto this day. 5:10 There was nothing in the ark save the two tables which Moses put therein at Horeb, when the LORD made a covenant with the children of Israel, when they came out of Egypt." (2 Chronicles 5:2-10 KJV)

King David was not only a key ancestor of the Messiah; he was also a living prophecy of the ultimate King that will rule from Zion. David knew that (see What Did King David Really Say About Zion? and King David's Zion Prophecy) - as did the prophets who used the term "the tabernacle of David that is fallen" to describe the restoration of the united kingdom of Israel in fulfillment of what "Israel" was created to portray - the Kingdom of God over all of the Earth (see What Gospel Did Jesus Preach?).

"9:8 Behold, the eyes of the Lord GOD are upon the sinful kingdom, and I will destroy it from off the face of the earth; saving that I will not utterly destroy the house of Jacob, saith the LORD. 9:9 For, lo, I will command, and I will sift the house of Israel among all nations, like as corn is sifted in a sieve, yet shall not the least grain fall upon the earth. 9:10 All the sinners of my people shall die by the sword, which say, The evil shall not overtake nor prevent us.

9:11 In that day will I raise up the tabernacle of David that is fallen, and close up the breaches thereof; and I will raise up his ruins, and I will build it as in the days of old: 9:12 That they may possess the remnant of Edom, and of all the heathen, which are called by my name, saith the LORD that doeth this.

9:13 Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that the plowman shall overtake the reaper, and the treader of grapes him that soweth seed; and the mountains shall drop sweet wine, and all the hills shall melt. 9:14 And I will bring again the captivity of my people of Israel, and they shall build the waste cities, and inhabit them; and they shall plant vineyards, and drink the wine thereof; they shall also make gardens, and eat the fruit of them. 9:15 And I will plant them upon their land, and they shall no more be pulled up out of their land which I have given them, saith the LORD thy God." (Amos 9:8-15 KJV)

The apostle Paul quoted those verses from Amos, and explained "how God at the first did visit the Gentiles, to take out of them a people for his name." Israel was created from "all the world" (see The Origin Of Israelites And Jews), just as will the Kingdom of God.

"15:12 Then all the multitude kept silence, and gave audience to Barnabas and Paul, declaring what miracles and wonders God had wrought among the Gentiles by them. 15:13 And after they had held their peace, James answered, saying, Men and brethren, hearken unto me: 15:14 Simeon hath declared how God at the first did visit the Gentiles, to take out of them a people for his name. 15:15 And to this agree the words of the prophets; as it is written,

15:16 After this I will return, and will build again the tabernacle of David, which is fallen down; and I will build again the ruins thereof, and I will set it up: 15:17 That the residue of men might seek after the Lord, and all the Gentiles, upon whom my name is called, saith the Lord, who doeth all these things. 15:18 Known unto God are all his works from the beginning of the world." (Acts 15:12-17 KJV)

Isaiah described not only the same principle, but the same prophecy, in the same context: "And in mercy shall the throne be established: and he shall sit upon it in truth in the tabernacle of David, judging, and seeking judgment, and hasting righteousness."

"16:1 Send ye the lamb to the ruler of the land from Sela to the wilderness, unto the mount of the daughter of Zion. 16:2 For it shall be, that, as a wandering bird cast out of the nest, so the daughters of Moab shall be at the fords of Arnon.

16:3 Take counsel, execute judgment; make thy shadow as the night in the midst of the noonday; hide the outcasts; bewray not him that wandereth. 16:4 Let mine outcasts dwell with thee, Moab; be thou a covert to them from the face of the spoiler: for the extortioner is at an end, the spoiler ceaseth, the oppressors are consumed out of the land.

16:5 And in mercy shall the throne be established: and he shall sit upon it in truth in the tabernacle of David, judging, and seeking judgment, and hasting righteousness.

