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Thursday, October 1 2015

Jeremiah 36: The Burning Of The Book Of Jeremiah

"Take thee a roll of a book, and write therein all the words that I have spoken unto thee against Israel, and against Judah, and against all the nations, from the day I spake unto thee, from the days of Josiah, even unto this day"

Jeremiah (see A Faithful Winner Among Unrepentant Losers) had by then been a prophet of the LORD (see The Identity Of The LORD God and The LORD God Our Saviour) for decades, from the thirteenth year of King Josiah to the fourth year of King Jehoiakim (see Kings of Israel and Judah). It was at that time that the LORD commanded Jeremiah to record on a scroll what we know today as the "Book" of Jeremiah (see also How Many Pages Did The First Bibles Have?).

The purpose of the writing was twofold - to be a permanent document for the ages to come, and to remain as a witness of the LORD's Word through Jeremiah after Jeremiah was imprisoned or otherwise kept from speaking in public. The task of writing was given to Baruch, a scribe - a man who would remain a faithful and trusted ally of Jeremiah for the years to come.

That original copy of the Book of Jeremiah took about a year of work to write. It was then delivered to King Jehoiakim - who burned it.

Jehoiakim

"36:1 And it came to pass in the fourth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah king of Judah, that this word came unto Jeremiah from the LORD, saying, 36:2 Take thee a roll of a book, and write therein all the words that I have spoken unto thee against Israel, and against Judah, and against all the nations, from the day I spake unto thee, from the days of Josiah, even unto this day. 36:3 It may be that the house of Judah will hear all the evil which I purpose to do unto them; that they may return every man from his evil way; that I may forgive their iniquity and their sin.

36:4 Then Jeremiah called Baruch the son of Neriah: and Baruch wrote from the mouth of Jeremiah all the words of the LORD, which he had spoken unto him, upon a roll of a book. 36:5 And Jeremiah commanded Baruch, saying, I am shut up; I cannot go into the house of the LORD: 36:6 Therefore go thou, and read in the roll, which thou hast written from my mouth, the words of the LORD in the ears of the people in the LORD'S house upon the fasting day: and also thou shalt read them in the ears of all Judah that come out of their cities. 36:7 It may be they will present their supplication before the LORD, and will return every one from his evil way: for great is the anger and the fury that the LORD hath pronounced against this people.

36:8 And Baruch the son of Neriah did according to all that Jeremiah the prophet commanded him, reading in the book the words of the LORD in the LORD'S house. 36:9 And it came to pass in the fifth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah king of Judah, in the ninth month, that they proclaimed a fast before the LORD to all the people in Jerusalem, and to all the people that came from the cities of Judah unto Jerusalem. 36:10 Then read Baruch in the book the words of Jeremiah in the house of the LORD, in the chamber of Gemariah the son of Shaphan the scribe, in the higher court, at the entry of the new gate of the LORD'S house, in the ears of all the people.

36:11 When Michaiah the son of Gemariah, the son of Shaphan, had heard out of the book all the words of the LORD, 36:12 Then he went down into the king's house, into the scribe's chamber: and, lo, all the princes sat there, even Elishama the scribe, and Delaiah the son of Shemaiah, and Elnathan the son of Achbor, and Gemariah the son of Shaphan, and Zedekiah the son of Hananiah, and all the princes. 36:13 Then Michaiah declared unto them all the words that he had heard, when Baruch read the book in the ears of the people. 36:14 Therefore all the princes sent Jehudi the son of Nethaniah, the son of Shelemiah, the son of Cushi, unto Baruch, saying, Take in thine hand the roll wherein thou hast read in the ears of the people, and come. So Baruch the son of Neriah took the roll in his hand, and came unto them. 36:15 And they said unto him, Sit down now, and read it in our ears.

So Baruch read it in their ears. 36:16 Now it came to pass, when they had heard all the words, they were afraid both one and other, and said unto Baruch, We will surely tell the king of all these words. 36:17 And they asked Baruch, saying, Tell us now, How didst thou write all these words at his mouth?

