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Saturday, October 3 2015

Jeremiah 38: Jeremiah In The Dungeon

"These men have done evil in all that they have done to Jeremiah the prophet, whom they have cast into the dungeon"

The English-language word "dungeon" originated from a French word, dongeon, that meant "The innermost and strongest tower of a castle; a close prison; a deep, dark place of confinement" (The Consolidated Webster Encyclopedic Dictionary).

Just before it fell to the Babylonians, some of the members of the corrupt regime (see The Sinking Of His Majesty's Vessel, Judah) imprisoned the prophet Jeremiah (see Truth versus Politics) in a mire-filled dungeon where he would have died. He was saved from it by the intervention of an Ethiopian servant of King Zedekiah.

Cistern

"38:1 Then Shephatiah the son of Mattan, and Gedaliah the son of Pashur, and Jucal the son of Shelemiah, and Pashur the son of Malchiah, heard the words that Jeremiah had spoken unto all the people, saying, 38:2 Thus saith the LORD, He that remaineth in this city shall die by the sword, by the famine, and by the pestilence: but he that goeth forth to the Chaldeans shall live; for he shall have his life for a prey, and shall live. 38:3 Thus saith the LORD, This city shall surely be given into the hand of the king of Babylon's army, which shall take it.

38:4 Therefore the princes said unto the king, We beseech thee, let this man be put to death: for thus he weakeneth the hands of the men of war that remain in this city, and the hands of all the people, in speaking such words unto them: for this man seeketh not the welfare of this people, but the hurt.

38:5 Then Zedekiah the king said, Behold, he is in your hand: for the king is not he that can do any thing against you.

38:6 Then took they Jeremiah, and cast him into the dungeon of Malchiah the son of Hammelech, that was in the court of the prison: and they let down Jeremiah with cords. And in the dungeon there was no water, but mire: so Jeremiah sunk in the mire.

38:7 Now when Ebedmelech the Ethiopian, one of the eunuchs which was in the king's house, heard that they had put Jeremiah in the dungeon; the king then sitting in the gate of Benjamin; 38:8 Ebedmelech went forth out of the king's house, and spake to the king, saying, 38:9 My lord the king, these men have done evil in all that they have done to Jeremiah the prophet, whom they have cast into the dungeon; and he is like to die for hunger in the place where he is: for there is no more bread in the city.

38:10 Then the king commanded Ebedmelech the Ethiopian, saying, Take from hence thirty men with thee, and take up Jeremiah the prophet out of the dungeon, before he die.

38:11 So Ebedmelech took the men with him, and went into the house of the king under the treasury, and took thence old cast clouts and old rotten rags, and let them down by cords into the dungeon to Jeremiah. 38:12 And Ebedmelech the Ethiopian said unto Jeremiah, Put now these old cast clouts and rotten rags under thine armholes under the cords. And Jeremiah did so. 38:13 So they drew up Jeremiah with cords, and took him up out of the dungeon: and Jeremiah remained in the court of the prison." (Jeremiah 38:1-13 KJV)

Zedekiah had been given all of the warnings that the LORD (see The Identity Of The LORD God and The LORD God Our Saviour) was going to provided to him - the final fall of the Kingdom of Judah was a result of Zedekiah's refusal to heed the warning of destruction if he failed to repent. When it was too late, Zedekiah, apparently then finally realizing that it was over, pleaded with Jeremiah to save him.

"38:14 Then Zedekiah the king sent, and took Jeremiah the prophet unto him into the third entry that is in the house of the LORD: and the king said unto Jeremiah, I will ask thee a thing; hide nothing from me.

38:15 Then Jeremiah said unto Zedekiah, If I declare it unto thee, wilt thou not surely put me to death? and if I give thee counsel, wilt thou not hearken unto me?

38:16 So Zedekiah the king sware secretly unto Jeremiah, saying, As the LORD liveth, that made us this soul, I will not put thee to death, neither will I give thee into the hand of these men that seek thy life.

38:17 Then said Jeremiah unto Zedekiah, Thus saith the LORD, the God of hosts, the God of Israel; If thou wilt assuredly go forth unto the king of Babylon's princes, then thy soul shall live, and this city shall not be burned with fire; and thou shalt live, and thine house: 38:18 But if thou wilt not go forth to the king of Babylon's princes, then shall this city be given into the hand of the Chaldeans, and they shall burn it with fire, and thou shalt not escape out of their hand.

38:19 And Zedekiah the king said unto Jeremiah, I am afraid of the Jews that are fallen to the Chaldeans, lest they deliver me into their hand, and they mock me.

38:20 But Jeremiah said, They shall not deliver thee. Obey, I beseech thee, the voice of the LORD, which I speak unto thee: so it shall be well unto thee, and thy soul shall live. 38:21 But if thou refuse to go forth, this is the word that the LORD hath shewed me: 38:22 And, behold, all the women that are left in the king of Judah's house shall be brought forth to the king of Babylon's princes, and those women shall say, Thy friends have set thee on, and have prevailed against thee: thy feet are sunk in the mire, and they are turned away back.

38:23 So they shall bring out all thy wives and thy children to the Chaldeans: and thou shalt not escape out of their hand, but shalt be taken by the hand of the king of Babylon: and thou shalt cause this city to be burned with fire.