16:6 We have heard of the pride of Moab; he is very proud: even of his haughtiness, and his pride, and his wrath: but his lies shall not be so. 16:7 Therefore shall Moab howl for Moab, every one shall howl: for the foundations of Kirhareseth shall ye mourn; surely they are stricken. 16:8 For the fields of Heshbon languish, and the vine of Sibmah: the lords of the heathen have broken down the principal plants thereof, they are come even unto Jazer, they wandered through the wilderness: her branches are stretched out, they are gone over the sea. 16:9 Therefore I will bewail with the weeping of Jazer the vine of Sibmah: I will water thee with my tears, O Heshbon, and Elealeh: for the shouting for thy summer fruits and for thy harvest is fallen. 16:10 And gladness is taken away, and joy out of the plentiful field; and in the vineyards there shall be no singing, neither shall there be shouting: the treaders shall tread out no wine in their presses; I have made their vintage shouting to cease. 16:11 Wherefore my bowels shall sound like an harp for Moab, and mine inward parts for Kirharesh. 16:12 And it shall come to pass, when it is seen that Moab is weary on the high place, that he shall come to his sanctuary to pray; but he shall not prevail.

16:13 This is the word that the LORD hath spoken concerning Moab since that time. 16:14 But now the LORD hath spoken, saying, Within three years, as the years of an hireling, and the glory of Moab shall be contemned, with all that great multitude; and the remnant shall be very small and feeble." (Isaiah 16:1-14 KJV)

Fact Finder: Will the LORD's Feast of Tabernacles be observed by all people, of all nations, after His return?
See The Christian Feast Of Tabernacles In History and Prophecy


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This Day In History, July 4

362 BC: In ancient Greece, the Thebans defeated the Spartans (Thebes and Sparta were city-states) at the Battle of Mantinea.

414: Emperor Theodosius II, at age 13, yielded power to his older sister, Aelia Pulcheria, who then reigned as regent and proclaimed herself Empress ("Augusta") of the Eastern Roman Empire (see The Politics Of Rome, A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars and Pax Romana: The Birth Of The Roman Empire).

The Crab Nebula 1064: Chinese and Arabian astronomers recorded what they called a bright new "guest star" in the constellation of Taurus. The results of that supernova ("a star that explodes and becomes extremely luminous in the process") can be seen today as the Crab Nebula.

1187: Saladin's Muslim forces defeated Church of Rome "Crusader" forces (see A History Of Jerusalem: Constantine and Muhammad and Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy) at Battle of the Horns of Hattin, overlooking the Sea of Galilee near Tiberias (see The Cities Of Lake Galilee). The victory led to Saladin's capture of Jerusalem from the self-proclaimed "King of Jerusalem," Guy of Lusignan, of France.

1190: Richard I of England and Philip II of France started on the Third Crusade.

1609: French explorer Samuel de Champlain discovered (for Europeans; the native people already knew that the lake was there) what was later named Lake Champlain in New York.

1634: The city of Trois-Rivières was founded in "New France" (Quebec, Canada).

1653: "The Barebones Parliament" began; a hand-picked legislative group of 140 men convened by Oliver Cromwell following the Puritan victory in the English Civil War. The name was derived as a mockery of one of its members, "Praise-God" Barbon.

1865: Alice's Adventures in Wonderland was published. It was written by English author Charles Lutwidge Dodgson under the pen name Lewis Carroll.

1886: The first Canadian transcontinental train arrived at Port Moody, British Columbia.

1904: Construction of the Panama Canal began.

1914: The funerals of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie were conducted in Vienna, six days after their assassinations in Sarajevo. Their murders triggered the First World War.

1918: Ottoman sultan Mehmed VI ascended to the throne (see A History Of Jerusalem: The British Mandate).

1918: Bolshevik rebel forces in Russia seized and murdered Tsar Nicholas II ("Tsar" is the Russian form of Caesar, as is the German Kaiser) and his family. The revolution began 70 years of communism in Russia.

1946: After nearly 4 centuries of foreign rule by one colonial nation after another, the Philippines achieved full independence from the U.S.

1947: The British Parliament introduced the "Indian Independence Bill" to divide British India into two sovereign countries - India and Pakistan.

1987: In France, Hitler-era Gestapo (in German, "Gestapo" was an abbreviation for "State Police") chief Klaus Barbie (known as the "Butcher of Lyon") was convicted of crimes against humanity and was sentenced to life imprisonment (see also Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion).

1995: A Canadian Navy submarine recovered the bell of the iron ore carrier Edmund Fitzgerald, that sank on November 10 1975 in Lake Superior with the loss of 29 men. The sinking was made famous by Gordon Lightfoot's The Wreck Of The Edmund Fitzgerald.

1998: Japan launched the Nozomi probe to Mars.




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