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Wednesday, October 14 2015

Jeremiah 48: Moab's Babylon Lesson

"For because thou hast trusted in thy works and in thy treasures, thou shalt also be taken"

After the destruction of Sodom and the other cities of the plain (see Fire And Brimstone Upon Sodom And Gomorrah), Lot and his two surviving daughters (see The Lesson Of Lot's Sons And Daughters In Sodom) apparently believed that they were the last humans left alive. That doomsday belief was the justification of Lot's daughters when they chose to become the mothers of their father's children. The result was the origin of the Moabites and Ammonites.

Mount Nebo

"19:31 And the firstborn said unto the younger, Our father is old, and there is not a man in the earth to come in unto us after the manner of all the earth:" (Genesis 19:31 KJV)

"19:36 Thus were both the daughters of Lot with child by their father.

19:37 And the firstborn bare a son, and called his name Moab: the same is the father of the Moabites unto this day.

19:38 And the younger, she also bare a son, and called his name Benammi: the same is the father of the children of Ammon unto this day." (Genesis 19:36-38 KJV)

The territory of the descendants of Moab was located east of the Dead Sea (see also The Salt Sea In History And Prophecy), not far from where their namesake progenitor was born. As such, its location provided many connections to the history and the origin of the people of Israel (see the Fact Finder question below). Mount Nebo, in Moab, was the location of the death and burial of Moses.

"34:1 And Moses went up from the plains of Moab unto the mountain of Nebo, to the top of Pisgah, that is over against Jericho.

And the LORD shewed him all the land of Gilead, unto Dan, 34:2 And all Naphtali, and the land of Ephraim, and Manasseh, and all the land of Judah, unto the utmost sea, 34:3 And the south, and the plain of the valley of Jericho, the city of palm trees, unto Zoar.

34:4 And the LORD said unto him, This is the land which I sware unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob, saying, I will give it unto thy seed: I have caused thee to see it with thine eyes, but thou shalt not go over thither.

34:5 So Moses the servant of the LORD died there in the land of Moab, according to the word of the LORD. 34:6 And he buried him in a valley in the land of Moab, over against Bethpeor: but no man knoweth of his sepulchre unto this day.

34:7 And Moses was an hundred and twenty years old when he died: his eye was not dim, nor his natural force abated.

34:8 And the children of Israel wept for Moses in the plains of Moab thirty days: so the days of weeping and mourning for Moses were ended." (Deuteronomy 34:1-8 KJV)

In the time of the prophet Jeremiah (see A Faithful Winner Among Unrepentant Losers), the Moabites had allied themselves with Babylon against the Kingdom of Judah. It was actually more of a matter of the Moabites attempting to avoid destruction by the Babylonians, by becoming their supposed friends, but the strategy only lasted briefly before the Babylonians turned on Moab too. Moreover, above it all was the LORD's Judgment (see The Identity Of The LORD God and The LORD God Our Saviour) upon them for playing politics against Him. They, like Judah, could have escaped the destruction that was inflicted upon them by Babylon, but both chose to look to themselves rather than to the LORD Who would have surely delivered them.

The Dead Sea

"48:1 Against Moab thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel;

Woe unto Nebo! for it is spoiled: Kiriathaim is confounded and taken: Misgab is confounded and dismayed. 48:2 There shall be no more praise of Moab: in Heshbon they have devised evil against it; come, and let us cut it off from being a nation. Also thou shalt be cut down, O Madmen; the sword shall pursue thee. 48:3 A voice of crying shall be from Horonaim, spoiling and great destruction. 48:4 Moab is destroyed; her little ones have caused a cry to be heard. 48:5 For in the going up of Luhith continual weeping shall go up; for in the going down of Horonaim the enemies have heard a cry of destruction. 48:6 Flee, save your lives, and be like the heath in the wilderness. 48:7 For because thou hast trusted in thy works and in thy treasures, thou shalt also be taken: and Chemosh shall go forth into captivity with his priests and his princes together. 48:8 And the spoiler shall come upon every city, and no city shall escape: the valley also shall perish, and the plain shall be destroyed, as the LORD hath spoken. 48:9 Give wings unto Moab, that it may flee and get away: for the cities thereof shall be desolate, without any to dwell therein.

48:10 Cursed be he that doeth the work of the LORD deceitfully, and cursed be he that keepeth back his sword from blood.