36:18 Then Baruch answered them, He pronounced all these words unto me with his mouth, and I wrote them with ink in the book.

36:19 Then said the princes unto Baruch, Go, hide thee, thou and Jeremiah; and let no man know where ye be.

36:20 And they went in to the king into the court, but they laid up the roll in the chamber of Elishama the scribe, and told all the words in the ears of the king. 36:21 So the king sent Jehudi to fetch the roll: and he took it out of Elishama the scribe's chamber. And Jehudi read it in the ears of the king, and in the ears of all the princes which stood beside the king. 36:22 Now the king sat in the winterhouse in the ninth month: and there was a fire on the hearth burning before him. 36:23 And it came to pass, that when Jehudi had read three or four leaves, he cut it with the penknife, and cast it into the fire that was on the hearth, until all the roll was consumed in the fire that was on the hearth. 36:24 Yet they were not afraid, nor rent their garments, neither the king, nor any of his servants that heard all these words. 36:25 Nevertheless Elnathan and Delaiah and Gemariah had made intercession to the king that he would not burn the roll: but he would not hear them. 36:26 But the king commanded Jerahmeel the son of Hammelech, and Seraiah the son of Azriel, and Shelemiah the son of Abdeel, to take Baruch the scribe and Jeremiah the prophet: but the LORD hid them." (Jeremiah 36:1-26 KJV)

The LORD declared a condemnation of Jehoiakim for his blasphemous act. The LORD also then instructed Jeremiah and Baruch to produce another copy of the Book of Jeremiah. By that time, more prophecies, and more history, had occurred so they were included in the second edition.

"36:27 Then the word of the LORD came to Jeremiah, after that the king had burned the roll, and the words which Baruch wrote at the mouth of Jeremiah, saying, 36:28 Take thee again another roll, and write in it all the former words that were in the first roll, which Jehoiakim the king of Judah hath burned. 36:29 And thou shalt say to Jehoiakim king of Judah, Thus saith the LORD; Thou hast burned this roll, saying, Why hast thou written therein, saying, The king of Babylon shall certainly come and destroy this land, and shall cause to cease from thence man and beast? 36:30 Therefore thus saith the LORD of Jehoiakim king of Judah; He shall have none to sit upon the throne of David: and his dead body shall be cast out in the day to the heat, and in the night to the frost. 36:31 And I will punish him and his seed and his servants for their iniquity; and I will bring upon them, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and upon the men of Judah, all the evil that I have pronounced against them; but they hearkened not.

36:32 Then took Jeremiah another roll, and gave it to Baruch the scribe, the son of Neriah; who wrote therein from the mouth of Jeremiah all the words of the book which Jehoiakim king of Judah had burned in the fire: and there were added besides unto them many like words." (Jeremiah 36:27-32 KJV)

Fact Finder: What was the reason that the kingdoms of Israel and Judah suffered civil wars and wars of independence from the LORD?
See A History Of Israel's United And Divided Kingdoms


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This Day In History, October 1

331 BC: Greek / Macedonian forces under Alexander the Great defeated Persian forces under Darius III at the Battle of Arbela (also known as the Battle of Gaugamela) in Assyria. Alexander's decisive victory led to the fall of the Persian Empire and the rise of the Greek Empire. The Persian and Greek empires, as well as Alexander and Darius, are all recorded and prophesied in the Bible (see The Prophet Daniel: The Ram and The He Goat, The Prophet Daniel: Nebuchadnezzar's Image, Israel In History and Prophecy: Babylon and Persia and A History Of Jerusalem: Greeks, Ptolemies, Seleucids).

959: Edgar the Peaceable became king of all England.

Britain in 802
1189: Gerard de Ridefort, grandmaster of the Knights Templar since 1184, was killed in the Siege of Acre (see also Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy).

1273: Rudolf of Hapsburg was elected emperor in Germany, which became officially known as "the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation" (see The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation).

1553: The coronation of Queen Mary I of England.

1787: Russian forces under Alexander Suvorov defeated the Turks at Kinburn.

