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Thursday, July 9 2015

Isaiah 21: Elam In History And Prophecy

"Go up, O Elam: besiege, O Media ... Babylon is fallen, is fallen; and all the graven images of her gods he hath broken unto the ground"

Elam, with its capital city of Susa (see the map below), was an ancient nation that was located in the southwest area of what is today known as Iran (prior to the 1930s, Iran was known as Persia). The people of Elam were even more ancient - with their origin recorded in Genesis from Elam, a son of Noah's son Shem (see The First Nations Of The New World).

Abraham At War

"10:21 Unto Shem also, the father of all the children of Eber, the brother of Japheth the elder, even to him were children born.

10:22 The children of Shem; Elam, and Asshur, and Arphaxad, and Lud, and Aram." (Genesis 10:21-22 KJV)

Elam was one of the nations that were allied in a war against the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah in the time of Abraham (see A Biography Of Abraham: The Battles Of Sodom).

"14:1 And it came to pass in the days of Amraphel king of Shinar, Arioch king of Ellasar, Chedorlaomer king of Elam, and Tidal king of nations; 14:2 That these made war with Bera king of Sodom, and with Birsha king of Gomorrah, Shinab king of Admah, and Shemeber king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela, which is Zoar. 14:3 All these were joined together in the vale of Siddim, which is the salt sea. 14:4 Twelve years they served Chedorlaomer, and in the thirteenth year they rebelled.

14:5 And in the fourteenth year came Chedorlaomer, and the kings that were with him, and smote the Rephaims in Ashteroth Karnaim, and the Zuzims in Ham, and the Emims in Shaveh Kiriathaim, 14:6 And the Horites in their mount Seir, unto Elparan, which is by the wilderness. 14:7 And they returned, and came to Enmishpat, which is Kadesh, and smote all the country of the Amalekites, and also the Amorites, that dwelt in Hazezontamar.

14:8 And there went out the king of Sodom, and the king of Gomorrah, and the king of Admah, and the king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela (the same is Zoar;) and they joined battle with them in the vale of Siddim; 14:9 With Chedorlaomer the king of Elam, and with Tidal king of nations, and Amraphel king of Shinar, and Arioch king of Ellasar; four kings with five. 14:10 And the vale of Siddim was full of slimepits; and the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah fled, and fell there; and they that remained fled to the mountain. 14:11 And they took all the goods of Sodom and Gomorrah, and all their victuals, and went their way. 14:12 And they took Lot, Abram's brother's son, who dwelt in Sodom, and his goods, and departed.

14:13 And there came one that had escaped, and told Abram the Hebrew; for he dwelt in the plain of Mamre the Amorite, brother of Eshcol, and brother of Aner: and these were confederate with Abram. 14:14 And when Abram heard that his brother was taken captive, he armed his trained servants, born in his own house, three hundred and eighteen, and pursued them unto Dan. 14:15 And he divided himself against them, he and his servants, by night, and smote them, and pursued them unto Hobah, which is on the left hand of Damascus. 14:16 And he brought back all the goods, and also brought again his brother Lot, and his goods, and the women also, and the people." (Genesis 14:1-16 KJV)

Along with Media (see The Medes And Chaldees Prophecies), Elam became a major political element of the Persian Empire. Nehemiah served in the palace at Susa, Elam just before he took part in Judah's prophesied return to Jerusalem - accompanied by Persian cavalry (see Nehemiah's Prayer From Shushan and The Arrival Of Nehemiah's Cavalry).

"1:1 The words of Nehemiah the son of Hachaliah.

And it came to pass in the month Chisleu, in the twentieth year, as I was in Shushan the palace, 1:2 That Hanani, one of my brethren, came, he and certain men of Judah; and I asked them concerning the Jews that had escaped, which were left of the captivity, and concerning Jerusalem.

1:3 And they said unto me, The remnant that are left of the captivity there in the province are in great affliction and reproach: the wall of Jerusalem also is broken down, and the gates thereof are burned with fire." (Nehemiah 1:1-3 KJV)

After Babylon's prophesied fall to Persia (see The Prophet Daniel: The Hand Writing On The Wall), the prophet Daniel also lived at Susa (also translated as "Shushan"), Elam. Just as Daniel was given to see the coming fall of the Babylonian Empire to the Persian Empire, he was then also given to see the subsequent fall of the Persian Empire to the Greek Empire (see The Prophet Daniel: The Ram and The He Goat).

