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Tuesday, November 3 2015

Ezekiel 10: Guardians Of The Way

"He placed, at the east of the garden of Eden, Cherubims and a flaming sword which turned every way, to keep the way of the tree of life"

"Cherub" (plural, cherubim) is from the Hebrew word pronounced care-oob. It is used to refer to angelic beings (or "regular" angels that are given a specific means or responsibility) that are recorded as having power for a purpose. For example, from their first mention in the Scriptures, they were positioned around the Garden in Eden to keep the first humans, after they had chosen to become sinners, from taking of the tree of life - while in their sinful state (see Will You Return To The Tree Of Life?).

"3:24 So he drove out the man; and he placed at the east of the garden of Eden Cherubims, and a flaming sword which turned every way, to keep the way of the tree of life." (Genesis 3:24 KJV)

Carved Cherubim were made on the top cover of the Ark of the Covenant (see the Fact Finder question below to understand Who that "Mercy Seat" of Judgment has always been about; see also see The Identity Of The LORD God and The LORD God Our Saviour).

The Ark

"25:10 And they shall make an ark of shittim wood: two cubits and a half shall be the length thereof, and a cubit and a half the breadth thereof, and a cubit and a half the height thereof. 25:11 And thou shalt overlay it with pure gold, within and without shalt thou overlay it, and shalt make upon it a crown of gold round about. 25:12 And thou shalt cast four rings of gold for it, and put them in the four corners thereof; and two rings shall be in the one side of it, and two rings in the other side of it. 25:13 And thou shalt make staves of shittim wood, and overlay them with gold. 25:14 And thou shalt put the staves into the rings by the sides of the ark, that the ark may be borne with them. 25:15 The staves shall be in the rings of the ark: they shall not be taken from it. 25:16 And thou shalt put into the ark the testimony which I shall give thee.

25:17 And thou shalt make a mercy seat of pure gold: two cubits and a half shall be the length thereof, and a cubit and a half the breadth thereof. 25:18 And thou shalt make two cherubims of gold, of beaten work shalt thou make them, in the two ends of the mercy seat. 25:19 And make one cherub on the one end, and the other cherub on the other end: even of the mercy seat shall ye make the cherubims on the two ends thereof. 25:20 And the cherubims shall stretch forth their wings on high, covering the mercy seat with their wings, and their faces shall look one to another; toward the mercy seat shall the faces of the cherubims be. 25:21 And thou shalt put the mercy seat above upon the ark; and in the ark thou shalt put the testimony that I shall give thee." (Exodus 25:10-21 KJV)

Cherubim were also portrayed on the walls of the Temple in Jerusalem (see also Israel In History and Prophecy: The Temple).

"3:1 Then Solomon began to build the house of the LORD at Jerusalem in mount Moriah, where the LORD appeared unto David his father, in the place that David had prepared in the threshingfloor of Ornan the Jebusite." (2 Chronicles 3:1 KJV)

3:6 And he garnished the house with precious stones for beauty: and the gold was gold of Parvaim. 3:7 He overlaid also the house, the beams, the posts, and the walls thereof, and the doors thereof, with gold; and graved cherubims on the walls." (2 Chronicles 3:1 KJV)

Keeping in mind that the Holy Scriptures did not have chapters as they were originally written, Ezekiel chapter 10 is a continuation of the task given to the angels in Jerusalem as it was about to fall to the Babylonians (see Ezekiel 9: The Mark Of The Angel). Chapter 10 continues the account of the cherubim in Jerusalem at that time i.e. "he spake unto the man clothed with linen, and said, Go in between the wheels, even under the cherub, and fill thine hand with coals of fire from between the cherubims, and scatter them over the city." Along with the cherubim portrayed on the Ark and the walls of the Temple at that time were actual cherubim bringing about the destruction of the Temple that had become a place of heathenism (see Halloween In The Jerusalem Temple).

"10:1 Then I looked, and, behold, in the firmament that was above the head of the cherubims there appeared over them as it were a sapphire stone, as the appearance of the likeness of a throne. 10:2 And he spake unto the man clothed with linen, and said, Go in between the wheels, even under the cherub, and fill thine hand with coals of fire from between the cherubims, and scatter them over the city. And he went in in my sight.

10:3 Now the cherubims stood on the right side of the house, when the man went in; and the cloud filled the inner court. 10:4 Then the glory of the LORD went up from the cherub, and stood over the threshold of the house; and the house was filled with the cloud, and the court was full of the brightness of the LORD'S glory. 10:5 And the sound of the cherubims' wings was heard even to the outer court, as the voice of the Almighty God when he speaketh.

10:6 And it came to pass, that when he had commanded the man clothed with linen, saying, Take fire from between the wheels, from between the cherubims; then he went in, and stood beside the wheels. 10:7 And one cherub stretched forth his hand from between the cherubims unto the fire that was between the cherubims, and took thereof, and put it into the hands of him that was clothed with linen: who took it, and went out. 10:8 And there appeared in the cherubims the form of a man's hand under their wings.

