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Wednesday, October 7 2015

Jeremiah 41: Ishmael Of The Royal House of Judah

"Then arose Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, and the ten men that were with him, and smote Gedaliah the son of Ahikam the son of Shaphan with the sword, and slew him, whom the king of Babylon had made governor over the land"

Ishmael, the son of Abraham and Hagar (see A Biography Of Abraham: Hagar And Ishmael), is usually the most-familiar man by that name in the Holy Scriptures. The name, which in Hebrew means the LORD hears, was actually declared by the LORD (see The Identity Of The LORD God and The LORD God Our Saviour) to Hagar (also see the Fact Finder question below).

Man

"16:11 And the angel of the LORD said unto her, Behold, thou art with child, and shalt bear a son, and shalt call his name Ishmael; because the LORD hath heard thy affliction. 16:12 And he will be a wild man; his hand will be against every man, and every man's hand against him; and he shall dwell in the presence of all his brethren." (Genesis 16:11-12 KJV)

Considering the meaning and origin of the name, it's not surprising then that the name Ishmael was also used by the Israelites. It was not regarded as a foreign name to them - nor was it, in view of the reality that the Israelites originated from Abraham, just as the other nations originated from Abraham through his other sons.

At least four other men, all Israelites, were recorded in the Holy Scriptures with the name Ishmael. One of them, "Ishmael the son of Nethaniah the son of Elishama, of the seed royal," was a survivor of the royal house after the fall of the Kingdom of Judah to Babylon (see Why Did Judah Fall To Babylon? and The Sinking Of His Majesty's Vessel, Judah). When the Babylonians installed a puppet king in Judah (see Chains And Puppets), Ishmael assassinated him and began an insurgency against the Babylonians - the agents of the LORD's wrath. The uprising was very lethal, but also very brief: "Ishmael the son of Nethaniah escaped from Johanan with eight men, and went to the Ammonites."

"41:1 Now it came to pass in the seventh month, that Ishmael the son of Nethaniah the son of Elishama, of the seed royal, and the princes of the king, even ten men with him, came unto Gedaliah the son of Ahikam to Mizpah; and there they did eat bread together in Mizpah.

41:2 Then arose Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, and the ten men that were with him, and smote Gedaliah the son of Ahikam the son of Shaphan with the sword, and slew him, whom the king of Babylon had made governor over the land. 41:3 Ishmael also slew all the Jews that were with him, even with Gedaliah, at Mizpah, and the Chaldeans that were found there, and the men of war.

41:4 And it came to pass the second day after he had slain Gedaliah, and no man knew it, 41:5 That there came certain from Shechem, from Shiloh, and from Samaria, even fourscore men, having their beards shaven, and their clothes rent, and having cut themselves, with offerings and incense in their hand, to bring them to the house of the LORD.

41:6 And Ishmael the son of Nethaniah went forth from Mizpah to meet them, weeping all along as he went: and it came to pass, as he met them, he said unto them, Come to Gedaliah the son of Ahikam. 41:7 And it was so, when they came into the midst of the city, that Ishmael the son of Nethaniah slew them, and cast them into the midst of the pit, he, and the men that were with him.

41:8 But ten men were found among them that said unto Ishmael, Slay us not: for we have treasures in the field, of wheat, and of barley, and of oil, and of honey. So he forbare, and slew them not among their brethren. 41:9 Now the pit wherein Ishmael had cast all the dead bodies of the men, whom he had slain because of Gedaliah, was it which Asa the king had made for fear of Baasha king of Israel: and Ishmael the son of Nethaniah filled it with them that were slain.

41:10 Then Ishmael carried away captive all the residue of the people that were in Mizpah, even the king's daughters, and all the people that remained in Mizpah, whom Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard had committed to Gedaliah the son of Ahikam: and Ishmael the son of Nethaniah carried them away captive, and departed to go over to the Ammonites.

41:11 But when Johanan the son of Kareah, and all the captains of the forces that were with him, heard of all the evil that Ishmael the son of Nethaniah had done, 41:12 Then they took all the men, and went to fight with Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, and found him by the great waters that are in Gibeon.

41:13 Now it came to pass, that when all the people which were with Ishmael saw Johanan the son of Kareah, and all the captains of the forces that were with him, then they were glad. 41:14 So all the people that Ishmael had carried away captive from Mizpah cast about and returned, and went unto Johanan the son of Kareah.

41:15 But Ishmael the son of Nethaniah escaped from Johanan with eight men, and went to the Ammonites.