The Tomb of Daniel

"8:1 In the third year of the reign of king Belshazzar a vision appeared unto me, even unto me Daniel, after that which appeared unto me at the first. 8:2 And I saw in a vision; and it came to pass, when I saw, that I was at Shushan in the palace, which is in the province of Elam; and I saw in a vision, and I was by the river of Ulai. 8:3 Then I lifted up mine eyes, and saw, and, behold, there stood before the river a ram which had two horns: and the two horns were high; but one was higher than the other, and the higher came up last. 8:4 I saw the ram pushing westward, and northward, and southward; so that no beasts might stand before him, neither was there any that could deliver out of his hand; but he did according to his will, and became great.

8:5 And as I was considering, behold, an he goat came from the west on the face of the whole earth, and touched not the ground: and the goat had a notable horn between his eyes. 8:6 And he came to the ram that had two horns, which I had seen standing before the river, and ran unto him in the fury of his power. 8:7 And I saw him come close unto the ram, and he was moved with choler against him, and smote the ram, and brake his two horns: and there was no power in the ram to stand before him, but he cast him down to the ground, and stamped upon him: and there was none that could deliver the ram out of his hand. 8:8 Therefore the he goat waxed very great: and when he was strong, the great horn was broken; and for it came up four notable ones toward the four winds of heaven.

8:9 And out of one of them came forth a little horn, which waxed exceeding great, toward the south, and toward the east, and toward the pleasant land." (Daniel 8:1-9 KJV)

Other prophets, including Jeremiah (before the fall of Judah to Babylon - exactly as it happened) and Ezekiel (after the fall of Judah to Babylon, before the fall of Babylon to Persia - exactly as it happened), recorded the rise and fall of Elam, within the Persian Empire.

Jeremiah (see Jeremiah: The Prophet's Conception):

"49:34 The word of the LORD that came to Jeremiah the prophet against Elam in the beginning of the reign of Zedekiah king of Judah, saying,

49:35 Thus saith the LORD of hosts;

Behold, I will break the bow of Elam, the chief of their might. 49:36 And upon Elam will I bring the four winds from the four quarters of heaven, and will scatter them toward all those winds; and there shall be no nation whither the outcasts of Elam shall not come. 49:37 For I will cause Elam to be dismayed before their enemies, and before them that seek their life: and I will bring evil upon them, even my fierce anger, saith the LORD; and I will send the sword after them, till I have consumed them: 49:38 And I will set my throne in Elam, and will destroy from thence the king and the princes, saith the LORD.

49:39 But it shall come to pass in the latter days, that I will bring again the captivity of Elam, saith the LORD." (Jeremiah 49:34-39 KJV)

Ezekiel (see Ezekiel: The Work Of The Watchman):

Shushan Susa

"32:17 It came to pass also in the twelfth year, in the fifteenth day of the month, that the word of the LORD came unto me, saying, 32:18 Son of man, wail for the multitude of Egypt, and cast them down, even her, and the daughters of the famous nations, unto the nether parts of the earth, with them that go down into the pit. 32:19 Whom dost thou pass in beauty? go down, and be thou laid with the uncircumcised. 32:20 They shall fall in the midst of them that are slain by the sword: she is delivered to the sword: draw her and all her multitudes. 32:21 The strong among the mighty shall speak to him out of the midst of hell with them that help him: they are gone down, they lie uncircumcised, slain by the sword.

32:22 Asshur is there and all her company: his graves are about him: all of them slain, fallen by the sword: 32:23 Whose graves are set in the sides of the pit, and her company is round about her grave: all of them slain, fallen by the sword, which caused terror in the land of the living.

32:24 There is Elam and all her multitude round about her grave, all of them slain, fallen by the sword, which are gone down uncircumcised into the nether parts of the earth, which caused their terror in the land of the living; yet have they borne their shame with them that go down to the pit. 32:25 They have set her a bed in the midst of the slain with all her multitude: her graves are round about him: all of them uncircumcised, slain by the sword: though their terror was caused in the land of the living, yet have they borne their shame with them that go down to the pit: he is put in the midst of them that be slain." (Ezekiel 32:17-25 KJV)

So too also Isaiah (see also What Did The Messiah Read From Isaiah That Day? and The Mountain Of The LORD'S House Prophecies) prophesied of Elam's involvement in the fall of Babylon to Persia - long before Judah fell to Babylon i.e. "Go up, O Elam: besiege, O Media ... Babylon is fallen, is fallen; and all the graven images of her gods he hath broken unto the ground."

"21:1 The burden of the desert of the sea.

As whirlwinds in the south pass through; so it cometh from the desert, from a terrible land.

21:2 A grievous vision is declared unto me; the treacherous dealer dealeth treacherously, and the spoiler spoileth. Go up, O Elam: besiege, O Media; all the sighing thereof have I made to cease.