48:11 Moab hath been at ease from his youth, and he hath settled on his lees, and hath not been emptied from vessel to vessel, neither hath he gone into captivity: therefore his taste remained in him, and his scent is not changed. 48:12 Therefore, behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will send unto him wanderers, that shall cause him to wander, and shall empty his vessels, and break their bottles. 48:13 And Moab shall be ashamed of Chemosh, as the house of Israel was ashamed of Bethel their confidence.

48:14 How say ye, We are mighty and strong men for the war? 48:15 Moab is spoiled, and gone up out of her cities, and his chosen young men are gone down to the slaughter, saith the King, whose name is the LORD of hosts. 48:16 The calamity of Moab is near to come, and his affliction hasteth fast. 48:17 All ye that are about him, bemoan him; and all ye that know his name, say, How is the strong staff broken, and the beautiful rod! 48:18 Thou daughter that dost inhabit Dibon, come down from thy glory, and sit in thirst; for the spoiler of Moab shall come upon thee, and he shall destroy thy strong holds. 48:19 O inhabitant of Aroer, stand by the way, and espy; ask him that fleeth, and her that escapeth, and say, What is done? 48:20 Moab is confounded; for it is broken down: howl and cry; tell ye it in Arnon, that Moab is spoiled, 48:21 And judgment is come upon the plain country; upon Holon, and upon Jahazah, and upon Mephaath, 48:22 And upon Dibon, and upon Nebo, and upon Bethdiblathaim, 48:23 And upon Kiriathaim, and upon Bethgamul, and upon Bethmeon, 48:24 And upon Kerioth, and upon Bozrah, and upon all the cities of the land of Moab, far or near. 48:25 The horn of Moab is cut off, and his arm is broken, saith the LORD.

48:26 Make ye him drunken: for he magnified himself against the LORD: Moab also shall wallow in his vomit, and he also shall be in derision. 48:27 For was not Israel a derision unto thee? was he found among thieves? for since thou spakest of him, thou skippedst for joy. 48:28 O ye that dwell in Moab, leave the cities, and dwell in the rock, and be like the dove that maketh her nest in the sides of the hole's mouth.

48:29 We have heard the pride of Moab, (he is exceeding proud) his loftiness, and his arrogancy, and his pride, and the haughtiness of his heart. 48:30 I know his wrath, saith the LORD; but it shall not be so; his lies shall not so effect it. 48:31 Therefore will I howl for Moab, and I will cry out for all Moab; mine heart shall mourn for the men of Kirheres. 48:32 O vine of Sibmah, I will weep for thee with the weeping of Jazer: thy plants are gone over the sea, they reach even to the sea of Jazer: the spoiler is fallen upon thy summer fruits and upon thy vintage. 48:33 And joy and gladness is taken from the plentiful field, and from the land of Moab; and I have caused wine to fail from the winepresses: none shall tread with shouting; their shouting shall be no shouting.

48:34 From the cry of Heshbon even unto Elealeh, and even unto Jahaz, have they uttered their voice, from Zoar even unto Horonaim, as an heifer of three years old: for the waters also of Nimrim shall be desolate. 48:35 Moreover I will cause to cease in Moab, saith the LORD, him that offereth in the high places, and him that burneth incense to his gods. 48:36 Therefore mine heart shall sound for Moab like pipes, and mine heart shall sound like pipes for the men of Kirheres: because the riches that he hath gotten are perished. 48:37 For every head shall be bald, and every beard clipped: upon all the hands shall be cuttings, and upon the loins sackcloth. 48:38 There shall be lamentation generally upon all the housetops of Moab, and in the streets thereof: for I have broken Moab like a vessel wherein is no pleasure, saith the LORD. 48:39 They shall howl, saying, How is it broken down! how hath Moab turned the back with shame! so shall Moab be a derision and a dismaying to all them about him.

48:40 For thus saith the LORD; Behold, he shall fly as an eagle, and shall spread his wings over Moab. 48:41 Kerioth is taken, and the strong holds are surprised, and the mighty men's hearts in Moab at that day shall be as the heart of a woman in her pangs. 48:42 And Moab shall be destroyed from being a people, because he hath magnified himself against the LORD. 48:43 Fear, and the pit, and the snare, shall be upon thee, O inhabitant of Moab, saith the LORD. 48:44 He that fleeth from the fear shall fall into the pit; and he that getteth up out of the pit shall be taken in the snare: for I will bring upon it, even upon Moab, the year of their visitation, saith the LORD.

