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Saturday, August 29 2015
Jeremiah 6: Armies From The North
"O ye children of Benjamin, gather yourselves to flee out of the midst of Jerusalem, and blow the trumpet in Tekoa, and set up a sign of fire in Bethhaccerem: for evil appeareth out of the north, and great destruction"
The prophet Jeremiah was a Levite whose family lived in the tribal territory of Benjamin (see The Inheritance Of The Levites and The Land Of Benjamin). Jerusalem was a southern border point of the tribal homeland of Benjamin, while Jerusalem was a northern border point of the tribe of Judah (see Judah's Homeland). Jerusalem (see also Salem In History And Prophecy) belonged to both tribes, as well as the Levites who served at the Temple.
"1:1 The words of Jeremiah the son of Hilkiah, of the priests that were in Anathoth in the land of Benjamin: 1:2 To whom the word of the LORD came in the days of Josiah the son of Amon king of Judah, in the thirteenth year of his reign." (Jeremiah 1:1-2 KJV)
When the LORD (see The LORD God Our Saviour) divided the united kingdom of Israel (see A History Of Israel's United And Divided Kingdoms and What Caused Solomon's Idolatry?) into two separate kingdoms, "Israel" and "Judah" (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Israel and Judah), it was a logical and natural choice for the tribe of Benjamin to remain with the kingdom that had Jerusalem as its capital - it was their city too (see A History Of Jerusalem: The Capital Of Judah and Jews - Three Tribes and Three Meanings).
"12:15 Wherefore the king hearkened not unto the people; for the cause was from the LORD, that he might perform his saying, which the LORD spake by Ahijah the Shilonite unto Jeroboam the son of Nebat.
The Kingdom of Israel was conquered and exiled in 721 BC by the Assyrian Empire (see Israel In History and Prophecy: The Lost Ten Tribes), which was located to the east of Israel. The Kingdom of Judah was conquered and exiled in 586 BC by the Babylonian Empire (see Why Did Judah Fall To Babylon?), which was also located to the east of Israel. But their armies did not cross the vast eastern Arabian Desert (see also Paul's Geography Lesson) - the shortest and direct route. They instead followed the "Fertile Crescent" that, unlike the dry and barren desert, provided food and water for their massive armies all along the way. It was a route that Israel itself was created by (see the Fact Finder question below).
The result was that the invading armies from the east arrived in Israel and Judah from the north.
The Kingdom of Israel had already been long gone in Jeremiah's lifetime (see Why Didn't Jeremiah Live In The Kingdom Of Israel?), but the Babylonians were also coming - if the people of Judah failed to heed the LORD's warning to repent. From Jerusalem, Benjamin would be the first to have their border breached, hence Jeremiah's "O ye children of Benjamin, gather yourselves to flee out of the midst of Jerusalem, and blow the trumpet in Tekoa, and set up a sign of fire in Bethhaccerem: for evil appeareth out of the north, and great destruction."
"6:1 O ye children of Benjamin, gather yourselves to flee out of the midst of Jerusalem, and blow the trumpet in Tekoa, and set up a sign of fire in Bethhaccerem: for evil appeareth out of the north, and great destruction. 6:2 I have likened the daughter of Zion to a comely and delicate woman. 6:3 The shepherds with their flocks shall come unto her; they shall pitch their tents against her round about; they shall feed every one in his place.
Fact Finder: How and when did Jacob / Israel's ancestors and descendants travel along the Fertile Crescent?
This Day In History, August 29
708: Coins made from copper were made for use in Japan (see also Solomon's Brass).
1350: During the Hundred Years war, a Spanish fleet of 40 warships was defeated by the English at the Battle of Winchelsea.
1475: The Truce of Picquigny was signed, under which Edward IV of England agreed to withdraw his invading army from France in return for gold and a yearly pension.
1498: Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama prepared to leave Calicut (a city in southern India) and return to Portugal.
1526: The Battle of Mohacs in Hungary. Louis II of Hungary with an army of 24,000 was disastrously defeated by Suleiman I of Turkey (listen to our sermon The Ottoman Empire) with an army of 150,000. The king and nearly the entire Hungarian army were killed. Louis' defeat, which laid Hungary open to Ottoman/Turkish (the Ottomans were a ruling dynasty in Turkey) domination, was partly caused by the probably deliberate failure of John Zapolya to join Louis with his Transylvanian contingent. In 1687 Charles V of Lorraine routed the Turks on the same battlefield.
1756: Frederick II of Prussia (not to be confused with Russia; Prussia is in Germany - see also The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation) invaded Saxony, beginning the Seven Years War.
1786: Shays' Rebellion, an uprising of Massachusetts farmers, began in response to high debt and taxes. It was named after Daniel Shays, a veteran of the New England rebellion against England a decade earlier.
1825: Brazilian independence was recognized by Portugal.
1831: English scientist Michael Faraday discovered electromagnetic induction.
1842: The Treaty of Nanking was signed between the British and Chinese, ending the first Opium War. The treaty confirmed the ceding of Hong Kong island to Britain.
1885: The first motorcycle was patented, built by Gottlied Daimler in Germany.
1910: The Japan-Korea Treaty of 1910 (also known as the Japan-Korea Annexation Treaty) began the era of Japanese dominion of Korea.
1949: The Soviet Union detonated their first atomic bomb. The news was made public on September 22 when the U.S., Britain and Canada announced that they all had detected it.
1960: Jordanian Prime Minister Hazza El-Majali and 10 others were assassinated in an explosion set off by a time-bomb.
1962: A U.S. U-2 spy plane photographed Soviet technicians installing a SAM (Surface to Air Missiles) launch pad in Cuba (similar to U.S. missiles on the Russian border all across Europe). It was used as one of the excuses for the "Cuban missile crisis" 6 weeks later.
1974: Canadian astronomer Dr. A. G. Willis was credited with the discovery of "the largest object in the universe," a cloud of energy stretching 105,582,528,000,000,000,000 miles from end to end. It is 1.8 billion light years away.
1982: The synthetic chemical element Meitnerium (Atomic Number 109) was first synthesized, at the Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung in Darmstadt, Germany.
1991: The government of the Soviet Union suspended all political activity of the Soviet Communist Party that had ruled the country for over 70 years.
2003: Ayatollah Sayed Mohammed Baqir al-Hakim, the Shia Muslim leader in Iraq, was assassinated by a bombing that also killed about 100 bystanders as they were leaving a mosque in Najaf.
2005: Hurricane Katrina devastated a wide area of the U.S. Gulf Coast from Louisiana to the Florida, killing more than 1,800 people and causing over $80 billion in damage.