41:16 Then took Johanan the son of Kareah, and all the captains of the forces that were with him, all the remnant of the people whom he had recovered from Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, from Mizpah, after that he had slain Gedaliah the son of Ahikam, even mighty men of war, and the women, and the children, and the eunuchs, whom he had brought again from Gibeon: 41:17 And they departed, and dwelt in the habitation of Chimham, which is by Bethlehem, to go to enter into Egypt, 41:18 Because of the Chaldeans: for they were afraid of them, because Ishmael the son of Nethaniah had slain Gedaliah the son of Ahikam, whom the king of Babylon made governor in the land." (Jeremiah 41:1-18 KJV)

Fact Finder: Did Ishmael, the son of Abraham and Hagar, also become the father of many nations?
See Ishmael's Kingdom


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This Day In History, October 7

13 BC: Drusus Julius Caesar, the son of Tiberius, was born. Tiberius was the Roman Emperor at the time of the Crucifixion of the Messiah (see A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars).

1571: The Battle of Lepanto, fought off Lepanto, Greece, between the fleet of the "Holy League" (see Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy) commanded by Don John of Austria with his 316 ships, and the Turkish fleet (listen to our Sermon The Ottoman Empire), commanded by Ochiali Pasha with 250 galleys. The allies (mostly Spanish, Venetian and papal ships) defeated the Turkish fleet, killing at least 25,000 Turks, destroyed 80 ships, and liberated about 10,000 "Christian" (i.e. Church of Rome) galley slaves. It was the last great confrontation between oared ships.

The German Empire 1691: The English Royal Charter for the Province of Massachusetts Bay in New England was issued.

1737: Waves up to 15 meters (about 50 feet) sank 15,000 small craft off the coast of India with a loss of life estimated over 250,000 people.

1763: The Proclamation of 1763 was issued by King George III, closing lands north and west of the Alleghenies to white settlement, and providing boundaries and terms of government for the territories Britain acquired from France under the Treaty of Paris. "New France" ceased to exist and was replaced by the much smaller province of Quebec. As a result of the treaty, the region's borders were changed to make it rectangular, centered on the St. Lawrence River; the borders no longer ran south to the Mississippi and east to Newfoundland (if they continued to so do, the border today between Canada and the U.S. would run north to south, rather than east to west).

1806: Carbon paper was patented in London by inventor Ralph Wedgewood.

1826: The Convention of Akkerman, an agreement signed in Akkerman, Romania, between the Ottoman Empire and Russia in which the Ottomans accepted, under threat of war, Russian demands concerning Serbia and the Danube principalities of Moldavia and Walachia (again, listen to our Sermon The Ottoman Empire to understand how it led to the outbreak of the First World War - listen to our Sermon The European World Wars).

1840: Willem II (Willem and Wilhelm are the Dutch and German versions of the English name William) became King of the Netherlands.

1862: Royal Columbian Hospital opened as the first hospital in the Canadian province of British Columbia.

1879: Otto von Bismarck concluded a military pact with Austria-Hungary, allying the Habsburgs with the Prussian-dominated Germany; the alliance was intended to render France powerless against the Reich (Reich is the German word for Empire - see The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation). Adolf Hitler later called his regime "the Third Reich" (see also Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion).

1919: KLM, the national airline of the Netherlands, was established. It is the oldest existing airline.

1944: The Jewish revolt in Auschwitz; Jews working in a Krupp plant smuggled in explosives, which were turned into grenades and bombs by skilled Soviet POWs. They blew up Crematorium III and killed 3 SS men. 250 Jews were massacred by the guards, but 27 escaped.

1949: The German Democratic Republic (communist East Germany) was proclaimed in the Soviet sector of occupied Germany; Wilhelm Pieck was appointed President, Otto Grotewohl was appointed Prime Minister.

1959: The far side of the moon was photographed for the first time, by the Soviet Luna-3 spacecraft.

1981: Hosni Mubarak became acting president of Egypt after the assassination of Anwar Sadat the day before.

1985: "Palestinian" (see Where Is Palestine?) terrorists seized control of the Achille Lauro, an Italian passenger ship carrying 440 people. They threatened to blow it up if Israel did not release 50 Palestinian prisoners. During the incident, the hijackers murdered Leon Klinghoffer, an elderly Jewish-U.S. man in a wheelchair.

1996: The Fox "News" Channel began broadcasting.

2001: The U.S. invasion of Afghanistan began with bombing and forces on the ground.


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