Saturday, October 17 2015
Jeremiah 51: Why Was The Letter Cast Into The Euphrates River?
"When thou hast made an end of reading this book, that thou shalt bind a stone to it, and cast it into the midst of Euphrates: And thou shalt say, Thus shall Babylon sink, and shall not rise from the evil that I will bring upon her"
Much of the original Book of Jeremiah was burned by defiant King Jehoiakim of Judah (see The Burning Of The Book Of Jeremiah). It was nevertheless re-written and became the Book of Jeremiah today.
"36:27 Then the word of the LORD came to Jeremiah, after that the king had burned the roll, and the words which Baruch wrote at the mouth of Jeremiah, saying,
36:28 Take thee again another roll, and write in it all the former words that were in the first roll, which Jehoiakim the king of Judah hath burned." (Jeremiah 36:27-28 KJV)
Jeremiah also wrote two letters. The first was addressed to the exiles of Judah in Babylon, delivering to them the sure prophecy that their descendants would return to Judah after seventy years (see What Did Jeremiah's Letter To Babylon Say?). It was fulfilled exactly as the LORD declared that it would (see The Prophecies Of Cyrus of Persia).
"1:1 Now in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, that the word of the LORD by the mouth of Jeremiah might be fulfilled, the LORD stirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of Persia, that he made a proclamation throughout all his kingdom, and put it also in writing, saying,
1:2 Thus saith Cyrus king of Persia, The LORD God of heaven hath given me all the kingdoms of the earth; and he hath charged me to build him an house at Jerusalem, which is in Judah.
1:3 Who is there among you of all his people? his God be with him, and let him go up to Jerusalem, which is in Judah, and build the house of the LORD God of Israel, (he is the God,) which is in Jerusalem." (Ezra 1:1-3 KJV)
The second letter was to the imperial regime in Babylon (see also The Prophet Daniel: Nebuchadnezzar's Image and The Prophet Daniel: The Hand Writing On The Wall). The Babylonian Empire had been used to deliver the LORD's wrath upon Judah because the Kingdom of Judah had become as corrupt and heathen as Babylon had itself done in the beginning. "Babylon" was the birthplace of rebellion and losers (see The Prophecy To The Birthplace Of Rebellion).
The LORD's Judgment (see The Identity Of The LORD God and The LORD God Our Saviour) upon the place where confusion ("Babylon" literally means confusion; see also The Cure For Confusion) was born was practically identical to that of Judah.
"51:1 Thus saith the LORD;
Behold, I will raise up against Babylon, and against them that dwell in the midst of them that rise up against me, a destroying wind;
51:2 And will send unto Babylon fanners, that shall fan her, and shall empty her land: for in the day of trouble they shall be against her round about.
51:3 Against him that bendeth let the archer bend his bow, and against him that lifteth himself up in his brigandine: and spare ye not her young men; destroy ye utterly all her host.
51:4 Thus the slain shall fall in the land of the Chaldeans, and they that are thrust through in her streets.
51:5 For Israel hath not been forsaken, nor Judah of his God, of the LORD of hosts; though their land was filled with sin against the Holy One of Israel.
51:6 Flee out of the midst of Babylon, and deliver every man his soul: be not cut off in her iniquity; for this is the time of the LORD'S vengeance; he will render unto her a recompence.
51:7 Babylon hath been a golden cup in the LORD'S hand, that made all the earth drunken: the nations have drunken of her wine; therefore the nations are mad.
51:8 Babylon is suddenly fallen and destroyed: howl for her; take balm for her pain, if so be she may be healed.
51:9 We would have healed Babylon, but she is not healed: forsake her, and let us go every one into his own country: for her judgment reacheth unto heaven, and is lifted up even to the skies.
51:10 The LORD hath brought forth our righteousness: come, and let us declare in Zion the work of the LORD our God.
51:11 Make bright the arrows; gather the shields: the LORD hath raised up the spirit of the kings of the Medes: for his device is against Babylon, to destroy it; because it is the vengeance of the LORD, the vengeance of his temple.
51:12 Set up the standard upon the walls of Babylon, make the watch strong, set up the watchmen, prepare the ambushes: for the LORD hath both devised and done that which he spake against the inhabitants of Babylon.
51:13 O thou that dwellest upon many waters, abundant in treasures, thine end is come, and the measure of thy covetousness.
51:14 The LORD of hosts hath sworn by himself, saying, Surely I will fill thee with men, as with caterpillers; and they shall lift up a shout against thee.
51:15 He hath made the earth by his power, he hath established the world by his wisdom, and hath stretched out the heaven by his understanding.
51:16 When he uttereth his voice, there is a multitude of waters in the heavens; and he causeth the vapours to ascend from the ends of the earth: he maketh lightnings with rain, and bringeth forth the wind out of his treasures.
51:17 Every man is brutish by his knowledge; every founder is confounded by the graven image: for his molten image is falsehood, and there is no breath in them.
51:18 They are vanity, the work of errors: in the time of their visitation they shall perish.
51:19 The portion of Jacob is not like them; for he is the former of all things: and Israel is the rod of his inheritance: the LORD of hosts is his name.