10:9 And when I looked, behold the four wheels by the cherubims, one wheel by one cherub, and another wheel by another cherub: and the appearance of the wheels was as the colour of a beryl stone. 10:10 And as for their appearances, they four had one likeness, as if a wheel had been in the midst of a wheel. 10:11 When they went, they went upon their four sides; they turned not as they went, but to the place whither the head looked they followed it; they turned not as they went. 10:12 And their whole body, and their backs, and their hands, and their wings, and the wheels, were full of eyes round about, even the wheels that they four had. 10:13 As for the wheels, it was cried unto them in my hearing, O wheel. 10:14 And every one had four faces: the first face was the face of a cherub, and the second face was the face of a man, and the third the face of a lion, and the fourth the face of an eagle.

10:15 And the cherubims were lifted up. This is the living creature that I saw by the river of Chebar. 10:16 And when the cherubims went, the wheels went by them: and when the cherubims lifted up their wings to mount up from the earth, the same wheels also turned not from beside them. 10:17 When they stood, these stood; and when they were lifted up, these lifted up themselves also: for the spirit of the living creature was in them.

10:18 Then the glory of the LORD departed from off the threshold of the house, and stood over the cherubims. 10:19 And the cherubims lifted up their wings, and mounted up from the earth in my sight: when they went out, the wheels also were beside them, and every one stood at the door of the east gate of the LORD'S house; and the glory of the God of Israel was over them above.

10:20 This is the living creature that I saw under the God of Israel by the river of Chebar; and I knew that they were the cherubims. 10:21 Every one had four faces apiece, and every one four wings; and the likeness of the hands of a man was under their wings. 10:22 And the likeness of their faces was the same faces which I saw by the river of Chebar, their appearances and themselves: they went every one straight forward." (Ezekiel 10:1-22 KJV)

Fact Finder: What was the purpose of the guarded by Cherubim "Mercy Seat" atop the Ark of the Covenant?
See The Law Of The Mercy Seat and What Does Mercy Really Mean?


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This Day In History, November 3

361: Roman Emperor Constantius II died of a fever in Cilicia. He was succeeded by his cousin Julian. Constantius II is shown in the Vatican portrait below; note the typical Babylonian / Roman "halo" around his head (see What Is A Halo?; also Why Observe The True Sabbath?).

Constantius 644: Umar ibn al-Khattab, the second Muslim caliph, was assassinated by a Persian slave in Medina (see also A History Of Jerusalem: Constantine and Muhammad).

1394: King Charles VI ordered the expulsion of all Jews from France.

1492: The Treaty of Etaples was signed between Charles VIII of France and Henry VII of England. Under the pact, England renounced its claims to French territory in return for indemnity.

1493: Christopher Columbus discovered Dominica while on his second voyage to the New World (see also Thanksgiving In History and Prophecy). The country became independent on this date in 1978.

1534: The Act of Supremacy was passed by the British Parliament. It established King Henry VIII (and his successors) head of the Church of England - an office until then occupied by the Roman Catholic pope.

1679: A bright comet caused widespread panic across Europe.

1760: Frederick the Great of Prussia (not to be confused with Russia; Prussia is in Germany) with 44,000 men defeated 65,000 Austrian troops at Torgau in Seven Years War; more than 13,000 Prussians died in the attack (see also The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation).

1762: Spain acquired Louisiana.

1804: The defeated Sauk and Fox Indians signed a treaty ceding Illinois to the U.S.

1817: The Bank of Montreal, Canada's first bank, opened. With head offices in Montreal, it was the banker in Canada for the Canadian government until the creation of the Bank of Canada 118 years later, in 1935. It participated in many early Canadian developments, including first canals, the telegraph, and the Canadian Pacific Railway.

1838: The Times of India, the world's largest-circulation English language daily newspaper, was founded.

1839: The Opium War between the British and the Chinese began when British warships blew up several Chinese boats at Canton.

1883: The U.S. Supreme Court declared native Americans (the "Indians") to be "dependent aliens."

1903: Following a revolt engineered by the U.S. and encouraged by the presence of a U.S. warship in Panamanian territorial waters, Panama declared itself independent of Columbia - after which Panama became a colony of the U.S.

1918: The fall of the Austro-Hungarian empire at the end of the First World War (listen to our Sermon The European World Wars).

1918: Poland proclaimed independence from Russia.

1956: Soviet tanks rolled into Hungary in response to the Hungarian Revolution.

1957: The Soviet Union launched Sputnik II into orbit. It carried the first animal in space, a dog named Laika.

1957: One of the most advanced atomic energy reactors in the world opened at Chalk River, Ontario. Despite an abundance of materials and technology that would permit the rapid production of nuclear weapons, Canada continues to use nuclear technology only to generate electricity.

1970: Salvadore Allende was inaugurated as Chile's first Marxist president. He was overthrown on September 11 1973.

1982: During the Russian invasion of Afghanistan, up to 1,000 Soviet soldiers and Afghan civilians died in the Salang tunnel when a tanker exploded near a Soviet military convoy.


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