48:45 They that fled stood under the shadow of Heshbon because of the force: but a fire shall come forth out of Heshbon, and a flame from the midst of Sihon, and shall devour the corner of Moab, and the crown of the head of the tumultuous ones. 48:46 Woe be unto thee, O Moab! the people of Chemosh perisheth: for thy sons are taken captives, and thy daughters captives. 48:47 Yet will I bring again the captivity of Moab in the latter days, saith the LORD. Thus far is the judgment of Moab." (Jeremiah 48:1-47 KJV)

Fact Finder: Ruth was a key ancestor of King David and the Messiah. Was Ruth a Moabite?
See Elimelech and Naomi and The Marriage Of Boaz and Ruth


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This Day In History, October 14

222: Pope Callixtus I was killed by a mob in Rome (see also The Struggle For The Papacy).

1066: The Battle of Hastings was fought on Senlac Hill, about seven miles from Hastings, England. The invading Norman forces of William the Conqueror defeated those of King Harold II of England.

William the Conqueror 1322: Robert the Bruce of Scotland defeated King Edward II of England at Byland, north of York. The independence of Scotland followed.

1586: The trial of Mary Queen of Scots began for her attempts to overthrow Queen Elizabeth I.

1644: William Penn was born. The city of Philadelphia was planned, built and named by Penn while he was working as a land developer sent by King James. Ironically, Pennsylvania itself was named after Penn - a life-long loyal servant of the king (Penn was born and died in England) who was not involved in the rebellion of the colonies that Britain established in the wilderness of New England.

1656: Massachusetts enacted the first punitive legislation against the Religious Society of Friends (the "Quakers") and declared their beliefs to be "apostate and politically subversive."

1705: The English navy captured Barcelona during the War of the Spanish Succession.

1806: Napoleon defeated the Prussians (not to be confused with Russia; Prussia is in Germany) and Saxons (Saxony is also in Germany; the Anglos were a tribe of the Saxons) at the Battles of Jena and Auerstadt in Saxony. He completed his conquest of Prussia within 6 weeks.

1809: The Treaty of Vienna was signed. Austria ceded Trieste and Illyria to France, Galicia to Poland and Russia, and Inndistrict to Bavaria.

1848: Habsburg imperial forces led by Windischgratz retook Vienna from rebellious citizens who had caused the royal Habsburg family of Franz Joseph to flee the city; 2,000 of the rebels were killed.

1911: The revolution in China began which resulted in the abdication of the last emperor, 6 year old Henry Pu-Yi.

1912: Theodore Roosevelt became one of numerous U.S. Presidents who were shot by their fellow citizens when he was hit by a would-be assassin in Milwaukee. The bullet was stopped by Roosevelt's thick coat and a bundle of manuscript paper in his pocket.

1913: Britain's worst mining disaster occurred when an explosion in the Universal Colliery in Glamorgan, Wales, killed 439 coal miners.

1917: Mata Hari was executed as a spy.

1933: Germany announced that it would withdraw from the League of Nations and take no further part in the Geneva Disarmament Conference (see also Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion).

1939: At the beginning of the Second World War (listen to our Sermon The European World Wars), the Royal Navy battleship Royal Oak was torpedoed and sunk by a German submarine in Scapa Flow Bay in northern Scotland; over 800 British sailors were killed.

1944: Nazi field marshal Erwin Rommel (the victorious "Desert Fox" of north Africa before being defeated by British and Canadian forces) committed suicide at age 53 after it was discovered that he had been involved in an attempt to assassinate Adolf Hitler. He had been given the choice of execution or suicide after his "trial."

1944: British and Greek troops liberated Athens which had been in German possession since 1941.

1957: Queen Elizabeth II became the first Canadian Monarch to personally open a session of the Canadian Parliament, presenting her Speech from the Throne in Ottawa.

1964: Leonid Brezhnev became the General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.

1979: The first "Gay Rights" march was held, by 200,000 U.S. "lesbian and gay people" in Washington, D.C.

1981: Egyptian Vice President Hosni Mubarak was elected President of Egypt, a week after the assassination of the President Anwar Sadat.

1994: Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon Peres, and Palestinian terrorist leader Yasser Arafat were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.




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