1795: The southern provinces of the Netherlands (known today as Belgium) became part of the French Republic.

1800: Under the Treaty of San Idelfonso, Spain ceded Louisiana to France - which later sold the territory (known to history as the Louisiana Purchase) in 1803 to the U.S. for $15 million.

1814: The Congress of Vienna opened. Its purpose was to redraw Europe's political map after the defeat of Napoleon Bonaparte the previous spring (see also The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation).

1818: The Congress of Aix-la-Chapelle began. It lasted until November 15. It was the first of four congresses held by Britain, Austria, Prussia, Russia and France to discuss and take common action on European problems following the Napoleonic Wars (1800-1815).

1853: The Toronto Globe became a daily paper.

1908: Henry Ford's "Model T" Ford went on sale for the first time, with a price of $825.

1914: During the First World War, Turkey (i.e. the Ottoman Empire) closed the Dardenelles to the Allies (listen to our Sermon The Ottoman Empire).

1918: Arab forces, assisted by the British under T.E. Lawrence ("Lawrence of Arabia"), captured Damascus from the Ottomans (see A History Of Jerusalem: The British Mandate).

1936: General Francisco Franco was named head of the Nationalist government in Spain.

1938: German troops crossed into the Sudetenland following an agreement between Britain, France, Germany and Italy to avoid war over Czechoslovakia. The policy of appeasing Adolf Hitler's territorial demands ended the next year when Germany invaded Poland, thereby beginning the Second World War (see also Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion).

1939: British Prime Minister Winston Churchill made his famous remark describing Soviet foreign policy as "a riddle wrapped in a mystery inside an enigma."

1945: David Ben Gurion sent a coded message to Moshe Sneh, the Haganah commander, to begin terrorist operations against British forces in "Palestine" (see Where Is Palestine?) - despite the fact that the British were lawfully there, under a UN mandate, to enable the people of Judah to become free and independent of the Muslim Ottoman Empire that had ruled the land of Israel for centuries (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Balfour Declaration; also Israel In History and Prophecy: Israel Of Judah).

1946: The first trial of Nazi leaders at Nuremberg ended, which coincided with The Day of Atonement that year on the Roman calendar (it's always the tenth day of the seventh month on the Biblical calendar). Twelve Nazi war criminals were sentenced to be hanged: Karl Donitz, Hermann Goring, Alfred Jodl, Hans Frank, Wilhelm Frick, Ernst Kaltenbrunner, Wilhelm Keitel, Joachin von Ribbentrop, Fritz Saukel, Arthur Seyss-Inquart, Julius Streicher, and Alfred Rosenberg.

1949: The communist Peoples Republic of China was formed with Mao Zedong as leader.

1961: The U.S. Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) was formed, becoming the country's first centralized military espionage organization.

1969: The British-French Concorde airliner broke the sound barrier for its first time in a test flight over France.

1974: The Watergate cover-up trial of the Nixon regime opened in Washington.

1979: The Panama Canal Zone was officially handed over to Panama after 70 years under U.S. control (despite the show of sovereignty, "independent" Panama remains a U.S. military colony).

1990: A small asteroid the size of a two-car garage and weighing about 100 tons entered the atmosphere over the Pacific Ocean about 1,900 miles (3,000 kilometers) off the coast of British Columbia, Canada. At an estimated speed of 40,000 miles per hour (65,000 kilometers per hour) it almost instantly broke apart and exploded about 20 miles (32 kilometers) above the ocean. The blast had a force about equal to the Hiroshima atomic bomb and for a moment must have looked like a second sun in the sky. No one on earth saw it coming, or saw it explode. The only record of the event came from a military satellite that watches for unannounced rocket launches and explosions. That satellite, and others like it, have recorded an average of 9 atmospheric bursts per month since 1975, all from the entry of small asteroids.

1995: A U.S. jury found Egyptian cleric Sheikh Omar Abdel-Rahman and 9 others guilty of plotting to blow up the World Trade Center, bomb the UN building, kill Egypt's president, and destroy vital highway tunnels in New York.


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