38:24 Then said Zedekiah unto Jeremiah, Let no man know of these words, and thou shalt not die. 38:25 But if the princes hear that I have talked with thee, and they come unto thee, and say unto thee, Declare unto us now what thou hast said unto the king, hide it not from us, and we will not put thee to death; also what the king said unto thee: 38:26 Then thou shalt say unto them, I presented my supplication before the king, that he would not cause me to return to Jonathan's house, to die there.

38:27 Then came all the princes unto Jeremiah, and asked him: and he told them according to all these words that the king had commanded. So they left off speaking with him; for the matter was not perceived.

38:28 So Jeremiah abode in the court of the prison until the day that Jerusalem was taken: and he was there when Jerusalem was taken." (Jeremiah 38:14-28 KJV)

Fact Finder: What later happened to Zedekiah - exactly as Jeremiah said that it would?
See Zedekiah's Flight


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This Day In History, October 3

52 BC: During the Gallic Wars, a series of military campaigns by the Roman proconsul (see The Politics Of Rome) Julius Caesar against several Gallic tribes in what is today France and Belgium, the Battle of Alesia ended when Vercingetorix, leader of the Gauls, surrendered to the Romans under Julius Caesar.

The Battle of Alesia 42 BC: The First Battle of Philippi. Mark Antony (see also The Cleopatra Connection) and Octavian won a decisive battle over Julius Caesar's assassins, Brutus and Cassius. Octavian later became Caesar Augustus, the first Roman Emperor, who declared the famous census that resulted in the prophecy of the Messiah being born in Bethlehem being fulfilled (see A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars; also Does Rome Have Christ's Birth Certificate?).

1656: Miles Standish died. As an English military officer, Standish was hired by the "Pilgrims" to be a military advisor (he served as the commander of the Pilgrim Militia at Plymouth) for defending their colony in New England (for the actual Biblical meaning of "pilgrim," see The Pilgrims). He was made famous by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's poem The Courtship of Miles Standish.

1691: The Treaty of Limerick was signed, ending the Irish Rebellion against British rule.

1739: Russia signed a treaty with the Turks (i.e. the Ottoman Empire; listen to our Sermon The Ottoman Empire), ending a three-year conflict between the two countries.

1838: Black Hawk died at age 71. He was the "Indian" (an erroneous term applied to the native people of North and South America by European explorers who thought that they had landed in India) leader of the Sauk and Fox tribes in Illinois; the Black Hawk War of 1832 is named after him.

1863: U.S. President Abraham Lincoln declared the last Thursday in November to be the U.S. Thanksgiving Day. The observance of Thanksgiving itself originated long before it began to be observed in the colonies of continental North America (see Thanksgiving).

1866: Italy and Austria signed the Treaty of Vienna, ending the Seven Weeks War.

1906: At the Berlin Radio Conference in Germany, SOS was established as the international distress signal, replacing the call sign CDQ.

1914: At the start of the First World War (1914-1918), the first brigades of Canadian volunteers sailed from Gaspe, Quebec. The more than 31,000 men, 144 artillery guns and 7,000 horses, escorted by 10 British battleships, arrived in Britain 11 days later. They formed the First Canadian Division, the largest fully-equipped military convoy to cross the Atlantic up to that date.

1929: King Alexander I changed the name of his Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes to Yugoslavia.

1940: In response to Germany's first-ever use of "paratroopers" (i.e. parachute troopers) in war (i.e. Germany's invasion of Denmark with their Fallschirmjager, in English parachute infantry - but contemptuously known to the people that they invaded as the green devils), the U.S. Army began to establish "airborne" troops.

1932: Iraq became an independent nation upon the ending of the British UN mandate there (a military coup in the 1960s brought in the regime that later was ruled by Saddam Hussein - who at first was an obedient puppet of the CIA, as was the neighboring Shah of Iran). After the fall of the Ottoman Empire at the end of the First World War (listen to our Sermon The European World Wars), Britain administered the vast area of the Middle East from Egypt to Iraq that had been under Ottoman control for centuries. Thereafter, while under British military protection, those Arab nations became free and independent (listen to our Sermons The Ottoman Empire), as well as did the land of Israel (listen to our Sermon The Balfour Declaration).

1941: During the Second World War, Adolf Hitler declared that "Russia is defeated and will never rise again" (see also Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion). The German march toward Moscow was subsequently thwarted by the Russian winter.

1942: During the Second World War (1939-1945), the first successful launch of a German V-2 rocket was completed, from a Nazi launch facility at Peenemunde, Germany. The V-2 rocket became the first man-made object to reach space. After the war, many of Hitler's Nazi rocket scientists, including Wernher von Braun, were welcomed into the U.S. where they worked on U.S. military and NASA rockets (some remember Wernher von Braun as "the NASA Nazi").

1952: Britain detonated its first atomic bomb. The test was done at the Monte Bello Islands off the northwest coast of Australia.

1963: A military coup in Honduras overthrew President Ramon Villeda Morales.

1981: A hunger strike at the Maze prison in Belfast ended after 7 months and 10 deaths.

1990: The official political re-unification of East and West Germany after 45 years of Cold War Division (see Ein Volk! Ein Reich! Ein Euro!).

1995: O. J. Simpson was acquitted of his murders of Nicole Brown Simpson and Ronald Goldman.

2009: The Presidents of Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Turkey signed the Nakhchivan Agreement on the Establishment of Turkic Council.


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