51:20 Thou art my battle axe and weapons of war: for with thee will I break in pieces the nations, and with thee will I destroy kingdoms;
51:21 And with thee will I break in pieces the horse and his rider; and with thee will I break in pieces the chariot and his rider;
51:22 With thee also will I break in pieces man and woman; and with thee will I break in pieces old and young; and with thee will I break in pieces the young man and the maid;
51:23 I will also break in pieces with thee the shepherd and his flock; and with thee will I break in pieces the husbandman and his yoke of oxen; and with thee will I break in pieces captains and rulers.
51:24 And I will render unto Babylon and to all the inhabitants of Chaldea all their evil that they have done in Zion in your sight, saith the LORD.
51:25 Behold, I am against thee, O destroying mountain, saith the LORD, which destroyest all the earth: and I will stretch out mine hand upon thee, and roll thee down from the rocks, and will make thee a burnt mountain.
51:26 And they shall not take of thee a stone for a corner, nor a stone for foundations; but thou shalt be desolate for ever, saith the LORD.
51:27 Set ye up a standard in the land, blow the trumpet among the nations, prepare the nations against her, call together against her the kingdoms of Ararat, Minni, and Ashchenaz; appoint a captain against her; cause the horses to come up as the rough caterpillers.
51:28 Prepare against her the nations with the kings of the Medes, the captains thereof, and all the rulers thereof, and all the land of his dominion.
51:29 And the land shall tremble and sorrow: for every purpose of the LORD shall be performed against Babylon, to make the land of Babylon a desolation without an inhabitant.
51:30 The mighty men of Babylon have forborn to fight, they have remained in their holds: their might hath failed; they became as women: they have burned her dwellingplaces; her bars are broken.
51:31 One post shall run to meet another, and one messenger to meet another, to shew the king of Babylon that his city is taken at one end,
51:32 And that the passages are stopped, and the reeds they have burned with fire, and the men of war are affrighted.
51:33 For thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; The daughter of Babylon is like a threshingfloor, it is time to thresh her: yet a little while, and the time of her harvest shall come.
51:34 Nebuchadrezzar the king of Babylon hath devoured me, he hath crushed me, he hath made me an empty vessel, he hath swallowed me up like a dragon, he hath filled his belly with my delicates, he hath cast me out.
51:35 The violence done to me and to my flesh be upon Babylon, shall the inhabitant of Zion say; and my blood upon the inhabitants of Chaldea, shall Jerusalem say.
51:36 Therefore thus saith the LORD; Behold, I will plead thy cause, and take vengeance for thee; and I will dry up her sea, and make her springs dry.
51:37 And Babylon shall become heaps, a dwellingplace for dragons, an astonishment, and an hissing, without an inhabitant.
51:38 They shall roar together like lions: they shall yell as lions' whelps.
51:39 In their heat I will make their feasts, and I will make them drunken, that they may rejoice, and sleep a perpetual sleep, and not wake, saith the LORD.
51:40 I will bring them down like lambs to the slaughter, like rams with he goats.
51:41 How is Sheshach taken! and how is the praise of the whole earth surprised! how is Babylon become an astonishment among the nations!
51:42 The sea is come up upon Babylon: she is covered with the multitude of the waves thereof.
51:43 Her cities are a desolation, a dry land, and a wilderness, a land wherein no man dwelleth, neither doth any son of man pass thereby.
51:44 And I will punish Bel in Babylon, and I will bring forth out of his mouth that which he hath swallowed up: and the nations shall not flow together any more unto him: yea, the wall of Babylon shall fall.
51:45 My people, go ye out of the midst of her, and deliver ye every man his soul from the fierce anger of the LORD.
51:46 And lest your heart faint, and ye fear for the rumour that shall be heard in the land; a rumour shall both come one year, and after that in another year shall come a rumour, and violence in the land, ruler against ruler.
51:47 Therefore, behold, the days come, that I will do judgment upon the graven images of Babylon: and her whole land shall be confounded, and all her slain shall fall in the midst of her.
51:48 Then the heaven and the earth, and all that is therein, shall sing for Babylon: for the spoilers shall come unto her from the north, saith the LORD.
51:49 As Babylon hath caused the slain of Israel to fall, so at Babylon shall fall the slain of all the earth.
51:50 Ye that have escaped the sword, go away, stand not still: remember the LORD afar off, and let Jerusalem come into your mind.
51:51 We are confounded, because we have heard reproach: shame hath covered our faces: for strangers are come into the sanctuaries of the LORD'S house.
51:52 Wherefore, behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will do judgment upon her graven images: and through all her land the wounded shall groan.
51:53 Though Babylon should mount up to heaven, and though she should fortify the height of her strength, yet from me shall spoilers come unto her, saith the LORD.
51:54 A sound of a cry cometh from Babylon, and great destruction from the land of the Chaldeans:
51:55 Because the LORD hath spoiled Babylon, and destroyed out of her the great voice; when her waves do roar like great waters, a noise of their voice is uttered:
51:56 Because the spoiler is come upon her, even upon Babylon, and her mighty men are taken, every one of their bows is broken: for the LORD God of recompences shall surely requite.
