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Sunday, January 10 2016
Amos 1: What Did The Prophet Of The LORD From Tekoa Say?
"The words of Amos, who was among the herdmen of Tekoa, which he saw concerning Israel in the days of Uzziah king of Judah, and in the days of Jeroboam the son of Joash king of Israel"
Amos, from the Hebrew name pronounced aw-moce (the surname "Ames" is another English rendering of the same Hebrew name for "Amos"), meaning to carry, or a burden, was a prophet of the LORD (see The Identity Of The LORD God and The LORD God Our Saviour), from the Kingdom of Judah, who was given to prophesy to the Kingdom of Israel (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Israel and Judah) at the time that Judah was still righteous, while Israel was becoming corrupt (see Iniquity In History And Prophecy).
Amos was a shepherd from Tekoa (as variously rendered into English as Tekoa, Tekoah, Tekota, Tekua and others), an ancient city that was located a few miles south of Bethlehem (see also Bethlehem In History And Prophecy) in the tribal territory of Judah (see Judah's Homeland; also The Israel Lottery).
After the division of the united kingdom of Israel into "Israel" and "Judah" (see A History Of Israel's United And Divided Kingdoms and How Many Kings Reigned In The United Kingdom?), Rehoboam, who was the last king of united Israel and thereafter the first king of Judah (see Rehoboam Of Israel And Judah and Jews - Three Tribes and Three Meanings), fortified Tekoa, along with other cities, as sector garrisons. It was also during that time that the faithful Levites in Israel moved south to join the Levites in Judah (see The Inheritance Of The Levites and No Levites In The Lost Ten Tribes?), to escape the idolatry of Israel's first king, Jeroboam (see Jeroboam Of Israel and the Fact Finder question below).
"11:5 And Rehoboam dwelt in Jerusalem, and built cities for defence in Judah. 11:6 He built even Bethlehem, and Etam, and Tekoa, 11:7 And Bethzur, and Shoco, and Adullam, 11:8 And Gath, and Mareshah, and Ziph, 11:9 And Adoraim, and Lachish, and Azekah, 11:10 And Zorah, and Aijalon, and Hebron, which are in Judah and in Benjamin fenced cities. 11:11 And he fortified the strong holds, and put captains in them, and store of victual, and of oil and wine. 11:12 And in every several city he put shields and spears, and made them exceeding strong, having Judah and Benjamin on his side.
Amos was a shepherd from Tekoa. He tended his flocks in the same area that King David had, as did the shepherds who were the first to witness the birth of the Messiah. It was from Tekoa that the LORD called Amos to serve as a prophet of His Word to the northern kingdom, about 140 years after the division of Israel i.e. Uzziah was the tenth king of Judah, while Jeroboam (i.e. Jeroboam II) was the thirteenth king of Israel (see Kings of Israel and Judah; also Old Boys Versus Greenhorns).
As with the other true prophets of the LORD, their message was a warning, with a clearly-stated course of events that would follow, along with, and moreover, the ultimate coming of Zion (see When Zion Awakes and What Is Jesus Going To Do In Zion?) in the "day of the LORD" (see What And When Is The Day Of The LORD? and What Happens After The Day Of The LORD?). The prophecy wasn't merely about Israel or Judah, or the kingdoms around them in the ancient time - it was and is about everyone, everywhere (see Where Is The Valley Of Decision?).
"1:1 The words of Amos, who was among the herdmen of Tekoa, which he saw concerning Israel in the days of Uzziah king of Judah, and in the days of Jeroboam the son of Joash king of Israel, two years before the earthquake.
Fact Finder: How did the self-made politics and religion of the Kingdom of Israel result in their self-inflicted ruin?
This Day In History, January 10
49 BC: Julius Caesar crossed the Rubicon River (a political/military boundary), defying the Roman senate, and plunging Rome into civil war (see The Politics Of Rome and A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars).
1072: Norman adventurer Robert Guiscard conquered Palermo.
1430: Charles V (Hapsburg) founded his knights of the "Order of The Golden Fleece" (see also Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy).
1475: Stephen III of Moldavia defeated the Ottoman Empire at the Battle of Vaslui. The Ottoman Empire ruled much of the Middle East for centuries, until after the First World War (see A History Of Jerusalem: The British Mandate).
1538: A statement by Martin Luther regarding the Roman Catholic doctrine of Purgatory: "God has placed two ways before us in His Word: salvation by faith, damnation by unbelief. He does not mention purgatory at all. Nor is purgatory to be admitted, for it obscures the benefits and grace of Christ."
1645: William Laud, the Archbishop of Canterbury, was beheaded for treason.
1810: Napoleon Bonaparte divorced Josephine.
1863: The world's first underground ("subway") railway service opened, in London, England.
1920: After the First World War (1914-1918; listen to our Sermon The European World Wars), the Treaty of Versailles took effect. The Treaty had also established the League of Nations.
1920: The League of Nations opened, in Geneva. The organization was replaced by the United Nations after the Second World War.
1922: Arthur Griffith was elected President of the newly formed Irish Free State.
1934: Marinus van der Lubbe was guillotined in Germany for allegedly setting fire to the Reichstag (the German Parliament Building). The fire (which many believe was actually started by the Nazis themselves) was used by Adolf Hitler (see Why Does Satan Love Liars?) as his excuse to institute wide-ranging "homeland security" measures, including the creation of the infamous Gestapo - a German abbreviation of "The State Police" (see also Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion).
1940: German aircraft attacked 12 ships off the British coast; 3 ships sunk, 35 crewmen killed.
1942: Japanese forces invaded the Dutch East Indies.
1946: The League of Nations was officially superseded by the United Nations when the first U.N. General Assembly opened in London.
1947: Two years after the Second World War ended, the Greek ship Himara struck a wartime mine in the Saronic Gulf south of Athens; 393 of the 637 people aboard were killed.
1962: 4,000 people were killed by an eruption and avalanche in Peru.
1970: Russian cosmonaut Pavel Belyayev died at age 45. He was the pilot of the Soviet's Unions 8th manned space mission in 1965 when Belyayev's co-pilot, Aleksey Leonov, became the first man to walk in space.
1984: The U.S. and the Vatican established full diplomatic relations (see also The Messiah's Warning About Christian Charlatans).
2003: Illinois Governor George Ryan commuted the death sentences of 167 prisoners on Illinois' death row after Chicago police were convicted of torturing false murder confessions out of over 200 people between 1972 and 1991.
2008: Edmund Hillary died at age 88. In 1953, the New Zealander, along with his Sherpa (a people of Nepal) guide Tenzing Norgay, became the first to climb Mount Everest.