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Thursday, August 20 2015
Isaiah 63: Esau's Treaty With Babylon
"Who is this that cometh from Edom, with dyed garments from Bozrah? This that is glorious in his apparel, travelling in the greatness of his strength?"
Esau was the fraternal-twin brother of Jacob (see The Birth of Jacob and Esau). Their lifelong competitive relationship began before they were even born: "The LORD said unto her, Two nations are in thy womb, and two manner of people shall be separated from thy bowels; and the one people shall be stronger than the other people; and the elder shall serve the younger."
"25:21 And Isaac intreated the LORD for his wife, because she was barren: and the LORD was intreated of him, and Rebekah his wife conceived. 25:22 And the children struggled together within her; and she said, If it be so, why am I thus? And she went to enquire of the LORD.
It was during Jacob's return from twenty-years exile away from Esau (see A Biography Of Jacob: The Blessing and A Biography Of Jacob: The Jacobites Of Syria) that the LORD renamed Jacob as "Israel" (see A Biography Of Jacob: When Jacob Became Israel and Jacob's Peace With Esau).
"32:28 And he said, Thy name shall be called no more Jacob, but Israel: for as a prince hast thou power with God and with men, and hast prevailed. (Genesis 32:28 KJV) "32:30 And Jacob called the name of the place Peniel: for I have seen God face to face, and my life is preserved." (Genesis 32:30 KJV)
Esau also acquired a new name, from the famous "bowl of stew" incident: " And Esau said to Jacob, Feed me, I pray thee, with that same red pottage; for I am faint: therefore was his name called Edom" (see A Biography Of Jacob: The Birthright).
""25:27 And the boys grew: and Esau was a cunning hunter, a man of the field; and Jacob was a plain man, dwelling in tents. 25:28 And Isaac loved Esau, because he did eat of his venison: but Rebekah loved Jacob.
Esau was nevertheless also blessed by the LORD (see The Identity Of The LORD God). He became wealthy and the father of nations. Esau chose to depart from the land of Canaan, away from Jacob, "For their riches were more than that they might dwell together; and the land wherein they were strangers could not bear them because of their cattle."
"36:1 Now these are the generations of Esau, who is Edom.
When the nations of Esau / Edom allied themselves with the Babylonians against their cousins of Israel and Judah, the prophets of the time delivered the LORD's rebuke to Esau. Obadiah recorded it (see Obadiah: A Prophecy Of Edom), as did Isaiah.
"63:1 Who is this that cometh from Edom, with dyed garments from Bozrah? this that is glorious in his apparel, travelling in the greatness of his strength?
Fact Finder: The "land of Edom" was located south of Judea in the Negev Desert and Western Arabia. What does the Bible say about the Negev Desert and Arabia?
This Day In History, August 20
14: Agrippa Postumus, the grandson of Caesar Augustus (see Luke 2:1 and A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars) was executed by his bodyguards. Caesar Augustus had adopted his grandson as a son, thereby making Agrippa Postumus a presumptive heir as Emperor.
636: The Battle of Yarmouk. Arab forces under the command of Khalid ibn al-Walid took Syria and "Palestine" (an English rendering of the Biblical word for "Philistine"; see Where Is Palestine? and Jordan's West Bank Invasion) from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the first series of Muslim conquests outside of "Arabia" (to understand the Biblical and historical meaning of Arabia, see Paul's Geography Lesson). It also marked the beginning of the struggles of the King of the North (the Church of Rome's Europe) and the King of the South (Muslim Arabia). See The Prophet Daniel: Kings Of The North and South.
1391: Konrad von Wallenrode became the 24th Hochmeister of the Teutonic Order (see also The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation).
1467: The Second Battle of Olmedo between Henry IV of Castile and his half-brother Alfonso, Prince of Asturias.
1667: John Milton published Paradise Lost, an epic poem about the fall of Adam and Eve.
1707: The first Siege of Pensacola, Florida ended with Spanish forces holding off the English.
1741: Alaska was "discovered" (native people were already there) by Danish explorer Vitus Bering.
1775: The Spanish established the Presidio San Augustin del Tucson. It is known today as Tucson, Arizona.
1794: General "Mad Anthony" Wayne slaughtered the last of the Ohio Indians at the Battle of Fallen Timbers; the genocide effectively ended (native) American resistance in the region.
1858: Charles Darwin first published his theory of evolution through natural selection in The Journal of the Proceedings of the Linnean Society of London.
1914: German troops entered Brussels, the first European capital to be occupied by an invading army since the fall of Paris in 1870. Brussels itself had not been occupied since the time of Napoleon.
1929: The first airship flight around the Earth flying eastward was completed.
1940: As the months-long Battle of Britain air war raged overhead, Prime Minister Winston Churchill, in referring to the heavily outnumbered Royal Air Force fighter pilots (2,200 Nazi fighters and bombers to 700 UK Hurricanes and Spitfires) who were giving the attacking Nazi air force the mauling that caused Hitler to cancel his planned land invasion of Britain, told Parliament: "Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few."
1940: Leon Trotsky, Russian revolutionary, was fatally wounded by a Spanish communist with an ax in Mexico City. He died the next day. The Soviet government denied responsibility.
1941: When his air force failed to defeat the Royal Air Force over Britain, Adolf Hitler (see also Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion) authorized the development of the V-2 missile that could bomb Britain while the "pilots" remained safely in Germany - beginning the modern age of "kill from the comfort of your desk" warfare.
1944: U.S., British and Canadian forces destroyed the German Seventh Army at the Falaise-Argentan Gap, west of Paris.
1950: During the Korean War, United Nations forces stopped an offensive by North Korean divisions attempting to cross the Naktong River to the city of Taegu.
1960: 2 dogs and 6 mice became the first earthlings in space, aboard the Russian Sputnik V.
1968: Elements of the Warsaw-Pact armies of Bulgaria, Hungary, East Germany, Poland and the Soviet Union invaded Czechoslovakia to crush Alexander Dubcek's reformist government, ending the "Prague Spring"; Soviet communist leader Leonid Brezhnev warned that USSR could intervene in any communist country whose policies deviated from its standards.
1975: NASA launched Viking 1 to Mars.
1977: NASA launched Voyager 2.
1986: A mail carrier in Oklahoma shot 14 fellow postal workers dead. It was one of the first of such mass killings in the U.S. that came to be called "going postal."
1988: Eight British Army troops were killed and 28 wounded when their bus was hit by a terrorist "Provisional Irish Republican Army" roadside bomb in Northern Ireland, United Kingdom.
1998: The Supreme Court of Canada ruled that Quebec cannot legally secede from Canada without the approval of the Federal Government.
2001: Fred Hoyle died at age 86. The British astronomer invented the term "big bang" - but never accepted the theory as the origin of the universe.