51:57 And I will make drunk her princes, and her wise men, her captains, and her rulers, and her mighty men: and they shall sleep a perpetual sleep, and not wake, saith the King, whose name is the LORD of hosts.
51:58 Thus saith the LORD of hosts; The broad walls of Babylon shall be utterly broken, and her high gates shall be burned with fire; and the people shall labour in vain, and the folk in the fire, and they shall be weary." (Jeremiah 51:1-58 KJV)
Jeremiah's letter, that delivered the declaration of the LORD's Judgment to the Babylonians, was to be cast into the Euphrates River, for "Thus shall Babylon sink, and shall not rise from the evil that I will bring upon her." It was the second "sinking" that was done during that time (see The Sinking Of His Majesty's Vessel, Judah). Although Babylon and Judah were on opposing political and military sides, they were together in their unfaithfulness toward the LORD.
"51:59 The word which Jeremiah the prophet commanded Seraiah the son of Neriah, the son of Maaseiah, when he went with Zedekiah the king of Judah into Babylon in the fourth year of his reign. And this Seraiah was a quiet prince.
51:60 So Jeremiah wrote in a book all the evil that should come upon Babylon, even all these words that are written against Babylon.
51:61 And Jeremiah said to Seraiah, When thou comest to Babylon, and shalt see, and shalt read all these words;
51:62 Then shalt thou say, O LORD, thou hast spoken against this place, to cut it off, that none shall remain in it, neither man nor beast, but that it shall be desolate for ever.
51:63 And it shall be, when thou hast made an end of reading this book, that thou shalt bind a stone to it, and cast it into the midst of Euphrates:
51:64 And thou shalt say, Thus shall Babylon sink, and shall not rise from the evil that I will bring upon her: and they shall be weary.
Thus far are the words of Jeremiah." (Jeremiah 51:59-64 KJV)
Fact Finder: How and why did the Kingdom of Israel also get sent back to Babylon?
See How Did Israel Separate Itself From The Messianic King?
This Day In History, October 17
456: Western Roman emperor Avitus was forced by Ricimer (a Roman general of German birth; see The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation) to abdicate and to become bishop of Placentia.
1244: The Sixth Crusade ended when the army of Franks was defeated by the Egyptians at Gaza (see Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy).
1346: David II of Scotland, in attempting a military diversion on behalf of Philip VI to relieve the siege of Calais, was wounded and captured by Edward III.
1448: The Second Battle of Kosovo. The Hungarian army led by John Hunyadi was defeated by Ottoman forces led by Sultan Murad II.
1456: The University of Greifswald was established, making it the second-oldest university in northern Europe.
1483: Pope Sixtus IV began the Spanish Inquisition, placing it under joint direction of the Church and state. Tomas de Torquemada, 63, was appointed Grand Inquisitor in charge of removing Jews and Muslims from Spain.
1529: King Henry VIII of England removed Thomas Wolsey from office for failing to secure an annulment of his marriage.
1797: The Treaty of Campo Formio, a peace accord between France and Austria, was signed.
1868: Laura Secord died at age 93. A Canadian heroine of the War of 1812 (1812-1814), she warned British forces of a major impending U.S. attack on southern Ontario. After learning about the attack when they invaded her home, where she was tending to her wounded husband, she then ran 20 miles overnight through woods and swamp to report their presence. Her action led to the British victory at the Battle of Beaver Dams on June 24 1813 where 500 U.S. invaders, including their wounded commander, were taken prisoner.
1907: Guglielmo Marconi's company began the first commercial transatlantic wireless service, between Glace Bay, Nova Scotia, Canada and Clifden, Ireland.
1910: The first battleship of the Royal Canadian Navy was commissioned at Halifax, Nova Scotia.
1933: German-born Albert Einstein arrived in the U.S. as a Jewish refugee from the growing Nazi threat in Europe.
1941: A German submarine torpedoed the U.S. destroyer Kearney off the coast of Iceland, killing 11 of the crew.
1956: Queen Elizabeth officially opened the Britain's first nuclear power station at Calder Hall in Cumbria. Calder Hall was the first nuclear station to supply an appreciable amount of power into a civilian network.
1970: President Anwar Sadat was sworn in as President of Egypt in succession to Gamal Abdel Nasser.
1970: Pierre Laporte, a Quebec cabinet minister, was kidnapped and murdered by Quebec separation terrorists.
1973: Arab oil producers increased oil prices and cut back production in response to U.S. support of Israel during the Yom Kippur War.
1989: The biennial conference of the 103 nation Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species settled on a world-wide ban on ivory trading.
1989: An earthquake measuring 6.9 on the Richter Scale struck the San Francisco area. 66 people were killed in the area, and damage was estimated at $10 billion.
1994: Israel and Jordan signed a peace treaty, formally ending their 46-year state of war.
1997: Cuba re-buried the remains of leftist guerrilla Ernesto "Che" Guevara, as a national hero, 30 years after his execution in Bolivia.