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Thursday, July 9 2015
Isaiah 21: Elam In History And Prophecy
"Go up, O Elam: besiege, O Media ... Babylon is fallen, is fallen; and all the graven images of her gods he hath broken unto the ground"
Elam, with its capital city of Susa (see the map below), was an ancient nation that was located in the southwest area of what is today known as Iran (prior to the 1930s, Iran was known as Persia). The people of Elam were even more ancient - with their origin recorded in Genesis from Elam, a son of Noah's son Shem (see The First Nations Of The New World).
"10:21 Unto Shem also, the father of all the children of Eber, the brother of Japheth the elder, even to him were children born.
Elam was one of the nations that were allied in a war against the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah in the time of Abraham (see A Biography Of Abraham: The Battles Of Sodom).
"14:1 And it came to pass in the days of Amraphel king of Shinar, Arioch king of Ellasar, Chedorlaomer king of Elam, and Tidal king of nations; 14:2 That these made war with Bera king of Sodom, and with Birsha king of Gomorrah, Shinab king of Admah, and Shemeber king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela, which is Zoar. 14:3 All these were joined together in the vale of Siddim, which is the salt sea. 14:4 Twelve years they served Chedorlaomer, and in the thirteenth year they rebelled.
Along with Media (see The Medes And Chaldees Prophecies), Elam became a major political element of the Persian Empire. Nehemiah served in the palace at Susa, Elam just before he took part in Judah's prophesied return to Jerusalem - accompanied by Persian cavalry (see Nehemiah's Prayer From Shushan and The Arrival Of Nehemiah's Cavalry).
"1:1 The words of Nehemiah the son of Hachaliah.
After Babylon's prophesied fall to Persia (see The Prophet Daniel: The Hand Writing On The Wall), the prophet Daniel also lived at Susa (also translated as "Shushan"), Elam. Just as Daniel was given to see the coming fall of the Babylonian Empire to the Persian Empire, he was then also given to see the subsequent fall of the Persian Empire to the Greek Empire (see The Prophet Daniel: The Ram and The He Goat).
"8:1 In the third year of the reign of king Belshazzar a vision appeared unto me, even unto me Daniel, after that which appeared unto me at the first. 8:2 And I saw in a vision; and it came to pass, when I saw, that I was at Shushan in the palace, which is in the province of Elam; and I saw in a vision, and I was by the river of Ulai. 8:3 Then I lifted up mine eyes, and saw, and, behold, there stood before the river a ram which had two horns: and the two horns were high; but one was higher than the other, and the higher came up last. 8:4 I saw the ram pushing westward, and northward, and southward; so that no beasts might stand before him, neither was there any that could deliver out of his hand; but he did according to his will, and became great.
Other prophets, including Jeremiah (before the fall of Judah to Babylon - exactly as it happened) and Ezekiel (after the fall of Judah to Babylon, before the fall of Babylon to Persia - exactly as it happened), recorded the rise and fall of Elam, within the Persian Empire.
Jeremiah (see Jeremiah: The Prophet's Conception):
"49:34 The word of the LORD that came to Jeremiah the prophet against Elam in the beginning of the reign of Zedekiah king of Judah, saying,
Ezekiel (see Ezekiel: The Work Of The Watchman):
"32:17 It came to pass also in the twelfth year, in the fifteenth day of the month, that the word of the LORD came unto me, saying, 32:18 Son of man, wail for the multitude of Egypt, and cast them down, even her, and the daughters of the famous nations, unto the nether parts of the earth, with them that go down into the pit. 32:19 Whom dost thou pass in beauty? go down, and be thou laid with the uncircumcised. 32:20 They shall fall in the midst of them that are slain by the sword: she is delivered to the sword: draw her and all her multitudes. 32:21 The strong among the mighty shall speak to him out of the midst of hell with them that help him: they are gone down, they lie uncircumcised, slain by the sword.
So too also Isaiah (see also What Did The Messiah Read From Isaiah That Day? and The Mountain Of The LORD'S House Prophecies) prophesied of Elam's involvement in the fall of Babylon to Persia - long before Judah fell to Babylon i.e. "Go up, O Elam: besiege, O Media ... Babylon is fallen, is fallen; and all the graven images of her gods he hath broken unto the ground."
"21:1 The burden of the desert of the sea.
Fact Finder: What did Daniel and Mordecai do to the Persian Empire?
This Day In History, July 9
118: Hadrian, Rome's new emperor, made his entry into the city (see A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars and A History Of Jerusalem: Hadrian and Simon bar Kokhba).
455: Avitus, the Roman military commander in Gaul, became Emperor of the West.
869: A magnitude 8.6 earthquake and resultant tsunami devastated the area around Sendai in the northern part of Honshu, Japan.
1228: Stephen Langton, Archbishop of Canterbury, died. It was Langton who formulated the original division of the Bible into chapters - the original Scriptures had no "chapters and verses" (see The Lesson Of Man-Made Chapters).
1386: In the Swiss-Swabian wars, Leopold III and his 6,000-strong Austrian army were defeated by a force of 1,600 Swiss pikemen at the battle of Sempach in a display of superior tactics.
1540: The marriage of Henry VIII and Anne of Cleves, his fourth wife, was annulled by an Anglican convocation (with Henry as the self-appointed head of the Church of England, his annulment request was sure to be "granted").
1686: The League of Augsburg was formed with the alliance of the Holy Roman Emperor (see The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation), Spain, Sweden and Saxony against the French King Louis XIV.
1790: The Swedish navy captured one third of the Russian fleet at the naval battle of Svensksund in the Baltic Sea.
1810: Holland was annexed by Napoleon after Louis Napoleon, his brother, abdicated from the throne.
1816: Argentina's independence from Spain was declared at the Congress of Tucuman.
1900: The Commonwealth of Australia was established, uniting the separate colonies under a federal government.
1944: After a month-long battle (that began with the D-Day invasion on June 6), British and Canadian forces captured most of the town of Cain in France.
1947: The engagement of Britain's Princess Elizabeth (the future Queen Elizabeth II) to Lt. Philip Mountbatten was announced.
1958: Lituya Bay, Alaska was hit by the highest tsunami in recorded history: 524 meters (over 1,700 feet) high.
1959: The uprising at Wadi Salib, a slum in the formerly Arab section of Haifa, Israel. Oriental Jews, mostly Moroccans, rioted in protest against their poor situation in Israeli society, in which they claimed that European Jews were favored.
1960: 7 year old Roger Woodward became the first person to survive an accidental fall over Niagara Falls.
1962: The "Starfish Prime" high-altitude nuclear test. A nuclear bomb was detonated 250 miles above the earth, over the Pacific Ocean. It was one of five U.S. nuclear bombings of space.
1979: Voyager 2 encountered the Jupiter system after nearly 2 years of sailing through interplanetary space.
2002: The African Union was established.