21:3 Therefore are my loins filled with pain: pangs have taken hold upon me, as the pangs of a woman that travaileth: I was bowed down at the hearing of it; I was dismayed at the seeing of it. 21:4 My heart panted, fearfulness affrighted me: the night of my pleasure hath he turned into fear unto me.

21:5 Prepare the table, watch in the watchtower, eat, drink: arise, ye princes, and anoint the shield.

21:6 For thus hath the Lord said unto me,

Go, set a watchman, let him declare what he seeth. 21:7 And he saw a chariot with a couple of horsemen, a chariot of asses, and a chariot of camels; and he hearkened diligently with much heed:

21:8 And he cried,

A lion: My lord, I stand continually upon the watchtower in the daytime, and I am set in my ward whole nights: 21:9 And, behold, here cometh a chariot of men, with a couple of horsemen. And he answered and said, Babylon is fallen, is fallen; and all the graven images of her gods he hath broken unto the ground.

21:10 O my threshing, and the corn of my floor: that which I have heard of the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, have I declared unto you.

21:11 The burden of Dumah.

He calleth to me out of Seir, Watchman, what of the night? Watchman, what of the night? 21:12 The watchman said, The morning cometh, and also the night: if ye will enquire, enquire ye: return, come.

21:13 The burden upon Arabia.

In the forest in Arabia shall ye lodge, O ye travelling companies of Dedanim. 21:14 The inhabitants of the land of Tema brought water to him that was thirsty, they prevented with their bread him that fled. 21:15 For they fled from the swords, from the drawn sword, and from the bent bow, and from the grievousness of war.

21:16 For thus hath the Lord said unto me, Within a year, according to the years of an hireling, and all the glory of Kedar shall fail: 21:17 And the residue of the number of archers, the mighty men of the children of Kedar, shall be diminished: for the LORD God of Israel hath spoken it." (Isaiah 21:1-17 KJV)

Fact Finder: What did Daniel and Mordecai do to the Persian Empire?
See What Did Joseph, Daniel and Mordecai Do?


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This Day In History, July 9

118: Hadrian, Rome's new emperor, made his entry into the city (see A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars and A History Of Jerusalem: Hadrian and Simon bar Kokhba).

Hadrian 455: Avitus, the Roman military commander in Gaul, became Emperor of the West.

869: A magnitude 8.6 earthquake and resultant tsunami devastated the area around Sendai in the northern part of Honshu, Japan.

1228: Stephen Langton, Archbishop of Canterbury, died. It was Langton who formulated the original division of the Bible into chapters - the original Scriptures had no "chapters and verses" (see The Lesson Of Man-Made Chapters).

1386: In the Swiss-Swabian wars, Leopold III and his 6,000-strong Austrian army were defeated by a force of 1,600 Swiss pikemen at the battle of Sempach in a display of superior tactics.

1540: The marriage of Henry VIII and Anne of Cleves, his fourth wife, was annulled by an Anglican convocation (with Henry as the self-appointed head of the Church of England, his annulment request was sure to be "granted").

1686: The League of Augsburg was formed with the alliance of the Holy Roman Emperor (see The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation), Spain, Sweden and Saxony against the French King Louis XIV.

1790: The Swedish navy captured one third of the Russian fleet at the naval battle of Svensksund in the Baltic Sea.

1810: Holland was annexed by Napoleon after Louis Napoleon, his brother, abdicated from the throne.

1816: Argentina's independence from Spain was declared at the Congress of Tucuman.

1900: The Commonwealth of Australia was established, uniting the separate colonies under a federal government.

1944: After a month-long battle (that began with the D-Day invasion on June 6), British and Canadian forces captured most of the town of Cain in France.

1947: The engagement of Britain's Princess Elizabeth (the future Queen Elizabeth II) to Lt. Philip Mountbatten was announced.

1958: Lituya Bay, Alaska was hit by the highest tsunami in recorded history: 524 meters (over 1,700 feet) high.

1959: The uprising at Wadi Salib, a slum in the formerly Arab section of Haifa, Israel. Oriental Jews, mostly Moroccans, rioted in protest against their poor situation in Israeli society, in which they claimed that European Jews were favored.

1960: 7 year old Roger Woodward became the first person to survive an accidental fall over Niagara Falls.

1962: The "Starfish Prime" high-altitude nuclear test. A nuclear bomb was detonated 250 miles above the earth, over the Pacific Ocean. It was one of five U.S. nuclear bombings of space.

1979: Voyager 2 encountered the Jupiter system after nearly 2 years of sailing through interplanetary space.

2002: The African Union was established.


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